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Tracy Johns - Forum on Readiness for REDD

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Workshop: South‐South collaboration on REDD demonstration activities, Manaus Brazil 2009

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Tracy Johns - Forum on Readiness for REDD

  1. 1. The Woods Hole Research Center The Forum on Readiness for REDD and Overview of UNFCCC REDD Process
  2. 2. The Forum on Readiness for REDD A multi-stakeholder forum focused on practical multi- approaches for building REDD readiness through: cross- cross-stakeholder dialogue and priority-setting priority- South- South-South collaboration linking local and international expertise with country goals to support readiness activities
  3. 3. Readiness Forum Advisory Committee Government of Colombia IPAM Brazil Norway fund for Forests and Greenbelt Movement Kenya Climate UN-REDD Programme UN- Government of Uganda Conservation International Packard Foundation WWF World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Amazon Alliance Government of Ghana Government of Gabon Government of Cambodia Pending – Tebtebba Philippines
  4. 4. Forum Readiness Workshop, Accra, August 2008 Hosted jointly by Ghana Ministry of Lands, Forestry and Mines and the Ghana Forestry Commission Over 80 international participants Regional Breakout groups identified readiness priorities for their region Workshop report at http://whrc.org/reddready
  5. 5. Overview of Readiness Activities A background document prepared by WHRC on readiness activities around the world Highlights specific programs, projects, and pilot activities – NOT comprehensive Available at
  6. 6. Film on Introduction to REDD Development by INCEF ( International Conservation and Education Fund) (www.incef.org) (www.incef.org) Film will introduce indigenous and forest-dependent forest- communities and networks to basics of REDD and how they can get involved Local language Local voices on forests, deforestation, climate change We welcome collaboration and input!
  7. 7. South- South-South Collaboration workshops on implementing REDD, Amazonas, Brazil: Feb 10-13 and March 16-19 2009 10- 16-
  8. 8. REDD in the UNFCCC Process - Acronyms UNFCCC – United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change COP – Conference of the Parties RED(D) – Reducing Emissions from Deforestation (and Degradation) SBSTA – Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice CDM – Clean Development Mechanism
  9. 9. REDD in the UNFCCC process 2005 – Papua New Guinea and Costa Rica successfully get REDD on the agenda December - Montreal – RED is given 2 deadline for SBSTA recommendations 2006- 2006-2007 - 2 SBSTA workshops on scientific, technical, and policy issues of REDD December 2007 - Bali – 2 year deadline reached; SBSTA recommends inclusion of degradation; Bali Action Plan includes REDD; indicative guidance on demonstration activities provided December 2008 – Poznan – recommendation to move REDD from technical to policy and finance discussion; language on role of indigenous and local communities included in SBSTA conclusions, but controversy over terminology
  10. 10. Indicative Guidance (FCCC/CP/2007/6/Add.1* ) 1. Demonstration activities should be undertaken with approval of host Party; 2. Estimates of reductions or increases of emissions should be results based, demonstrable, transparent, verifiable, and estimated consistently over time; 3. The use of the methodologies described in paragraph 6 of this decision is encouraged as basis for estimating and monitoring emissions; 4. Emission reductions from national demonstration activities should be assessed on the basis of national emissions from deforestation and forest degradation; 5. Subnational demonstration activities should be assessed within the boundary used for the demonstration, and assessed for associated displacement of emissions;
  11. 11. Indicative Guidance cont’d (FCCC/CP/2007/6/Add.1* ) 6. Reductions in emissions or increases resulting from the demonstration activity should be based on historical emissions, taking into account national circumstances; 7. Subnational approaches, where applied, should constitute a step towards the development of national approaches, reference levels and estimates; 8. Demonstration activities should be consistent with sustainable forest management, noting, inter alia, the relevant provisions of the United Nations Forum on Forests, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification and the Convention on Biological Diversity; 9. Experiences in implementing activities should be reported and made available via the Web platform; 10. Reporting on demonstration activities should include a description of the activities and their effectiveness, and may include other information; 11. Independent expert review is encouraged
  12. 12. Poznan 2008 SBSTA conclusions highlights (FCCC/SBSTA/2008/L.23) Parties to submit to the secretariat, by 15 February, information on their experiences and views, and country- country-specific information on needs for technical and institutional capacity-building and cooperation capacity- Parties and accredited observers to submit by 15 February, their views on issues relating to indigenous people and local communities for the development and application of methodologies launch by the secretariat of the Web Platform on the UNFCCC website http://unfccc.int/methods_science/redd/items/4531.php
  13. 13. Poznan 2008 SBSTA conclusions highlights cont’d (FCCC/SBSTA/2008/L.23) Promoting the readiness of developing countries Recognizing the need to promote the full and effective participation of indigenous people and local communities The use of the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines For National Greenhouse Inventories and encouraging the use of the Good Practice Guidance For Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry as Land- appropriate The need to establish robust and transparent national forest monitoring systems, following consideration of their requirements If appropriate, the need to establish robust and transparent sub- sub- national forest monitoring systems, following consideration of their requirements
  14. 14. Issue: Scale National vs Project-level approach: Project- National accounting approach: avoids many problems with leakage that kept REDD out of CDM could drive deeper Annex I commitments Supports development of cross-sectoral policies to address cross- drivers of deforestation Subnational accounting approach May allow broader initial participation allow Quicker start Promotes private sector financing
  15. 15. Issue: Baselines National historical reference period based on emissions Forward- Forward-looking baseline modeling future „business as usual“ emissions Baseline of carbon stocks Global average emissions baseline Hybrid approach Using combination of historical emissions and carbon stocks
  16. 16. Issue: Scope Include degradation? Include maintenance of carbon stocks? Include regrowth/increase in carbon stocks? Costa Rica – declining deforestation Congo Basin – limited degradation Brazil – extensive historical deforestation
  17. 17. Issue: Financing Mechanism Market: Credits created for emissions reduced, which can be sold to industrialized countries to meet emission reduction targets Non- Non-market approach: Annex I countries contribute voluntarily to a fund not linked to market Levy on emissions trading to fund REDD Hybrid approaches Separate market for REDD credits And many others....
  18. 18. REDD negotiations in 2009 Bonn, 29 March-8 April March- Bonn, 1-12 June 1- Bangkok, 28 September-9 October September- Arrangements for additional meetings before Copenhagen might be made if necessary Copenhagen, 7 -18 December
  19. 19. Thanks for your attention Tracy Johns The Woods Hole Research Center tjohns@whrc.org

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