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Efficacy of Avartana Sneha in
Ayurveda
Presented By
Dr. Paindla Jyothirmai
Final year PG Scholar
Dept. of Rasashastra & BK
08-06-2024 1
Under the Guidance of
Dr. Rajeshwari. V. Kamat M.D (Ayu), PhD,
Professor, P.G. Dept. of Rasashastra & BK
KAHE&R’s
Reaccredited ‘A’ Grade by NAAC (2 Cycle) Placed in Category ‘A’ by MHRD (Gol) tegory ‘A’ by MHRD (Gol)
SHRI.B.M.KANKANAWADI AYURVEDA MAHAVIDYALAYA
(INDIA’S 1st INSTITUTION WITH NAAC & NABH ACCREDITATION IN AYUSH SECTOR)
SHAHAPUR-BELAGAVI- KARNATAKA-03
Contents
• Introduction
• Aims& Objectives
• Material & Methods
• Research Articles
• Discussion
• Conclusion
• Summary
• Reference
• Own research view
• Acknowledgement
08-06-2024 2
Introduction
 Avartana- Repetition/ Repeated processing
 Sneha Kalpana- Sarpi, Taila, Vasa, Majja, Among them Sarpi is said to be more superior in
treatment because of its property of Samskaranuvartana. Sneha is Prepared along with Kalka,
Sneha& Dravadravya(1:4:16), reduced to 1/4th. Used as Pana, Abhyanga, Basti, Nasya etc.,
 Avarthana Sneha- Sneha (Taila& Ghrita) which is subjected for repeated process (Paka)
along with Kalka Dravya& Drava Dravya is known as Avartita Sneha.
 Dashapaki (10times), Shatapaki (100 times), Sahasrapaki (1000 times) tailapaka is indicative
of the number of times the process is repeated.
 With repetition of process each time practically there is loss in quantity, but dosage is greatly
reduced as it has more active principles in concentrated form. So Avarthana act as a
Samskara.
08-06-2024
3
सर्पिर्िज्जावसातैलं स्नेहेषु प्रवरं र्तर्् |
तत्रार्प चोत्तर्ं सर्पििः संस्कारस्यानुवतिनात् ||
गुरुशीतसरर्स्नग्धर्न्दसूक्ष्मर्ृदुिः द्रवर्् |
औषधं स्नेहनं प्रायो र्वपरीतं र्वरूक्षणर्् ||
र्ाधुयािदर्वदार्हत्वाज्ज्न्माद्येव च शीलनात् |
र्पत्तघ्नास्ते यथापूवं इतरघ्ना यथोत्तरर्् || (अ.हृ.सू.16/1-4)
Aim And Objectives
• To Evaluate the Efficacy of Avarthana sneha in Ayurveda
• To Explore the Various Avartini in Ayurveda
08-06-2024 4
Method of Preparation
08-06-2024 5
1. Identify and take the ingredients in a required quantity.
2. Prepare the Kalka& Dravadravya.
3. Equipments and instruments
SMALL SCALE LARGE SCALE
Weighing machine Weihing machine, sieves
Khalwa yantra Pulveriser, grinders
Gas stove Mass mixture
Steel vessels Wide mouthed stainless steel
vessels
Plates, Spoons, Cloth
POORVAKARMA
Pradhanakarma
08-06-2024
6
Take Kalka, Sneha, Drava Dravya (1:4:16)
Add Kalka dravya to the murchita Sneha& Add Drava dravya to it.
Do Sneha paka in mandagni till it attains Sneha siddhi lakshanas
After Sneha Paka it is filtered, measured the Sneha.
Measure the Kalka& Drava Dravya for second avartini, add to the
Sneha& do Paka.
Likewise Continuously the Sneha Paka is done by adding the
Kalka& Drava Dravya every time& Paka should be continued.
Paschatkarma
• Entire content filtered and store in an air tight container after cooling.
• Label it with proper details& store it.
08-06-2024 7
Different Opinions on Method of Preparation
• Gayadasa- (In Su.Sa.Chi.Sthana.4,)
Sahasrapaka Bala Taila preparation, the process of repetition must be done with addition of new
dravadravya each time.
• Jejjata- Repeated for 100/1000 times the loss will be more and the final yield will be very less,
So the process should be done by adding 100/1000 parts of Drava Dravya at a single stretch.
• Acharya Gayadas substantiates, Ksheera which is added during the process of Avartana will
compensate the loss to some extent, So the process is repeated for 100/1000 times.
• Chakrapani- Same as Jejjata Opinion.
• Nichalakara- (In ‘RatnaPrabha’Teeka on Chakradatta)
Bala Taila- Dashapaka (10 times), Shatapaka(100 times) and Sahasra paka (1000 times).
• Adhamalla- (in Deepika commentary on Sharangdhara Samhita)
Dashapaka baladya taila- the set of drugs should be used as it is for ten processing cycles each.
08-06-2024 8
Kalpasidhi Lakshana
08-06-2024 9
वर्तिवत्स्नेहकल्किः स्याद्यदान्गुल्यर्वर्र्दितिः |
शब्दहीनोऽर्िर्नर्क्षप्तिः स्नेहिः र्सद्धोोववेत्तदा ||
यदा फ
े नोद्गर्स्तैले फ
े नशान्तिश्च सर्पिर्ष |
गन्धवणिरसोत्पर्त्त स्नेहिः र्सन्तद्धोस्तथा ववेत् ||
(शा.र्.ख.9/23-24)
1. Vartivat snehakalka Angulya vimardita
2. Shabdaheeno Agninikshipta
3. Phena udbhavam-Taila, Phena Shanti- Grita Preparations.
4. Varna Gandha Rasotpatti
Observation
08-06-2024 10
AFTER PROCEDURE
• Gandha, Varna of Paka
observed.
• Paka kala is observed
DURING PROCEDURE
• Characteristic smell is observed.
• In Taila Preparation foam formed subside
and new foam will foam.
• In Grita Preparation the foam will subsided.
• Everytime Measure the Kalka&
Dravadravya before adding into the avartini.
• After finishing every Avartini Measure the
sneha quantity. So loss of sneha should be
noted.
Precautions
• Always maintain Mandagni.
• Proper hygiene should be done.
• Continuous Stirring should be done.
08-06-2024 11
ANALYTICAL ASPECT
• Raw drug analysis- Foreign matter, Organoleptic, Moisture content, pH, Ash value, Acid
insoluble ash, Water soluble extract, Alcohol soluble extract, T L C, Microbial contamination,
Preliminary Phyto- chemicals
• End product analysis- Organoleptic Properties, Loss on drying Refractive Index, Acid value,
Iodine value, Saponification value, Specific Gravity, Microbial limit test, HPTLC.
