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  • Creation – research leads to more research so AuthorAID provides an online support network to assist developing world scientists to get their research written up and published . It also offers training courses in writing skills for scientists in developing world.
  • Use - If research is to impact on the lives of people living in poor countries, then policy makers need to be able to access, evaluate and use research evidence in decision making. The EIPM programme works with partners to build these capacities within local policy making institutions.
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    • 1. Cooperation and collaboration tostrengthen the global research cycle Kay Raseroka and Lucy Browse lbrowse@inasp.info www.inasp.infoSlide 1
    • 2. The purpose of Higher Education: “Higher education institutions have responsibility for equipping individuals with the knowledge and skills required for key positions in government, business, industryand professions. They produce new knowledge through research and can transfer, adapt and disseminate knowledge as well as being important institutions of civil society.” “Universities and development: global cooperation” Universities UKhttp://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/Publications/Documents/UniversitiesAndDevelopment201 01011.pdf Slide 2
    • 3. What about Higher Education institutions in developing countries?• 1960s and 70s – institutions of excellence, producing leading researchers• Years of neglect – 80s, 90s – pressure to expand, insufficient funding (government and donor) – quality plummeted – prospects for research severely damaged• 2000 onward – Universities slowly being rebuilt – Donors return to HE (influential World Bank publications)• 2010+ – Decade of investment, initiatives, programmes – 3 Slide Successes, but still a lot to be done
    • 4. Where we find ourselves:• In the context of our continent: Often facing social, political and economic challenges The impact of the global recession yet to be fully realised•In the context of scholarly institutions: Historical legacy economically, structurally and institutionally•For the individual scholar: Pulled between the research requirements and the teaching requirements of his/her institution Skills gained overseas can atrophy without CPD support Slide 4
    • 5. Exploring the issues – “University Challenge”• Universities are complex – ‘fixing’ them isn’t easy. Financial constraints are significant but not the only problem… – Organisational constraints: structures, systems and university governance – Research management critical – funding and grant preparation – Good libraries – access to materials and information – Clear research agendas – Postgraduate training plans and proper research career structures – Incentives to do research – enabling an attractive research culture – Better data for planning and monitoring Slide 5
    • 6. Some contradictions: (1) • Developed world universities would claim to be using an a-historical ‘universal’ model BUT Where do developing country universities fit into the ‘game’ of ‘research rankings’ ?Slide 6
    • 7. Some contradictions: (2) • There is no issue about the basics of what makes for robust research BUT The context within which that research content is made available is very different in the developing worldSlide 7
    • 8. Some contradictions: (3) • Research communication ‘infomediaries’ have largely achieved availability and quantity of content BUT • Access: i.e. usability, capability and usage are the continuing challengesSlide 8
    • 9. Some more contradictions: (4)• Technical access remains a huge challenge despite initiatives like BandwidthManagement and Optimisation (BMO)BUT• Although the Eastern / Western African sea board fibre optic cables are in place, landlockedcountries (at least) will still be disadvantagedbecause of tax-seeking by coastal countriesand/or by their own governments: i.e. passing onthe cost levied on them to institutionsSlide 9
    • 10. UbuntuNet Research & Education Network• The first network of its kind in Africa• Launched in November 2012• The network will dramatically accelerate the development of the information society in Africa, providing advanced data communications infrastructure and enabling African researchers to collaborate more easily in advanced International Research projects• Video: http://www.africaconnect.ue/MediaCenter/Pages/Launch- Event-video.aspx Slide 10
    • 11. Steve Song Map – looking at 2014: Download speeds December 2011, journal article from UK-based publisher: 55 seconds at the University of Nairobi 2-4 minutes at two campuses of the University of Malawi in Lilongwe …but even with several attempts a user in Uganda (outside of Kampala) was unable to download the article at all.Slide 11
