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Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub - Lecture 4 - Program


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Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub. These lectures on architectural design are addressed to first year design students.

Published in: Design, Technology, Education

Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub - Lecture 4 - Program

  1. 1. Architectural Design Lectures Lecture 4 Programming Lectures to Architectural Design 1 October 2009 By: Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
  2. 2. Programming – An Overview
  3. 3. Space Identification and Allocation <ul><li>Tabular presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Iconic representation </li></ul><ul><li>Building efficiency </li></ul>
  4. 4. Space Identification and Allocation <ul><li>Tabular presentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brown sheets or Grid sheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate size for each space </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Space Identification and Allocation <ul><li>Iconic representation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrate space size with small rectangular figures at the same scale. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective in showing laypersons the comparative size of spaces . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helpful to the designer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designers are often more comfortable with iconic rather than numeric imagery. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. Space Identification and Allocation <ul><li>Building efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very substantial percent of the building area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Net-to-Gross Ratio or Building Efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Varies significantly for different building types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If it is accounted for incorrectly, it can have a significant negative impact on building quality . </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. Space Identification and Allocation <ul><li>Building efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimate the amount of additional square footage (meters) that will be required to account for unprogrammed spaces including: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Circulation spaces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Walls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical and electric rooms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Janitor’s closets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rest rooms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous storage </li></ul></ul></ul>N G E X ÷ ÷
  8. 11. Building efficiency Assigned Net Area Unassigned Area Gross Area
  9. 12. Building efficiency
  10. 13. Building efficiency
  11. 14. Efficiency = Net Area / Gross Area Building efficiency
  12. 15. Space Identification and Allocation <ul><li>Building efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculation of efficiency: </li></ul></ul>Net Area Efficiency = Gross Area 6000 m2 60% = 10,000 m2
  13. 18. Relationship Matrices <ul><li>Relationship matrix develop and show how various spaces relate. </li></ul><ul><li>Every identified space is located vertically along one side of the matrix. </li></ul><ul><li>Lines at a 45-degree angle to the end of each identified space extend to provide one cell connecting each space to every other space. </li></ul><ul><li>A simple distinguishable code can be used to show the nature of the relationship between the spaces. </li></ul>
  14. 22. Relationship Diagrams <ul><li>Small circles or “ bubbles ” each of which contains the name of one of the identified spaces. </li></ul><ul><li>The bubble representing the space under consideration is drawn first, then other spaces relating to it are indicated in additional bubbles placed near the first bubble. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy , medium, and light-weight lines can be used as a code to indicate strong, moderate, and weak relationships. </li></ul>
  15. 25. Relationship Diagrams <ul><li>For simple buildings , it may be possible to prepare a diagram which, like the relationship matrix, shows the interrelationships of all interior and exterior spaces. </li></ul>
  16. 26. Relationship Diagrams <ul><li>As the building becomes more complex , it is difficult to prepare such a diagram without implying some relationships that may not exist. It may be necessary to relate only the established major zones of the building. </li></ul>
  17. 33. Space Program Table
  18. 35. Space Program Sheet <ul><li>A space program sheet for each identified space includes: </li></ul><ul><li>Statement regarding the purpose </li></ul><ul><li>The square meter (foot) allocations. </li></ul><ul><li>The important relationships for each space. </li></ul><ul><li>Types and numbers of people who will use the space. </li></ul><ul><li>The activities in which people will be engaged at various times of the day, week, and year. </li></ul><ul><li>Furnishing and equipment needs. </li></ul>
  19. 36. Space Program Sheet <ul><li>A space program sheet provides a complete miniature program for the space covered. </li></ul><ul><li>They are circulated throughout the client’s organization for review, comment, and correction. </li></ul><ul><li>The following are samples of program sheets. </li></ul>
  20. 38. Thank you Dr. Yasser Mahgoub