Where Do We Go Now ?Opportunities and Challenges forWater and Science Cooperation in MENA4th WRHC, Berlin, Germany25-26 Ju...
Outline• UN ESCWA – areas of work• Water – challenge for a sustainable future in MENA– Regional water scarcity – but every...
26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 3UN ESCWA
Sustainable Development andProductivity Division26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 4ImplementationApproachRegional ConveningPow...
MENA - Water - Challenges26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 5GovernanceDemographicsFoodWater& Land(Energy)
Sources of Water and Use26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 6ICBA, Barghouti, 2009
www.escwa.un.org 7TB Water & Aquifers in Middle East26 June 2013
www.escwa.un.org 8TB Water & Aquifers in Middle East26 June 2013Saq-Ram AquiferSystem (West)A total of 23 shared aquifer s...
Agricultural Water Usee.g. Wadi Al-Sirhan, Saudi Arabia26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 9199120002012
Irrigated Agriculture in Saudi Arabia26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 10Accumulated 30 year groundwater abstraction, 1975 - 2...
Food Supply Chains:Losses of Food – and Waterwww.escwa.un.org 1126 June 2013Gustavsson et al., 2011Production Volumes per ...
Syria’s Ongoing Droughtwww.escwa.un.org 1226 June 2013irinnews.org, 2009. Syria’sdrought-affected provincesas of 3 Aug 200...
Syria’s Past! – Syria’s Future?www.escwa.un.org 1326 June 2013• Demographics• Drought and water scarcity• Water shortages•...
Syria’s Past! – Syria’s Future?www.escwa.un.org 1426 June 2013Evans, J.P., 2009.21st CenturyClimate Change in theMiddle Ea...
Climate Change and Water: RICCAR
Climate Change and Water: RICCARAwareness Raising & Information DisseminationClimate ChangeImpact AssessmentClimate Change...
RICCAR: Implementing Partnerswww.escwa.un.org 1726 June 2013
Resources Management and Protectionwww.escwa.un.org 1826 June 2013partly from Margane, BGR, 2013
Resources Management and Protectionwww.escwa.un.org 1926 June 2013• Tectonic setting• Geological mapping• Tracer tests• St...
Manage the (Groundwater) Storage -Managed Aquifer Recharge26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 20UNESCO, 2005
Recommendationswww.escwa.un.org 2126 June 20131. Improve knowledge of food imports vs. local food production,efficiency of...
Some Questions ...www.escwa.un.org 2226 June 2013• Water governance in times of state fragmentation andtransition to new o...
Where Do We Go Now ?Opportunities and Challenges forWater and Science Cooperation in MENA4th WRHC, Berlin, Germany25-26 Ju...
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R. Klingbeil, 2013: Where Do We Go Now? Opportunities and Challenges for Water and Science Cooperation in MENA.

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Klingbeil, R., 2013. Where Do We Go Now? Opportunities and Challenges for Water and Science Cooperation in MENA. Presentation at the 4. Water Research Horizon Conference (WRHC), Berlin, Germany, 25-26 Jun 2013.

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R. Klingbeil, 2013: Where Do We Go Now? Opportunities and Challenges for Water and Science Cooperation in MENA.