08-06-2024 12
List of Avartana Sneha
08-06-2024
13
Sl.No. Avartana Sneha Reference No.of
Avartini
Indication
1. Anutaila AS.Su.29/9 10 Shamana Nasya
2. Amalaka Ghrita Ch.Chi.1/2/4 100/1000 Rsayana
3. Dashapaki Bala Taila Chakradatta 23/33-34 10 Vatarakta
3. Shatapaki Bala Taila a)Cha.Chi.29/119-120
b)Su.Chi.5/7
c)Su.Chi.15/40
100
100
100
Vatarakta
Mahavatavyadi
Mudhagarbha
4. Sahasrapaka Bala Taila Cha.Chi.29/119-120 1000 Vatarakta
5. ShatapakI Madhuka Taila Cha.Chi29/115-116 100 Vatarakta
6. Bhallataka Taila Cha.Chi.1/2/15 100 Rsayana
08-06-2024 14
Sl.No. Avartana Sneha Reference No.of
Avartini
Indication
7. Shatavaryadi Sneha,
Sahacharadi Sneha
Cha.Chi.12/19 100/1000 Vajeekarana
(Snehabasti)
8. Shatapaki Vataghna Taila Cha.Chi.30/105 100 Yonivyapath
9. Vacha Shatapaki Ghrita Su.Chi.28/8 100 Medhayushkamiya
Rsayana
10. Vatahara Taila Su.Chi.4/29 1000 Vatavyadi
11. Nilotpala Taila Su.Chi.15/45-47 100 Mudhagarbha
12. Shatapaki Trivrith Sneha Su.Chi.38/89 100 Vandhyatva
(Snehabasti)
Anu Taila
 Method of Preparation:- The drugs 1 to 27are mixed together and made in yavkuta choorna
form and boiled in 100 times of Rain water and reduced to 1/10th.
 This Kashaya should be divided in 10 equal parts. 1 part of Kashaya added with Tilataila and
Paka should be made. Repeat the Taila paka for 10 times by adding 1/10th part of Kashaya
each time.
 During Last Taila paka equal to the Taila, Ajaksheera is added & Taila paka is achieved.
 Indications:- Urdhwajatrugata vikara
 Dose: 5 to 10 drops for nasya
08-06-2024
15
जीवंतीजलदेवदारू जलदत्वक्सेव्यगोपीहिमम् । दावीत्वक
्
मधुकप्लवागुरूवरा पुंड्
र ाह्न हिल्वोत्पलम् ।।
धावन्यो सुरह िः स्थिरे क
ृ हमिरं पत्रं तृटी रेणुकम् ।
हक
ं जल्क
ं कमलाह्वयं शतगुणे हदव्येंऽ हस क्वाियेत्
तैलाद्रसं दशगुण पररशेष्यतेन ।
तैलं पचेच्च सहललेन दशैव वारान् ।।
पाक
े हिपेच्च दशमे सममाजदुग्धम् ।
नस्यं मिागुणमुशंत्यणुतैलमेतत् ।। Ah. Su. 20/37-38
Amalaka Ghrita
08-06-2024
16
आमलकानां सु ूहमजानां कालजानामनु- पितगन्धवणणरसानामा पूणणरसप्रमाण- वीयाणणां स्वरसेन
पुननणवा कल्कपाद संयुक्तेन सहपणषिः साधयेदाढकम् ।
अतिः परं हवदारी- स्वरसेनजीवन्ती कल्कसंप्रयुक्तेन अतिः परं चतुगुणणेन पयसा वा
िलाहतिलाकषायेण शतावरीकल्क संयुक्तेन अनेन क्रमेणैक
ै क
ं ।
शतपाक
ं सौवणे राजने माहतणक
े वा शुचौ - दृढे घृत ाहवते क
ु म्भे थिापयेत् ।
तद्यिोक्तेन हवहधना यिाहनं प्रातिः प्रयोजयेत् ।
जीणे च िीरसहपणयों शाहलषहिकमश्नीयात् अस्य हत्रवषणप्रयोगाद्वषणशतं वयोऽजरं हतष्ठहत ।
श्रुतमवहतष्ठते सवाणमयािः प्रशाम्यस्न्त अप्रहत- इतगहतिः स्त्रीष्वपत्यवान् वतीहत ।।
Cha.Chi I-II. 4
Method of preparation- (1:4:16)
• 1Part Kalka of Purnarnava, 4 Parts Ghrita, 16 Parts Amalaki Swarasa, do the Paka.
• To this Paka add Jeevanthi kalka(1Part) Vidari Swarasa(16Parts) & do the Paka.
• To this Paka add Kalka of Shatavari(1 Part) and 32Parts Dravadraya of Milk & Kwatha of
Bala, Atibala and do the Paka.
• Each method is repeated for 100 or 1000 times (Shatapaka or Sahastra Paka).
• To obtain more benefits of medicine the gold vessel is prescribed to store the ghee or else
commonly clean earthen pot with properly closed lid can be used for Rasayana purpose.
08-06-2024 17
Benefits of Amalaki Ghrita-
1. Varsha Shatam Vayo Jara Tishthati- The person lives for
hundred years free from old age symptoms.
2. Shrutam Avatishtate - Remembers whatever heard.
3. Sarvamaya Prashamyanti - Cures all diseases.
4. Apratihatagati Strishu Apatyavana- Acquires an
unimpaired sexual potency and is blessed with progeny.
Bala Taila
 Ingredients and method of preparation-Take decoction of Bala, paste of Bala, Kshira (milk)
and oil and cook till siddha Lakshana are observed. The process should be repeated either 100
or 1000 times.
 Indications- This Bala Taila alleviates Vatarakta and Vata disorders. It is an excellent
Rasayana, which is very good promoter of sensual well-being, Jivaniya (vitaliser),
Bruhamaniya (promote body build), Swarya (very well for voice) and alleviates Sukra
(semen) and Asriga (menstrual) disorders.
 Dose- 3-6 ml, with Warm water, milk.
08-06-2024
18
िलाकषायकल्काभ्ां तैलं िीरसमं पचेत् ।
सिस्रं शतवारं वा वातासृग्वातरोगनुत् ।। रसायनहमदं
श्रेष्ठहमस्ियाणां प्रसादनम् ।
जीवनं िृंिणं स्वयं शुक्रासृग्दोषनाशनम् ।।
इहत सिस्त्रपाक
ण शतपाक
ं वा िलातैलम् ।
Cha.Chi. 29/19-20.
Ksheerabala Avartana Taila
 Method of Preparation:- Bala Kalka( 1part), Tilataila (4parts) and Drava Dravya like
Balamoola Kashaya, Goksheera ( 16 parts ), do Paka, Same Procedure Repeat for 100/1000
times by Adding Kalka& Ksheera each time to the oil.
 Karma- Rasayana, Vatahara, Indriya-Prasadaka, Jeevana, Brihmana, Swarya,
Shukradoshahara, Raktadoshahara, Medo-Stotoshodahka, Kaphaprasadhaka, Snehana.
 Indications: Vatarakta, Sarva vataroga.
 Dose: 8-10 drops twice or thrice a day.
