24 carving

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24 carving

  1. 1. WOOD MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY 4th Edition
  2. 2. Chapter 24 Carving and Shaping
  3. 3. WOODCARVING Woodcarving can be defined as the craft of shaping wood into a variety of shapes Can be purely functional or decorative or a combination of both.
  4. 4. Types of carving  Incised carving:  Cutting only the outline of the design with V gouge.  Chip carving:  Simple geometric shapes repeated again and again for desired effect.
  5. 5. Types of carving  Relief carving: this is when the background is cut away to raise the design and give 3d effect  Sculpture – 3D carving
  6. 6. Transferring the design
  7. 7. Chip Carving
  8. 8. Relief carving:
  9. 9. WOODCARVING TOOLS  Standard wood chisels and gouges can be used for simple carvings, but special tools are used for more complicated work.  Different woodcarving tools are identified by – Size in millimetres – Cross section by number (known as sweep) – Shape of blade (straight, curved, spoonbent, backbent, fishtail)
  10. 10. Carving tools  Gouges − Making shallow hollow cuts − Grounding − Cutting into outline cuts
  11. 11. Carving tools  Chisels − Making precise cuts − Outline cuts − Creating detail
  12. 12. Carving tools  Veiner − Incised carving and details  Vee tool − Incised carving and details − Deep vee-shaped cuts
  13. 13. Carving tools  Carver’s mallet − Tapping the gouges and chisels during carving  Grounding punch − Creating a textured effect as background to carvings
  14. 14. Sharpening  The gouge is sharpened on the sharpening stone with a sweeping motion  The burr inside the edge is removed using a slipstone
  15. 15. Suitable woods Light coloured wood Dark coloured wood Sycamore Mahogany Lime Walnut Pine
  16. 16. BASIC WOODCARVING TECHNIQUES When carving wood, it should be held firmly in; – A vice – Secured to the bench with a g-clamp – Held with a carver’s screw – Held with a woodblock screwed or glued to the workpiece
  17. 17. HOLDING WORK
  18. 18. Quiz
  19. 19.  Name the tool − Carving gouge
  20. 20.  Name the type of carving − Relief carving
  21. 21.  Name the type of carving − Chip carving
  22. 22.  The top of this jewellery box has an incised carving of a ring. Describe a tool used to carve the ring on the top of the box. − Vee tool
  23. 23.  Describe how you would transfer the pattern onto the wood, in preparation for carving − The pattern is taped to the wood − A piece of carbon paper is inserted underneath the pattern − Trace over the pattern with a pencil − Don’t miss any lines of the pattern

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