UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGÓGICA EXPERIMENTAL LIBERTADOR INSTITUTO PEDAGÓGICO DE CARACAS DEPARTAMENTO DE IDIOMAS MODERNOS PROGRAMA INGLÉS CURSO: DIDÁCTICA DEL INGLÉS Caracas, October 2011 COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH OR COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING (CLT) Students: Professor: Alexis Centrella Nancy Coronado William Benjamin Mirna Quintero
APPROACH ¨A set of assumptions dealing with the nature of language, learning, and teaching.¨ ( Brown, 2001, p.14) METHOD TECHNIQUES ¨It is described as an overall plan for systematic presentation of language based upon a selected approach.¨ ( Brown, 2001, p.14) ¨The specific activities manifested in the classroom that [are] consistent with a method and therefore [are] in harmony with an approach as well.¨ ( Brown, 2001, p.14)
COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH Communication Real Meaning Functions Interaction “ Communicative Competence”
Concepts Contextualization Realia Acquisition Motivation Communication Functions Interaction Creativity Information gap Task-Based Material Linguistic variations
Developers Robert Langs Dell Hymes Contradicted Chomsky’s theory on what Competence referred to. He coined the term Communicative Competence. He developed the Communicative Approach in the 1970s. This Approach replaced Situational Language Teaching.
Wilkins Widdowson Candlin Brumfit Johnson He proposed a functional definition of language. Analysis of the communicative meaning. Book “Notional Syllabus” He described the learners and teachers roles. Book “The Communicative Approach to Language Teaching” <ul><li>Their writings gave prominence to the approach. </li></ul>He focused on the communicative acts underlying the ability to use language for different purposes. Book “Teaching Language as Communication”
<ul><li>The Council of Europe: The need to develop methods of language teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>EK and Alexander (1980): Design of communicative language programs and texts. </li></ul><ul><li>Littlewood (1981): Functional communicative activities and social interaction activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Yalden (1983): Discussed six CLT design alternatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Howatt: Distinguished a “strong” and “weak” version of CLT. </li></ul><ul><li>Savignon (1983): Identified five components of a communicative curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>Canale and Swan (1980): Identified four dimensions of communicative competence. </li></ul>
Perspectives Pedagogy Linguistics Grammatical Competence Sociolinguistic Competence Discourse Competence Strategic Competence Creation of an atmosphere The teacher is facilitator Use of the concepts Use of the strategies
Perspectives Sociology Sociocultural use of language Interactional function The personal function Interpersonal relationship Cooperativism rather than individualism Psychology Behaviorism Cognitivism Constructivism Functionalism
Conclusions <ul><li>Communicative Approach proposes communication as an instrument to be used to teach a target language through oral interacction. </li></ul><ul><li>The function of language is the core of the process of teaching a target language. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicative competence is the final goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Contextualization is required to make the participants realize the function of language. </li></ul><ul><li>The psychological and sociological perspectives are of great importance because every student is a human being, and needs to be treated as such. </li></ul>
BIBLIOGRAPHY Richards, J. and Rodgers T. (2001). Approaches and methods in language teaching. Second Edition . United States of America: Cambrigde University Press. Brown, H. Douglas. (2001). Teaching by Principles. An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. Second Edition . United States of America: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. Brown, H. Douglas. (2000). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. Fourth Edition . United States of America: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. Celce-Murcia, M. (2001). Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language. Third Edition . United States of America: Heinle & Heinle; A division of Thomson Learning Inc.