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Ifla arl hot topics 2020 presentation

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Slides from the IFLA ARL hot Topics session 2020 held on 8 September 2020

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Ifla arl hot topics 2020 presentation

  1. 1. Libraries as Catalysts Thanks for joining us! We’ll be starting soon. 1
  2. 2. Libraries as Catalysts: Inspire, Engage, Enable, Connect Presenters: Gulcin Cribb, Chair, IFLA ARL Mary Lee Kennedy, Executive Director, ARL, North America Wei (Kate) Yang, Deputy Curator of China University of Petroleum, Beijing (CUPB), Director of CUPB Intellectual Property Information Service Center Facilitator: Lorraine J Haricombe (University of Texas, Austin) 2
  3. 3. This event is being recorded, including chat. Recording will be posted on IFLA News publications page. Microphones have been muted for this event. Questions or comments? Please submit all questions using the Q&A box. Comments and other messaging may be entered in the chat section. privacy The talk is GDPR-compliant IFLA and ZOOM privacy policies: https://www.ifla.org/data-protection-policy https://zoom.us/privacy Questions regarding privacy: professionalsupport@ifla.org 3
  4. 4. Before and After: COVID reflections for academic and research libraries Gulcin Cribb IFLA ARL Section Chair 4
  5. 5. What happened? 5
  6. 6. Jenny Foster, customer support manager at Edge Hill University https://www.jisc.ac.uk/news/the-day-the-libraries-shut-stories-from-the-front-line-15-jun-2020 6
  7. 7. Maximum Access Minimum Risk for personnel and users 7
  8. 8. Content Spaces Services MONEY 8
  9. 9. • International Students • Revenue drop for universities • Funding cuts • Library Budgets • Collections • Staffing • Facilities, spaces • Projects https://www.economist.com/briefing/2020/08/08/covid-19-could-push-some-universities-over-the-brink 9
  10. 10. Reflections - pluses • Faster pivoting to digital collections • Self-service models • Digital everything • Academic-librarian collaborations • New ways of working, flexible • Recognition and inclusion of the Library as a partner on campus • Partnerships – far and wide • Opportunities…… 10
  11. 11. Reflections - issues • Safety and risk for people • Re-organization of spaces • Access to textbooks • Digital Divide! • Copyright issues • Campus experience • Value of face-to-face • Financial challenges ahead 11
  12. 12. “The reason librarianship has existed in one form or another for 4 millennia is because it has changed to implement long held principles in light of the changing realities of those that the library serves” David Lankes 12
  13. 13. Covid-19 could push some universities over the brink: Higher education was in trouble even before the pandemic. The Economist, August 8 2020 https://www.economist.com/briefing/2020/08/08/covid-19-could-push-some- universities-over-the-brink Cox, C.(2020) Changed, Changed Utterly https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2020/06/05/academic-libraries-will-change- significant-ways-result-pandemic-opinion The day the libraries shut: stories from the front line. JISC News, 15 June 2020 https://www.jisc.ac.uk/news/the-day-the-libraries-shut-stories-from-the-front-line Lankes, D. (2011) The Atlas of New Librarianship. Cambridge, Ma: MIT Press. O’Connor, S (2020). Worst case scenarios and that virus http://www.rhcs.com.au/?cat=16 References 13
  14. 14. thank you 14
  15. 15. speaker Mary Lee Kennedy Executive Director, Association of Research Libraries Washington, DC, United States www.arl.org
  16. 16. Plausible Futures for Research Libraries Under Emerging Technology Conditions [and COVID 19] Sept 8, 2020
  17. 17. Plausible Futures for Research Libraries • It centers on data and the widespread adoption of data science techniques such as machine learning. • For research libraries and the research enterprise, the “name of the game is scale”. • The priority drivers are, generally, related to research incentives/continuity, learning outcomes, finances/funding, skills, and values related to equitable access, ethics and privacy. See www.arl.org/arl-terms/reports for all emerging technology reports to date from the ARL-CNI-EDUCAUSE joint initiative on emerging technologies.
  18. 18. Some Key Findings from Our Research 1. Research libraries are in a position of strength as we test barriers to open data and scholarship. 2. Collaboration, and collaborative tools to create, share and use data will continue to gain momentum – with ethical, privacy, and financial implications. 1. Collaborative, collective approaches to emerging technology challenges will be increasingly needed, valued, and expected.
  19. 19. Plausible Future: Leaders in Open Data and Scholarship • Adopt, advocate for, and educate on Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reproducible (FAIR) Data. • Shape and influence the design of data repositories and related practices so that that there is meaningful interoperable, shared infrastructure. • Create computation-ready collections from local materials and collect new forms of data that are machine readable – and make them open.