08-06-2024
19
िलाकषाय कल्काभ्ां तैलं िीरसमं पचेत् । सिस्त्र शतपाक
ं तद्वातासृग्वातरोगनुत् ।।
रसायनं मुख्यतमं इस्ियाणां प्रसादनम् । जीवनं िृंिणं स्वयं शुक्रासृग्दोषनाशनम् ।।
क
ु हपते मागणसंशोधान्येदसो वा कफस्य च । अहतवृद्धाहनले शस्तानाऽदौ स्नेििृंिणम् ।।
क
ृ त्वा तत्राढ्यवातोक्त वातशोहणतक
ं ततिः । ेषजं स्नेिनं क
ु याणत् यच्च रक्तप्रसादनम् ।।
प्राणाहद कोपे युगपत् यिोहििं यिामयम् । यिासन्नं च ैषज्यं हवकल्प्यंस्याद् यिोल्बणम् ।।
नीते हनरामतां साये स्वेदलंघनपाचनैिः । रूिैरालेपसेकाद्यैिः क
ु याणत्केवल
े वलवातनुत् ।।
Sahasrayoga. Taila Prakarana.
Shatapaki Madhuka Taila
 Method of preparation- Paste of Madhuparni or Guduchi one Pala, oil one Pratsha should be
cooked with the paste of Madhuparni one Pala and four Prastha milk and Taila is obtained.
 This should be repeated for hundred times, adding kalka of Madhuka one Pala each times.
 Indications- It should be used in Tridoshaja Vatarakta, Shwasa, Kasa, Hrudaya Roga, Pandu,
Visarpa, Kamala and Daha.
08-06-2024
20
मधुपर्ण्णिः पलं हपष्ट्वा तैलप्रथिं चतुगुणणे ।
िीरे साध्यं शतं क
ृ त्वा तदेवं मधुकाच्छते ॥
हसद्धंदेयंहत्रदोषेस्याद्वातास्नेश्वासकासनुत्।
हृत्पाण्डुरोगवीसपणकामलादािनाशनम् 11
इहत शतपाक
ं मधुकतैलम् ।
Cha.Chi. 29. 117-118
Bhallataka Taila
 Method of Preparation:- Bhallataka Taila is processed with milk and paste of Madhuka in
1/8 quantity and this should be repeated for hundred times.
 Indications: Rasayana
 Dose- 10 to 20 drops along with Milk
08-06-2024
21
ल्लातकतैलपात्रं सपयस्क
ं माधुक
े न कल्क
े नाि ागेन शतपाक
ं क
ु याणहदहत समानं पूवेण ॥15॥
इहत ल्लातकतैलम् । Cha. Chi. I-II/15
Sahacharadi Taila
 Method of Preparation: Medicated oil is prepared with the decoction made from one tula of
sahacara, added with one adhaka of oil and ten pala of paste of sahacara and four parts of
milk. Another oil is medicated with the paste of nata, sadgrantha, sthira, kuştha, surahva, ela,
nalada, saileya, satahva and raktacandana added with eighteen pala of powdered sugar.
 Indications:- Vatavyadhi, Kampa, Gulma, Unmadha, Pinasa, Yoniroga.
 This medicated oil, consented by sage Bheda, wins over very difficult diseases of vata; and
pain around bladder, also cures vatakundalika, insanity, gulma, scrotal enlargement and such
others. वातक
ु ण्डहलका is pain in the region of bladder.
08-06-2024
22
समूलशाखस्य सिाचरस्य तुलां समेतां दशमूलतश्च ।
पलाहन पञ्चाशद ीरुतश्च पादावशेषंहवपचेद्विेऽपाम् ॥
तत्रसेव्यनखक
ु ष्ठहिमैला स्पृहप्रयङ् गुनहलकाम्बुहशलाजैिः
लोहितानलदलोिसुराद्वैिः कोपनाहमहशतुरुष्कनतैश्च
तुल्यिीरं पाहलक
ै स्तैलपात्रं हसद्धं क
ृ च्छ
र ान् शीहलतं िस्न्त वातान् ।
कम्पािेपस्तम्भशोषाहदयुक्तान् गुल्मोन्मादौ पीनसं योहनरोगान्
A.H Chi. 21: 66-68
Madhuparnyadi Taila
08-06-2024
23
मधुपर्थ्ाणस्तुलायास्यु कषाये पादशेहषते । तैलाढक
ं समिीरं पचेत् कल्क
ै िः पलोस्न्मतैिः ॥
शतपुष्यावरीमूवाणपयस्यागुरुचन्दनैिः । स्थिरािंसपदीमांसीहद्वमेदामधुपहणणह िः ।।
काकोलीिीरकाकोलीतामलक्व
ृ स्द्धपद्मक
ै िः । जीवकषण जीवन्तीत्वपत्रनखवालक
ै िः ।।
प्रपौण्डरीकमहिष्ठासाररवैिीहवतुन्नक
ै िः11 चतुष्प्रयोगात्तद्धस्न्त तैलं मारुतशोहणतम् ॥सोपद्रवं
साङ्गशूलं सवणगात्रानुगं तिा । वातासृहपत्तदािाहतणज्वरघ्नं िलवणणक
ृ त् ।।
इहत मधुपर्य्ाणहदतैलम् । Cha. Chi
 Method preparation- Decoction of one Tula Madhuyashti should be prepared and then One
Adhaka oil with equal quantity of milk is processed with decoction in mild flame, during
cooking Kalka of Shatapushpa, Shatavari, Murva, Payasya or Arka Pushpi, Aguru, Chandana,
Shalparni, Hansapadi, Mansi, Meda, Mahameda, Madhuparni, Kakoli, Kshirakakoli,
Tamalaki, Viddhi, Padmaka, Jeevaka, Risbhaka, Jivanti, Twak, Patra, Nakha, Sugandhabala,
Prapondarika, Manjishtha, Sariva, Aindri and Vitunnaka or Dhanyakama be added.
 Indications- It is used in four ways Pana, Nasya, Basti and Snehana.
This oil is very effective in Vatarakta with Daha caused by Pitta and Jwara.
it also promotes Bala of the body and Varna.
Yashtimadhuka Taila
 Method of Preparation- Yashtimadhu Kalka (1 part), Tila taila (4 Parts), Drava Dravya
Amalaki Swarasa, Ksheera (16 parts) are taken and do the Paka, then repeat the procedure for
100 times by adding the Yashtimadhu Kalka, Amalaki Swarasa& Ksheera for everytime.
 Indications:- Palitya (Graying of hair), Kesha Patana (Falling of hair), áma¿ru Patana
(Falling of hair of beard and moustache)
 Usage- Used as Navana nasya
08-06-2024
24
यिीमधुक
॑ िाराभ्ां नवधात्रीफलैिः शृतम् ।
तैलं नस्यक
ृ तं क
ु याणत्केवल
े शान्श्मश्रूहण सङ्घशिः ॥
Sha.Ma. 9: 155 1/2
Trivrit Sneha
 Method of Preparation: Karkdruka, Ervaruka, coconut, Priyala and castor seeds, boiled with
milk, water and ghee, and mixed with oil,
 Indications: Vataja Arbudha
 This Sneha should be applied lukewarm or a poultice prepared from of boiled meat or of
Veshavara, should be applied to it.
