In simple terms cloud computing can be defined as “ applications that can be accessed or used through the Internet” Scalable: computing (ofanetwork)abletobeexpandedto cope with increaseduse.
CRM-Customer Relationship Management,ILS-Integrated Library Systems etcSAAS: Software is provided as a service which can be accessed through the Internet or web browser (in our case library management systems, Online databases, etc)Example : Koha ILS in Mysore University Library Up gradation, maintenance, trouble shooting and other errors will be taken care by the those who provide cloud computing service. We just have to use the S/W. PAAS: (Platform as a Service): With PaaS, a computing platform is provided which supplies tools and a development environment to help companies build, test, and deploy Web-based applications (Kiroski, 2009).IaaS: (Infrastructure as a Service): IaaS is also know HaaS (Hardware as a service). Storage, networking and hosting of websites or e-learning modules other infrastructure facilities are provided as a service. Example: Mysore University Library has no server or other hardware peripherals in the library but they have rented some storage space through cloud computing service provider and have hosted their OPAC. This minimize the effort, time and cost in having infrastructure in our library.
One of the major benefit of the cloud computing is it literary help us to overcome from having infrastructure to host or to install s/w in our office or library. We just have to rental some space on thee cloud or use application software through the service provider what we use. Example: Electricity Cost Effective : It minimizes the dependency technical man power and up gradation and maintenance of hardware and software in our library. Example : E-granthalaya. When DCE trained 60 libraries for automating their library by using E-Granthalaya they had to carry the CPU for installing the s/w. That kind of problem or difficulties can be avoided.Duplication of work: This one of the major benefit for at least college libraries. Many of us having similar documents (At least colleges affiliated to Mysore University) in stand alone or system that is not connected through the Internet we have to key in each of the record every time. But if use web based S/W we can share or use same to catalogue the library. Example : Copy cataloguing.Integration and exchange of data: We can integrate data through multiple locations or multiple formats. For example : Linking to Google Book Search or Amazon and other libraries. Data can be shared with other libraries without much hassles
3. Needed high bandwidth for faster Internet connections Orwellian Intrusion:Amazonin 2009 has without any reason had removed George Orwell books from its Kindle E-Book Readers. That raises the issue of who owns the content or data ownership. Data Lock-in is related to interoperability Data reliability
Cloud computing for college library automation
Cloud Computing for College Library AutomationVasantha Raju N.LibrarianGovt. First Grade CollegePeriyapatnavasanthrz@gmail.com 18th Refresher Course in Library & Information Science UGC-Academic Staff College 16th Feb 2012 University of Mysore, Mysore
Presentation Layout• Why library automation has not been success so far in many of the government college libraries?• What is cloud computing and why we need to go for cloud computing?• Important layers of cloud computing• How cloud computing architecture can help colleges to automate their libraries?• Cloud Computing Service Providers• Issues involved in cloud computing?• Examples of implementing cloud computing in libraries and other domains.
Why library automation has not been success so far in many of the college libraries?• Lack of infrastructure (building) there are 344 government colleges. Many of the colleges established in 2007-2008 have no own buildings. In a recent study done by Balasubramanya & Guruprasad (2011) have found that, of the 10 government degree colleges they have surveyed in Mysore district, none of them have separate buildings for libraries. Lack of Man Power Support
Sl. No Name of the College Year Student Library Staff of Strength* Librarian Supporting Establishment Staff 1 Maharanis Science College for Women 1919 890 1 4 2 Government First Grade College -Krishnarajanagar 1971 1734 1 2 3 Sri.D.Devaraj Urs Government First Grade College 1971 1235 1 1 4 Maharanis Arts College for Women 1979 3020 1 7 5 Government First Grade College – Heggadevanakote 1985 330 1 - 6 Government First Grade College -Periyapatna 1991 446 1 2 7 Government First Grade College-Kuvempu Nagar 1996 639 1 1 8 Government First Grade College-Bannur 2007 384 1 - 9 Government First Grade College-Bilikere 2007 160 1 - 10 Government First Grade College-Hanagodu 2007 24 1 - 11 Government College for Women- 2007 362 1 - Hootagalli(Vijaynagar) 12 Government First Grade College-Nanjanagudu 2007 468 1 1 13 Government College for Women-Saligrama 2007 233 1 1 14 Government First Grade College- Siddartha Layout, 2007 87 1 - Mysore 15 Government First Grade College- T.Narasipura 2007 320 1 - 16 Government First Grade College- Ullahalli, 2007 41 1 - Nanjangud 17 Government First Grade College for Women-Hunsur 2007 186 1 - *Source:http://dce.kar.nic.in/statistics/gov/collegewisecoursewise_govt.pdf Note: The student strength presented in Table 1 is for 2008-09. The student strength in almost all the colleges in Mysore District has doubled in the year 2010-11.
