The Columbian Exchange (web version)


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The Columbian Exchange (web version)

  1. 1. Overseas Empires AKS 39b
  2. 2. Bienvenidos a España! December 10 th , 1492
  3. 3. AKS 39b <ul><li>What were the roles of explorers and conquistadors? </li></ul>
  4. 4. VI. England <ul><li>Jamestown : first permanent settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrims </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>founded second English colony in Plymouth , Massachusetts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Puritans : deeply religious people who didn’t agree with practices of Church of England </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. VIII. French & Indian War (Seven Years’ War) <ul><li>War for control of North America </li></ul><ul><li>English and French clashed over Ohio Valley in 1754 </li></ul><ul><li>France forced to give up all land in North America to England in 1763 </li></ul>
  6. 6. IX. The Netherlands <ul><ul><li>Dutch settlers began colonies in modern New York City and called it New Netherland. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traded fur </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Portugal: More interested in trade than colonization (Africa & Asia) </li></ul>
  8. 8. XI. Spain <ul><li>Conquistadors : “Conquerors” came to spread God & wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Hernán Cortés : Mexico & Aztec riches (1519) </li></ul><ul><li>Francisco Pizarro : Peru & Inca Empire (1532) </li></ul><ul><li>Empire spread through N. & S. America and West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>European diseases killed Natives; African slaves replaced them </li></ul>
  9. 9. XII. Atlantic Slave Trade: buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas <ul><li>Triangular trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Passage: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long voyage from Africa to America </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often very harsh and cruel </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People crammed into ships, beaten, and given little food. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20 % of the people on these ships died </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Europe Africa Americas Europeans sailed to Africa to trade manufactured goods for people. The Middle Passage: Africans were carried across the Atlantic to the Americas to be sold into slavery. Traders brought back sugar, coffee, and tobacco to Europe.
  10. 12. Welcome to 1400 America!!! <ul><li>Take an index card. </li></ul><ul><li>List down ALL major ingredients in the dish/food item you brought to share. </li></ul><ul><li>Take out your classwork assignments from yesterday (#1-14 on FE review; 1 outline for PFE review) </li></ul>
  11. 13. New Rules for 7 th Period <ul><li>Be in your seats when the bell rings. </li></ul><ul><li>Have ALL materials ready when the bell rings (pencils sharpened, paper, etc). </li></ul><ul><li>Stay in your seats unless you have permission to leave your seat. </li></ul><ul><li>Raise your hand if you wish to speak or have a question— EVEN IF you just want to ask a neighbor something. </li></ul><ul><li>Use all the time you’re given in class to complete assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to comply to these rules THE FIRST TIME will result in an automatic morning teacher detention. </li></ul><ul><li>Since it is week 16 and we STILL can’t behave appropriately when we have a sub, we will practice substitute behavior for THE REST OF THE SEMESTER. </li></ul>
  12. 14. The Columbian Exchange What was the Columbian Exchange and what was its global economic and culture impact?
  13. 15. After you read… <ul><li>At the end of your notes, do an analysis (break down the food items and speculate their origins) of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) what you had for lunch. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B) what favorite food you brought. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Could you have enjoyed it here in the “New World” if not for the Columbian Exchange? Why/Why not? </li></ul>
  14. 16. What I Had for Lunch <ul><li>Pasta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tomato sauce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noodles (made from wheat flour) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ricotta Cheese </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applesauce </li></ul><ul><li>Cookie </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>peppermint </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. The Columbian Exchange <ul><li>It was a global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corn and potatoes  Europe, Asia, Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bananas, black-eyed peas, yams  Americas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle, pigs, horses  Americas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diseases  Americas & Europe </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>Global Trade </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>settling of Americas and growth of trade started an economic revolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>revolution led to capitalism : based on private ownership of property and right of a business to earn a profit on money it has invested </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>revolution also led to joint-stock companies : investors combine their money to start a business and share in the profits </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>Growth of Mercantilism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European governments followed the idea of mercantilism , which says that a country’s power depended on its wealth (getting more gold and silver increased wealth) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selling more than buying ( exporting more than importing ) = a favorable balance of trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colonies helped to provide goods that could be sold in trade </li></ul></ul></ul>