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Can Cloud Computing help for Government Colleges to Automate their Libraries? A Point of View

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Can Cloud Computing help for Government Colleges to Automate their Libraries? A Point of View

  1. 1. Can Cloud Computing help for Government Colleges to Automate their Libraries? A Point of View Vasanth Raju N. Librarian Government First Grade College Periyapatna vasanthrz@gmail.com N.S. Harinarayana Associate Professor Department of Library & Information Science, University of Mysore, Mysore ns.harinarayana@gmail.com Paper Presented at the International Conference on “Emerging Technologies and Future of Libraries” January 30th-31st 2015, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga
  2. 2. Presentation Layout • Library automation and its need in college libraries • Present status of library automation in government college libraries • Why library automation has not been success so far in many of the government college libraries? • Issues in ICTs implementation in college libraries and status of library automation • What is cloud computing and why we need to go for cloud computing? • Important layers of cloud computing • How cloud computing architecture can help colleges to automate their libraries? • Cloud Computing service providers • Issues involved in cloud computing • Examples of implementing cloud computing in libraries and other domains.
  3. 3. Library Automation • “Library Automation is the use of automatic and semiautomatic data processing machines to perform such traditional library activities as acquisitions, cataloguing, circulation, serial control and other library related activities”(Kent, 1977).
  4. 4. Why We Need to Automate College Libraries? • Information Explosion (Difficult to handle “Big Data”) • Availability of information in different form and formats (E-Journals, E-books, images and other formats) • Easy Access to Library Collections (OPAC) (Save Users time) • Reduce the duplication of work • Reduce man power requirement • Data exchange and Integration (eg.,: Copy Cataloguing) • Networking of Libraries or Resource Sharing • Emergence of “Digital Natives”/ “Digital Networked Society”
  5. 5. Present Status of Library Automation in Government College Libraries in Mysore Name of the College Status of Library Automation Data Entry (Retro- Conversion) Data Entry Done by Software Used Sri.D.Devaraj Urs Government First Grade College 75.00% Library Staff EasyLib Maharani's Science College for Women 50.00% Software Agency Library Manager Maharani's Arts & Commerce College for Women 50.00% Software Agency Library Manager Government First Grade College - Krishnarajanagar 50.00% Software Agency Library Manager Government First Grade College- Kuvempu Nagar 40.00% Software Agency Library Manager Government First Grade College – Heggadevanakote 35.00% Software Agency Library Manager Government First Grade College- Bannur No No No Government First Grade College- Bilikere No No No Government First Grade College- Bilikere No No No
  6. 6. Present Status of Library Automation in Government College Libraries in Mysore Conti……. Name of the College Data Entry (retro-conversion) Data entry done by Software Used Government First Grade College-Hanagodu No No No Government College for Women- Hootagalli(Vijaynagar) No No No Government First Grade College-Nanjanagudu No No No Government College for Women-Saligrama No No No Government First Grade College-Periyapatna No No No Government First Grade College- Siddartha Layout, Mysore No No No Government First Grade College- T.Narasipura No No No Government First Grade College- Ullahalli, Nanjangud No No No Government First Grade College for Women- Hunsur No No No Adopted from: “Problems in application of ICT in government colleges: A study of selected colleges in Mysore district” by P. Balasubramanya & D. S. Guruprasad, 2011, Paper presented at the National Conference on Managing College Libraries: Issues and Trends, JSS College of Arts, Commerce & Science, Mysore.
  7. 7. Why library automation has not been success so far in many of the college libraries? • Lack of infrastructure (building)  there are 366 government colleges. Many of the colleges established in 2007- 2008 have no own buildings.  In a recent study done by Balasubramanya & Guruprasad (2011) have found that, of the 10 government degree colleges they have surveyed in Mysore district, none of them have separate buildings for libraries.  Lack of Man Power Support