 Fomentation should be done with Nadi sveda and the then skilled physician should draw the
blood by frequent application of Sringa (horn). Trivrit boiled with the decoction of the Vayu
subsiding drugs, milk and Kanjika should be given.
08-06-2024
25
वातािुणदं िीरघृताम्बुहसद्ध रुष्ैिः सतैलैरुपदायेत्तु ।
क
ु याणच्च मुख्यान्युपनािनाहन हसद्धेश्च मांसैरि वेसवारैिः ॥
स्वेदं हवदध्यात् क
ु शलस्तु नाड्या शृङ्ग
े ण रक्तं िहुशो िरेच्च ।
वातघ्नहनवृणिपयोऽम्ल ागैिः हसद्धं शताख्यं हत्रवृतं हपिेद्वा ॥
Cha. Chi. 29
Shatadhauta Gritha
Method of Preparation:
 Goghrta (ghee) of required quantity is taken in a clean stainless steel vessel and added with
cold water to the level of ghrta.
 The ghee is rubbed with pressure by down facing palm in circular fashion until the cold water
turns warm because of vigorous rubbing.
 Later the warm water is decanted out from the vessel and added with cold water again. The
process of rubbing is repeated for the second time.
 This same process of rubbing the ghee with cold water is repeated for 100 or 1000 times to
obtain 'śata-dhauta' and 'sahasra-dhouta ghrta respecti-vely.
 Per day the process may be repeated for 4 to five times. As the rubbing process goes on for
many times, the breakage and reunion of bonds in fatty cells of ghee when rubbed with water
will yield butter like product
 Indications: Visarpa, Pittaja rogas along with Daha& Shoola.
08-06-2024
26
अिवा शतधौतेन सहपणषा िीरजेन वा ।।
Sha.U. Kha. 13/44
Research Articles
08-06-2024
27
08-06-2024 28
08-06-2024 29
08-06-2024 30
08-06-2024 31
08-06-2024 32
Conclusion:
 Jatyadi Ghrita & Avartita Jatyadi Ghrita remains stable for 1 year, Both preparations
showed significant wound healing property. But when compared to mean values;
Jatyadi Ghrita Avartini (70.11±5.86) showed increased healing results compared to
Jatyadi Ghrita (68.23±7.70) on 8th day onwards. It was 99% healing on 16th day and
100% healing was seen on18th day in Jatyadi ghrita Avartini group.
Advantages
1. Reduced Dosage 1. Higher cost effectiveness
2. Quicker action, 2. Time factor for pharmaceutical procedure
3. Most Therapeutic efficacy 3. More fuel
4. Easier Administration 4. More Mannual Labour
5. Increase the potency of Sneha.
08-06-2024
33
Disadvantages
Discussion
08-06-2024 34
• Avartana is a technique of potentiating the formulation. It is not mentioned as a basic concept but the
process may be extended to other formulations apart from Sneha Kalpana.
• There is mentioning of dasapaka , shatapaka and sahasrapaka ie,10, 100 and 1000 times in the Samhitas.
• In Samhitas, we find the process being mentioned in the context of Sneha Kalpana and particularly
indicated for Vataja disorders.
• The reason behind this maybe because other dosage forms for Vata like kwatha may become more rooksha
by repetitive processing and the property of ghrita to obtain increase in efficiency by the repetitive
processing as in samskarasya anuvartanat. Also Avartana may facilitate easy and proper administration with
reduced dose.
• The vatahara properties of the sneha kalpas get enhanced by the repetitive processing and the simultaneous
addition of the kalka dravya may further result in obtaining the maximum concentration of
phytoconstituents of the drug into the lipid extractive media making the formulation more efficacious.
• The properties of non- lipid substances can be easily transferred to a lipid substance by repeating the
process. Therefore this avartita sneha penetrate Blood- CSF barrier where the entry of non-lipid soluble
drugs is limited. The contemporary dosage form like soft gel capsules are based on this concept.
• Ghrita- Saturated fatty acids, More stable at room temperature, Single
bonded structure, Hydrolysis goes on heating(water evaporates).
• Taila- Unsaturated fatty acids, Unstable at room temperature, Double bonded,
Oxidation on heating(Foam appears).
• Present Practice of Avartana Sneha
1. Ksheerabala Taila- 7,14,21,41,101.
2. Sahacharadi Taila- 7
3. Dhanwantari Taila- 7,21,41,101.
08-06-2024 35
Conclusion
08-06-2024 36
 Avartana is one of the wonderful techniques in the processing of Sneha Kalpana which
helps in easy administration with lesser dose, enhances its action up to the cellular level
and making the formulation effective with greater bioavailability.
 So, it can be used as both external and internal administration like for pana, abhyanga,
nasya etc. As the process converts non lipid substances to lipid substances, the
formulations are getting lipophilic action so it can cross the blood brain barrier.
 It is highly effective in Vataja rogas and by external application it will get absorbed very
quickly because of its change in concentration due to repeated heating process.
 Avartita sneha Kalpas should be encouraged as these are highly effective in conditions
like vata rogas and as rasayana.
Own Views
08-06-2024 37
• Different Opinions on Method of Preparation, So Standardization Should be done for various
Avartana Sneha.
• One should be Aware before prescribing the these products, genuinity should be established.
References
1. Sharangadhara Samhita, Sharangadhara, Adhamalla’s Dipika and Kasirama’s Gudartha Dipika, edited by Pandit
Parasurama Shastri, Chaukhamba Orientalia, Varanasi, 2000
2. Apte’s Sanskrit – English Dictionary, Gode PK, Karo. Prasada Prakashana, Pune, 1st Edition,1958.
3. Taranath Tarka Vachaspathi, Vachaspathyam.Chaukambha Sanskrit Series, Varanasi, 1st Edition, 1962.
4. Sanskrit – English Dictionary, Williams MM, published by MLBD Delhi, 1st edition, 1970.
5. Sharangadhara Samhita, Sharangadhara, Adhamalla’s Dipika and Kasirama’s Gudartha Dipika, edited by Pandit
Parasurama Shastri, Chaukhamba Orientalia, Varanasi, 2000
6. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, Chaukhamba Surabharati Prakashan,
Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 1/2/4, p.381.
7. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, Chaukhamba Surabharati Prakashan,
Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 29/115-118, p.632
8. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, Chaukhamba Surabharati Prakashan,
Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 29/ 119-120 p.633)
9. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, ChaukhambaSurabharati Prakashan,
Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 29/119-120, p.633)
10. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, ChaukhambaSurabharati
Prakashan, Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 29/119-120, p.633)
08-06-2024 38
Acknowledgement
 I want to Acknowledge my Guide Dr. Rajeshwari.V. Kamat (Ayu), PhD, Professor, Dept. of Rasashastra
& BK.
 Dr. R.S Hiremath H.O.D Dept. of Rasashastra & BK.
