There are four fundamental principles which serves as guides for effective delegation
Assignment of duties in terms of expected results
parity of authority and responsibility while assigning duties to subordinates there should be equality of authority and responsibility
3. clarifications of limits of authority :it is clear limit of authority that permits subordinates to exercise initiative to develop their personal capacity through freedom of action and to know their area of operation.
4. unit of command :as employee should receive orders from one superior only.so subordinates should always be placed under the guidance,control and supervision of one supervisior /superior who will set up work priorities and will arrange for cooperation.
Clarifications of limits of authority :it is clear limit of authority that permits subordinates to exercise initiative to develop their personal capacity through freedom of action and to know their area of operation.
Unit of command :as employee should receive orders from one superior only.
Delegation as a function of professional nursing
RNs asked to assume the role of supervisor and delegator need preparation to assume these leadership task .some experts argue that that RN. although well trained in the role of direct care provider, is often inadequately prepared for the role of direct care provider is often inadequately prepared for the role of delegator.
Nursing schools and health care organizations needs to do a better job for preparing professional RNs for the delegator role.
interdisciplinary team members are generally highly trained, self- directed professionals, the team must have a leader to coordinate team members efforts and to facilitate communication between members. The nurse leader/manager is often called upon as the individual to coordinate such a team. In coordinating the efforts of the inter disciplinary team or in delegating to members of the team, the leader/ manager must be sure to recognize the unique expertise of each team members and to delegate accordingly.
Poole and colleagues 1995 suggest that six cultural phenomena must be considered when delegating to staff from a culturally diverse background ;communication space ,social organization, time environmental control, and biological variations