Crises of the 14th century

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Crises of the 14th century

  1. 1. Crises of the 14th Century Three Crises
  2. 2. Crisis #1
  3. 3. Moving on to crisis 2…
  4. 4. Three Practices that Weakened the Church • Many village priests ____________. • Bishops sold ___________. This called simony. • Kings were appointing ___________. married positions bishops
  5. 5. The Great Schism – Crisis #2 1. French pope elected and capital moved from Italy to France (weakened the church) 2. French pope dies; people want an Italian pope 3. Italian pope is chosen; people later regret decision 4. Second (French) is elected  now there are two popes (Great Schism) 5. Resolution: a third pope 6. Real resolution: council forces all three popes to resign and picked a new pope  greatly weakened papacy
  6. 6. The Hundred Years’ War – Crisis #3 But before we get into the details…we have to examine the players: England & France…
  7. 7. England France William the Conqueror invades England in 1066. (non-Anglo ruler; French is added to the English language.) Henry II (1154-1189) introduces the use of jury in English courts. John (1199-1216) agrees to the Magna Carta in 1215. •Magna Carta is the first document to limit the king’s power (very important to remember!!!) and contains basic legal rights Edward I (1272-1307) calls the Model Parliament in 1295. Hugh Capet increases the territory of France. Phillip II (1180-1223) established bailiffs to preside over courts and collect taxes Louis IX (1226-1270) creates a French appeals court. Philip IV (1285-1314) adds Third Estate (commoners) to Estates General
  8. 8. Leading to the war… • The last Capetian king left no heir. • England’s Edward III, grandson of Philip IV, claimed the right to the French throne and starts the war. • Lasted from 1337-1453 (116 years) • Effects: – Feelings of nationalism in both countries (fighting for king/country) – French monarch gains power – England – war of the Roses

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