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Global Environment Facility - Ulrich Apel


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Global Environment Facility - Ulrich Apel

  1. 2. <ul><li>The Global Environment Facility (GEF) unites 182 member governments — in partnership with international institutions, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector — to address global environmental issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Entrusted financial mechanism of the three environmental conventions (UNFCCC, CBD, and UNCCD) relevant to forests. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides grants to developing countries and countries with economies in transition for projects related to biodiversity, climate change, land degradation, international waters, the ozone layer, and persistent organic pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>Largest financier of forests: $1.5 billion supplemented by more than $4.5 billion in co-financing; more than 300 projects focusing on forest conservation and management. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>GEF provides a ready-made financing platform by incorporating components and financial contributions from multiple focal areas, in particular land degradation, biodiversity, and climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Countries can generate multiple environmental benefits through the protection of forest habitats, ecosystem services flows, mitigation of climate change, reflecting the transversal nature of forests globally. </li></ul><ul><li>Forest management and conservation are central components of GEF’s mandate: the UNFCCC, the CBD, and the UNCCD all emphasize forests in achieving their Convention objectives. The GEF partnership includes 10 implementing agencies: the UNDP, UNEP, the World Bank, FAO, UNIDO, AfDB, ADB, EU, IADB, and IFAD . </li></ul>GEF Comparative Advantages on Forest Financing
  3. 4. <ul><li>The GEF wants to help making REDD+ a reality, not compromising the multiple functions of forests </li></ul><ul><li>SFM/REDD+ is a multi-focal area at the GEF drawing on resources from Biodiversity, Climate Change and Land Degradation Focal Areas </li></ul><ul><li>GEF provides funding for all eligible countries and for all types of forests to achieve agreed global environmental benefits </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>GEF Council approved a SFM/LULUCF Program in GEF-4, increasing demand for forest financing in a short-time span </li></ul><ul><li>GEF has been very responsive to the rapidly growing demand: $420 Million leveraged $1.4 Billion from other funding sources (about 100 SFM projects) in the past 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Successful REDD+ pilot projects / programs, e.g. in the Congo Basin, Colombia, and the Amazon </li></ul>
  5. 7. Goal: Achieve multiple environmental benefits from improved management of all types of forests SFM/REDD+ Strategy for GEF-5 (2010-2014)
  6. 8. <ul><li>Objective 1: Reduce pressures on forest resources and generate sustainable flows of forest ecosystem services </li></ul><ul><li>Objective 2: Strengthen the enabling environment to reduce GHG emissions from REDD and enhance carbon sinks from LULUCF activities </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>PA establishment and management </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated watershed management </li></ul><ul><li>Certification of timber and non-timber forestry products </li></ul><ul><li>Payments for ecosystem services (PES) </li></ul><ul><li>Financial mechanisms related to carbon </li></ul><ul><li>Development and testing of policy frameworks to slow the drivers of undesired land-use changes </li></ul><ul><li>Work with local communities to develop alternative livelihood strategies to reduce emissions and sequester carbon </li></ul><ul><li>Support of MRV activities </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>No conversion of forests to alternative land use </li></ul><ul><li>No financing of logging operations in primary forests </li></ul><ul><li>No financing of costs of commercial, industrial timber plantations, and tree-farming systems </li></ul><ul><li>No support for reforestation of habitat following logging operations </li></ul><ul><li>No support for creation of carbon credits for future carbon trading </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>144 eligible countries have been allocated with resources - in total $4.34bn – of which $750m can draw from the $250m incentive mechanism. </li></ul><ul><li>Expected leverage of $4-5bn from other sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Projects identified and proposed through voluntary national portfolio identification exercises (NPFE). </li></ul><ul><li>GEF’s implementing agencies work with recipient countries to design projects. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Thank you for your attention!