Forest Carbon Partnership Facility August 28, 2009 Update
1. General Presentation on REDD
<ul><li>“ Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries” </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt ...
Following traditional development paths, most countries lose most of their native forests North Amazon Basin South Amazon ...
REDD can form a bridge on forest transition curve National forest cover Time REDD bridge Source: Zarin, 2009 Forest transi...
<ul><li>For the bridge to be built, REDD should be at the heart of national development policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REDD ...
<ul><li>Bali Action Plan calls for  “policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions fr...
Maintenance Capacity, Reforms  & Investments  Readiness FCPF Readiness Fund,  UN-REDD, CBFF, GEF, ODA IDA/IBDR, FIP, UN-RE...
2. The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF)
FCPF = A Partnership to Make REDD Happen
Two Mechanisms Readiness Mechanism READINESS FUND Capacity  Building (2008-2012) Carbon Finance Mechanism CARBON FUND Paym...
<ul><li>CARBON FUND PARTICIPANTS </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Norway ...
37 REDD Country Participants Selected
FCPF Governance Participants Committee (PC) Facility Management Team (Bank) Technical Advisory Panels Carbon Fund Particip...
<ul><li>REDD COUNTRIES </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia </li></ul><ul><li>Costa Rica </li></ul><ul><li>DRC </li></ul><ul><li>Gabo...
Carbon Funds $2.3 billion* Climate Investment Funds ~ $6 billion BioCarbon Fund (BioCF) $90 million Forest Carbon Partners...
<ul><li>BioCarbon Fund (BioCF, operational since 2004) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate carbon finance mechanisms for ref...
FCPF: The Big Picture Established collaborative partnership & transparent platform for meaningful exchanges on REDD issues...
Readiness Organization <ul><li>What does it mean to ‘do REDD’? </li></ul><ul><li>Created templates/processes to facilitate...
Launched Indigenous Peoples Capacity Building Program
<ul><li>Formal agreement to cooperate approved by PC Oct. 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Joint missions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DRC ...
<ul><li>October 26-28/29, 2009 (Washington) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants Assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partici...
FCPF and the UNFCCC <ul><li>FCPF must help, not harm the political process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot prejudge financial...
<ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>www.forestcarbonpartnership.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.carbonfinance.org   </li></ul>
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Fcpf Update

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  • Assess Land Use, Forest Policy and Governance * Organize its REDD Readiness Management ** Design its national REDD Strategy Design its REDD Implementation Framework Assess the Impacts of REDD Strategy Assess the Investment and Capacity Building Needs Establish its national Reference Scenario Design its national Monitoring, Verification &amp; Reporting System Design a Readiness Management System (optional)
  • Assess Land Use, Forest Policy and Governance * Organize its REDD Readiness Management ** Design its national REDD Strategy Design its REDD Implementation Framework Assess the Impacts of REDD Strategy Assess the Investment and Capacity Building Needs Establish its national Reference Scenario Design its national Monitoring, Verification &amp; Reporting System Design a Readiness Management System (optional)
  • Assess Land Use, Forest Policy and Governance * Organize its REDD Readiness Management ** Design its national REDD Strategy Design its REDD Implementation Framework Assess the Impacts of REDD Strategy Assess the Investment and Capacity Building Needs Establish its national Reference Scenario Design its national Monitoring, Verification &amp; Reporting System Design a Readiness Management System (optional)
  • Assess Land Use, Forest Policy and Governance * Organize its REDD Readiness Management ** Design its national REDD Strategy Design its REDD Implementation Framework Assess the Impacts of REDD Strategy Assess the Investment and Capacity Building Needs Establish its national Reference Scenario Design its national Monitoring, Verification &amp; Reporting System Design a Readiness Management System (optional)
  • COICA = $50,150 IPACC = $69,246 COONAPIP = $62,048 New proposals can be funded starting July 1, 2009
  • Fcpf Update

    1. 1. Forest Carbon Partnership Facility August 28, 2009 Update
    2. 2. 1. General Presentation on REDD
    3. 3. <ul><li>“ Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries” </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to recognize role of forests in climate change mitigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forests are needed to achieve +2°C objective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20% of the problem  20% of the solution? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussed in UNFCCC negotiations as part of ‘post-2012’ climate regime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excluded from Clean Development Mechanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed for Annex I countries and under Joint Implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No forest activities in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme </li></ul></ul>What is REDD?
