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UN Economic And Social Commission For Western Asia
International Water Conference 2016, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016
...
Oman, Arab Water Day, 03 March 2015
Falaj Al-Khatmeen
Page 3
World Economic Forum 2016
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, S...
Page 4
Opening Quotes
• “Arabs are already in the heart of the water
catastrophe.”
• “Any delay in a serious response to t...
Page 5
Outline
• Many dimensions of water
• Governance
• Demographics
• Food
• Energy
• Water and Land
• 2030 Agenda for S...
Credit: Nicholas Clive Marcroft
Let’s talk about water …
Page 7
Scarcity of Water Contributes to …
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Fo...
Page 8
Scarcity of Water Contributes to …
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Fo...
Page 9
Water and scarcity in the MENA Region
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way...
Page 10
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 11
Regional Water Overview - Water Availability and Demand
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in ...
Page 12
Regional Water Overview - Water Availability and Demand
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in ...
Page 13
Regional Water Overview - Water Availability and Demand
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in ...
Page 14
Regional Water Overview - Water Availability and Demand
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in ...
Page 15
Regional Water Overview - Solutions to a Dilemma?
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid a...
Page 16
Regional Water Overview - Solutions to a Dilemma?
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid a...
Page 17
Food and Water
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat...
Page 18
Food and Water
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat...
Page 19
Regional Water Overview - Food and Water
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The...
Page 20
Regional Water Overview - Food and Non-Renewable Water
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in A...
Page 21
Regional Water Overview - Food and Non-Renewable Water
Seminar at the Water Resources Department, American Univers...
Page 22
Regional Water Overview - Food and Non-Renewable Water
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in A...
Page 23
Regional Water Overview - National Agricultural Strategies and Water Use
International Water Conference 2016 on “W...
Page 24
Regional Water Overview – Agriculture Contributions to GDP
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource ...
Page 25
Water in Lebanon
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Musc...
Page 26
Water in Lebanon
Seminar at the Water Resources Department, American University of Technology (AUT), Halat, Lebano...
Page 27
Water in Lebanon
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Musc...
Page 28
Water and Water Scarcity in Lebanon
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way ...
Page 29
Water and Snow in Lebanon
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, ...
Page 30
Future Directions
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Mus...
Page 31
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 32
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 33
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 34
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 35
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 36
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 37
Energy for Water
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Musc...
Page 38
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 39
Regional Water Overview - Shared Groundwater - Transboundary Aquifers
International Water Conference 2016 on “Wate...
Page 40
Regional Water Overview - Shared Groundwater - Transboundary Aquifers
International Water Conference 2016 on “Wate...
Page 41
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 42
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 43
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 44
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 45
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 46
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 47
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 48
Arab Science and Technology
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”...
Page 49
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 50
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Page 51
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The ...
Oman, World Water Day, 22 March 2015
Falaj Dares
UN Economic And Social Commission For Western Asia
International Water Conference 2016, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016
...
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R. Klingbeil, 2016. No Sustainable Development Without Water: Challenges and Ways Forward for Water Management in the Region.

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Klingbeil, R., 2016. No Sustainable Development Without Water: Challenges and Ways Forward for Water Management in the Region. Presentation at International Water Conference 2016 "Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward", Sultan-Qaboos-University, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 March 2016.

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R. Klingbeil, 2016. No Sustainable Development Without Water: Challenges and Ways Forward for Water Management in the Region.

  1. 1. UN Economic And Social Commission For Western Asia International Water Conference 2016, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 No Sustainable Development Without Water: Challenges and Ways Forward for Water Management in the Region Ralf Klingbeil, Regional Advisor Environment and Water WIN,2016
  2. 2. Oman, Arab Water Day, 03 March 2015 Falaj Al-Khatmeen
  3. 3. Page 3 World Economic Forum 2016 International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Global Risks of Highest Concern 2016 WEF,2016.Whatarethetopglobalrisksfor2016? 14Jan2016,www.wef.ch/risks2016.
  4. 4. Page 4 Opening Quotes • “Arabs are already in the heart of the water catastrophe.” • “Any delay in a serious response to the water challenge corresponds to mass suicide. The water apocalypse is knocking on Arab doors, right now.” Najib Saab, Secretary General Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) 12 June 2010 International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016
  5. 5. Page 5 Outline • Many dimensions of water • Governance • Demographics • Food • Energy • Water and Land • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development • Sustainable Development Goals • Targets and Indicators International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016
  6. 6. Credit: Nicholas Clive Marcroft Let’s talk about water …
  7. 7. Page 7 Scarcity of Water Contributes to … International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Iraq: Displacement due to Drought IOM,July2010
  8. 8. Page 8 Scarcity of Water Contributes to … International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Iraq: Water Needs 2008 - 2010 IOM,July2010
  9. 9. Page 9 Water and scarcity in the MENA Region International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Three Levels of (Water) Scarcity TheWorldBank,2007.MakingtheMostofScarcity.
