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Portable OxygenPortable Oxygen
ConcentratorConcentrator
What is a Portable Oxygen Concentrator?What is a Portable Oxygen Concentrator?
• A portable oxygen concentrator,
(POC) is a portable device used
to provide oxygen therapy to a
patient at substantially higher
concentrations than the levels of
ambient air. It is very similar to a
home oxygen concentrator, but
it smaller in size and more
mobile.
• The portable oxygen concentrator enables
patients to be more independent. The POC range
that Intermedical cover are small & lightweight;
run on battery power; can be powered in a car and
are FAA (Airline) approved.
The History of Oxygen ConcentratorThe History of Oxygen Concentrator
• Portable oxygen concentrators have been around for
decades; but the older versions were bulky, not reliable,
and were not permitted on airplanes.
• Since 2000, a number of manufactures have improved their
reliability and they now produce anywhere between 1 and 6
liters per minute (LPM) of oxygen.
• There are versions that provide pulse or continuous flow.
The portable concentrators plug directly into a regular
house outlet for charging at home or hotel; but they came
with a power adapter that can usually be plugged into a
vehicle DC adapter.
• They have the ability to operate from the battery power as
well for either ambulatory use, or away from a power
source, or on an airplane.
Developement of Oxygen Concentrator ­ TimelineDevelopement of Oxygen Concentrator ­ Timeline
How does it work?How does it work?
• The technology behind a Portable Oxygen Concentrator
is based on the same principle as a home domestic
concentrator.
• Air at barometric pressure contains 21% Oxygen
combined with Nitrogen and a mixture of other gases. A
miniaturised compressor inside the machine will
pressurise this air through a system of chemical filters
known as a molecular sieve.
• This chemical filter is made up of silicate granules
called Zeolite. The Zeolite will sieve the nitrogen out
of the "air" concentrating the Oxygen.
• Part of the produced Oxygen is delivered to the
patient; part is fed back into the sieves to clear the
system from the accumulated nitrogen, making it
ready for the next cycle. Through this process, this
system is capable of producing medical grade
oxygen of up to 96% consistently.f up to 96%
consistently.
• The latest models can be powered from mains
electricity supply, 12v DC (Car/Boat etc..) & battery
packs making the patient free from relying on using
cylinders & other current solutions that put a
restriction on time, weight & size.
• Most of the portable oxygen concentrator systems
available today provide oxygen on a pulse (on-
demand) delivery in order to maximise the purity of
the oxygen.
The Difference Between The Difference Between 
On­Demand& Continuous FlowOn­Demand& Continuous Flow
• Most portable oxygen concentrators are built from the size of a
binocular case and weigh less than a couple of bags of sugar.
The reason for this is because of the on-demand system. It
allows the concentrator to be built with smaller components
than that of a domestic concentrator.
• Because the patient only inhales oxygen when they breathe in,
when exhaling oxygen is wasted. Therefore what manufacturers
decided to do is build a machine that works on your breathing...
only providing oxygen when necessary, keeping wasted oxygen
to a minimum.
• Most on-demand portable oxygen
concentrators work on settings which
are very much equivalent to a specific
LPM (Litre per minute). To determine
this, the machine works on a bolus
system. The bolus size is measured in
millilitres and is the "shot" of oxygen
released upon inhalation.
• The size of the bolus on each setting is
worked out based on the amount of
oxygen inhaled if the patient was on
continuous flow oxygen. Since oxygen
isn't required when we exhale, oxygen is
normally wasted; hence the reason
behind the this type of technology.
• Technology has progressed in a
way so that boluses can be made
variable based on the patients
breathing rate. This is particularly
useful for using an on-demand
machine whilst sleeping. Naturally
the breathing rate slows whilst
sleeping. A machine with a
variable bolus detects a slower
breathing rate; adjusting the bolus
size so that its a longer shot of
oxygen upon inhalation, but still
maintaining the patients
prescription of x amount of litres
per minute.
• It is not usually recommended that
an on-demand device be used during
sleep, however clinical studies have
found that some on-demand portable
oxygen concentrators are just as
affective as a continuous flow
oxygen concentrator. On-demand
devices are not suitable for sleep for
patients with the sleeping disorder
sleep apnoea.
Benefits Using Of Portable Oxygen ConcentratorBenefits Using Of Portable Oxygen Concentrator
• Increases Survival
• Enhances Exercise Tolerance
• Enhances Mental Alertness
• A Better Night's Sleep
• Enhances Mood
• Expands Stamina
• Travel Where You Want
Thank You
Published By
www.healthgenie.in
HealthGenie India Pvt. Ltd.