    4. 4. Following traditional development paths, most countries lose most of their native forests North Amazon Basin South Amazon Basin Europe North America North East Asia South Asia Time National forest cover Atlantic forest South East Asia Oceania West Africa Source: Zarin, 2009 Forest Transition Curve Congo Basin
    5. 5. REDD can form a bridge on forest transition curve National forest cover Time REDD bridge Source: Zarin, 2009 Forest transition path
    6. 6. <ul><li>For the bridge to be built, REDD should be at the heart of national development policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REDD is not a substitute for development policies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other reasons REDD should be handled at the national level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects may not achieve necessary scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leakage from projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefit-sharing mechanisms may be necessary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>REDD implementation may have to start at sub-national level to gain experience and before sufficient financing is available </li></ul>REDD: National or Sub-national?
    7. 7. <ul><li>Bali Action Plan calls for “policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation , sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries ”. </li></ul><ul><li>A broader definition of REDD adds methodological and financial issues, but removes perverse incentives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limiting financial compensation to reduced deforestation/degradation may discourage early action </li></ul></ul>REDD or ‘REDD plus’?
    8. 8. Maintenance Capacity, Reforms & Investments Readiness FCPF Readiness Fund, UN-REDD, CBFF, GEF, ODA IDA/IBDR, FIP, UN-REDD, CBFF, GEF, ODA, AAU set-aside, REDD Bonds (?) FCPF Carbon Fund, Norway, GFCM (?), carbon market (?) <ul><li>Diagnostic </li></ul><ul><li>Reference Scenario </li></ul><ul><li>REDD Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring System </li></ul><ul><li>Institution strengthening </li></ul><ul><li>Forest governance </li></ul><ul><li>and information </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable forest </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul><ul><li>Investments outside </li></ul><ul><li>forest sector </li></ul><ul><li>Payments </li></ul><ul><li>Performance-based </li></ul>The Three Phases of REDD
    9. 9. 2. The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF)
    10. 10. FCPF = A Partnership to Make REDD Happen
    11. 11. Two Mechanisms Readiness Mechanism READINESS FUND Capacity Building (2008-2012) Carbon Finance Mechanism CARBON FUND Payments for Emission Reductions (2010-?) Target ~$185 million Available $110 million Target ~$200 million Available $51 million
    12. 12. <ul><li>CARBON FUND PARTICIPANTS </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Norway </li></ul><ul><li>The Nature Conservancy </li></ul><ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>DONOR </li></ul><ul><li>PARTICIPANTS </li></ul><ul><li>AFD </li></ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul>Financial Contributors to the FCPF
    13. 13. 37 REDD Country Participants Selected
    14. 14. FCPF Governance Participants Committee (PC) Facility Management Team (Bank) Technical Advisory Panels Carbon Fund Participants Committee Participants Assembly All Eligible REDD Countries, Donors and Buyers <ul><li>- Forum for exchange of information </li></ul><ul><li>Meets at least annually </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for ‘subgroups’ to meet and </li></ul><ul><li>discuss experiences, elect their representatives </li></ul>Primary decision making body, including all policy issues Decision making on specific carbon transactions Observers Readiness Fund (Bank as Trustee) Carbon Fund (Bank as Trustee) Bank facilitates partnership and ensures compliance with Policies (incl. Safeguards)
    15. 15. <ul><li>REDD COUNTRIES </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia </li></ul><ul><li>Costa Rica </li></ul><ul><li>DRC </li></ul><ul><li>Gabon </li></ul><ul><li>Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Guyana </li></ul><ul><li>Madagascar </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Panama </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul>CONTRIBUTORS AFD Australia Germany Japan Netherlands Norway Switzerland TNC United Kingdom United States OBSERVERS Forest-Dependent Peoples, Private sector, International Organizations, NGOs, UNFCCC Secretariat, UN-REDD Programme Composition of First Participants Committee (Oct.08-Oct.09)
    16. 16. Carbon Funds $2.3 billion* Climate Investment Funds ~ $6 billion BioCarbon Fund (BioCF) $90 million Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) Target= $385 million** Forest Invesment Program (FIP) Target= $500 million? * $2.6 billion if FCPF is included ** $185 m Readiness Fund + $200 m Carbon Fund. Only Readiness Fund operational ($107 million) Growing Forests Partnership (GFP) $15 million Forests and Climate Change: World Bank-Managed Instruments
