European Exploration And Colonization 09 10


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European Exploration And Colonization 09 10

  1. 1. Europe Influences the World EQ: What was the impact of exploration and colonization on Europe?
  2. 2. Reasons for Exploration <ul><li>God – spread of Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Goods – to trade and become wealthy (gold and spices) </li></ul><ul><li>Fame – explorers were seen as heroes if they discovered new lands </li></ul>
  3. 3. Exploration Begins <ul><li>European countries were looking for trade routes to India and China </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted access to the spices that were available </li></ul><ul><li>This increased the empires of ….. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The 1400s were a time of discovery and exploration for Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Main countries involved in exploration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portugal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. PORTUGAL <ul><li>1st Europeans to explore the unknown New World </li></ul><ul><li>1st to sail around the tip of Africa to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Also wanted to spread Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly explored what is now Brazil in the New World--this is why Brazilian culture today is heavily influenced by Portugal </li></ul>
  6. 8. Prince Henry the Navigator <ul><li>Son of Portuguese king </li></ul><ul><li>1418: started the first school for navigation (taught map making, navigation, and astronomy) </li></ul><ul><li>1434: sent an expedition to sail around dangerous West African coast </li></ul><ul><li>Made more than 50 trips down Africa’s west coast </li></ul>
  7. 9. Prince Henry the Navigator
  8. 10. <ul><li>According to legend, beyond this point in an area known as the &quot;Green Sea of Darkness,&quot; the sun was so close to the Earth that a person’s skin would burn black, the sea boiled, ships caught on fire, and monsters hid waiting to smash the ships and eat the sailors. It took fourteen voyages over a period of 12 years until a ship finally reached the equator. </li></ul>
  9. 11. SPAIN <ul><li>Very curious about the New World </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to have a larger empire </li></ul><ul><li>Searched for spices, gold, and silver </li></ul><ul><li>Used missionaries to spread Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Needed gold and silver to pay for wars with the Turkish Empire </li></ul>
  10. 12. Christopher Columbus <ul><li>King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella (Spain) sent him to find another way to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>1492: first expedition--landed in the Caribbean and called it “ the Indies” </li></ul><ul><li>Made 4 trips to the Caribbean from 1492-1504 </li></ul>
  11. 13. CC ’ s Route …
  12. 14. Spain’s Empire <ul><li>Through exploration Spain acquired a vast empire that contained areas of North and South America </li></ul><ul><li>They ruled there for hundreds of years </li></ul>
  13. 15. ENGLAND <ul><li>Searched for riches, gold, and silver (like Spain, but navy wasn’t as powerful) </li></ul><ul><li>At one time Great Britain controlled: Canada, Australia, India, parts of Africa, and many islands </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled America until 1776, Canada until the 20 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Colonized Australia and used it as a penal colony (prison colony) </li></ul>
  14. 16. FRANCE <ul><li>Wanted a large empire, spices and riches, and to spread Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Also really wanted animal furs (beaver) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoyed wearing hats and coats made out of animal skins </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 17. France’s Empire <ul><li>In 16 th and 17 th centuries, had colonies in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic Oceans </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy influence on parts of Canada (Quebec) </li></ul>