    • 12. And what for the future? The partnerships, cooperation and collaboration thathave been achieved across the global south and northare vital to strengthen research and our work. We must ensure that capacity, expertise and policiesare embedded at a local level. This will include: •More southern voices included in debates aroundavailability, access and use of research •More advocacy at Govt. level to help build anddevelop the vision of the WSIS knowledge societies Slide 12
    • 13. What are we already seeing?A large, young,technologically hungryand increasingly media-clevercohort of up-and-comingresearchers needs you to reachout to themTheir aspirations are importantin preparing for our collectivefuture… Slide 13
    • 14. Partnerships building bridges• Digital Libraries - Green stone (digital library software) - International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP) - Electronic Information for Libraries (eIFL) Project• DL support organisations - Greenstone support organisation for Africa (GSOA)• We now turn to the work of our partners - INASPSlide 14
    • 15. INASP facts and figures…• Established in 1992• 19 permanent staff• International Board of Trustees• Works in Africa, Asia and Latin America – 22 partner countries, over 100 eligible countries• Funded mainly by partner countries and European governmentsSlide 15
    • 16. Putting research at the heart of development• Our aim is that our work is sustainable beyond our involvement• We cooperate with local people, institutions and organisations - supporting them to develop the capacity and relationships needed for greater global participation and partnerships• We co-design our work for the individual country infrastructure, HE policies and socio-economic situation. Slide 16
    • 17. Who is the INASP network? “Kindred” organisations Librarians at 1600 Over 6539 registered HEIs ICT professionals researchers, at HEIs, NRENs inc. 800 mentors Library consortia and NGOs 300+ HEI & Editors of over 675 50 academic parliamentary journals published inpublishers/aggregators policy makers ‘South’ Slide 17
    • 18. Availability international research information indigenous journals – Journals Online Communication and Uptake Access Bandwidth Managementinto policy and by practitioners Library infrastructureEvidence Informed Policy Making Research System Creation Use support researchers information literacy AuthorAID promotion and advocacy Slide 18
    • 19. 3,281,456 scholarly articles were accessed through the PERii programme in 2012 AvailabilitySlide 19 Inju, Flikr
    • 20. INASP Research Availability• INASP negotiates free or proportionately priced access• Funding = “real-world” economic model: – Countries “own” their budget - transitioning from donor funding to self- funding – Consortia development and buy-in to collective purchase/cooperation are key – Countries select the resources they want (we respond to requests)• Publishers – commit to affordable sustainable prices – provide COUNTER compliant usage statistics – gain a new route for the dissemination of their materials and contribute to the strengthening of global research Slide 20
    • 21. Interdisciplinary resources: 2012• 50+ publishers and aggregators offering – 11,000 full text books – 31,476 full text journals – 23,072 abstracted journals – 82 databases – Document delivery from 20,000 journals through the British Library• List of free and Open Access resources• Cooperation and collaboration Slide 21
    • 22. The Importance of Advocacywww.pubs-for-dev.info
    • 23. Why PfD? Explore how to contribute beyond availability Editorial IT Tra Mar keting inin g Sal es A forum for information and discussion – for ALL publishers Increase understanding of the Share best practice, unique challenges developments, developing country libraries, ideas,researchers and publishers experience find information, reports and news
    • 24. Annual Conferencein Action: Case Studies•Sharing best practice•Promoting success stories•Offering guidance•Providing ideasNewsletter Sign-up at: http://eepurl.com/cBoao
    • 25. Core discussions so far:• low-bandwidth environments: supporting and encouraging resource interface design to increase access;• supporting developing country researchers: encouraging greater visibility, inclusion and contribution;• raising resource awareness: producing low- resolution promotional materials. Use networks!
    • 26. Access in low-bandwidth environments – what can be done?Launched in 2012:INASP Bandwidth Management and Optimisation• Works with institutions to reserve scarce bandwidth for core institutional purposes• Encourages strengthening and formation of National Research and Education networks
    • 27. Bandwidth matters…As James Lush of the Biochemical Society, bloggedfollowing a recent bandwidth session:“Improving access makes an enormous difference to theprofessional lives of individuals; how they work and think,their research impacts and their reputation – and thereputation of their environment.For researchers in developing countries to succeed inresearch on the global stage, the challenges are many. Butcreating usable interfaces seems a simple place to start” (http://bit.ly/FPOZpL).
