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Overview of IWMI-Central Asia’s research and its application to mitigate impact of climate change

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Presented by Oyture Anarbekov at a workshop on “Innovations for Improving Drylands in Central Asia” held on December 14-15, 2016 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

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Overview of IWMI-Central Asia’s research and its application to mitigate impact of climate change

  1. 1. Overview of IWMI-CA’s research and its application to mitigate impact of climate change Oyture Anarbekov IWMI-Central Asia Office Tashkent, Uzbekistan 14.12.2016
  2. 2. INTERNATIONAL WATER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE IWMI is a non-profit, scientific research organization with focus on the sustainable use of water and land resources in developing countries  IWMI established in 1985 with HQ in Sri Lanka  More than 150 researchers in 12 Offices  IWMI works in partnership with governments, civil society and the private sector to develop scalable agricultural water management solutions that have a real impact on livelihoods, food security and ecosystem
  3. 3. CHALLENGES IN THE REGION 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 1980 1990 2000 2007 2009 2011 Intakeperarea(m3/ha)/per capita(m3) Population/Irrigatedarea(ha) Population Irrigated area Water intake percapita  Population growth -need for increased food production with limited resources  Water-Energy-Food Nexus and competition of different users  Extensive degradation of land and ecosystems  Climate change – supply concerns and extreme events  Deteriorated irrigation and drainage infrastructure Years: 1951 - 2001 Source: http://www.waterunites- ca.org/book.html
  4. 4. IWMI’S ACTIVITIES IN CENTRAL ASIA IWMI started its activities in Central Asia in 2001 with main focus of research on:  Introduction of IWRM principles and Water Governance  Effective water management institutions  Identifying best practices for water savings  Improving irrigation performance  Water and energy productivity improvement and water saving technologies  GIS/Remote sensing and climate change Member of Regional Program for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Central Asia and Caucasus led by ICARDA Implemented Programs/Projects in Uzbekistan:  SDC: IWRM-FV (2001-2012)  SDC: WPI-PL (2008-2012)  ADB: Bright Spots and others  CRP Water, Land & Ecosystems  GIZ/BMZ: Improving irrigation efficiency in Potato fields  IWMI hosts GWP-CACENA  Partnership with European Universities (Humboldt University Berlin, CDE/University of Bern/WOCAT and other active networks/initiatives GIZ TWMCA Murgab EU/GIZ USAID/PEER
  5. 5. GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT BODIES IN DIFFERENT LEVELS OF WATER HIERARCHY IN CA Management Authority Water Hierarchy Levels Governance Authority Management of Main Canals System Water Canal Committee or Federation of WUAs WUA Directorate WUA (WCA) WUA Council Тerritorial Management Unit of BWO MINISTRY Sub-Basin System Water Management TSR Basin Level National Sub-basin Basin Water Committee National Water Council Sub-basin Water Committee Water Users BWO (Syrdarya, Amudarya) Regional ICWC EC IFAS IFAS BoardAral Sea Basin PolicyLevel;InstitutionalStrengthening;TechnicalAspects; CapacityBuilding(Public-privatepartnership) Schema source: IWRM-FV project
  6. 6. Map of demonstration fields within Ferghana Valley: Tajikistan: 1 – Buri Kurmas, 2 – Shark, 3 – Navbahor, 4 – Amakjon, 5 – Khimoyatbonu; Kyrgyzstan: 6 – Tukhtarov, 7 – Tolobekov, 8 – Absattarov, 9 – Kyrgyzbaeva, 10 – Mamafaliev, 11 – Jusubaliev; Uzbekistan: 12 – Akiev, 13 – Abdurahmon ota, 14 – Mirzakhmad sahovati, 15 – Baht imkon rivozh, 16 – Dilshoda, 17 – Kahramon davlat, 18 – Ergash ota, 19 – Sobir ota, 20 – Botirjon, 21 – Ortikov, 22 – Kosimov, 23 – Nilu, 24 – Durdona Gayrat, 25 – Omonov, 26 – Nabijon ota
  7. 7. DEMO FIELDS & WATER SAVING TECHNOLOGIES Irrigation treatment/practices Water measurements Water saving technologies
  8. 8. 12,6 13,1 14,4 8,7 8,1 14,0 8,4 7,0 14,2 7,1 6,7 11,2 6,2 7,8 10,7 7,1 6,1 8,8 7,1 9,3 7,6 6,9 7,9 7,2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 ЮФК ААК ХБК Удельнаяводоподача,тыс.м3/га 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Results of project interventions Specific Water supply per ha in 3 main canals, 1000м3/hа Source: WPI-PL project
