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Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+)

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Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+)

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Presentation by Mr. Mr. Anura Sathurusinghe, CGF, Sri Lanka Forest Department
and Raushan Kumar
Technical Session 01: Climate Change Mitigation
Experience Sharing Forum on Climate Smart Initiatives of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka Next – A blue Green Era – Conference and Exhibition 2017
16 – 17 October 2017, BMICH, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Presentation by Mr. Mr. Anura Sathurusinghe, CGF, Sri Lanka Forest Department
and Raushan Kumar
Technical Session 01: Climate Change Mitigation
Experience Sharing Forum on Climate Smart Initiatives of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka Next – A blue Green Era – Conference and Exhibition 2017
16 – 17 October 2017, BMICH, Colombo, Sri Lanka

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Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+)

  1. 1. Mr. Anura Sathurusinghe CGF, Sri Lanka Forest Department and Raushan Kumar FAO Sri Lanka Date:16 October 2017 Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+)
  2. 2. • REDD+ is a climate change mitigation solution being developed by parties to UNFCCC • REDD+ incentivize developing countries to keep their forest standing by offering result based payment for actions to reduce or remove forest carbon emission. • UN-REDD programme assist countries to develop the capacities needed to meet the UNFCCC’s REDD+ requirements, so that they can qualify to receive result based payment under the Convention. • The UN-REDD programme support nationally – led REDD+ process and promotes the informed and meaningful involvement of all stake holders including indigenous people and other forest dependent communities. What is REDD+ and UN-REDD
  3. 3. REDD+ vision in Sri Lanka • REDD+ stands for countries' efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and conservation of carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. • Of the five REDD+ activities, Sri Lanka will start focusing on two of the five activities: - reducing emissions from deforestation - enhancement of forest carbon stocks • Over time, one activity – reducing emissions from degradation – will be added once necessary measurement parameters have been set, and the national forest emission levels have been upgraded and resubmitted to the UNFCCC.
  4. 4. National Strategy /Action Plan Safeguards Information System (SIS) Forest Reference Emission Level (FREL) National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) Internationally Agreed Requirements REDD+ Framework – the core elements of REDD+ (i.e. UNFCCC Decisions 9 - 15/CP.19) REDD+ Focal Entity Reporting to UNFCCC Bodies who will be leading/ coordinating these elements
  5. 5. • The Sri Lanka UN-REDD National Programme (NP) commenced its activities in June 2013 and finalized its core deliverable - the National REDD+ Investment Framework and Action Plan (NRIFAP) in May 2017. • This is fully in line with key national strategies including Sri Lanka Next –A Blue –Green era, as well as the commitments of the country made with its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the UNFCCC as well as the domestic policy such as the Forest Policy. • The NRIFAP identifies 13 Policies and Measures (PAMs) within three key policy areas that will be implemented to help achieve Sri Lanka’s vision for REDD+. National REDD+ Strategy / National REDD+ Investment Framework and Action plan (NRIFAP)
  6. 6. National REDD+ Strategy / National REDD+ Investment Framework and Action plan (NRIFAP) Policies and Measures PAM7: Support inclusion of Strategic Environmental Assessment under Land Use Planning (LUP) PAM8: Strengthening of Environmental Impact Assessment process Policies and Measures PAM9: Improve land productivity and rehabilitation practices PAM10: Improve the tree cover of non-forested lands (home gardens, urban centre, public lands and settlements) Policies and Measures PAM11: Protection of Vihara Devalagam, Janataha Estate Development Board (JEDB), Sri Lanka State Plantations Cooperation (SLSPC), Regional Plantation Companies (RPCs) & Land Reform Commission (LRC) forested lands PAM12: Identify local supply chain for fuelwood demand PAM13: Development of agroforestry models for addressing forest degradation Policies and Measures PAM5: SFM of forest plantations PAM6: Protection of watersheds Policies and Measures PAM1: Improvement of law enforcement & monitoring on the ground PAM2: Forest boundaries survey, demarcation and declaration in appropriate management categories PAM3: Restoration of degraded forests and wildlife ecosystems PAM4: SFM of natural forests
  7. 7. Forest Reference Level • REDD+ has defined FREL/FRLs as “benchmarks for assessing each country’s performance in implementing REDD+ activities” • As a signatory to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and in recognition of Decision 12/CP.17 of the UNFCCC, Sri Lanka submitted its Forest Reference Level (FRL) as benchmark for performance measuring and monitoring of implementation of policies and measures in forestry sector. • A national forest reference level was developed in accordance with national circumstances and submitted to UNFCCC in January 2017.