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What is Portable Oxygen Concentrator and How It Is Beneficial For Health

  • 2. What is a Portable Oxygen Concentrator?What is a Portable Oxygen Concentrator? • A portable oxygen concentrator, (POC) is a portable device used to provide oxygen therapy to a patient at substantially higher concentrations than the levels of ambient air. It is very similar to a home oxygen concentrator, but it smaller in size and more mobile.
  • 3. • The portable oxygen concentrator enables patients to be more independent. The POC range that Intermedical cover are small & lightweight; run on battery power; can be powered in a car and are FAA (Airline) approved.
  • 4. The History of Oxygen ConcentratorThe History of Oxygen Concentrator • Portable oxygen concentrators have been around for decades; but the older versions were bulky, not reliable, and were not permitted on airplanes. • Since 2000, a number of manufactures have improved their reliability and they now produce anywhere between 1 and 6 liters per minute (LPM) of oxygen.
  • 5. • There are versions that provide pulse or continuous flow. The portable concentrators plug directly into a regular house outlet for charging at home or hotel; but they came with a power adapter that can usually be plugged into a vehicle DC adapter. • They have the ability to operate from the battery power as well for either ambulatory use, or away from a power source, or on an airplane.
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  • 11. • The technology behind a Portable Oxygen Concentrator is based on the same principle as a home domestic concentrator. • Air at barometric pressure contains 21% Oxygen combined with Nitrogen and a mixture of other gases. A miniaturised compressor inside the machine will pressurise this air through a system of chemical filters known as a molecular sieve.
  • 12. • This chemical filter is made up of silicate granules called Zeolite. The Zeolite will sieve the nitrogen out of the "air" concentrating the Oxygen. • Part of the produced Oxygen is delivered to the patient; part is fed back into the sieves to clear the system from the accumulated nitrogen, making it ready for the next cycle. Through this process, this system is capable of producing medical grade oxygen of up to 96% consistently.f up to 96% consistently.
  • 13. • The latest models can be powered from mains electricity supply, 12v DC (Car/Boat etc..) & battery packs making the patient free from relying on using cylinders & other current solutions that put a restriction on time, weight & size. • Most of the portable oxygen concentrator systems available today provide oxygen on a pulse (on- demand) delivery in order to maximise the purity of the oxygen.
  • 14. The Difference Between The Difference Between  On­Demand& Continuous FlowOn­Demand& Continuous Flow • Most portable oxygen concentrators are built from the size of a binocular case and weigh less than a couple of bags of sugar. The reason for this is because of the on-demand system. It allows the concentrator to be built with smaller components than that of a domestic concentrator. • Because the patient only inhales oxygen when they breathe in, when exhaling oxygen is wasted. Therefore what manufacturers decided to do is build a machine that works on your breathing... only providing oxygen when necessary, keeping wasted oxygen to a minimum.
  • 15. • Most on-demand portable oxygen concentrators work on settings which are very much equivalent to a specific LPM (Litre per minute). To determine this, the machine works on a bolus system. The bolus size is measured in millilitres and is the "shot" of oxygen released upon inhalation. • The size of the bolus on each setting is worked out based on the amount of oxygen inhaled if the patient was on continuous flow oxygen. Since oxygen isn't required when we exhale, oxygen is normally wasted; hence the reason behind the this type of technology.
  • 16. • Technology has progressed in a way so that boluses can be made variable based on the patients breathing rate. This is particularly useful for using an on-demand machine whilst sleeping. Naturally the breathing rate slows whilst sleeping. A machine with a variable bolus detects a slower breathing rate; adjusting the bolus size so that its a longer shot of oxygen upon inhalation, but still maintaining the patients prescription of x amount of litres per minute.
  • 17. • It is not usually recommended that an on-demand device be used during sleep, however clinical studies have found that some on-demand portable oxygen concentrators are just as affective as a continuous flow oxygen concentrator. On-demand devices are not suitable for sleep for patients with the sleeping disorder sleep apnoea.
  • 18. Benefits Using Of Portable Oxygen ConcentratorBenefits Using Of Portable Oxygen Concentrator • Increases Survival • Enhances Exercise Tolerance • Enhances Mental Alertness • A Better Night's Sleep • Enhances Mood • Expands Stamina • Travel Where You Want