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Communicative Language Teaching

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Teaching the communciatve way

Teaching the communciatve way

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    Communicative Language Teaching Communicative Language Teaching Presentation Transcript

    • COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING m n R A J U
    • NECESSITIES FOR LEARNING LANGUAGE
      • EXPOSURE
      • MOTIVATION
      • USE
      • INSTRUCTION
      ESSENTIAL DESIRABLE
      • Number of Working Days?
      • Duration of the Class?
      • Student-talk-time in a class?
      • Number of Students?
      How much time does a typical student get to USE English in a whole year?
    • HOW TO STUDENT USE TIME IN THE CLASS? INCREASE
    • STUDENT CENTERED LEARNING VS. TEACHER CENTERED TEACHNG S tudent T alk T ime vs. T eacher T alk T ime
    • INSTRUCTION PATTERNS
      • Teacher Talk
      • Choral Response
      • Close-ended Teacher Questioning
      • Open-ended Teacher Questioning
      • Full Class Interaction
      • Student Initiated Questioning
      • Group Work
      • Pair Work (Collaboration)
      • Individual Work
      • Self Access
      Student Centered Least Most
    • ‘ Tell me, I forget; Show me, I remember; Involve me, I understand.’
    • PAIR WORK What is it? How is it done? Have you ever used it?
    • PAIR WORK - ADVANTAGES
      • THINK – make notes
      • form PAIRS
      • SHARE with Partner
      • SHARE with Class
    • PAIR WORK - ADVANTAGES
      • Greater opportunity for USE
      • Learners gain confidence/overcome fear
      • Real time feedback/response
      • Peer learning
      • Cooperation – a life skill
    • PAIR WORK - REVIEW
      • T HINK
      • P AIR
      • S HARE
      • CLASS SHARE
    • GROUP WORK What is it? How is it done? Have you ever used it?
    • GROUP WORK - ADVANTAGES
      • More S T T
      • More listening time
      • More fun
      • Exchange of ideas
      • Seeing others’ point of view
      • Improved social skills
      • Improved problem solving skills
    • GROUP WORK - PROBLEMS
      • Students use mother tongue
      • Teacher loses control
      • Noisy classes
      • Too much confusion
      • Students don’t perform the task
    • SOLUTIONS
      • English advocate!
      • Specific roles to group members
      • Productive noise
      • Errors - inevitable in the learning process
      • Increase the learners’ confidence
      • Fluency promotion (not accuracy practice)
      • Cooperation is a useful life skill
    • GROUP WORK - REVIEW
      • Explain the activity
      • Arrange the groups
      • Set time limit
      • Give example/demonstration
      • Move & Monitor
      • Follow up
      • Discuss the activity
    • TEACHING SPEAKING nagaRAJU
      • For Students:
        • lack of language skills
        • lack of confidence
        • insufficient exposure
        • fear of failure
        • lack of motivation
        • not an examination task
      PROBLEMS
        • For Teachers:
          • large classes
          • limited time
          • low entry level skills
          • uninterested students
          • lack of infrastructure
      PROBLEMS
      • speak as much English as possible
      • teach necessary language for the activity
      • demonstrate an example
      • repeat instructions in a different way
      • ask a learner to repeat instructions
      • encourage learners to support each other
      • aim at fluency
      • don’t immediately correct mistakes
      • suggest corrections at the end of the class
      • give encouragement to motivate learners
      POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS
    • SPEAKING ACTIVITIES
      • INFORMATION GAP ACTIVITIES
      • OPINION GAP ACTIVITIES
      • PREFERENCE LINE ACTIVITIES
      • FLUENCY ACTIVITIES
    • TEACHING LISTENING nagaRAJU
        • for gathering main ideas
        • for drawing inferences
        • for practicing pronunciation
        • for taking notes
        • for answering questions
      WHY LISTEN?
    • LISTENING TASKS
      • Get general information
      • Get specific information
      • Accomplish a task
      • Complete a diagram
      • Fill a table
    • Always give the task BEFORE the listening
    • ALL THE BEST [email_address]