  10. 10. Page 10 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Water (and Sanitation) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Water Connects and Enables • Water is essential, finite and vulnerable • Water is a driver for development and enables: • Health • Nature • Urbanization • Industry • Energy • Food • Equality Cap-NetUNDPandUN-Water,2015.
  11. 11. Page 11 Regional Water Overview - Water Availability and Demand International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 MENA Many Dimensions of Water Governance Demographics Food Water & Land Energy
  12. 12. Page 12 Regional Water Overview - Water Availability and Demand International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Actual Renewable Freshwater Resources per Capita by Region FAOAQUASTST,WB2007
  13. 13. Page 13 Regional Water Overview - Water Availability and Demand International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Percent of Total Renewable Water Resources Withdrawn, by Region FAOAQUASTATdata1998-2002,WB2007
  14. 14. Page 14 Regional Water Overview - Water Availability and Demand International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Sources of Water ICBA,Barghouti,2009
  15. 15. Page 15 Regional Water Overview - Solutions to a Dilemma? International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Reuse: Water and (Treated) Waste Water AlBaz,GIZ,2011
  16. 16. Page 16 Regional Water Overview - Solutions to a Dilemma? International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Storage: Managed Aquifer Storage UNESCO,2005
  17. 17. Page 17 Food and Water International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Food Losses - Food Waste Water Losses BCFN,2013.FoodWaste:Causes,ImpactsandProposals.
  18. 18. Page 18 Food and Water International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Food Losses - Food Waste Total Water Footprint, GB BCFN,2013.FoodWaste:Causes,ImpactsandProposals. X million m3
  19. 19. Page 19 Regional Water Overview - Food and Water International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Qatar: “Massive amount of food wasted” http://thepeninsulaqatar.com/qatar/240072-massive-amount-of-food-wa Qatar Statistics Authority (QSA): “(...) more than half of the municipal waste generated (...) contains discarded food.” The Peninsula, 05 Jun 2013
  20. 20. Page 20 Regional Water Overview - Food and Non-Renewable Water International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Agricultural Groundwater Use Wadi Al-Sirhan, Saudi Arabia 1991 2000 2012
  21. 21. Page 21 Regional Water Overview - Food and Non-Renewable Water Seminar at the Water Resources Department, American University of Technology (AUT), Halat, Lebanon, 19 Jan 2016 Irrigated Agriculture, Saudi Arabia FAOAQUASTAT,2008
  22. 22. Page 22 Regional Water Overview - Food and Non-Renewable Water International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Accumulated 30 yrs GW Abstractions 1975 - 2004 per Region, Saudi Arabia WaterWatch,2006.
  23. 23. Page 23 Regional Water Overview - National Agricultural Strategies and Water Use International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Wheat Production, Consumption, and Trade, 1983-2019, Saudi Arabia GeoEconomica,2011.SaudiArabia’sFood Diplomacy:SearchingforFertileGround.
  24. 24. Page 24 Regional Water Overview – Agriculture Contributions to GDP International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 GDP Shares in MENA Region ICBA,Barghouti,2009
  25. 25. Page 25 Water in Lebanon International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Recharge: Rain and Snow in Mountains
  26. 26. Page 26 Water in Lebanon Seminar at the Water Resources Department, American University of Technology (AUT), Halat, Lebanon, 19 Jan 2016 Where / How Does Recharge Take Place ? PartlyfromMargane,BGR,2013
  27. 27. Page 27 Water in Lebanon International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Jeita Spring Catchment: Groundwater ≠ Surface Water Catchment Margane,BGR,2013 • Tectonic setting • Geological mapping • Tracer tests • Stable isotopes
  28. 28. Page 28 Water and Water Scarcity in Lebanon International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 2014 … Groundwater, spring discharges affected Margane,BGR,2014.
  29. 29. Page 29 Water and Snow in Lebanon International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Average precipitation related to snow water equivalent for 2008 to 2012 MEW,UNDP,2014.AssessmentofGroundwaterResourcesof Lebanon.
