19 hand tools

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19 hand tools

  1. 1. WOOD MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY 4th Edition
  2. 2. Chapter 19 Hand tools – revision
  3. 3.  Name the tool shown and state its use
  4. 4. Try Square  ALWAYS AT 90 DEGREES – PROTECT FROM DAMAGE DO NOT LET IT FALL  USE – MARKING ACROSS TIMBER AT 90 DEGREES WITH A PENCIL  BRASS STRIP STOPS WEARING  3 RIVETS ENSURE 90 DEGREES  STEEL BLADE WILL NOT RUST  HARDWOOD STOCK WILL NOT DENT
  5. 5. Using the Tri-Square
  6. 6. Using the Tri-Square
  7. 7. Marking Gauge  Made of beech, used for marking lines which will not be seen on finished piece, e.g. bottom of trench  Marks lines parallel to edge of stock  Marking Gauge = ONE SPUR  Stock slides up stem and fixed by tightening screw  Stock is run along edge of timber with spur marking piece
  8. 8. Marking Gauge
  9. 9.  Name the tool shown and state its use • Mortise gauge • Used for − Marking two parallel gauge lines − Marking mortise and tenon joints
  10. 10.  Label the parts of the saw Screws/rivets Brass stiffening rib Handle Teeth Steel blade
  11. 11.  Name the tool shown and state its use • Vernier callipers • Used for − Measuring thicknesses − Checking diameters − Measuring depths of holes
  12. 12.  Name the tool shown and state its use • Sliding bevel • Used for − Drawing lines accurately at an angle across a piece of wood
  13. 13.  Name the tools shown − Hand saw − Coping saw − Tenon saw − Pad saw
  14. 14.  What is the name given to the moulding in the diagram? − Chamfer
  15. 15.  List the steps that should be taken to change the blade of the coping saw • Slot the new blade into the sighting pins • The teeth point back towards the handle • Retighten the handle • Line up the pins by sight so that the blade is straight
  16. 16.  What is the purpose of the bevelled edge on the bevelled edge chisel? − The bevelled edges allow the chisel to fit into tight corners such as a dovetail
  17. 17.  What is the purpose of the claw on the hammer? − For pulling nails out of wood
  18. 18.  Name the tool shown and state its use • Carver’s mallet • Used − To tap the end of a carving chisel
  19. 19.  Name the tool shown and state its use • Pincers • Used for − Pulling nails and panel pins from wood
  20. 20.  Name the tool shown and state its use • Hand drill • Used for − Drilling holes of small diameter in wood − Holds a countersink bit
  21. 21.  Name the tool shown and state its use • Bradawl • Used for − Making pilot holes in wood for small nails and screws
  22. 22.  Name the tool shown and state its use • Smoothing plane • Used for − Smoothing pieces before sanding − Planing end grain
  23. 23.  Name the moulding shown and name a tool that could be used to create it • Rebate − Router − Rebate plane
  24. 24.  When planing wood, what makes the shavings curl? • Cap iron
  25. 25.  Name the moulding shown • Stopped chamfer
  26. 26.  Name the parts of the plane shown Blade adjusting screw Lever cap Toe Handle Heel
  27. 27.  When drilling a piece of wood, how do you prevent the bit damaging the piece? • Reverse the piece and drill from the back
  28. 28.  Describe two methods of planing end grain to avoid damaging the piece • Plane from both ends • Clamp a waste piece to the board

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