Various approaches (Structural, Situational, Functional, Communicative)
• Class: M.A. Sem-3
• Roll No.: 28
• Paper No. 12-A : English Language Teaching
• Enrollment No.: PG 14101019
• Prepared By : Vaishali Hareshbhai Jasoliya
• Email – ID: firstname.lastname@example.org
• Submitted To: Department of English
Various Approaches (Structural,
Situational, Functional, Communicative)
• What is approach?
• Various approaches
• Structural approach
• Situational approach
• Communicative approach
• Functional approach
What is Approach?
“Theoretical positions and
beliefs about the nature of
language, the nature of
language learning, and the
applicability of both to
• The Structural Approach
• The Situational Approach
• Communicative Approach
• Functional Approach
“ The arrangement of words in such a
way as to form a suitable pattern.“
• Our teaching of language , there for, must be based on
those activities which are useful in learning the skill.
• The approach clearly shows that it is a way to teach the
language through language with the help of graded
structures, vocabulary and other language elements.
• Language learning through oral work, becomes lively
The Structural Approach
• “ This Approach is
based on the belief
that in the learning
of a foreign
of structure is
Principles of the Structural Approach
• Forming language habits:
The learners should acquires the habit of
arranging words in English standard sentence
patterns through language drill.
• Importance of speech:
Speech as more important than reading and
writing. Speech is the necessary means of fixing
firmly all ground work.
• Importance of pupil’s activity:
The importance of the pupil’s activities
rather than the activity of the teacher.
The approach to establish a direct
relationship between the object presented and
the idea, thought or linguistic symbols contained
in two word or a structural item presented in
the class by using and creating different
appropriate, real and related situation.
The situational language teaching relies on the
structural views of languages.
Picture and charts, Objects, Action,
The Situational Approach
Principles of the Situational Approach
• Attention and interest
• Variety and simplicity
• The principle of play
• The principle of hearing
In terms of language teaching, the
communicative approach is a way of teaching
a second language that avoids teaching
Instead of that, it focuses on the
communicative patterns of language, that is,
interaction in class throughout ordinary
situations and everyday experiences.
The Communicative Approach
• Develops speech habits of
• Stresses most of the skill
• Activities are important
• Student centered
• Teacher is facilitator,
• No interference of
• Functional side of
language is important
Principles of the communicative
• Learners learn through using it to
communicate authentic and meaningful
communication should be the goal of
• Fluency is an important dimension of
• Communication involves the integration of
different language skill.
• Learning is a process of creative construction
and involves trial and error.
The Functional Approach
• The language is a vehicle for
the expression of functional
• The communicative
movement in language
teaching subscribes to this
view of language.
• The English for specific
likewise begins not from a
structural theory of
language but from a
functional account of
• Thus, we can say that language is a skill
and these all approaches are more
important for learning a language.
Through this approaches we
can learn easily language.