Ales 204: Kaustav Guest Lecture on Academic Writing in Science
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Ales 204: Kaustav Guest Lecture on Academic Writing in Science

on

  • 4,966 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
4,966
Views on SlideShare
2,419
Embed Views
2,547

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
25
Comments
0

9 Embeds 2,547

http://ales-204.blogspot.com 2367
http://www.ales-204.blogspot.com 164
http://ales-204.blogspot.ca 10
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1
http://ales-204.blogspot.pt 1
http://ales-204.blogspot.com.au 1
http://ales-204.blogspot.co.nz 1
http://ales-204.blogspot.ie 1
http://ales-204.blogspot.jp 1
More...

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Ales 204: Kaustav Guest Lecture on Academic Writing in Science Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Scientific Article – Reading and Writing
    KaustavMajumder
    ALES-204,
    19th October, 2011
  • 2. Organization of a Scientific Article
    An article layout
    Title
    Abstract
    Introduction
    Materials and Methods
    Results
    Discussion
    Conclusion
    Tables and Figures
    Table titles and Figure legends
    References
  • 3. Reading a Scientific Article
    Effective reading or Selection of an article
    Title and Abstract
    How relevant the title is?
    Connection between the title and the abstract.
    Introduction
    Scan the initial paragraphs.
    Put emphasis on the concluding paragraphs.
    Understand the logical flow between earlier studies and the present one.
    Relevance of the article
    Rationale of the article
  • 4. Reading a Scientific Article Contd..
    Tables and Figures
    Read the titles of the table and/or figure legends.
    Relationship with abstract.
    Conclusion
    Identify the achievement, correlation and the future prospects.
    Workflow of the article
    Take home messages
    Serve Your Purpose
    Acceptance or Rejection of the Article
  • 5. Reading a Scientific Article Contd..
    Article is closely related with your purpose
    Results and Discussion
    Most important section of an article.
    Identify the novel elements discussed in this section.
    Understand the relationship and the context of the study.
    Materials and methods
    Identify the newly developed method.
    Source of the materials.
    References
    Look when it is required.
    Depth of the article
    Quality and compactness of the article
  • 6. Critical Reading of a Scientific Article
    Type of the article
    Individual experiment type.
    Cohort or population based study.
    Randomized control and trial study.
    Review article
    Narrative
    Systematic
    Meta- analysis
  • 7. Critical Reading of a Scientific Article contd..
    What questions does the article address?
    What was the research design? Is it appropriate?
    What are the main conclusions of the article?
    What evidence supports those conclusions?
    Do the data actually support the conclusions?
    What is the quality of the evidence?
    Why are the conclusions important?
    These questions are specifically for individual study, cohort study and random trial study
    NOT for Review article
  • 8. Critical Reading of a Scientific Article contd..
    What questions does the article address?
    Type of questions
    Descriptive: What is there? What did the authors observe?
    Comparative: How does it compare to other organisms/animals/population? Are the findings general? Reproducibility and applicability?
    Analytical: Underlying mechanism of action or the story behind the study?
  • 9. Critical Reading of a Scientific Article contd..
    What was the research design?
    Is it appropriate?
    The design of the study can answer the addressed question
    The statistical strength of the design and relevant statistical analysis
    Correct use of an animal model/ cell-line or proper use of a computer simulation
  • 10. Critical Reading of a Scientific Article contd..
    What are the main conclusions of the article?
    Did the authors properly answer the questions mentioned in the abstract section?
    Relevant outcome of the study
    What evidence supports the conclusion?
    • The rationale of drawing the conclusion
    • 11. Does the primary experiment supports the point?
  • Critical Reading of a Scientific Article contd..
    Do the data actually support the conclusions?
    Do the authors properly interpret the obtained data? – find the logical connection
    Do the data actually support/reject the hypothesis?
    Do the authors had covered required sample size to reach the statistical significance?
    Statistics is Important
  • 12. Critical Reading of a Scientific Article contd..
    What is the quality of the evidence?
    The methods used in the study is well established
    A new method should be published on a peer-reviewed journal first..
    The methods are reproducible.
    Materials?
  • 13. Critical Reading of a Scientific Article contd..
    Why are the conclusions important?
    Do the conclusions make a significant advance in your knowledge?
    Do the conclusions help in the advancement of future scientific research?
    Do they lead to new insights, or even new research directions?
  • 14. Critical Reading of a Review Article
    Narrative or Classical Review
    The “traditional” or “classic” review
    Articles used in the review are chosen by the author.
    Author may be biased- Major concern.
    Systematic Review
    • Comparative analysis…most common for analytical methods
    • 15. Should include both inclusion and exclusion criteria.
    • 16. Should support with the scientific evidences.
  • Critical Reading of a Review Article Contd..
    Meta analysis
    • Close to systematic review.
    • 17. Often deals with numeric data.
    • 18. Uses statistical/mathematical methods to combine numerical data from various earlier studies
  • Writing a Scientific Article
    Writing Structure
    Analysis
    Before writing anything, Analyze Your Data!
    Identify the key concepts
    Target the audience, do audience analysis.
    Indentify the actual technical material.
    Design
    Organize all information and data
    Group the key concepts.
    Structure the layout.. (Tables and figures)
  • 19. Writing a Scientific Article Contd..
    Implementation
    Write…edit…edit…edit…
    Strive for accuracy and clarity
    Emphasize the central idea
    Identify the ‘Junks’….delete them
    Publication
    Choose the Journal
    Read the instructions to the authors.
    Maintain the style and proper format
    Select reviewers and editor.
    Submit for publication.
  • 20. Writing a Scientific Article Contd..
    INTRODUCTION
    METHODS
    MEMORY GAME
    TITLE
    RESULTS
    REFERENCES
    MATERIALS
    ABSTRACT
    Image Courtesy: http://www.joconl.com/article/id23578
  • 21. Publishing a Scientific Article
    Select a specific Journal
    Choose the quality of the Journal
    Impact factor
    Quality of the journal in a specific field of study
    Calculating Impact factor:
    Citation of recent items/Number of recent items. (last year Vs current year)
    Immediacy Index
    How the journal is currently operation
    Calculation of Immediacy index
    Citation of recent items/Number of recent items. (current year Vs current year)
  • 22. Journal Databases
    General database
    PUBMED
    WEB of SCIENCE
    Specialized database
    Food and Nutrition :
    Food Science and Technology Abstracts (FSTA)
    Agricola
    CAB Abstracts
    SCOPUS
    FoodNetBase (for e-books)
    CINAHL
    EMBASE
    Natural Standard
    SCOPUS
  • 23. Journal Databases
    Animal Science
    CAB Abstracts
    BIOSIS Previews
    AGRICULTUREnetBASE
    Knovel
    Plant Science and Soil Science
    Agricola
    Environment Complete
    CAB Abstracts
    More Plant Science Databases
  • 24. Class Activity
    Tweet about THREE new things you learn today.
    Respond to ONE another students tweet.
    Tag #ALES204, @JessL