  30. 30. Page 30 Future Directions International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 25 September 2015: 193 Members of United Nations General Assembly adopted • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, incl. • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org
  31. 31. Page 31 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 SDGs: Goals - Targets - Indicators 17 Goals: universal, integrative, transformative 169 Targets: realistic, ambitious (not too), but not ambiguous 231 Indicators: measurable, combinable
  32. 32. Page 32 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all 6.1.1: Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services Monitoring by: Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) - WHO, UNICEF 6.1
  33. 33. Page 33 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 6.2 By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations 6.2.1: Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a hand washing facility with soap and water Monitoring by: Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) - WHO, UNICEF 6.2
  34. 34. Page 34 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 6.3 By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally 6.3.1: Proportion of wastewater safely treated 6.3.2: Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality Monitored by: Global Expanded Water Monitoring Initiative (GEMI) - UNEP, UN-Habitat, UNICEF, FAO, UNESCO, WHO, WMO 6.3
  35. 35. Page 35 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 UNEP GEMS/Water Capacity Development Centre @ University College Cork, Ireland https://www.ucc.ie/en/gemscdc/ Key activities: • Training needs assessment for water quality monitoring and capacity development strategy for SSA and other regions; • Training materials with GEMS/Water Regional Hubs, initially on the LAC Region; • Workshops and expert advice on monitoring programme design and implementation; • Training courses on water quality monitoring and assessment; • “Training the trainers” programme / blended learning; • Guidebooks and handbooks. 6.3
  36. 36. Page 36 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity 6.4.1: Change in water use efficiency over time 6.4.2: Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources Monitored by: Global Expanded Water Monitoring Initiative (GEMI) - UNEP, UN-Habitat, UNICEF, FAO, UNESCO, WHO, WMO 6.4
  37. 37. Page 37 Energy for Water International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Saq-Ram Aquifer System: Exploitable area, irrigation areas, energy use for groundwater pumping ESCWA,2016
  38. 38. Page 38 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 6.5 By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate 6.5.1: Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) 6.5.2: Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation Monitored by: Global Expanded Water Monitoring Initiative (GEMI) - UNEP, UN-Habitat, UNICEF, FAO, UNESCO, WHO, WMO 6.5
  39. 39. Page 39 Regional Water Overview - Shared Groundwater - Transboundary Aquifers International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia www.waterinventory.org • A total of 22 shared aquifer systems and 6 shared river basins were identified. • 9 chapters on shared surface waters and 17 chapters on shared aquifer systems, each following a standardized structure and methodology. • 624 pages of detailed information with 60 new maps and over 200 figures, tables and boxes.
  40. 40. Page 40 Regional Water Overview - Shared Groundwater - Transboundary Aquifers International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Saq Ram Aquifer System (West) Jordan - Saudi Arabia www.waterinventory.org Example: Saq-Ram Aquifer System (West) ‘Disi’ Aquifer • approximate exploitability • groundwater development
  41. 41. Page 41 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 6.6 By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes 6.6.1: Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time Monitored by: Global Expanded Water Monitoring Initiative (GEMI) - UNEP, UN-Habitat, UNICEF, FAO, UNESCO, WHO, WMO 6.6
  42. 42. Page 42 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 6.a By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity- building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies 6.a.1: Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government coordinated spending plan Monitored by: Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking‐Water (GLAAS) - WHO-led 6.a
  43. 43. Page 43 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 6.b Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management 6.b.1: Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management Monitored by: Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking‐Water (GLAAS) - WHO-led 6.b
  44. 44. Page 44 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 11.5 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations 11.5.1:Number of deaths, missing and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people 11.5.2:Direct disaster economic loss in relation to global GDP, including disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services 11.5
  45. 45. Page 45 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms 16.5.1:Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by these public officials, during the previous 12 months 16.5.2:Proportion of businesses who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by these public officials, during the previous 12 months WIN,2016 16.5
  46. 46. Page 46 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, (…) greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes (…) No specific indicator for water-related activities 9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries (…) 9.5.1: Research and development (R&D) expenditure as a proportion of GDP 9.5.2: Researchers (in full- time equivalent) per million inhabitants 9.5 9.4
  47. 47. Page 47 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for SD https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 17.6 Enhance (…) cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge- sharing (…) 17.6.1:Number of science and/or technology cooperation agreements and programmes between countries, (…) 17.7 Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries (…) 17.7.1:Total (..) approved funding for developing countries to promote development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environ. sound technologies 17.7 17.6
  48. 48. Page 48 Arab Science and Technology International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 “Arab world’s path to progress goes through science” www.thearabweekly.com,04March2016 • R&D as pert of GDP: • Egypt: 0.4% / South Korea: 4.0% • Researchers per million people: • Arab region 371 / World 1,081, • Sudan: 19, Bahrain: 50, Oman: 137, …, Egypt: 581 , Morocco: 864, Tunisia: 1,394 • Scientific and technical articles: • Arab region: 1.3% of journal entries published • Patent applications: • Arab region: 0.1% at US Patent and Trademark Office (2013) • Disconnect between businesses and R&D community • Egypt: only 5% of R&D from private sector • Women: University students: > 50%, researchers: only 37% of researchers
  49. 49. Page 49 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for SD https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org 17.9 Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the SDGs, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation 17.9.1:Dollar value of financial and technical assistance (…) committed to developing countries 17.9
  50. 50. Page 50 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 AWARENET: Arab Integrated Water Resources Management Network www.awarenet.info www.awarenet.info
  51. 51. Page 51 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development International Water Conference 2016 on “Water Resource in Arid areas: The Way Forward”, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 Mapping of Stakeholders per Goal / Target / Indicator: Example Country
  52. 52. Oman, World Water Day, 22 March 2015 Falaj Dares
  53. 53. UN Economic And Social Commission For Western Asia International Water Conference 2016, SQU, Muscat, Oman, 13-16 Mar 2016 No Sustainable Development Without Water: Challenges and Ways Forward for Water Management in the Region Ralf Klingbeil, Regional Advisor Environment and Water WIN,2016

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