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Intro to sculpture

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  1. 1. Sculpture
  2. 2. Outline • What is Sculpture? • Sculptural Techniques • Materials/ mediums use in sculpture • Characteristics of the Materials • Sculptural Concerns
  3. 3. Sculpture • Sculpture comes from Latin word “Sculpere” – meaning to carve. It refers to the creation of three- dimensional figures, forms designs from a single block mass of materials. • Sculpture may be the oldest of the arts.
  4. 4. Sculpture There are two major sculptural processes: 1.Subtractive- unwanted materials is cut away 2.Additive- construction of a figure by putting together.
  5. 5. Example of Subtractive sculptural process. Duane Hanson Tourists, 1970
  6. 6. Calder Example of Additive sculptural process
  7. 7. Sculptural Techniques Sculpture is created in four basic ways: • Carving • Modeling • Casting • Construction
  8. 8. Sculpture Carving Subtractive process: material is removed Mainly wood and stone (marble)
  9. 9. Sculpture Modeling Additive process: material is added to build up a shape Clay, wax, plaster, paper-mache
  10. 10. Sculpture Casting: a mold is used to form molten bronze(or other material) into a desired shape.
  11. 11. Sculpture Casting: “Lost wax” method or cire- perdue, often used for jewelry or small sculptures tqskip1=1&tqtime=0318
  12. 12. Sculpture Construction: Additive process; welding, gluing, nailing materials together.
  13. 13. Sculpture Assemblage: assembling found objects in unique ways. Joseph Cornell
  14. 14. Sculpture Kinetic Sculpture: movable parts (wind) Alexander Calder: the mobile
  15. 15. Characteristics of the Materials use in Sculpture
  16. 16. Materials use in Sculpture 1. Stone- hard and durable, weather and fire resistant, but is heavy and durable. a) Basalt and Diorite (black and hard) b) Marble (finely-grained, with crystalline sparkle) c) Granite- (tough, coarse-grained but suitable for bold effects) d) Limestone- (Softer)
  17. 17. Materials use in Sculpture 2. Wood- lighter, softer, and cheaper, and easy to cut. 3. Terra Cotta- which means “ baked earth” is made by firing clay, as in pottery making. 4. Bronze- is solid and too expensive. The difficult process of casting bronze is one of its disadvantages.
  18. 18. Sculptural Concerns • Pictorial Sculpture- the artist, like the painter, is more concerned with details than anything else. • Sculpturesque Sculpture- the artist is more concerned with the medium/materials used. • Built- up- the artist is very much concerned with the medium/materials used but also with details.
  20. 20. Sculpture Relief: attached to a surface or a background
  21. 21. Sculpture Free-standing or full-round. -free standing sculpture that can be seen from all sides.
  22. 22. Sculpture Kinetic and Mobiles - are moving three- dimensional figures, best example are those which are suspended on air.
  23. 23. Sculpture Tools: chisels armature