    17. 17. <ul><li>BioCarbon Fund (BioCF, operational since 2004) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate carbon finance mechanisms for reforestation, forest protection and agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF, since 2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build readiness for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot performance-based payments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forest Investment Program (FIP, under design) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot investment models for REDD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Growing Forests Partnerships (GFP, since 2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Empower local stakeholders to engage in local, national and global processes on forests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>and, of course, the IDA and IBRD operations on forests & NRM </li></ul>Forests and Climate Change: World Bank-Managed Partnerships
    18. 18. FCPF: The Big Picture Established collaborative partnership & transparent platform for meaningful exchanges on REDD issues <ul><li>Pioneered REDD readiness preparation process </li></ul><ul><li>Countries actively preparing for readiness </li></ul><ul><li>Due to high demand, REDD Country participation increased from 0 to 20 to 37 </li></ul><ul><li>37 REDD Country Participants </li></ul><ul><li>10 Donor Participants </li></ul><ul><li>5 Carbon Fund Participants </li></ul><ul><li>6 Observers </li></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brazil (South-South cooperation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Environment Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Bank Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical assistance service providers </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Readiness Organization <ul><li>What does it mean to ‘do REDD’? </li></ul><ul><li>Created templates/processes to facilitate Readiness: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process of country submissions and reviews: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Readiness Plan Idea Note (R-PIN) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Readiness Package (R-Package) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviews by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Advisory Panel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>World Bank team </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participants Committee + Observers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application of environmental and social due diligence framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultation and Participation guidance </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Launched Indigenous Peoples Capacity Building Program
    21. 21. <ul><li>Formal agreement to cooperate approved by PC Oct. 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Joint missions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DRC (2), Indonesia (2), Panama (2), PNG, Vietnam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joint presentations/discussions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CoP14 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norwegian Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council on Forestry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal Working Group on Interim Finance for REDD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Progress in harmonizing processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R-Plan/R-PP and NJP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance on consultation and participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common Roster of Experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation on MRV guidance </li></ul></ul>Advanced Partnership with UN-REDD Programme
    22. 22. <ul><li>October 26-28/29, 2009 (Washington) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants Assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants Committee 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March 2010 (Gabon) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants Committee 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>June 2010 (?) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants Committee 6 </li></ul></ul>Next Meetings
    23. 23. FCPF and the UNFCCC <ul><li>FCPF must help, not harm the political process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot prejudge financial or methodological outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tests and informs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demonstration activity on REDD (Bali Action Plan) </li></ul><ul><li>Mentioned in the negotiations text [bracketed] </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Copenhagen: if REDD is included, what will be the role of the FCPF? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue as a pilot? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand to other implementing agencies (like GEF or CIFs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morph into one of the global mechanisms? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of the UNFCCC vs. the Bank’s Board of Executive Directors? </li></ul></ul>The FCPF and the UNFCCC
    24. 24. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>www.forestcarbonpartnership.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.carbonfinance.org </li></ul>

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