• Think back to the end of the Middle Ages:
– The Bubonic Plague (killing 1/3 of
– The 100 Years War
– The Great Schism
• Journal Entry: Describe how you would feel
about life in general. Would all this suffering
overtake you? Would you do something
• Those who survived wanted to
celebrate life and the human spirit.
• They began to question the church.
• How can they express this new
The Renaissance (1300-1600)
• Started in Italy - an explosion of
creativity in art, writing, and thought
• “Rebirth” = a revival of art and
learning from what culture?
– Greece and Rome (aka Classical)
• Led to new values, styles, and art.
• During what time period of the Middle
Ages did trade rapidly increase?
• Large city-states grew in Italy because
• Why are cities an ideal breeding ground
for an intellectual revolution?
The Rise of Merchants and Florence
• > 60% of the population had
died, so more citizens could
become involved in political
• Fewer laborers – so merchants
began to pursue other interests
• Florence, a city-state, came
under rule of the powerful
banking Medici Family
– Expanded learning, art, and
architecture in Florence
• Thinkers studied classical texts (Greece and
Rome) and focused on human potential and
• Movement to secular society
• Increased understanding of the world
• Have you heard of the “Humanities”
– Philosophy, history, and literature
The ideal “Renaissance Man”
• Create art
• Play music
• Write poetry
• Skilled rider
Leonardo da Vinci
• Painter, Inventor,
– A true “Renaissance
• 3,500 pages of
drawings and writings
• Only 17 of his
• Perhaps the most
talented artist ever?
• Wife of a wealthy
da Vinci to paint
• So real looking
– What’s behind
• Write down three truths and a lie
about what you learned today.
• Then we will go around the class
and see if we can figure out the lie.
• You need to find out the contributions of the
following people. Why were they important
during the Renaissance? Describeeeeee!
– Machiavelli (pg. 476-477)
– Petrarch (pg. 475-476)
– Dante (pg. 392)
– Erasmus (pg. 482)
– Guttenberg (pg. 484)