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24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
24 carving
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  • 1. WOOD MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY 4th Edition
  • 2. Chapter 24 Carving and Shaping
  • 3. WOODCARVING Woodcarving can be defined as the craft of shaping wood into a variety of shapes Can be purely functional or decorative or a combination of both.
  • 4. Types of carving  Incised carving:  Cutting only the outline of the design with V gouge.  Chip carving:  Simple geometric shapes repeated again and again for desired effect.
  • 5. Types of carving  Relief carving: this is when the background is cut away to raise the design and give 3d effect  Sculpture – 3D carving
  • 6. Transferring the design
  • 7. Chip Carving
  • 8. Relief carving:
  • 9. WOODCARVING TOOLS  Standard wood chisels and gouges can be used for simple carvings, but special tools are used for more complicated work.  Different woodcarving tools are identified by – Size in millimetres – Cross section by number (known as sweep) – Shape of blade (straight, curved, spoonbent, backbent, fishtail)
  • 10. Carving tools  Gouges − Making shallow hollow cuts − Grounding − Cutting into outline cuts
  • 11. Carving tools  Chisels − Making precise cuts − Outline cuts − Creating detail
  • 12. Carving tools  Veiner − Incised carving and details  Vee tool − Incised carving and details − Deep vee-shaped cuts
  • 13. Carving tools  Carver’s mallet − Tapping the gouges and chisels during carving  Grounding punch − Creating a textured effect as background to carvings
  • 14. Sharpening  The gouge is sharpened on the sharpening stone with a sweeping motion  The burr inside the edge is removed using a slipstone
  • 15. Suitable woods Light coloured wood Dark coloured wood Sycamore Mahogany Lime Walnut Pine
  • 16. BASIC WOODCARVING TECHNIQUES When carving wood, it should be held firmly in; – A vice – Secured to the bench with a g-clamp – Held with a carver’s screw – Held with a woodblock screwed or glued to the workpiece
  • 17. HOLDING WORK
  • 18. Quiz
  • 19.  Name the tool − Carving gouge
  • 20.  Name the type of carving − Relief carving
  • 21.  Name the type of carving − Chip carving
  • 22.  The top of this jewellery box has an incised carving of a ring. Describe a tool used to carve the ring on the top of the box. − Vee tool
  • 23.  Describe how you would transfer the pattern onto the wood, in preparation for carving − The pattern is taped to the wood − A piece of carbon paper is inserted underneath the pattern − Trace over the pattern with a pencil − Don’t miss any lines of the pattern

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