Ideas : What ideas were sparked? Questions : What questions came up for you? Feelings : What feelings did you have? Facts ...
Final Regents Review: GREECE By:  Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S.  Chappaqua, NY
ANCIENT GREECE By:  Ms. Yang
<ul><li>The Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>¾ of the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little farmland  (few streams) suppor...
With a neighbor, explain how the geography affected the development of Ancient Greece.
What was the origin and structure of the Greek  polis ?  <ul><li>Polis: city-state </li></ul><ul><li>By 750  BC-  fundamen...
What was the origin and structure of the Greek polis? <ul><li>Why did these develop? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They began to i...
<ul><li>Review: </li></ul><ul><li>What was the polis? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the acropolis? </li></ul>
Why do people need religion? How did the Greeks use religion for that purpose?
Describe polytheism in the Greek world <ul><li>POLYTHEISTIC </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks developed  a rich set of  myths  (sto...
Zeus Hera Athena Hercules
Archaic Greece: 1650 BCE - 700 BCE
Bronze Age Greece
Crete:  Minoan Civilization (Palace at  Knossos )
Knossos :  Minoan Civilization
Minoan Civilization
The Mycenaean Civilization
Homer : The “Heroic Age”
The Mask of Agamemnon
&quot;Hellenic&quot; (Classical) Greece: 700 BCE - 324 BCE
ATHENS:  Yesterday & Today Back to the polis…
Piraeus:  Athens’ Port City
Early Athenian Lawgivers <ul><li>Solon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes to the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave cit...
What political contribution did the Greeks give to Western cultures and societies?
Persian Wars:   499 BCE – 480 BCE
Persian Wars:  Famous Battles <ul><li>Marathon (490 BCE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26 miles from Athens </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
Outcome of the Persian Wars <ul><li>Delian League: collaboration of Greek city-states to fight the Persians </li></ul><ul>...
Golden “Age of  Pericles ”: 460 BCE – 429 BCE
Philosophy <ul><li>Philo = love </li></ul><ul><li>Soph = wisdom </li></ul>
Great Athenian  Philosophers <ul><li>Socrates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know thyself! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>question ever...
Great Athenian Philosophers <ul><li>Aristotle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student of Plato </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The  Lyceu...
Athens:  The Arts & Sciences <ul><li>DRAMA  (tragedians): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tragedies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comed...
The Classical Greek “Ideal” Classical Greek art was focused on idealism and beauty.
Phidias’  Acropolis The  acropolis  was the fortified hilltop area of the city-state.
the acropolis of athens
The Acropolis Today Back to the polis!
The  Parthenon The Parthenon was a temple built to the Athenian patron goddess, Athena .
 
Influences of Greek architecture
The  Agora Housed in the acropolis was  the agora, or the marketplace , where men frequented to buy/sell or discuss politi...
Olympia This was the site of the Olympic games that the Greeks attended every year. Though they fought each other, they wo...
The Ancient Olympics: Athletes & Trainers
Olympia: Temple to Hera
The 2004 Olympics
Athens’ strength became their weakness, and other Greek city-states grew tired of their power…
What were characteristics of Classical Greece culture?
SPARTA
Spartan Society <ul><li>Women were head of household and ran the family affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Men were bred to become ...
SPARTA Helots     Messenians enslaved by the   Spartans (used for hard labor).
Peloponnesian Wars The Peloponnesian Wars (Athens v. Sparta) weakened both Athens and Sparta. Athens and Sparta went to wa...
Macedonia Under  Philip II PHILIP II CONQUERS GREECE. Philip II hated the Greeks because they looked down on the Macedonia...
&quot;Hellenistic&quot; Greece: 324 BCE - 100 BCE
… his son:  Alexander the Great
impact of the diffusion of Greek culture by  Alexander the Great <ul><li>Conquered the lands from Greece to the Indus Vall...
Alexander the Great’s Empire
Alexander the Great in Persia
The Hellenization of Asia Hellenism: blend of Greek and Eastern (Persian, Egyptian, and Indian) cultures
diffusion of Greek culture <ul><li>Greek culture and language traveled with Alexander’s army </li></ul><ul><li>The blend o...
Pergamum:  A Hellenistic City
The Economy of the Hellenistic World
Hellenistic Philosophers <ul><li>Cynics    Diogenes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ignore social conventions &  avoid luxuries. </...
Hellenistic Philosophers <ul><li>Stoics    Zeno </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nature is the expansion of  divine will. </li></ul>...
Hellenic Philosophy <ul><li>Focus on people and life </li></ul>
Hellenism:  The Arts & Sciences <ul><li>Scientists / Mathematicians: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristarchus    heliocentric th...
What is Hellenism?  How did Alexander the Great’s conquest lead to cultural diffusion? What were some characteristics of H...
The Breakup of Alexander’s Empire
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Ancient Greece Summary (modified)