    • 28. Access & Use It will enable me to encourage use of e-resources in my teaching at graduate and undergraduate levels. Workshop participant, ZimbabweSlide 28
    • 29. Unique Institutions Registered• Number of eligible institutions from 1,622 in 2012 partner countries on the online registration system• More institutions register each year as INASP’s activity increases – the “Ripple Effect” Slide 29
    • 30. Developing library infrastructure• Using OS solutions for; – Library automation / resource discovery tools – Digitisation and institutional repositories – e.g. KOHA, VuFind, Dspace, Drupal 2010 Institutional repository training in Sri Lanka > 8 new institutional repositories e.g. University of Moratuwa: all 1650+ dissertations > federated search developed at national levelSlide 30
    • 31. Training & Capacity building…• Training the trainer & pedagogy skills• Marketing and promotion of e-resources• Monitoring & evaluating e-resource usage• Working together to support research: librarians + researchers / ICT staff• Library marketing and advocacy• Library school curriculum development• Consortium strengthening activities• Licensing and negotiation skills Slide 31
    • 32. How we are building skills andcapacity…Cascading training methodology,e.g. Zimbabwe: 2008: Zimbabwean Librarian at Cape Town Info Literacy workshop 2009: Train-the-trainer ‘Info Literacy’ workshop for consortium members 2010: Info Literacy training delivered to users in 12 institutions 2011 Train-the-trainer ‘Info Literacy into curriculum’ workshopSlide 32
    • 33. 2010: Uganda consortium review workshop - lack of capacity; uncommitted members 2011: Strategic Planning workshop - 5 functional committees; strategy & work plan 9 new institutions joined CUUL Consortium Administrative Assistant hired “Such developments have increased the capacity of the consortium and its membership to undertake bigger projects and sustain them”Slide 33
    • 34. From to “LfD”?What might INASP Librarians for Development looklike?•Community of practice in Moodle: Bringing librarianstogether South and North•Starting small – contribute ideas, designed toincrease resource awareness, promo ideas etc.•Licensing and negotiations – offer advice and inputas INASP partners increase their expertise
    • 35. Are there schemes at your Uni?• http://www2.le.ac.uk/institution/gondar-information-hub• http://medicine.st-andrews.ac.uk/malawi/• For other examples see: universities UK Let us know what you’re doing!
    • 36. Other ways for librarians to get involved ininformation for development:• Beyond Access: Libraries Powering Development – IFLA/EIFL/Gates looking at the role of public & community libraries: http://www.beyondaccess.net• Libraries and Development: IFLA pages launched in February, so a growing resource (includes Building Strong LA programme info.): http://bit.ly/XXqUYGFamiliarise yourself with resources available to returning scholars!
    • 37. Creation I am fortunate enough to have good mentors who helped me to publish eight papers in national level journals AuthorAID discussion list participant.Slide 37
    • 38. - An Overview• A global research community for researchers in developing countries with over 6,500 members• Help for researchers in the publishing process• Main components – Mentoring by volunteers - Workshops - Preparing poster and oral presentations - Writing grant proposals – Online training delivered via moodle Slide 38
    • 39. AuthorAID www.authoraid.info Resources Library Small grants We would encourage you to register, share information via Regular blog your networks and consider postsSlide 39 becoming a mentor! Mentoring Scheme
    • 40. Local/indigenous publishing 654 scholarly journals published in the south are available via ‘JOLs’ Slide 40
    • 41. • Websites for local journals to: – Increase global visibility – Increase editors capacity to improve journal quality and manage them online – Enable southern researchers to contribute to the global research community• 1988 started with• Now growing year on year…Slide 41
    • 42. JOLsJournals Online No. of No. of OA % OA Usage in Usage in Journ Journals journals 2011 2012 als (Feb 2013)BanglaJOL 101 99 98% 1,500,000 2,300,000NepJOL 77 68 88% 971,000 1,140,000SriLankaJOL 46 43 93% 691,000 947,000LAMJOL 15 15 100% 49,500 111,000MongoliaJOL 2 2 100% 12,000 22,000 AJOL, Philippines and Vietnam JOLs managed locally Slide 42
    • 43. INASP &• Make sure views from the south are represented and heard in OA discussions• Signpost & provide training on OA resources• Open access advocacy - OA champions & OA week competition• AuthorAID – explore benefits of publishing OA• Publishing Support: explore impact of OA on local journals (good and bad)• Explore the APC conundrum Slide 43
