Gorges This image is of the amazing gorge in Victoria falls, Zimbabwe & Zambia! Most gorges are formed through water erosion. For example, waterfalls erode the rocks they fall over and the falls move gradually back - leaving a gorge behind them.
CASE STUDY Victoria Falls Victoria Falls are situated on the Zambezi river in Zimbabwe. At 5600 feet wide, and 328 feet deep, it is the largest waterfall in the world. The majority of the rock is basalt, but near the falls is criss-crossed with traverse faults of softer material. The force of the river is eroding these faults and forming a gorge. As well as being a great geological feature, the falls generate substantial income for Zimbabwe
An amazing panoramic view from the Zambian side near the Knife-edge bridge
Interesting Facts about Waterfalls <ul><li>The tallest waterfall in the world is Angel Falls: it has a 3212ft (979m) drop. </li></ul><ul><li>The widest waterfall in the world is Khone Falls: it is 6.7 miles (10.8 kilometers) wide </li></ul><ul><li>There are 10 types of waterfalls: block, cascade, cataract, fan, horsetail, plunge, punchbowl, segmented, tiered and multi-step. </li></ul>10,800m
Plenary <ul><li>Q) What process causes Waterfalls, Plunge Pools and Gorges to form? </li></ul><ul><li>A) Erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Q) What section of a river are waterfalls generally found? Upper, Middle or Lower? </li></ul><ul><li>A) Usually Upper but can be found in Middle </li></ul>Q) And finally, why does a waterfall gradually retreat? (Explanation) A) As the process of erosion continues to act upon the rocks and the turbulent water at the bottom of the plunge pool erodes the cliff, an overhang is created, as these become too heavy they break off and fall so the waterfall gradually retreats upstream, this is what causes long gorges such as the one in Victoria Falls