  20. 20. Plausible Future: Leaders in Ethical, Privacy, Financial Implications • Convene, inform, shape and influence the ethics standards and practices, particularly as they relate to data and its use in artificial intelligence and learning analytics. • Shape and influence the understanding and adoption of privacy policies and practices by key decision-makers – particularly in online education. • Identify and model the financial (including licensing), ethical, and privacy tradeoffs – make them known.
  21. 21. Plausible Future : Leaders in Collective Initiatives that Scale • Work at scale to ensure sustainability of knowledge over time, even redefining our economic and organizational models. • Participate in the development and application of emerging technologies and have the expertise to do so. • Scale to provide new services through intra and inter-institutional collaborations.
  22. 22. Conclusion • Engage deeply with stakeholders in designing a future given emerging technologies. • Develop evidence based positions, and advocate for emerging technologies conditions that advance the institutions mission and define a leadership role for the research library. • Invest strategically in the creation and support of critical infrastructure for scholarship (research and learning). • Take this historical moment to assess and design the research library organization that will best meet this rapidly evolving future.
  23. 23. Thank you
  24. 24. 2020 IFLA ARL Hot Topics Session Speaker: Kate (Wei) YANG Deputy Curator of China University of Petroleum, Beijing (CUPB)Library CUPB Director of Intellectual Property Information Service Center 24
  25. 25. Catalysts of Innovation — Intellectual Property Information Services in Chinese University Libraries Sept., 2020 25
  26. 26. Booming IPIS centers in China Contents Part 1 International comparison Trends and impacts Part 2 Part 3 26
  27. 27. Booming IPIS centers in China Part 1 27
  28. 28. About 100 Intellectual Property Information Service centers(IPIS) have been established in university libraries, over 80% of them in the last three years. Encouraged by China's Ministry of Education (MOE) and Intellectual Property Office (IPO), 23 of them were recognized by the state government and got glittering plaques on a ceremony in 2019. 37 of them recognized as the second cohort in 2020 summer. Some scholars argue that IPIS represents a promising direction in the transformation of academic research libraries (ARL). Brief Ceremony in 2019 28
  29. 29. Distribution of IPISC centers Unbalanced with several hubs 29
  30. 30. The settings ——patent application trend 30
  31. 31. Evolved from “novelty search service”. There are 102 university libraries accredited by the MOE as “novelty search and certificate granting stations”. They have offered this as a paid service for parent institutions, relevant communities, industries or enterprises since 1990s. The price is set by the government. Many novelty searches involve patent retrieving. Therefore the novelty search teams are experienced and familiar with patent databases, platforms and statistic tools. In China, university libraries have advantages in resources and staff as compared to public libraries. Only 3 public libraries have patent document service stations. Why inARL? 31
  32. 32. Why such rapid growth? 2015, State Council, <Some Suggestions on How to Speed Up Development of China by Enhancing Intellectual Property Rights in the New Circumstances > Jun. 2017, IPO, <First Group Research and Promotion Centers Accredited for the State Patent Navigation Project > Dec. 2017, MOE & IPO, <Higher Education Institution Intellectual Property Information Service Center Establishment and Implementation Bylaw>. This bylaw clearly directs the IPIS centers established at university libraries. 32
  33. 33. Current situation? Booming, but far from mature, no concrete service specifications and guidelines. Many pilot projects are fulfilled, a wide spectrum of services tried. Name Practices S** University Library regional IP station, maritime industry innovation support, maritime industry info thinktank construction T** University Library patent productivity & regional economic development, industry competitiveness based on patent analysis, competitive intelligence based on patentmapping F** University Library embedded patent navigation and layout service within research teams, university patent competitiveness analysis, specific industry patent database construction, provincial IP navigation project support, enterprise patent navigation and competitiveness analysis H** University Library won a commercial contract to offer IPIS to a research institute N** University Library embedded patent info service in research process, state IP training base patentdata center, provincial IP info dissemination and utilizationbase Jiangsu Province IPO “Provincial IP Info Dissemination and Utilization Base Establishment in University Libraries” project Guangdong Province IPO “ Enhancing IP Service Competence of College & University Libraries”project 33
  34. 34. International comparison Part 2 34
  35. 35. There are 83 Patent and Trademark Resource Centers in the US, all in the libraries. Same services in ARL, public and special libraries. Provided as a public service, free of charge. There have been no clear impacts on library transformation. Enormous, well developed commercial companies in the market. US Patent and Trademark Resource Centers in the U.S. 4431 8 academic libraries public libraries state and special libraries 35