 Respected Faculty Members of Dept. of Rasashastra & BK.
 My Dear Classmates and juniors.
08-06-2024
39
Thank You
08-06-2024 40

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Efficacy of Avartana Sneha in Ayurveda

  • 1. Efficacy of Avartana Sneha in Ayurveda Presented By Dr. Paindla Jyothirmai Final year PG Scholar Dept. of Rasashastra & BK 08-06-2024 1 Under the Guidance of Dr. Rajeshwari. V. Kamat M.D (Ayu), PhD, Professor, P.G. Dept. of Rasashastra & BK KAHE&R’s Reaccredited ‘A’ Grade by NAAC (2 Cycle) Placed in Category ‘A’ by MHRD (Gol) tegory ‘A’ by MHRD (Gol) SHRI.B.M.KANKANAWADI AYURVEDA MAHAVIDYALAYA (INDIA’S 1st INSTITUTION WITH NAAC & NABH ACCREDITATION IN AYUSH SECTOR) SHAHAPUR-BELAGAVI- KARNATAKA-03
  • 2. Contents • Introduction • Aims& Objectives • Material & Methods • Research Articles • Discussion • Conclusion • Summary • Reference • Own research view • Acknowledgement 08-06-2024 2
  • 3. Introduction  Avartana- Repetition/ Repeated processing  Sneha Kalpana- Sarpi, Taila, Vasa, Majja, Among them Sarpi is said to be more superior in treatment because of its property of Samskaranuvartana. Sneha is Prepared along with Kalka, Sneha& Dravadravya(1:4:16), reduced to 1/4th. Used as Pana, Abhyanga, Basti, Nasya etc.,  Avarthana Sneha- Sneha (Taila& Ghrita) which is subjected for repeated process (Paka) along with Kalka Dravya& Drava Dravya is known as Avartita Sneha.  Dashapaki (10times), Shatapaki (100 times), Sahasrapaki (1000 times) tailapaka is indicative of the number of times the process is repeated.  With repetition of process each time practically there is loss in quantity, but dosage is greatly reduced as it has more active principles in concentrated form. So Avarthana act as a Samskara. 08-06-2024 3 सर्पिर्िज्जावसातैलं स्नेहेषु प्रवरं र्तर्् | तत्रार्प चोत्तर्ं सर्पििः संस्कारस्यानुवतिनात् || गुरुशीतसरर्स्नग्धर्न्दसूक्ष्मर्ृदुिः द्रवर्् | औषधं स्नेहनं प्रायो र्वपरीतं र्वरूक्षणर्् || र्ाधुयािदर्वदार्हत्वाज्ज्न्माद्येव च शीलनात् | र्पत्तघ्नास्ते यथापूवं इतरघ्ना यथोत्तरर्् || (अ.हृ.सू.16/1-4)
  • 4. Aim And Objectives • To Evaluate the Efficacy of Avarthana sneha in Ayurveda • To Explore the Various Avartini in Ayurveda 08-06-2024 4
  • 5. Method of Preparation 08-06-2024 5 1. Identify and take the ingredients in a required quantity. 2. Prepare the Kalka& Dravadravya. 3. Equipments and instruments SMALL SCALE LARGE SCALE Weighing machine Weihing machine, sieves Khalwa yantra Pulveriser, grinders Gas stove Mass mixture Steel vessels Wide mouthed stainless steel vessels Plates, Spoons, Cloth POORVAKARMA
  • 6. Pradhanakarma 08-06-2024 6 Take Kalka, Sneha, Drava Dravya (1:4:16) Add Kalka dravya to the murchita Sneha& Add Drava dravya to it. Do Sneha paka in mandagni till it attains Sneha siddhi lakshanas After Sneha Paka it is filtered, measured the Sneha. Measure the Kalka& Drava Dravya for second avartini, add to the Sneha& do Paka. Likewise Continuously the Sneha Paka is done by adding the Kalka& Drava Dravya every time& Paka should be continued.
  • 7. Paschatkarma • Entire content filtered and store in an air tight container after cooling. • Label it with proper details& store it. 08-06-2024 7
  • 8. Different Opinions on Method of Preparation • Gayadasa- (In Su.Sa.Chi.Sthana.4,) Sahasrapaka Bala Taila preparation, the process of repetition must be done with addition of new dravadravya each time. • Jejjata- Repeated for 100/1000 times the loss will be more and the final yield will be very less, So the process should be done by adding 100/1000 parts of Drava Dravya at a single stretch. • Acharya Gayadas substantiates, Ksheera which is added during the process of Avartana will compensate the loss to some extent, So the process is repeated for 100/1000 times. • Chakrapani- Same as Jejjata Opinion. • Nichalakara- (In ‘RatnaPrabha’Teeka on Chakradatta) Bala Taila- Dashapaka (10 times), Shatapaka(100 times) and Sahasra paka (1000 times). • Adhamalla- (in Deepika commentary on Sharangdhara Samhita) Dashapaka baladya taila- the set of drugs should be used as it is for ten processing cycles each. 08-06-2024 8
  • 9. Kalpasidhi Lakshana 08-06-2024 9 वर्तिवत्स्नेहकल्किः स्याद्यदान्गुल्यर्वर्र्दितिः | शब्दहीनोऽर्िर्नर्क्षप्तिः स्नेहिः र्सद्धोोववेत्तदा || यदा फ े नोद्गर्स्तैले फ े नशान्तिश्च सर्पिर्ष | गन्धवणिरसोत्पर्त्त स्नेहिः र्सन्तद्धोस्तथा ववेत् || (शा.र्.ख.9/23-24) 1. Vartivat snehakalka Angulya vimardita 2. Shabdaheeno Agninikshipta 3. Phena udbhavam-Taila, Phena Shanti- Grita Preparations. 4. Varna Gandha Rasotpatti
  • 10. Observation 08-06-2024 10 AFTER PROCEDURE • Gandha, Varna of Paka observed. • Paka kala is observed DURING PROCEDURE • Characteristic smell is observed. • In Taila Preparation foam formed subside and new foam will foam. • In Grita Preparation the foam will subsided. • Everytime Measure the Kalka& Dravadravya before adding into the avartini. • After finishing every Avartini Measure the sneha quantity. So loss of sneha should be noted.