    • 44. Research Uptake Over 200 parliamentary staff from eight African countries have received training in finding and using research information Slide 44
    • 45. Evidence-Informed Policy Making• EIPM (Evidence-Informed Policy Making) works to increase uptake of research in policy making.• Key training topics include: – Information literacy for policy makers – Demystifying science – Policy brief writing – Summarising skillsSlide 45
    • 46. Supply Demand Capacity ofCapacity of policy makersresearchers to andcarry out influencers toresearch and access,communicate evaluate andit to policy use researchmakers information Infiniteview
    • 47. Cooperation the bigger picture: “Some of the greatest challenges facing the world have a greater impact on developingcountries than the developed world and tackling them requires global effort and cooperationby governments, international organisations and universities.” “Universities and development: global cooperation” Universities UKhttp://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/Publications/Documents/UniversitiesAndDevelopment20101011. pdf Slide 47
    • 48. An invitation… To showcase the work of our partners across Africa, Asia and Latin America we held a photo competition last year. We’d like to invite you to take a look at the way their work is “Bringing Libraries to Life” ow.ly/fFT1SSlide 48
    • 49. Thank you for listening!Lucy Browse & Kay Raserokalbrowse@inasp.info@lucybrowse @pubsfordev @INASPinfo@authoraidwww.inasp.infoSlide 49
    • 50. 2012 Statistics• Over 80,000 visits to the website• 6539 registrants (compared with 595 April 2009)• Travel grants: 6 awarded to allow participants to present their research at international conferences• 162 participants at workshops in Zambia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Sri Lanka• 2 e-learning courses run for 75 learnersSlide 50
    • 51. Registering for• Most online AuthorAID content openly accessible• By registering at site, also have chance to – Sign up for e-mail discussion list – Be notified when new blog posts appear – Seek a mentor or mentee or otherwise contact members of AuthorAID communityWe would encourage you to register, share information via your networks and consider becoming a mentor!Slide 51
    • 52. Getting what is available into use…“The problem of availability – that is theprovision of affordable or free journalsand other resources in online form –has been widely and successfullyaddressed…” Awareness Growing knowledge: Access to Access research in east and southern African universities www.acu.ac.uk/growing_knowledge Use Slide 52
    • 53. In practice this meansPERI has indeed brought about a dramatic PERI has indeed brought about a dramaticrevolution in the availability of resources for revolution in the availability of resources forresearch. This has given a great boost to research. This has given a great boost toexisting researchers, encouraged new and existing researchers, encouraged new andyoung people to engage in research, pushed young people to engage in research, pushedthe libraries and even network administrators to the libraries and even network administrators tomodernize their outlook, and has laid the modernize their outlook, and has laid thefoundation of a nationwide consortium of foundation of a nationwide consortium oflibraries libraries Abdullah Shams, Bin Tariq, Bangladesh Abdullah Shams, Bin Tariq, BangladeshSlide 53
    • 54. 12th Bangladesh Consortium Coordinators Meeting March 2013Slide 54
    • 55. Collaborations and partnershipsShare expertise, extend reach, reduce duplication•UNESCO - Vietnam & Nepal staff at regional IR workshop•FAO - contributed to IMARK CDs and online tutorials•IDS - collaborative pedagogical skills training•ITOCA and Phi - health information trainingSlide 55
    • 56. 22 Partner countries• Africa: Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe• Asia Pacific: Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam• Latin America: Bolivia, Cuba, El Salvador, Honduras, NicaraguaSlide 56
    • 57. Curriculum development in library schools - 2008: review BA & Dip. LIS, Mzuzu University, Malawi Multiple Entry-Exit Bachelor of LIS curriculum - 2010: review Library Association accredited certificate Bridging course between Certificate and Diploma in Information studies In conclusion, the “Salima Curriculum” was the turning point In conclusion, the “Salima Curriculum” was the turning point in the delivery of LIS education in Malawi… Head LIS, in the delivery of LIS education in Malawi… Head LIS, Mzuzu University Mzuzu University - 2013: Development of post-graduate LIS Masters curriculum at Mzuzu University Slide 57
    • 58. Publishing Support – Journals Online 2010 2011 LAMJOL MongoliaJOL 1998 2006 2007 2008Slide 58