How to transform sentences

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This presentation is about how to convert affirmative sentences to negative or interrogative sentences

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How to transform sentences

  1. 1. How to Transform Sentences. Change to Negative or Interrogative Sentence Presented BY: The English Academy 91 88666 80407 englishacademybaroda@gmail.com Visit us at: http://indiamart.com/english-academy/ Corporate Training │ Personality Development │ Mentoring │ Hand Holding
  2. 2. There are 3 types of Sentences: 1. Affirmative Sentences: (These sentences will not have no/not & will end on (.) full stop.) Examples: 1. Priya works in Gujarat Gas. 2. You are very intelligent. 3. I am having lunch. 4. He was working on this project yesterday. 5. He has been working since 9 am. 6. You play cricket very well. 7. We had reached Delhi safely.
  3. 3. There are 3 types of Sentences: 2. Negative Sentence: (These sentences will have no/not & will end on (.) full stop.) Examples: 1. Priya is not working these days. 2. You were not present in the class yesterday. 3. There are no students in the class now. 4. Kamal doesn’t have a car. 5. I could not complete your work yesterday. 6. She didn’t bring my book that day. 7. There was no water in the lake. 8. We have no light in our house today.
  4. 4. There are 3 types of Sentences: 3. Interrogative Sentence: (These sentences ask a question & they may or may not have no/not & will end on (?) Question Mark Examples: 1. Why is Priya not working these days? 2. Why were you not present in the class yesterday? 3. Is Ram present in the office now? 4. Have you brought my book? 5. Does she like badminton? 6. Why is there no water in the jug? 7. When did he reach Surat? 8. Did Rita not come to your house yesterday?
  5. 5. Types of Verbs Helping Verbs Main Verbs Auxiliary Verbs Modal Auxiliary  Eat  Is  Can  Drink  Are  Could  Sleep  Am  May  Read  Was  Might  Think  Were  Shall  Drive  Do  Should  Write  Does  Will  Produce  Did  Would  Has  Have  Had
  6. 6. Universal Formula of a Sentence in English Subject + Verb + Object
  7. 7. Universal Formula of a Sentence in English Subject + Verb + Object A sentence can be without helping verb In this case the exact formula is: Subject + Main Verb + Object Examples:     I read newspaper. He plays cricket. You work very hard. She comes everyday.
  8. 8. Universal Formula of a Sentence in English Subject + Verb + Object A sentence can also have a helping verb & a main verb Hence formula of a sentence with helping verb: Subject + helping Verb + Main Verb + Object Examples:     I am reading newspaper. He did not arrive. You are working very hard. She will come tomorrow.
  9. 9. IMPORTANT Main Verb is compulsory in all Sentences; Examples:  You appear tired.  She works very hard.  I like reading.  They study in Surat. But helping verb is not compulsory.
  10. 10. Universal Formula for Making Negative Sentences Subject + Helping Verb + not + Main Verb + Object (add ‘not’ in between helping verb & main verb)
  11. 11. Sentences with Helping Verb Negative Sentences Subject + Helping Verb + not + Main Verb + Object Examples:  Priya is working these days.  Priya is not working these days.  You were present in the class yesterday.  You were not present in the class yesterday.  I was absent yesterday.  I was not absent yesterday.  They are coming to attend this meeting.  They are not coming to attend this meeting.
  12. 12. Universal Formula for Making Negative Sentences (without helping verb) Subject + do/does/did + not + Main Verb + Object (add ‘do/does/did + not’ before main verb)
  13. 13. Sentences without Helping Verb Negative Sentences Subject + Helping Verb (do/does/did) + not + Main Verb + Object Examples:  Priya works in a bank these days.  Priya does not work in a bank these days.  You play football very well.  You do not play football very well.  I like Indian Music.  I do not like Indian Music  They went to attend the meeting on Sunday.  They did not go to attend the meeting on Sunday.
  14. 14. Universal Formula for Making interrogative Sentences 1. Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object 2. (WH Word) + Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object NOTE: 1. Start the sentence with helping verb. 2. If required; place WH word in front of 1 above.
