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The Columbian Exchange (web version)
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The Columbian Exchange (web version)

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12.3.2010

12.3.2010

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  • 1. Overseas Empires AKS 39b
  • 2. Bienvenidos a España! December 10 th , 1492
  • 3. AKS 39b
    • What were the roles of explorers and conquistadors?
  • 4. VI. England
    • Jamestown : first permanent settlement
    • Pilgrims
        • founded second English colony in Plymouth , Massachusetts
        • Puritans : deeply religious people who didn’t agree with practices of Church of England
  • 5. VIII. French & Indian War (Seven Years’ War)
    • War for control of North America
    • English and French clashed over Ohio Valley in 1754
    • France forced to give up all land in North America to England in 1763
  • 6. IX. The Netherlands
      • Dutch settlers began colonies in modern New York City and called it New Netherland.
      • Traded fur
  • 7.
    • Portugal: More interested in trade than colonization (Africa & Asia)
  • 8. XI. Spain
    • Conquistadors : “Conquerors” came to spread God & wealth
    • Hernán Cortés : Mexico & Aztec riches (1519)
    • Francisco Pizarro : Peru & Inca Empire (1532)
    • Empire spread through N. & S. America and West Indies
    • European diseases killed Natives; African slaves replaced them
  • 9. XII. Atlantic Slave Trade: buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
    • Triangular trade
      • Middle Passage:
          • Long voyage from Africa to America
          • Often very harsh and cruel
          • People crammed into ships, beaten, and given little food.
          • 20 % of the people on these ships died
    Europe Africa Americas Europeans sailed to Africa to trade manufactured goods for people. The Middle Passage: Africans were carried across the Atlantic to the Americas to be sold into slavery. Traders brought back sugar, coffee, and tobacco to Europe.
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. Welcome to 1400 America!!!
    • Take an index card.
    • List down ALL major ingredients in the dish/food item you brought to share.
    • Take out your classwork assignments from yesterday (#1-14 on FE review; 1 outline for PFE review)
  • 13. New Rules for 7 th Period
    • Be in your seats when the bell rings.
    • Have ALL materials ready when the bell rings (pencils sharpened, paper, etc).
    • Stay in your seats unless you have permission to leave your seat.
    • Raise your hand if you wish to speak or have a question— EVEN IF you just want to ask a neighbor something.
    • Use all the time you’re given in class to complete assignments.
    • Failure to comply to these rules THE FIRST TIME will result in an automatic morning teacher detention.
    • Since it is week 16 and we STILL can’t behave appropriately when we have a sub, we will practice substitute behavior for THE REST OF THE SEMESTER.
  • 14. The Columbian Exchange What was the Columbian Exchange and what was its global economic and culture impact?
  • 15. After you read…
    • At the end of your notes, do an analysis (break down the food items and speculate their origins) of
      • A) what you had for lunch.
      • B) what favorite food you brought.
    • Could you have enjoyed it here in the “New World” if not for the Columbian Exchange? Why/Why not?
  • 16. What I Had for Lunch
    • Pasta
      • Tomato sauce
      • Noodles (made from wheat flour)
      • Ricotta Cheese
    • Applesauce
    • Cookie
      • Flour
      • Sugar
      • peppermint
  • 17. The Columbian Exchange
    • It was a global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas
        • Corn and potatoes  Europe, Asia, Africa
        • Bananas, black-eyed peas, yams  Americas
        • Cattle, pigs, horses  Americas
        • Diseases  Americas & Europe
  • 18.  
  • 19.
    • Global Trade
        • settling of Americas and growth of trade started an economic revolution
        • revolution led to capitalism : based on private ownership of property and right of a business to earn a profit on money it has invested
        • revolution also led to joint-stock companies : investors combine their money to start a business and share in the profits
  • 20.
    • Growth of Mercantilism
        • European governments followed the idea of mercantilism , which says that a country’s power depended on its wealth (getting more gold and silver increased wealth)
        • Selling more than buying ( exporting more than importing ) = a favorable balance of trade
        • Colonies helped to provide goods that could be sold in trade