  1. 1. Where Do We Go Now ?Opportunities and Challenges forWater and Science Cooperation in MENA4th WRHC, Berlin, Germany25-26 June 2013Ralf KlingbeilRegional Advisor Environment & Water
  2. 2. Outline• UN ESCWA – areas of work• Water – challenge for a sustainable future in MENA– Regional water scarcity – but every country is different– Transboundary water and cooperation– Water, food, agriculture– Water and climate change– Groundwater resource management and protection– (Wastewater and desalination)• Potential areas for water and science cooperationwww.escwa.un.org 226 June 2013
  3. 3. 26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 3UN ESCWA
  4. 4. Sustainable Development andProductivity Division26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 4ImplementationApproachRegional ConveningPower forIntergovernmentalMechanismsInforming RegionalProcesses forGlobal Negotiationsand National ActionPartnershipsProductiveSectors SectionGreen EconomyFood SecuritySustainableDevelopmentGoalsEnergySectionEnergyEfficiencyRenewableEnergyEnergySecurityWaterResourcesSectionShared WaterResourcesClimate ChangeAdaptationMDGsIntegrated WaterResourcesManagementSupport to Intergovernmental MechanismsESCWA Committees (Water Resources / Energy); LAS Councils: CAMRE (JCEDAR), AMWC, AMCE
  5. 5. MENA - Water - Challenges26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 5GovernanceDemographicsFoodWater& Land(Energy)
  6. 6. Sources of Water and Use26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 6ICBA, Barghouti, 2009
  7. 7. www.escwa.un.org 7TB Water & Aquifers in Middle East26 June 2013
  8. 8. www.escwa.un.org 8TB Water & Aquifers in Middle East26 June 2013Saq-Ram AquiferSystem (West)A total of 23 shared aquifer systemsand 6 shared river basins wereidentified.9 chapters on shared surface watersand 17 chapters on shared aquifersystems, each following astandardized structure andmethodology.624 pages of detailed informationwith 60 new maps and over 200figures, tables and boxes.
  9. 9. Agricultural Water Usee.g. Wadi Al-Sirhan, Saudi Arabia26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 9199120002012
  10. 10. Irrigated Agriculture in Saudi Arabia26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 10Accumulated 30 year groundwater abstraction, 1975 - 2004 perRegion for Saudi Arabia (WaterWatch, 2006)
  11. 11. Food Supply Chains:Losses of Food – and Waterwww.escwa.un.org 1126 June 2013Gustavsson et al., 2011Production Volumes per Commodity Group (million tonnes)
  12. 12. Syria’s Ongoing Droughtwww.escwa.un.org 1226 June 2013irinnews.org, 2009. Syria’sdrought-affected provincesas of 3 Aug 2009• Ongoing Droughtsince at least2008• Inability to“make a living”• Internaldisplacements• Additional stresson resources andsociety in urbanareas
  13. 13. Syria’s Past! – Syria’s Future?www.escwa.un.org 1326 June 2013• Demographics• Drought and water scarcity• Water shortages• Crop failure• Natural resource mismanagement• Climate change• Internal displacement• Rural disaffection• Political unrest• ...adapted from CCS, CAP, Stimpson, 2013
  14. 14. Syria’s Past! – Syria’s Future?www.escwa.un.org 1426 June 2013Evans, J.P., 2009.21st CenturyClimate Change in theMiddle East.Change inLength ofDry Season
  15. 15. Climate Change and Water: RICCAR
  16. 16. Climate Change and Water: RICCARAwareness Raising & Information DisseminationClimate ChangeImpact AssessmentClimate ChangeVulnerability AssessmentBaseline Review & Knowledge ManagementCapacity Building & Institutional Strengtheningfor Water Ministries, Meteorological Offices, Arab Research Centers
  17. 17. RICCAR: Implementing Partnerswww.escwa.un.org 1726 June 2013
  18. 18. Resources Management and Protectionwww.escwa.un.org 1826 June 2013partly from Margane, BGR, 2013
  19. 19. Resources Management and Protectionwww.escwa.un.org 1926 June 2013• Tectonic setting• Geological mapping• Tracer tests• Stable isotopesMargane, BGR, 2013
  20. 20. Manage the (Groundwater) Storage -Managed Aquifer Recharge26 June 2013 www.escwa.un.org 20UNESCO, 2005
  21. 21. Recommendationswww.escwa.un.org 2126 June 20131. Improve knowledge of food imports vs. local food production,efficiency of agricultural supply chains, imbedded agricultural(virtual) water flows and its impact on socio-economicdevelopment2. Assist and contribute to capacity development for(ground)water resources management and protection frompollution, manage the aquifer storage, science policydialogues, science based decision making3. Research for new methods for wastewater treatment,assessing (quality) limits for applications of reuse of treatedsewage effluent and marginal waters in agriculture, … inindustries, … in housing4. Investigate environmentally sound desalination, uses forbrines and combination with renewable energy use5. Finding new approaches to water governance and enablingenvironments for change, cap. dev. for governmentinstitutions and staff in adaptive water management,participative processes, taking people’s concern serious
  22. 22. Some Questions ...www.escwa.un.org 2226 June 2013• Water governance in times of state fragmentation andtransition to new overall governance structures?• Peoples’ aspirations for participation, accountability andtransparency:Can it lead to better governance of water & naturalresources?• Socially-just and economically-sound developmentwithout additional burden for environment?
  23. 23. Where Do We Go Now ?Opportunities and Challenges forWater and Science Cooperation in MENA4th WRHC, Berlin, Germany25-26 June 2013Ralf KlingbeilRegional Advisor Environment & Water

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