  • 11. Precautions • Always maintain Mandagni. • Proper hygiene should be done. • Continuous Stirring should be done. 08-06-2024 11
  • 12. ANALYTICAL ASPECT • Raw drug analysis- Foreign matter, Organoleptic, Moisture content, pH, Ash value, Acid insoluble ash, Water soluble extract, Alcohol soluble extract, T L C, Microbial contamination, Preliminary Phyto- chemicals • End product analysis- Organoleptic Properties, Loss on drying Refractive Index, Acid value, Iodine value, Saponification value, Specific Gravity, Microbial limit test, HPTLC. 08-06-2024 12
  • 13. List of Avartana Sneha 08-06-2024 13 Sl.No. Avartana Sneha Reference No.of Avartini Indication 1. Anutaila AS.Su.29/9 10 Shamana Nasya 2. Amalaka Ghrita Ch.Chi.1/2/4 100/1000 Rsayana 3. Dashapaki Bala Taila Chakradatta 23/33-34 10 Vatarakta 3. Shatapaki Bala Taila a)Cha.Chi.29/119-120 b)Su.Chi.5/7 c)Su.Chi.15/40 100 100 100 Vatarakta Mahavatavyadi Mudhagarbha 4. Sahasrapaka Bala Taila Cha.Chi.29/119-120 1000 Vatarakta 5. ShatapakI Madhuka Taila Cha.Chi29/115-116 100 Vatarakta 6. Bhallataka Taila Cha.Chi.1/2/15 100 Rsayana
  • 14. 08-06-2024 14 Sl.No. Avartana Sneha Reference No.of Avartini Indication 7. Shatavaryadi Sneha, Sahacharadi Sneha Cha.Chi.12/19 100/1000 Vajeekarana (Snehabasti) 8. Shatapaki Vataghna Taila Cha.Chi.30/105 100 Yonivyapath 9. Vacha Shatapaki Ghrita Su.Chi.28/8 100 Medhayushkamiya Rsayana 10. Vatahara Taila Su.Chi.4/29 1000 Vatavyadi 11. Nilotpala Taila Su.Chi.15/45-47 100 Mudhagarbha 12. Shatapaki Trivrith Sneha Su.Chi.38/89 100 Vandhyatva (Snehabasti)
  • 15. Anu Taila  Method of Preparation:- The drugs 1 to 27are mixed together and made in yavkuta choorna form and boiled in 100 times of Rain water and reduced to 1/10th.  This Kashaya should be divided in 10 equal parts. 1 part of Kashaya added with Tilataila and Paka should be made. Repeat the Taila paka for 10 times by adding 1/10th part of Kashaya each time.  During Last Taila paka equal to the Taila, Ajaksheera is added & Taila paka is achieved.  Indications:- Urdhwajatrugata vikara  Dose: 5 to 10 drops for nasya 08-06-2024 15 जीवंतीजलदेवदारू जलदत्वक्सेव्यगोपीहिमम् । दावीत्वक ् मधुकप्लवागुरूवरा पुंड् र ाह्न हिल्वोत्पलम् ।। धावन्यो सुरह िः स्थिरे क ृ हमिरं पत्रं तृटी रेणुकम् । हक ं जल्क ं कमलाह्वयं शतगुणे हदव्येंऽ हस क्वाियेत् तैलाद्रसं दशगुण पररशेष्यतेन । तैलं पचेच्च सहललेन दशैव वारान् ।। पाक े हिपेच्च दशमे सममाजदुग्धम् । नस्यं मिागुणमुशंत्यणुतैलमेतत् ।। Ah. Su. 20/37-38
  • 16. Amalaka Ghrita 08-06-2024 16 आमलकानां सु ूहमजानां कालजानामनु- पितगन्धवणणरसानामा पूणणरसप्रमाण- वीयाणणां स्वरसेन पुननणवा कल्कपाद संयुक्तेन सहपणषिः साधयेदाढकम् । अतिः परं हवदारी- स्वरसेनजीवन्ती कल्कसंप्रयुक्तेन अतिः परं चतुगुणणेन पयसा वा िलाहतिलाकषायेण शतावरीकल्क संयुक्तेन अनेन क्रमेणैक ै क ं । शतपाक ं सौवणे राजने माहतणक े वा शुचौ - दृढे घृत ाहवते क ु म्भे थिापयेत् । तद्यिोक्तेन हवहधना यिाहनं प्रातिः प्रयोजयेत् । जीणे च िीरसहपणयों शाहलषहिकमश्नीयात् अस्य हत्रवषणप्रयोगाद्वषणशतं वयोऽजरं हतष्ठहत । श्रुतमवहतष्ठते सवाणमयािः प्रशाम्यस्न्त अप्रहत- इतगहतिः स्त्रीष्वपत्यवान् वतीहत ।। Cha.Chi I-II. 4
  • 17. Method of preparation- (1:4:16) • 1Part Kalka of Purnarnava, 4 Parts Ghrita, 16 Parts Amalaki Swarasa, do the Paka. • To this Paka add Jeevanthi kalka(1Part) Vidari Swarasa(16Parts) & do the Paka. • To this Paka add Kalka of Shatavari(1 Part) and 32Parts Dravadraya of Milk & Kwatha of Bala, Atibala and do the Paka. • Each method is repeated for 100 or 1000 times (Shatapaka or Sahastra Paka). • To obtain more benefits of medicine the gold vessel is prescribed to store the ghee or else commonly clean earthen pot with properly closed lid can be used for Rasayana purpose. 08-06-2024 17 Benefits of Amalaki Ghrita- 1. Varsha Shatam Vayo Jara Tishthati- The person lives for hundred years free from old age symptoms. 2. Shrutam Avatishtate - Remembers whatever heard. 3. Sarvamaya Prashamyanti - Cures all diseases. 4. Apratihatagati Strishu Apatyavana- Acquires an unimpaired sexual potency and is blessed with progeny.
  • 18. Bala Taila  Ingredients and method of preparation-Take decoction of Bala, paste of Bala, Kshira (milk) and oil and cook till siddha Lakshana are observed. The process should be repeated either 100 or 1000 times.  Indications- This Bala Taila alleviates Vatarakta and Vata disorders. It is an excellent Rasayana, which is very good promoter of sensual well-being, Jivaniya (vitaliser), Bruhamaniya (promote body build), Swarya (very well for voice) and alleviates Sukra (semen) and Asriga (menstrual) disorders.  Dose- 3-6 ml, with Warm water, milk. 08-06-2024 18 िलाकषायकल्काभ्ां तैलं िीरसमं पचेत् । सिस्रं शतवारं वा वातासृग्वातरोगनुत् ।। रसायनहमदं श्रेष्ठहमस्ियाणां प्रसादनम् । जीवनं िृंिणं स्वयं शुक्रासृग्दोषनाशनम् ।। इहत सिस्त्रपाक ण शतपाक ं वा िलातैलम् । Cha.Chi. 29/19-20.