  15. 15. Interrogative Sentences-with Helping Verb Interrogative Sentences Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object (WH Word)Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object Examples:  You were not absent from the class.  Were you not absent from the class?  When were you not absent from the class?  Ram is present in the office now.  Is Ram present in the office now?  Why is Ram present in the office now?  They are taking lunch now.  Are they taking lunch now?  Why are they taking lunch now?
  16. 16. Universal Formula for Making interrogative Sentences (Sentences without helping verb) 1. Do/Does/Did + Subject + Main Verb + Object 2. (WH Word) + Do/Does/Did + Subject + Main Verb + Object NOTE: 1. Start the sentence with Do/Does/Did. 2. If required; place WH word in front of 1 above.
  17. 17. Interrogative Sentences- Without Helping Verb Interrogative Sentences Do/Does/Did (Helping Verb) + Subject + Main Verb + Object (WH Word) + Do/Does/Did (Helping Verb) + Subject + Main Verb + Object Examples:  She works in Gujarat Gas.  Does she work in Gujarat Gas?  Why does she work in Gujarat Gas?  Ram Stays in Vadodara.  Does Ram stay in Vadodara?  Where does Ram stay in Vadodara?  You played cricket in school.  Did you play cricket in school?  When did you platy cricket in school?
  18. 18. Important Note 1 All interrogative sentences always start with either:  to be (is, are, am, was, were) word or  modal auxiliary (shall, will, can, may, might, could); or  Has, have had; or  Do, does, did; or  wh word (what, when, how, where, whose, which) Whether the interrogative sentence will start with a wh word or a helping verb is decided by answer desired.
  19. 19. Important Note 2 Close Ended Questions  All interrogative sentences starting with a helping verb are called close ended questions.  Such questions usually have YES or NO as answer Such questions are used to ask for confirmation Open Ended Questions:  All interrogative sentences starting with a why/when/how/what/when/where/what are called open ended questions.  Such questions usually need complete answer Such questions are usually asked to get further information
  20. 20. When to use s, es or ies with verbs
  21. 21. Types of Verbs Helping Verbs Main Verbs Auxiliary Verbs Modal Auxiliary  Eat  Is  Can  Drink  Are  Could  Sleep  Am  May  Read  Was  Might  Think  Were  Shall  Drive  Do  Should  Write  Does  Will  Produce  Did  Would  Has  Have  Had
  22. 22. Various Forms of Verbs V1 Base Form V2 Past Simple V3 Past Participle V4 Present Participle V5 Third Person Singular taste tasted tasted tasting tastes play played played playing plays paint painted painted painting paints beat beat beaten beating beats walk walked walked walking walks become became become becoming becomes begin began begun beginning begins bend bent bent bending bends go went gone going goes Used only in Past Simple Tense Used in all perfect tense sentences Used in all Continuous Tense Sentences Used only in Present Simple Tense sentences having third person singular subject Used only in Present Simple Tense
  23. 23. Personal Pronouns Person Words Used Used for First Person I, We, Us, Our Person Speaking Second Person You, Your Person Spoken to Third Person He, She, It, They, Their Person/thing/place spoken about
  24. 24. Singular & Plural Nouns/Pronouns Singular (one in Plural (more than one number) in number) I We You You He They She They It They Book Books Boy Boys Girl Girls Table Tables Bag Bags Pen Pens
  25. 25. Add s/es/ies to a verb only if the sentence meets following three conditions: 1. It has base form of verb (play, eat, walk, talk etc.) 2. There is no helping verb in the sentence. (Present Simple Tense Sentence) 3. The subject is THIRD PERSON SINGULAR (He, she, it, Prem, Pen, Baroda, dog etc.) Examples:  He works in a bank.  Rita plays guitar very well.  My brother visits me every Sunday.  She goes to the bank daily.
  26. 26. Rules to add s, es or ies 1. Verbs ending in s, z, x, ch, sh have es added in third person singular. Examples: Misses, buzzes, fixes, watches, pushes 2. Verbs ending in y have ies in third person singular Examples: hurries, tries, worries, flies 3. Other verbs have s added. Examples: reads, eats, plays, drops EXCEPTIONS: goes, does
  27. 27. How to Transform Sentences. Change to Negative or Interrogative Sentence Presented BY: The English Academy 91 88666 80407 englishacademybaroda@gmail.com Visit us at: http://indiamart.com/english-academy/ Corporate Training │ Personality Development │ Mentoring │ Hand Holding

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