Chapter 14 : Medieval Japan Study Guide Answer Key
Section 1: People <ul><li>Jomon – 1st culture of Japan; name means “cord marks”  for the knotted cords they used to make d...
<ul><li>Yayoi - 2nd major culture of Japan and were organized into clans; introduced farming(rice) to Japan, were skilled ...
Section 1: Vocabulary <ul><li>Clan –  group of people descended from the same ancestor </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution – wr...
Section 1 Questions <ul><li>Mountains  and  islands  isolated Japan and affected its society. Only  20%  of its land is fa...
<ul><li>2. How did Japan’s geography influence its culture?  </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the mountainous island terrain, ...
<ul><li>Being surrounded by water led many people to be  fishermen  and merchants and to develop a culture very  different...
<ul><li>Prince Shotoku used the government of  China  as an example for Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>The religion of  Shinto  ...
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Chapter 14 section 1

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Chapter 14 section 1

  1. 1. Chapter 14 : Medieval Japan Study Guide Answer Key
  2. 2. Section 1: People <ul><li>Jomon – 1st culture of Japan; name means “cord marks” for the knotted cords they used to make designs on their pottery </li></ul>Example of early Jomon pottery Late Jomon pottery
  3. 3. <ul><li>Yayoi - 2nd major culture of Japan and were organized into clans; introduced farming(rice) to Japan, were skilled metal workers and potters </li></ul><ul><li>Jimmu- 1st Yamato ruler to claim the title of emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Shotoku- Prince who wrote the 1st constitution of Japan and was responsible for reforms during the “Great Change” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Section 1: Vocabulary <ul><li>Clan – group of people descended from the same ancestor </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution – written plan of government </li></ul><ul><li>Animism – belief that everything in nature has a spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Shrine – holy place where Japanese worshipped the kami </li></ul>
  5. 5. Section 1 Questions <ul><li>Mountains and islands isolated Japan and affected its society. Only 20% of its land is farmable, so many people turned to the sea to make a living. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>2. How did Japan’s geography influence its culture? </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the mountainous island terrain, most people settled along the coast and turned to the sea to earn a living. Armies fought over the small amount of farmland. </li></ul><ul><li>The sea made travel between the islands easy, but kept Japan separated from the rest of Asia. Therefore, the Japanese developed an independent society with its own religion, art, literature, and government. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Being surrounded by water led many people to be fishermen and merchants and to develop a culture very different from other people. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Describe the Great Change. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the period during the rule of Prince Shotoku, who brought over many ideas from China. He divided Japan into provinces that were run by officials who reported directly to the emperor. All land was under the control of the emperor. Buddhist temples and monasteries were also built throughout Japan during this period. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Prince Shotoku used the government of China as an example for Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>The religion of Shinto developed in Japan. It is based on the concept of animism, or the idea that everything in nature has a spirit. Eventually the religion of Buddhism spread from China as well. </li></ul>

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