  36. 36. There are two systems in the UK, one is the British Library system, the other is a part of the Europe Patent Office (EPO) system. Centralized national network, the British Library as the center, very effective to support disadvantaged groups and individuals. Only available at public libraries, no university libraries involved. Public libraries evolve into community innovation hubs. UK 36
  37. 37. 37% of 321 PatLibs (patent information centers in Europe) in the universities, 119 in number, but only 15 of them in the university libraries while others in the technology transfer dept., IP office, law school etc. 11% of PatLibs, 39 in number, are in libraries, some in technology or public libraries. Development varies, some well developed as patent service center (not just information service), to regional centers, some very basic. Europe PatLibs in the Europe 37
  38. 38. The Ministry of Education (MOE) is the parent of universities, which are the parent institutions of university libraries. This time, the IPIS “movement” is not driven by tech, not by users’ demand, but by the government. China government’s drive is strong. Related assessment and accreditation are in time and incentive. To be recognized as State IPIS center is good for the reputation of a library, as well as for the parent university. Some unique features in China——MOE drive 38
  39. 39. IPIS evolved from for fee novelty searching. Novelty searches were performed for a fixed price. With the creation of IPIS, the fee charged varies case by case based on complexity and depth. This offers an incentive to libraries to upgrade team competence by attracting and keeping talent. With money, it is possible to have commercial partners and libraries become more open, ambitious, flexible and competitive with better morale and confidence. Some unique features in China——Money 39
  40. 40. International comparison on IPIS in libraries US UK Europe China Name of stations Patent Trade Resource Center, PTRC Business & IP Center, BIPC Patent Information Center, PatLib Intellectual Property Information Service Center, IPISC State network 83 PTRCs in 44 uni lib, 31 pub lib and 8 other lib 14 BIPCs in pub libs, British Library as the center 321 PatLibs, 119 in uni/only 15 in uni lib, 15 in pub lib, 9 in tech lib +100 IPISCs in uni lib, 3 patent doc providers in pub lib or tech lib Market environment Enormous developed commercial IP firms Enormous developed commercial IP firms Varied in different countries and regions Not many IP firms and relatively weak Development stage Mature and stable New centralized system in last 10 years Mature and stable Booming stage, far from mature Service content Promotion, training, basic consulting for public good Patent clinics, platforms to connect SME and industry, experts Varied from shallow to deep Varied. Going towards academic and in-depth Fund & Fees Free Special fund, free Varied. Free if for public good Value-added service, some are not free Impacts on librarianship Not obvious Pub lib evolving to community innovation hubs Not obvious Profound impacts on uni library transforming from multi-access 40
  41. 41. Trends and impacts Part 3 41
  42. 42. Development direction of IPIS in China may like that in Europe. IPIS varies in different libraries. 100 IPIS centers will differentiate from each other soon. competent IPIS centers will develop into regional patent Some service centers. These will be more influential in the local community, and in relevant industries while many others offer relatively general service. Trends 42
  43. 43. • Inspire. In-depth value-added patent info service to inspire innovation in parent universities. • Enable. Boosting technology transfer, supporting research, improving patent quality, nurturing the creation of high value IP • Engage. Differentiating libraries from Information Administration Dept. (Currently, merging library with info administration center is a trend.) Battling marginalization. Higher positioning of libraries in the community. • Connect. Closer to university core business. Build more connections between university, communities, industries for innovation. From information providers to innovation catalysts 43
  44. 44. • Competence development takes time • Innovation synergy on campus needed • Communication skills, marketing smarts and a more ambitious culture needed • Infrastructure, shared data platforms needed Challenges faced 44
  45. 45. Outputs: information intelligence Positioning: information providers Role: university heart innovation catalysts university brain Consideration: university library role transforming IPIS is the mainstay of emerging intelligence services in Chinese ARLs. Some scholars argue that ARLs should become think tanks. More than a dozen information institutes have been established within the Chinese ARLs. Intelligence services will be a major development direction in the next five years. Information + Processing Insights Intelligence Joseph Fagan, Robert E. Ployhart(2015),The information processing foundations of human capital resources: Leveraging insights from information processing approaches to intelligence,Human Resource Management Review 25 (2015) 4–11 45
  46. 46. 2020 IFLA ARL Hot Topics Session Webinar Your comments will be highly appreciated! 46
  47. 47. Q&A Please submit your questions to the panelists through the Q&A button on your screen. 47
  48. 48. thank you Check out our IFLA talks at IFLA.org/webinars 48 Hot Topics Planning Committee/Session Organizers: Mari Aaltonen Lorraine J. Haricombe Sharon Murphy Jim O'Donnell Hot Topics Planning Presenters & Facilitator: Gulcin Cribb Mary Lee Kennedy Wei (Kate) Yang Lorraine J. Haricombe Thank you for attending this Hot Topic session!

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