753 800 700 571Number of Students 600 491 446 500 400 300 200 100 0 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Years Figure 1: Increase in Student Strength in GFGC- Periyapatna Source: GFGC-Periyapatna Admission Records
• Lack of Financial Support and Planning Sl. No. Years Grants for Book Purchasing (in Lakhs) 1 2007-08 144500.00 2 2008-09 264878.00 3 2009-10 358352.00 4 2010-11 809400.50 There is no proper plan for deciding in how much funds or financial resources should be utilized for subscribing scholarly journals/books and maintaining library aesthetics or day to day functions. Source: GFGC-Periyapatna Library Stock Verification Reports (2007-2011)
• Issues in ICTs implementation in libraries In 2009 DCE in Gulbarga University Library and Karnataka State College Librarians Association (KSCLE) has organized week long program for all the government college librarians to train them in using contemporary technologies for library management In 2011 DCE in association with National Informatics Centre (NIC) provided hands-on training in using E-Granthalaya a free library automation software developed by NIC for 60 government college librarians in Karnataka (Muthuraja, 2011). Still the issues of availability of hardware requirements and software selection for library automation have remained unresolved. So how do we overcome these problems? One solution that we can thought of is “Cloud Computing”
What is cloud computing and why we need to go for cloud computing?• What is “Cloud Computing”? “Cloud computing is a style of computing in which massively scalable IT-related capabilities are provided as a service to external customers using Internet technologies” (Gartner, 2009). “Cloud computing is the delivery of computing as a service rather than a product, whereby shared resources, software, and information are provided to computers and other devices as a metered service over a network (typically the Internet)” (Wikipedia 2012). “Cloud computing means using Web services for our computing needs which could include using software applications, storing data, accessing computing power, or using a platform to build applications” (Kroski, 2009).
Important Layers of Cloud Computing SaaS (Software as a Service) Examples : E-mails, CRM, ILS, Google Docs, etc PaaS (Platform as a Service) Examples: Application Development, IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) Examples : Network, Data Storage, Hosting etc.
How cloud computing architecture can help colleges to automate their libraries?• Reduce dependency on infrastructure ( server and other hardware peripherals)• Cost effectiveness• Duplication of work can be avoided• Browser based technology (virtualization) 24/7 Access• Integration and exchange of data and others
Cloud Computing Service Providers• Amazon EC2 (Elastic Computing Cloud)• Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Services)• Google Apps• Windows Azure• IBM Smart Cloud, etc.,
Examples of ILS in Cloud Computing Environment University of Mysore WebOPAC hosted on the Cloud http://libcat.mysore-univ.org/Courtesy: University of Mysore Main Library
Western State College of Colorado Using Google Apps for hosting its E-LibraryCourtesy: Western State College of Colorado
Google Docs one of the well known office applications on the CloudCourtesy: https://docs.google.com/
LibraryThing is another applications runs on the Cloud Computing EnvironmentCourtesy: http://www.librarything.com
Flickr Photo stream on the Web hosted on the cloud Computing EnvironmentCourtesy: http://www.flickr.com
Issues in Implementing Cloud Computing• Data Privacy (Patron Records)• Data Security or Data Ownership (Orwellian Intrusion, Kiroski, 2009)• Need Internet for using cloud computing• Data Reliability• Data Lock-in (Interoperability), etc.,