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Printmaking (History and Types)


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Printmaking (History and Types)

  1. 1. Printmaking is… A type of art that uses an inked block or plate to print an image. This allows multiple printings, unlike drawing or painting.
  2. 2. Printmaking started in China The Chinese developed a printing technique called “woodcut” to print books of Chinese characters and images, around 100 AD.
  3. 3. Five Major Types of Prints Wood Cut  occasionally known as xylography—is a relief printing artistic technique in printmaking in which an image is carved into the surface of a block of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface while the non-printing parts are removed, typically with gouges. The areas to show 'white' are cut away with a knife or chisel, leaving the characters or image to show in 'black' at the original surface level
  4. 4. Engraving  is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. The result may be a decorated object in itself, as when silver, gold, steel, or glass are engraved, or may provide an intaglio printing plate, of copper or another metal, for printing images on paper as prints or illustrations; these images are also called e ng ra ving s .
  5. 5. Relief  Relief, or relievo rilievo, is a sculptural technique. The term re lie f is from the Latin verb re le vo , to raise. To create a sculpture in relief is to give the impression that the sculpted material has been raised above the background plane
  6. 6. Intaglio  Intaglio are techniques in art in which an image is created by cutting, carving or engraving into a flat surface and may also refer to objects made using these techniques:
  7. 7. Stencil Printing  A process which involves cutting of the design on special paper or cardboard or metal sheet in such a way that when ink is rubbed over it, the design is reproduced on the surface.
  8. 8. Some Famous Printmakers are… Andy Warhol, 1960s Albrecht Dürer, 1500s
  9. 9. Some More Famous Printmakers… Chuck Close, 1986 Katsushika Hokusai, 1800s
  10. 10. Choosing Ideas Linoleum Cuts use Line Things to Consider  Your image will print backwards (mirror-imaged)  There is no shading in linoleum cuts; only black or white  Your print is created by carving out lines  It’s very difficult to put detail into a lino cut