  9. 9. WATER AND ENERGY PRODUCTIVITY UNDER DRIP IRRIGATION Karshi Steppe/Dryland System Drip system Furrow irrigation Water supply m3/ha 3659 4477 Energy consumption, KwHo/ha 732 1584 Yield of cotton, t/ha 4.5 4 Water productivity, kg/m3 1.23 0.89 Energy productivity, kg/KwHo 6.15 2.53 Energy use intensity, Kwho/m3 0.2 0.35 Cotton production using drip irrigation Water and energy productivity * Under well irrigation Source:*IWMI/CRP5
  10. 10. Improved potato varieties and water management technologies to enhance water use efficiency on farm level 2012-2014
  11. 11. IRRIGATION TREATMENTS NIF – conventional irrigation practices; NIS – irrigation scheduling; HFI – high frequency irrigation; PRD – partial root-zone drying.
  12. 12. COMPARISON OF PERFORMANCE PILOT FARMERS WITH TRADITIONAL FARMERS (1 USD = 2409,67 Uzbek Sum), 2014 Partial root drying and high frequency irrigation methods in potato fields showed positive results in terms of water saving and crop yield improvement. 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 Pilot farmer in Andijan Pilot farmer in Ferghana Traditional Ferghana Province potato farmers USD Yield Gross Income Profit Source: IWMI
  13. 13. REDUCING NON-BENEFICIAL LOSSES Shifting Evaporation into Transpiration. Demo site of winter wheat/ Mung bean in K. Umarov WUA, Fergana province, Uzbekistan Source: *IWMI/AVRDC/CRP 1.1 First crop Yield Second crop Irrigation Application rate Yield WP t/ha m3/ha t/ha kg/m3 winter wheat 5.6 mung bean Farmer practice 1676 1.54 0.92 winter wheat 6.6 mung bean Cut back irrigation 1193 1.42 1.19 winter wheat 7.6 mung bean Partial root drying 1501 1.65 1.10 Water productivity for winter wheat/mungbean
  14. 14. SALINITY MAPPING OF SYRDARYA PROVINCE OF UZBEKISTAN, FOR (2000-2003) AND (2008-2011) Source: IWMI 2015 GIS/RS:
  15. 15. APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN WATER MANAGEMENT Development of Karshi Steppe Irrigation Crop locations and Land Use Tasks that can be solved using the RS-GIS:  Evaluating the effectiveness of measures  Evaluation of water productivity  Assessment of water resources and their use, as well as the introduction of innovative technologies Source: IWMI
  16. 16. www.iwmi.org Water for a food-secure world RECLAIMING SALT-AFFECTED LOW PRODUCTIVE SOILS BY CULTIVATING LICORICE 1999-2004 2005 – 2009  Incentive  Technology  Access to resources  Access to market Fodders from abandoned land Roots of Licorice Reclaiming abandoned land IWMI & Gulistan University Farmer experience Factory installed at the area to reproduce Licorice roots Farmer Avezov growing Licorice on 500 ha Source:*GSU/IWMI/ADB/CRP5
  17. 17. CURRENT ACTIVE PROJECTS EU Programme “Sustainable mgt of water resources in rural areas of Uzbekistan” PEER Cycle 4 project “Mitigating the competition for water in Amudarya River basin by improving water use efficiency” PEER Cycle 5 project “Implications of climate change, land use and adaptation interventions on water resources and agricultural production in Transboundary Amu Darya river basin" GIZ Transboundary Water Programme: QGIS Trainings and Generation of Diagnostic Digital Atlas in GIZ Interventions on Murgab Basin Analysis and Planning
  18. 18. OPPORTUNITIES FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT WORK ON IMPROVEMENT TECHNICAL ASPECTS  Shift towards demand based water management;  Improvement of water and energy use productivity;  Improvement of water scheduling and water accounting using modern technologies;  Identification of effective institutional arrangements for water management from basin to field,  Work out financial and economic incentives for water saving and water productivity in rural areas as well as irrigation service fee pricing;  Promotion of Water Information System from on-farm up to basin level (IMoMo project experience);  GIS and remote sensing techniques to: map salinity and shallow water table, to map seasonal evaporation and crop water use, and improve regional and system level water balances and water accounting  Prediction of climate change and extreme events Source: IMoMo project
  19. 19. Photo: Hanspeter Liniger Upper zone Middle zone/part Zone of transmission Lower part DIFFERENT ZONES OF WATERSHED, DIFFERENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WATER AND LAND RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
  20. 20. THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION! WE LOOK FORWARD FOR COOPERATION! IWMI-CENTRAL ASIA Office: Address Apt. 123, Bldg. 6, Osiyo Street, Tashkent 100000, Uzbekistan Tel: +998 71 237-04-45 Fax: +998712370317 E-mail: iwmi-ca@cgiar.org O.Anarbekov@cgiar.org

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