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Overview of Ancient Greece as modified by Ms. Susan Pojer of Horace Greeley HS in Chappaqua, NY

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Ancient Greece Summary (modified)

  1. 1. Ideas : What ideas were sparked? Questions : What questions came up for you? Feelings : What feelings did you have? Facts : What facts did you note?
  2. 2. Final Regents Review: GREECE By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY
  3. 3. ANCIENT GREECE By: Ms. Yang
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>¾ of the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little farmland (few streams) supported a small population) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided into city-states (polis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never united into one country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Sea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great sailors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traded for things they didn’t have </li></ul></ul>The Geography of Greece
  5. 5. With a neighbor, explain how the geography affected the development of Ancient Greece.
  6. 6. What was the origin and structure of the Greek polis ? <ul><li>Polis: city-state </li></ul><ul><li>By 750 BC- fundamental political unit in ancient Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of a city and its surrounding countryside- including numerous villages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Athens, Sparta, Ithaca </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where did they meet to discuss issues? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acropolis : the highest and most fortified place in the city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide 21 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What was the origin and structure of the Greek polis? <ul><li>Why did these develop? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They began to identify with the local area in which they lived </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarchy- rule by king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristocracy – rule by rich people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oligarchy – rule by a small group of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tyrant – a dictator </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Review: </li></ul><ul><li>What was the polis? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the acropolis? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why do people need religion? How did the Greeks use religion for that purpose?
  10. 10. Describe polytheism in the Greek world <ul><li>POLYTHEISTIC </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks developed a rich set of myths (stories) about their gods </li></ul><ul><li>Gave gods human qualities : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Love, hate, jealousy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lived forever </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Olympus- where the gods lived </li></ul><ul><li>Gods were worshiped in temples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of oracles as mediums </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Zeus Hera Athena Hercules
  12. 12. Archaic Greece: 1650 BCE - 700 BCE
  13. 13. Bronze Age Greece
  14. 14. Crete: Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos )
  15. 15. Knossos : Minoan Civilization
  16. 16. Minoan Civilization
  17. 17. The Mycenaean Civilization
  18. 18. Homer : The “Heroic Age”
  19. 19. The Mask of Agamemnon
  20. 20. &quot;Hellenic&quot; (Classical) Greece: 700 BCE - 324 BCE
  21. 21. ATHENS: Yesterday & Today Back to the polis…
  22. 22. Piraeus: Athens’ Port City
  23. 23. Early Athenian Lawgivers <ul><li>Solon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes to the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave citizens a greater voice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cleisthenes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>created the first democracy ! </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. What political contribution did the Greeks give to Western cultures and societies?
  25. 25. Persian Wars: 499 BCE – 480 BCE
  26. 26. Persian Wars: Famous Battles <ul><li>Marathon (490 BCE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26 miles from Athens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thermopylae (480 BCE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300 Spartans at the Mountain pass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Salamis (480 BCE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Athenian navy victorious </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Outcome of the Persian Wars <ul><li>Delian League: collaboration of Greek city-states to fight the Persians </li></ul><ul><li>After the Persians were defeated, Athens became the strongest city-state and as a result, entered into… </li></ul>
  28. 28. Golden “Age of Pericles ”: 460 BCE – 429 BCE
  29. 29. Philosophy <ul><li>Philo = love </li></ul><ul><li>Soph = wisdom </li></ul>
