Effective lessonplanning


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Effective Lesson PLanning

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  • ACTIVITY: Brainstorm a list of benefits of well-planned lessons and pitfalls of poorly planned lessons
  • Example: division problem (visual) compare divide multiply subtract compare bring down Compare this to the directions for making a model airplane (marketers have it right)
  • Teachers make 1500 decisions a day… this is where it begins Previous teacher comments and test data Cum folders Classroom observation
  • Let the students know your objectives, why they need to know it , and how they will use the learning. Good objective: Students will be able to illustrate clouds that signal unsettled weather. Poor objective: Students will understand that some clouds signal the approach of poor weather conditions. ACTIVITY: Have groups (2-3) write a behavioral objective for …………….
  • Effective lessonplanning

    2. 2. A teacher who is attempting to teach without inspiring the pupil with a desire to learn is hammering on a cold iron. Horace Mann
    3. 3. EFFECTIVE TEACHERS… <ul><li>Know the content </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the development of the student </li></ul><ul><li>Value the diversity of the students within the class </li></ul><ul><li>Plan strategic lessons using research-based practices </li></ul><ul><li>Use multiple assessments to evaluate progress </li></ul><ul><li>Create a suitable learning environment </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt and modify instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Use effective communication </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate with all members of the learning community </li></ul><ul><li>Engage in sustained professional growth experiences </li></ul>
    4. 4. A VISION OF TEACHING <ul><li>Connect the dots in the puzzle using only four straight lines without lifting your pen/pencil off of the paper. </li></ul>How does this relate to our teaching ?
    5. 5. INSTRUCTIONAL PLANNING AND STRATEGIES <ul><li>Plans are developed to provide students with meaningful learning experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Plans connect to related learning opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching is based instructional strategies that focus on best practice and research </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching is supported by strategies that foster interest and progress </li></ul>
    6. 6. GOOD PLANNING <ul><li>Keeps the teacher and students on track </li></ul><ul><li>Achieves the objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Helps teachers to avoid “unpleasant” surprises </li></ul><ul><li>Provides the roadmap and visuals in a logical sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Provides direction to a substitute </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages reflection, refinement, and improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances student achievement </li></ul>
    7. 7. POOR PLANNING <ul><li>Frustration for the teacher and the student </li></ul><ul><li>Aimless wandering </li></ul><ul><li>Unmet objectives </li></ul><ul><li>No connections to prior learnings </li></ul><ul><li>Disorganization </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of needed materials </li></ul><ul><li>A waste of time </li></ul><ul><li>Poor management </li></ul>
    8. 8. A GOOD LESSON INCLUDES <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-assessment </li></ul><ul><li>List of materials </li></ul><ul><li>Warm-up and introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Closure </li></ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul>
    9. 9. LET’S BEGIN… <ul><li>The format of a lesson should.. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go one step at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a picture for every step </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a minimal reliance on words </li></ul></ul>An effective lesson plan is a set of plans for building something – it “constructs” the learning.
    10. 10. The greater the structure of a lesson and the more precise the directions on what is to be accomplished, the higher the achievement rate. Harry Wong, The First Days of Teaching
    11. 11. PRE-ASSESSMENT <ul><li>What are the characteristics of the learners in the class? </li></ul><ul><li>What do the students already know and understand? </li></ul><ul><li>How do my students learn best? </li></ul><ul><li>What modifications in instruction might I need to make? </li></ul>
    12. 12. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>A description of what the student will be able to do at the end of the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Provides alignment with district and state goals (Uses CCCS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use behavioral verbs to describe the expected outcomes (ACTION) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No-no’s: appreciate, enjoy, understand, love, etc. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. MATERIALS <ul><li>Plan! Prepare! Have on hand! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Murphy’s Law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Envision your needs. </li></ul><ul><li>List all resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Have enough manipulatives (when needed) for groups or individuals. </li></ul>
    14. 14. WARM-UP AND INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Grab the attention of the students </li></ul><ul><li>PROVIDES THE INTEREST/MOTIVATION factor </li></ul><ul><li>Set the tone for the lesson connected to the objective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A saying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A discussion starter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BE CREATIVE </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. PROCEDURES AND PRESENTATION <ul><li>Sets up a step-by-step plan </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a quick review of previous learning </li></ul><ul><li>Provides specific activities to assist students in developing the new knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Provides modeling of a new skill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A picture is worth a thousand words. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I hear, I see………..I do! </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. LEARNING ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Graphic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Creative play </li></ul><ul><li>Peer presenting </li></ul><ul><li>Performances </li></ul><ul><li>Role playing </li></ul><ul><li>Debates </li></ul><ul><li>Game making </li></ul><ul><li>Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative groups </li></ul><ul><li>Inquiry learning </li></ul><ul><li>Direct instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Instruction </li></ul>
    17. 17. PRACTICE APPLYING WHAT IS LEARNED <ul><li>Provide multiple learning activities </li></ul><ul><li>Guided practice (teacher controlled) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a variety of questioning strategies to determine the level of understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journaling, conferencing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independent practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice may be differentiated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BUILD ON SUCCESS </li></ul>
    18. 18. CLOSURE <ul><li>Lesson Wrap-up: Leave students with an imprint of what the lesson covered. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students summarize the major concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher recaps the main points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher sets the stage for the next phase of learning </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. EVALUATION <ul><li>Assess the learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher made test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-class or homework assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project to apply the learning in real-life situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recitations and summaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of rubrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal assessment </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. REFLECTION <ul><li>What went well in the lesson? </li></ul><ul><li>What problems did I experience? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there things I could have done differently? </li></ul><ul><li>How can I build on this lesson to make future lessons successful? </li></ul>
    21. 21. THE SUBSTITUTE… NOW WHAT? <ul><li>The Key to substitute success – DETAILED LESSON PLANS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discipline routines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children with special needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire drill and emergency procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helpful students, helpful colleagues (phone #’s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom schedule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Names of administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations for the work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packet of extra activities </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. A teacher is one who brings us tools and enables us to use them. Jean Toomer