  • 19. Ksheerabala Avartana Taila  Method of Preparation:- Bala Kalka( 1part), Tilataila (4parts) and Drava Dravya like Balamoola Kashaya, Goksheera ( 16 parts ), do Paka, Same Procedure Repeat for 100/1000 times by Adding Kalka& Ksheera each time to the oil.  Karma- Rasayana, Vatahara, Indriya-Prasadaka, Jeevana, Brihmana, Swarya, Shukradoshahara, Raktadoshahara, Medo-Stotoshodahka, Kaphaprasadhaka, Snehana.  Indications: Vatarakta, Sarva vataroga.  Dose: 8-10 drops twice or thrice a day. 08-06-2024 19 िलाकषाय कल्काभ्ां तैलं िीरसमं पचेत् । सिस्त्र शतपाक ं तद्वातासृग्वातरोगनुत् ।। रसायनं मुख्यतमं इस्ियाणां प्रसादनम् । जीवनं िृंिणं स्वयं शुक्रासृग्दोषनाशनम् ।। क ु हपते मागणसंशोधान्येदसो वा कफस्य च । अहतवृद्धाहनले शस्तानाऽदौ स्नेििृंिणम् ।। क ृ त्वा तत्राढ्यवातोक्त वातशोहणतक ं ततिः । ेषजं स्नेिनं क ु याणत् यच्च रक्तप्रसादनम् ।। प्राणाहद कोपे युगपत् यिोहििं यिामयम् । यिासन्नं च ैषज्यं हवकल्प्यंस्याद् यिोल्बणम् ।। नीते हनरामतां साये स्वेदलंघनपाचनैिः । रूिैरालेपसेकाद्यैिः क ु याणत्केवल े वलवातनुत् ।। Sahasrayoga. Taila Prakarana.
  • 20. Shatapaki Madhuka Taila  Method of preparation- Paste of Madhuparni or Guduchi one Pala, oil one Pratsha should be cooked with the paste of Madhuparni one Pala and four Prastha milk and Taila is obtained.  This should be repeated for hundred times, adding kalka of Madhuka one Pala each times.  Indications- It should be used in Tridoshaja Vatarakta, Shwasa, Kasa, Hrudaya Roga, Pandu, Visarpa, Kamala and Daha. 08-06-2024 20 मधुपर्ण्णिः पलं हपष्ट्वा तैलप्रथिं चतुगुणणे । िीरे साध्यं शतं क ृ त्वा तदेवं मधुकाच्छते ॥ हसद्धंदेयंहत्रदोषेस्याद्वातास्नेश्वासकासनुत्। हृत्पाण्डुरोगवीसपणकामलादािनाशनम् 11 इहत शतपाक ं मधुकतैलम् । Cha.Chi. 29. 117-118
  • 21. Bhallataka Taila  Method of Preparation:- Bhallataka Taila is processed with milk and paste of Madhuka in 1/8 quantity and this should be repeated for hundred times.  Indications: Rasayana  Dose- 10 to 20 drops along with Milk 08-06-2024 21 ल्लातकतैलपात्रं सपयस्क ं माधुक े न कल्क े नाि ागेन शतपाक ं क ु याणहदहत समानं पूवेण ॥15॥ इहत ल्लातकतैलम् । Cha. Chi. I-II/15
  • 22. Sahacharadi Taila  Method of Preparation: Medicated oil is prepared with the decoction made from one tula of sahacara, added with one adhaka of oil and ten pala of paste of sahacara and four parts of milk. Another oil is medicated with the paste of nata, sadgrantha, sthira, kuştha, surahva, ela, nalada, saileya, satahva and raktacandana added with eighteen pala of powdered sugar.  Indications:- Vatavyadhi, Kampa, Gulma, Unmadha, Pinasa, Yoniroga.  This medicated oil, consented by sage Bheda, wins over very difficult diseases of vata; and pain around bladder, also cures vatakundalika, insanity, gulma, scrotal enlargement and such others. वातक ु ण्डहलका is pain in the region of bladder. 08-06-2024 22 समूलशाखस्य सिाचरस्य तुलां समेतां दशमूलतश्च । पलाहन पञ्चाशद ीरुतश्च पादावशेषंहवपचेद्विेऽपाम् ॥ तत्रसेव्यनखक ु ष्ठहिमैला स्पृहप्रयङ् गुनहलकाम्बुहशलाजैिः लोहितानलदलोिसुराद्वैिः कोपनाहमहशतुरुष्कनतैश्च तुल्यिीरं पाहलक ै स्तैलपात्रं हसद्धं क ृ च्छ र ान् शीहलतं िस्न्त वातान् । कम्पािेपस्तम्भशोषाहदयुक्तान् गुल्मोन्मादौ पीनसं योहनरोगान् A.H Chi. 21: 66-68
  • 23. Madhuparnyadi Taila 08-06-2024 23 मधुपर्थ्ाणस्तुलायास्यु कषाये पादशेहषते । तैलाढक ं समिीरं पचेत् कल्क ै िः पलोस्न्मतैिः ॥ शतपुष्यावरीमूवाणपयस्यागुरुचन्दनैिः । स्थिरािंसपदीमांसीहद्वमेदामधुपहणणह िः ।। काकोलीिीरकाकोलीतामलक्व ृ स्द्धपद्मक ै िः । जीवकषण जीवन्तीत्वपत्रनखवालक ै िः ।। प्रपौण्डरीकमहिष्ठासाररवैिीहवतुन्नक ै िः11 चतुष्प्रयोगात्तद्धस्न्त तैलं मारुतशोहणतम् ॥सोपद्रवं साङ्गशूलं सवणगात्रानुगं तिा । वातासृहपत्तदािाहतणज्वरघ्नं िलवणणक ृ त् ।। इहत मधुपर्य्ाणहदतैलम् । Cha. Chi  Method preparation- Decoction of one Tula Madhuyashti should be prepared and then One Adhaka oil with equal quantity of milk is processed with decoction in mild flame, during cooking Kalka of Shatapushpa, Shatavari, Murva, Payasya or Arka Pushpi, Aguru, Chandana, Shalparni, Hansapadi, Mansi, Meda, Mahameda, Madhuparni, Kakoli, Kshirakakoli, Tamalaki, Viddhi, Padmaka, Jeevaka, Risbhaka, Jivanti, Twak, Patra, Nakha, Sugandhabala, Prapondarika, Manjishtha, Sariva, Aindri and Vitunnaka or Dhanyakama be added.  Indications- It is used in four ways Pana, Nasya, Basti and Snehana. This oil is very effective in Vatarakta with Daha caused by Pitta and Jwara. it also promotes Bala of the body and Varna.
