Ancient India Chapter 6 History Makers, Terms, and Locations
<ul><li>subcontinent:  </li></ul><ul><li>A large landmass that is part of a continent but distinct from it. </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Sanskrit: </li></ul><ul><li>Written language developed by the </li></ul><ul><li>Aryans   </li></ul><ul><li>raja: <...
<ul><li>caste: </li></ul><ul><li>A social group that began in Ancient India, where a person is born into a position and ca...
<ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>polytheistic religion based on a mixture of Aryan and Harappan beliefs </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>reincarnation </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of being born into many lives (never dying) to reach the Brahman level of...
<ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>religion started by Siddharta Gautama around 600 BC in reaction to Hinduism </li></ul><...
<ul><li>dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>line of rulers from the same family </li></ul><ul><li>stupa </li></ul><ul><li>dome or mo...
Locations <ul><li>Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>A mountain system forming a barrier </li></ul><ul><li>between India and the ...
<ul><li>Indus River:  </li></ul><ul><li>A river in Asia that begins in Tibet and flows through Pakistan to the Arabian Sea...
Harappa Artist’s rendition of what Harappa might have looked like
<ul><li>Mohenjo-Daro:  </li></ul><ul><li>An ancient settlement in the Indus </li></ul><ul><li>Valley. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountain country between India and China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tibet </li></ul><ul><u...
History Makers <ul><li>Aryans </li></ul><ul><li>Part of a group called Indo-Europeans, </li></ul><ul><li>The Aryans lived ...
<ul><li>Siddharta Gautama </li></ul><ul><li>Born 530 BC  </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of Buddhism  </li></ul><ul><li>Known as...
<ul><li>Chandragupta Maurya </li></ul><ul><li>The founder of India’s first empire and the Mauryan dynasty,  </li></ul><ul>...
Asoka <ul><li>India’s ruler from about 273 B.C.E. to 232 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Asoka is considered to be the Gupta empi...
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Ch. 6 - Ancient India Vocabulary

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Ch. 6 - Ancient India Vocabulary

  1. 1. Ancient India Chapter 6 History Makers, Terms, and Locations
  2. 2. <ul><li>subcontinent: </li></ul><ul><li>A large landmass that is part of a continent but distinct from it. </li></ul><ul><li>monsoon </li></ul><ul><li>A strong wind that blows one direction </li></ul><ul><li>during the summer and the opposite </li></ul><ul><li>direction during the winter. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Sanskrit: </li></ul><ul><li>Written language developed by the </li></ul><ul><li>Aryans </li></ul><ul><li>raja: </li></ul><ul><li>A prince who led an Aryan tribe in India </li></ul><ul><li>and ran their own small kingdoms that </li></ul><ul><li>often fought against one another. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>caste: </li></ul><ul><li>A social group that began in Ancient India, where a person is born into a position and cannot change. </li></ul><ul><li>guru: </li></ul><ul><li>A religious leader and spiritual guide in Hinduism </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>polytheistic religion based on a mixture of Aryan and Harappan beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Brahman </li></ul><ul><li>The priests in Indian society, Brahmans were the only ones who could perform religious ceremonies. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>reincarnation </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of being born into many lives (never dying) to reach the Brahman level of Hindu society </li></ul><ul><li>dharma </li></ul><ul><li>divine law that requires people to do the duty of their jati (level in the caste system) </li></ul><ul><li>karma </li></ul><ul><li>the consequences of how a person lives in regards to his/her jati(level in the caste) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>religion started by Siddharta Gautama around 600 BC in reaction to Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>nirvana </li></ul><ul><li>Not a place but a state of wisdom that a person reaches if he gives up all desires </li></ul><ul><li>theocracy </li></ul><ul><li>government ruled by religious leaders </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>line of rulers from the same family </li></ul><ul><li>stupa </li></ul><ul><li>dome or mound shaped Buddhist shrine </li></ul><ul><li>pilgrim </li></ul><ul><li>person who travels to a religious shrine or site </li></ul>
  9. 9. Locations <ul><li>Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>A mountain system forming a barrier </li></ul><ul><li>between India and the rest of Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Ganges River </li></ul><ul><li>A river in India that flows from the </li></ul><ul><li>Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Indus River: </li></ul><ul><li>A river in Asia that begins in Tibet and flows through Pakistan to the Arabian Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Harappa: </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient city in the Indus River valley in present-day Pakistan. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Harappa Artist’s rendition of what Harappa might have looked like
  12. 12. <ul><li>Mohenjo-Daro: </li></ul><ul><li>An ancient settlement in the Indus </li></ul><ul><li>Valley. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountain country between India and China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tibet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Country in central Asia (where Dalai Lama is leader) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pataliputra </li></ul><ul><ul><li>capital city of both the Maurya and Gupta empires </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. History Makers <ul><li>Aryans </li></ul><ul><li>Part of a group called Indo-Europeans, </li></ul><ul><li>The Aryans lived in central Asia and </li></ul><ul><li>were good warriors, expert horse riders </li></ul><ul><li>and hunters. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Siddharta Gautama </li></ul><ul><li>Born 530 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Known as Buddha or “enlightened one” </li></ul><ul><li>Dalai Lama </li></ul><ul><li>Lama or Buddhist leader who headed the government and is considered the reincarnation of the Buddha </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Chandragupta Maurya </li></ul><ul><li>The founder of India’s first empire and the Mauryan dynasty, </li></ul><ul><li>Chandragupta was an Indian prince who conquered a large area in the Ganges River soon after Alexander the Great invaded western India. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Asoka <ul><li>India’s ruler from about 273 B.C.E. to 232 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Asoka is considered to be the Gupta empire’s first great Buddhist king. </li></ul>

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