  8. 8. historic emissions Start REDD+ implementation Difference with FRL should reflect performance MRV: consistency in methodologies, definitions and comprehensiveness over time
  9. 9. Forest Inventory and Geographical Information System Division (FIGISD) of FD Forest Reference Emission Level (and submission) Functional capacities Technical capacities  Data management (collection and analysis) and quality control  Preparation of technical reports (results and FREL)  Time series assessment of historical land-cover change and associated emission  Understanding of national development circumstances and resulting emission/removal  Understanding of UNFCCC and IPCC guidance and guidelines CEA SD / LUPPD CCS FD and DWC  provision of data and technical support to analyze them (AD and EF) Data Providers FREL coordination and preparation CCS Reporting Entity UDA
  10. 10. National Forest Monitoring System • National Forest Monitoring System (www.nfms.lk) has three major components that includes: • Satellite Land Monitoring Systems, which collects and assesses activity data (over time) related to/from forest land; • National Forest Inventory (NFI), which holds information relevant for estimating emissions factors such as forest carbon stocks and forest carbon stock changes, among other; and • Greenhouse Gas Inventory data. • Currently, the geo-portal comprises of base maps, country boundaries, provinces, districts and DS Divisions, forest assistant divisions, forest masks and maps, NFI plots and grids, land use and land cover data, satellite imagery, agroecological regions, soil maps, protected areas that include wildlife areas, world heritage sites, environmental protection areas, conservation forest areas and forest reserves, terrain and water bodies such as river basins, rain gauge stations, and reservoirs.
  11. 11. National Forest Monitoring System (and reporting) NFMS Web Portal, Data Server and User Interface FD NFI Database FD, SD, CCS GHG Inventory (LULUCF) SD SLMS Community Monitoring FD and DWC Other Forest / Vegetation Biophysical Parameters Data Providers  Data provisioning  Hosting  FD and SD - Data provisioning  CCS – Compilation and Reporting to UNFCCC  LULC Data provisioning  Data Accuracy  Reporting on natural and human induced incidences  Data provisioning Forest Inventory and Geographical Information System Division (FIGISD) of FD Functional capacities Technical capacities  Data management (collection and analysis) and quality control  Cross agency coordination and data gathering  Assessment of land-cover change and emission levels and linkages with economic and social development and policy environment  Management of web-based user interface  Implementation of a National Forest Inventory  Understanding of UNFCCC and IPCC guidance and guidelines CCS Reporting Entity
  12. 12. Safeguard Information System • This provides information on how REDD+ safeguards are being addressed and respected. • The Sri Lankan approach to REDD+ safeguards has been developed and include the national safeguards, the Policy and Measures (PAMs) risks/benefits, the Policies, Laws and Regulations (PLRs) analysis and subsequent gap-filling actions, the institutional arrangements and preliminary guidance on the future summary of information. • Based on this several safeguards and indicators were identified for inclusion in the SIS. • A SIS structure was also developed for reporting safeguards information to UNFCCC.
  13. 13. Safeguards Information System (and reporting) UNFCCC Focal Point Central Environmental Authority - collection of information on relevant PLRs - QA/QC Forest Department - collection of information on relevant PLRs - QA/QC Dept of Wildlife Conservation - collection of information on relevant PLRs - QA/QC Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment - overseeing direction of UNFCCC Focal Point - collection of data on relevant PLRs - QA/QC Rights to Information Commission - collection of information on relevant PLRs - QA/QCMinistry of Agriculture - collection of information on relevant PLRs - QA/QC Functional capacities Technical capacities  Interagency coordination  Data management (collect and analysis) and quality control  Reporting to UNFCCC  Understanding UNFCCC requirements on safeguards  Capacity to manage the Safeguards Information System
  14. 14. Coordination of a SIS Coordination of FRL+ NFMS NRIFAPimplementation Reporting Entity NC / BUR Fund Management EntityUNFCCC Donors Gov Sub-national institutions Gov Gov Gov Non Gvt actors Ministry of MD&E National priorities REDD+ Secretariat REDD+ ADVISORY & COORDINATION BOARD National arrangements for REDD+ implementation
  15. 15. Climate Change Secretariat Functional capacities Technical capacities  Facilitate international coordination / support on REDD+  Cross government communication  Capacity to coordinate among REDD+ stakeholders to produce/assess and submit technical reports.  Understanding of REDD+ within context of UNFCCC  Understanding of REDD+ in relation to national circumstances Reporting to UNFCCC NFMS data SIS data FREL data
  16. 16. Thank you

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