  • 24. Yashtimadhuka Taila  Method of Preparation- Yashtimadhu Kalka (1 part), Tila taila (4 Parts), Drava Dravya Amalaki Swarasa, Ksheera (16 parts) are taken and do the Paka, then repeat the procedure for 100 times by adding the Yashtimadhu Kalka, Amalaki Swarasa& Ksheera for everytime.  Indications:- Palitya (Graying of hair), Kesha Patana (Falling of hair), áma¿ru Patana (Falling of hair of beard and moustache)  Usage- Used as Navana nasya 08-06-2024 24 यिीमधुक ॑ िाराभ्ां नवधात्रीफलैिः शृतम् । तैलं नस्यक ृ तं क ु याणत्केवल े शान्श्मश्रूहण सङ्घशिः ॥ Sha.Ma. 9: 155 1/2
  • 25. Trivrit Sneha  Method of Preparation: Karkdruka, Ervaruka, coconut, Priyala and castor seeds, boiled with milk, water and ghee, and mixed with oil,  Indications: Vataja Arbudha  This Sneha should be applied lukewarm or a poultice prepared from of boiled meat or of Veshavara, should be applied to it.  Fomentation should be done with Nadi sveda and the then skilled physician should draw the blood by frequent application of Sringa (horn). Trivrit boiled with the decoction of the Vayu subsiding drugs, milk and Kanjika should be given. 08-06-2024 25 वातािुणदं िीरघृताम्बुहसद्ध रुष्ैिः सतैलैरुपदायेत्तु । क ु याणच्च मुख्यान्युपनािनाहन हसद्धेश्च मांसैरि वेसवारैिः ॥ स्वेदं हवदध्यात् क ु शलस्तु नाड्या शृङ्ग े ण रक्तं िहुशो िरेच्च । वातघ्नहनवृणिपयोऽम्ल ागैिः हसद्धं शताख्यं हत्रवृतं हपिेद्वा ॥ Cha. Chi. 29
  • 26. Shatadhauta Gritha Method of Preparation:  Goghrta (ghee) of required quantity is taken in a clean stainless steel vessel and added with cold water to the level of ghrta.  The ghee is rubbed with pressure by down facing palm in circular fashion until the cold water turns warm because of vigorous rubbing.  Later the warm water is decanted out from the vessel and added with cold water again. The process of rubbing is repeated for the second time.  This same process of rubbing the ghee with cold water is repeated for 100 or 1000 times to obtain 'śata-dhauta' and 'sahasra-dhouta ghrta respecti-vely.  Per day the process may be repeated for 4 to five times. As the rubbing process goes on for many times, the breakage and reunion of bonds in fatty cells of ghee when rubbed with water will yield butter like product  Indications: Visarpa, Pittaja rogas along with Daha& Shoola. 08-06-2024 26 अिवा शतधौतेन सहपणषा िीरजेन वा ।। Sha.U. Kha. 13/44
  • 32. 08-06-2024 32 Conclusion:  Jatyadi Ghrita & Avartita Jatyadi Ghrita remains stable for 1 year, Both preparations showed significant wound healing property. But when compared to mean values; Jatyadi Ghrita Avartini (70.11±5.86) showed increased healing results compared to Jatyadi Ghrita (68.23±7.70) on 8th day onwards. It was 99% healing on 16th day and 100% healing was seen on18th day in Jatyadi ghrita Avartini group.
  • 33. Advantages 1. Reduced Dosage 1. Higher cost effectiveness 2. Quicker action, 2. Time factor for pharmaceutical procedure 3. Most Therapeutic efficacy 3. More fuel 4. Easier Administration 4. More Mannual Labour 5. Increase the potency of Sneha. 08-06-2024 33 Disadvantages
  • 34. Discussion 08-06-2024 34 • Avartana is a technique of potentiating the formulation. It is not mentioned as a basic concept but the process may be extended to other formulations apart from Sneha Kalpana. • There is mentioning of dasapaka , shatapaka and sahasrapaka ie,10, 100 and 1000 times in the Samhitas. • In Samhitas, we find the process being mentioned in the context of Sneha Kalpana and particularly indicated for Vataja disorders. • The reason behind this maybe because other dosage forms for Vata like kwatha may become more rooksha by repetitive processing and the property of ghrita to obtain increase in efficiency by the repetitive processing as in samskarasya anuvartanat. Also Avartana may facilitate easy and proper administration with reduced dose. • The vatahara properties of the sneha kalpas get enhanced by the repetitive processing and the simultaneous addition of the kalka dravya may further result in obtaining the maximum concentration of phytoconstituents of the drug into the lipid extractive media making the formulation more efficacious. • The properties of non- lipid substances can be easily transferred to a lipid substance by repeating the process. Therefore this avartita sneha penetrate Blood- CSF barrier where the entry of non-lipid soluble drugs is limited. The contemporary dosage form like soft gel capsules are based on this concept.
  • 35. • Ghrita- Saturated fatty acids, More stable at room temperature, Single bonded structure, Hydrolysis goes on heating(water evaporates). • Taila- Unsaturated fatty acids, Unstable at room temperature, Double bonded, Oxidation on heating(Foam appears). • Present Practice of Avartana Sneha 1. Ksheerabala Taila- 7,14,21,41,101. 2. Sahacharadi Taila- 7 3. Dhanwantari Taila- 7,21,41,101. 08-06-2024 35
  • 36. Conclusion 08-06-2024 36  Avartana is one of the wonderful techniques in the processing of Sneha Kalpana which helps in easy administration with lesser dose, enhances its action up to the cellular level and making the formulation effective with greater bioavailability.  So, it can be used as both external and internal administration like for pana, abhyanga, nasya etc. As the process converts non lipid substances to lipid substances, the formulations are getting lipophilic action so it can cross the blood brain barrier.  It is highly effective in Vataja rogas and by external application it will get absorbed very quickly because of its change in concentration due to repeated heating process.  Avartita sneha Kalpas should be encouraged as these are highly effective in conditions like vata rogas and as rasayana.
  • 37. Own Views 08-06-2024 37 • Different Opinions on Method of Preparation, So Standardization Should be done for various Avartana Sneha. • One should be Aware before prescribing the these products, genuinity should be established.
  • 38. References 1. Sharangadhara Samhita, Sharangadhara, Adhamalla’s Dipika and Kasirama’s Gudartha Dipika, edited by Pandit Parasurama Shastri, Chaukhamba Orientalia, Varanasi, 2000 2. Apte’s Sanskrit – English Dictionary, Gode PK, Karo. Prasada Prakashana, Pune, 1st Edition,1958. 3. Taranath Tarka Vachaspathi, Vachaspathyam.Chaukambha Sanskrit Series, Varanasi, 1st Edition, 1962. 4. Sanskrit – English Dictionary, Williams MM, published by MLBD Delhi, 1st edition, 1970. 5. Sharangadhara Samhita, Sharangadhara, Adhamalla’s Dipika and Kasirama’s Gudartha Dipika, edited by Pandit Parasurama Shastri, Chaukhamba Orientalia, Varanasi, 2000 6. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, Chaukhamba Surabharati Prakashan, Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 1/2/4, p.381. 7. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, Chaukhamba Surabharati Prakashan, Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 29/115-118, p.632 8. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, Chaukhamba Surabharati Prakashan, Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 29/ 119-120 p.633) 9. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, ChaukhambaSurabharati Prakashan, Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 29/119-120, p.633) 10. Charaka Samhita, Agnivesha, Chakrapanidatta commentary, edited by Acharya JT, ChaukhambaSurabharati Prakashan, Varanasi, 1992, Chikitsasthana, Chapter 29/119-120, p.633) 08-06-2024 38
  • 39. Acknowledgement  I want to Acknowledge my Guide Dr. Rajeshwari.V. Kamat (Ayu), PhD, Professor, Dept. of Rasashastra & BK.  Dr. R.S Hiremath H.O.D Dept. of Rasashastra & BK.  Respected Faculty Members of Dept. of Rasashastra & BK.  My Dear Classmates and juniors. 08-06-2024 39