  30. 30. Great Athenian Philosophers <ul><li>Socrates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know thyself! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>question everything  “Socratic method” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absolute standards did exist for truth and justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Died by poison </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plato </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student of Socrates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Academy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Republic  philosopher-king (person with greatest insight) </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Great Athenian Philosophers <ul><li>Aristotle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student of Plato </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Lyceum school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questioned the nature of the world and of human thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides the basis of the Scientific Method . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alexander the Great was his student </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Athens: The Arts & Sciences <ul><li>DRAMA (tragedians): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tragedies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comedies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>THE SCIENCES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pythagoras  Pythagorean Theorem ! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A 2 + B 2 = C 2 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democritus  all matter made up of small atoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hippocrates  “Father of Medicine” </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. The Classical Greek “Ideal” Classical Greek art was focused on idealism and beauty.
  34. 34. Phidias’ Acropolis The acropolis was the fortified hilltop area of the city-state.
  35. 35. the acropolis of athens
  36. 36. The Acropolis Today Back to the polis!
  37. 37. The Parthenon The Parthenon was a temple built to the Athenian patron goddess, Athena .
  38. 39. Influences of Greek architecture
  39. 40. The Agora Housed in the acropolis was the agora, or the marketplace , where men frequented to buy/sell or discuss politics.
  40. 41. Olympia This was the site of the Olympic games that the Greeks attended every year. Though they fought each other, they would cease war just for the Olympic games.
  41. 42. The Ancient Olympics: Athletes & Trainers
  42. 43. Olympia: Temple to Hera
  43. 44. The 2004 Olympics
  44. 45. Athens’ strength became their weakness, and other Greek city-states grew tired of their power…
  45. 46. What were characteristics of Classical Greece culture?
  46. 47. SPARTA
  47. 48. Spartan Society <ul><li>Women were head of household and ran the family affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Men were bred to become a part of the military (unfit babies were killed) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boys entered the agoge at age 7 where they trained to enter the military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The training was… </li></ul></ul>
  48. 49. SPARTA Helots  Messenians enslaved by the Spartans (used for hard labor).
  49. 50. Peloponnesian Wars The Peloponnesian Wars (Athens v. Sparta) weakened both Athens and Sparta. Athens and Sparta went to war against each other. Though Sparta won, the war greatly weakened them both…
  50. 51. Macedonia Under Philip II PHILIP II CONQUERS GREECE. Philip II hated the Greeks because they looked down on the Macedonians. He sets out to conquer Greece and the work is continued by…
  51. 52. &quot;Hellenistic&quot; Greece: 324 BCE - 100 BCE
  52. 53. … his son: Alexander the Great
  53. 54. impact of the diffusion of Greek culture by Alexander the Great <ul><li>Conquered the lands from Greece to the Indus Valley </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smashed the Persians, Egypt (crowned him pharaoh), Babylon, Indus River Valley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-His soldiers fought for 11 years </li></ul></ul>
  54. 55. Alexander the Great’s Empire
  55. 56. Alexander the Great in Persia
  56. 57. The Hellenization of Asia Hellenism: blend of Greek and Eastern (Persian, Egyptian, and Indian) cultures
  57. 58. diffusion of Greek culture <ul><li>Greek culture and language traveled with Alexander’s army </li></ul><ul><li>The blend of Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences became known as Hellenistic culture </li></ul><ul><li>New blended language </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandria- Egyptian city became an international community with diverse population </li></ul>
  58. 59. Pergamum: A Hellenistic City
  59. 60. The Economy of the Hellenistic World
  60. 61. Hellenistic Philosophers <ul><li>Cynics  Diogenes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ignore social conventions & avoid luxuries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>citizens of the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>live a humble, simple life. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Epicurians  Epicurus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>avoid pain & seek pleasure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>all excess leads to pain! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>politics should be avoided. </li></ul></ul>
  61. 62. Hellenistic Philosophers <ul><li>Stoics  Zeno </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nature is the expansion of divine will. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>concept of natural law. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>get involved in politics, not for personal gain, but to perform virtuous acts for the good of all. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>true happiness is found in great achievements. </li></ul></ul>
  62. 63. Hellenic Philosophy <ul><li>Focus on people and life </li></ul>
  63. 64. Hellenism: The Arts & Sciences <ul><li>Scientists / Mathematicians: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristarchus  heliocentric theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Euclid  geometry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archimedes  pulley </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hellenistic Art: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More realistic; less ideal than classical art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age! </li></ul></ul>
  64. 65. What is Hellenism? How did Alexander the Great’s conquest lead to cultural diffusion? What were some characteristics of Hellenistic Greece?
  65. 66. The Breakup of Alexander’s Empire

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