AP Age of Exploration


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  • Answer: D
  • http://rwor.org/a/091/pope-en.html
  • Began in 1500s and went on for about 300 years. Was this the first time in history slaves had been used/traded? (no – Greeks, Romans, etc.) Then why was this slave trade so historic? (first to cross the Atlantic) What purpose?
  • It is important to note that in this age of European expansion, European countries were looking to trade more than just slaves. Those slaves were yielding resources that were worth a great deal of money. So, we run into something called “triangular trade”
  • Packing Instructions: This showed ship owners how to most efficiently pack his ship with slaves. This was all below deck – no windows, no bathrooms, little to no food or water, and they were all shackled. Imagine being like that for 1-6 months. It’s no wonder many slaves chose to commit suicide by jumping ship…a death by drowning seemed kinder than a middle passage cruise into a life of slavery
  • AP Age of Exploration

    1. 1. God, Gold, & Glory The Age of European Exploration & Expansion
    2. 2. Bell Ringer <ul><li>“ They are ungrateful, changeable, simulators and dissimulators, runaways in danger, eager for gain; while you do well by them they are all yours; they offer you their blood, their property, their lives, their children when need is far off; but when it comes near you, they turn about.” </li></ul><ul><li>This political assessment above of Renaissance citizens can be found in </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Castiglione’s The Courtier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More’s Utopia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Machiavelli’s The Prince </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cellini’s Autobiography </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Motives <ul><li>The 3 G’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>religious fervor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>convert natives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>expand trade - esp. spices & precious metals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>profit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>adventure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>national pride </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Means <ul><li>Mid-1400s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European monarchs had MORE: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced technology </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Portugal <ul><li>Early leader </li></ul><ul><li>Sailed eastward </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--> India (spice trade) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Vasco da Gama <ul><li>Cape of Good Hope </li></ul><ul><li>Secured control of spice trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Took from Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HUGE $$$ </li></ul>
    7. 7. Prince Henry the Navigator <ul><li>Instrumental </li></ul><ul><li>Patronage led to major technological advances </li></ul>
    8. 8. Spain <ul><li>Sailed westward </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking route --> Asia </li></ul>Spain Portugal
    9. 9. Christopher Columbus <ul><li>Earth not so big </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Isabella (Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>4 voyages - all end up in the Caribbean </li></ul>
    10. 10. Ferdinand Magellan <ul><li>1519 - 1st to circumnavigate the globe (sort of) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Spain in the Americas <ul><li>Conquistadors - the Spanish conquerors of the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>“Gifts” from Spain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Encomienda System <ul><li>Aztec & Inca civilizations destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish control </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects of Queen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encomienda - the right of landowners to use Native Americans as laborers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection - required but not followed </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Columbian Exchange <ul><li>The exchange of plants and animals between Europe and the Americas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe --> Americas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Horses, cattle, & wheat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americas --> Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potatoes, cocoa, corn, tomatoes, & tobacco </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Transformed economic activity </li></ul>
    14. 14. European Rivals <ul><li>Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>French </li></ul><ul><li>British </li></ul>
    15. 15. The Main Idea… <ul><li>How did the presence of the Europeans in the “New World” impact the indigenous populations in a positive way? In a negative way? </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>The trans-Atlantic slave trade was the trade of African people supplied to the colonies of the “New World&quot; that occurred in and around the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul>Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
    17. 17. Locate: Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Africa & the Americas
    18. 19. The Atlantic Slave Trade <ul><li>Began in the 1500s </li></ul><ul><li>What purpose did the trans-Atlantic slave trade serve? </li></ul>
    19. 20. The Atlantic Slave Trade <ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To fill the need for labor in Spain’s American empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually provided labor for British and French colonies in the Americas </li></ul></ul>
    20. 21. Triangular Trade <ul><li>What is triangular trade? </li></ul>
    21. 22. Triangular Trade <ul><li>Hint: It is not the trading of triangles… </li></ul>Hey! Sweet triangle dude! Want to trade it for a chicken leg?
    22. 23. Triangular Trade <ul><li>Triangular trade is trade between three ports or regions. </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous: West Africa, the Americas, and Europe </li></ul>
    23. 25. The Middle Passage <ul><li>The Middle Passage was the sea lane west from Africa that carried abducted or recently purchased African slaves . </li></ul>
    24. 26. The Middle Passage <ul><li>1 - 6 month journey (weather dependent) </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 11+ million Africans </li></ul><ul><li>A 1 - 6 month cruise sounds good, right? </li></ul>
    25. 27. Middle Passage <ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcrowding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brutal, inhuman treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many died due to poor conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dysentery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scurvy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starvation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smallpox </li></ul></ul>