  8. 8. Sl. No Name of the College Year of Establishment Student Strength* Library Staff Librarian Supporting Staff 1 Maharani's Science College for Women 1919 890 1 4 2 Government First Grade College -Krishnarajanagar 1971 1734 1 2 3 Sri.D.Devaraj Urs Government First Grade College 1971 1235 1 1 4 Maharani's Arts College for Women 1979 3020 1 7 5 Government First Grade College – Heggadevanakote 1985 330 1 - 6 Government First Grade College -Periyapatna 1991 446 1 1 7 Government First Grade College-Kuvempu Nagar 1996 639 1 1 8 Government First Grade College-Bannur 2007 384 1 - 9 Government First Grade College-Bilikere 2007 160 1 - 10 Government First Grade College-Hanagodu 2007 24 1 - 11 Government College for Women- Hootagalli(Vijaynagar) 2007 362 1 - 12 Government First Grade College-Nanjanagudu 2007 468 1 1 13 Government College for Women-Saligrama 2007 233 1 1 14 Government First Grade College- Siddartha Layout, Mysore 2007 87 1 - 15 Government First Grade College- T.Narasipura 2007 320 1 - 16 Government First Grade College- Ullahalli, Nanjangud 2007 41 1 - 17 Government First Grade College for Women-Hunsur 2007 186 1 - *Source:http://dce.kar.nic.in/statistics/gov/collegewisecoursewise_govt.pdf Note: The student strength presented in Table 1 is for 2008-09. The student strength in almost all the colleges in Mysore District has doubled in recent years
  9. 9. Increasing Student Strength in Govt. Colleges 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 151931 165451 221301 229839 287792 StudentStrength Academic Year Source: http://www.dce.kar.nic.in
  10. 10. • Lack of Financial Support and Planning Sl. No. Years Grants for Book Purchasing (in Lakhs) 1 2009-10 358352.00 2 2010-11 809400.50 3 2013-14 264978.00 There is no proper plan for deciding in how much funds or financial resources should be utilized for subscribing scholarly journals/books and maintaining library aesthetics or day to day functions. Source: GFGC-Periyapatna Library Stock Verification Reports
  11. 11. • Issues in ICTs implementation in libraries  In 2009 DCE in Gulbarga University Library and Karnataka State College Librarians Association (KSCLE) has organized week long program for all the government college librarians to train them in using contemporary technologies for library management  In 2011 DCE in association with National Informatics Centre (NIC) provided hands-on training in using E-Granthalaya a free library automation software developed by NIC for 60 government college librarians in Karnataka (Muthuraja, 2011).  Still the issues of availability of hardware requirements and software selection for library automation have remained unresolved. So how do we overcome these problems? One solution that we can thought of is “Cloud Computing”
  12. 12. What is cloud computing and why we need to go for cloud computing? • What is “Cloud Computing”? “Cloud computing is a style of computing in which massively scalable IT-related capabilities are provided as a service to external customers using Internet technologies” (Gartner, 2009). “Cloud computing is the delivery of computing as a service rather than a product, whereby shared resources, software, and information are provided to computers and other devices as a metered service over a network (typically the Internet)” (Wikipedia 2012). “Cloud computing means using Web services for our computing needs which could include using software applications, storing data, accessing computing power, or using a platform to build applications” (Kroski, 2009).
  13. 13. Important Layers of Cloud Computing SaaS (Software as a Service) Examples : E-mails, CRM, ILS, Google Docs, etc PaaS (Platform as a Service) Examples: Application Development, IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) Examples : Network, Data Storage, Hosting etc.
  14. 14. How cloud computing architecture can help colleges to automate their libraries? • Reduce dependency on infrastructure ( server and other hardware peripherals) • Cost effectiveness • Duplication of work can be avoided • Browser based technology (virtualization) 24/7 Access • Integration and exchange of data and others
  15. 15. Cloud Computing Service Providers • Amazon EC2 (Elastic Computing Cloud) • Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Services) • Google Apps • Windows Azure • IBM Smart Cloud, etc.,
  16. 16. Issues in Implementing Cloud Computing • Data Privacy (Patron Records) • Data Security or Data Ownership (Orwellian Intrusion, Kiroski, 2009) • Need Internet for using cloud computing • Data Reliability • Data Lock-in (Interoperability), etc.,
  17. 17. Examples of ILS in Cloud Computing Environment University of Mysore WebOPAC hosted on the Cloud http://libcat.mysore-univ.org/ Courtesy: University of Mysore Main Library
  18. 18. Western State College of Colorado Using Google Apps for hosting its E-Library Courtesy: Western State College of Colorado
  19. 19. Google Docs one of the well known office applications on the Cloud Courtesy: https://docs.google.com/
  20. 20. LibraryThing is another applications runs on the Cloud Computing Environment Courtesy: http://www.librarything.com
  21. 21. Flickr Photo stream on the Web hosted on the cloud Computing Environment Courtesy: http://www.flickr.com
  22. 22. Thank You ? Courtesy: OCLC

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