SlideShare a Scribd company logo
OBSTETRICS AND GYNEACOLOGY
NURSING
Ques no:-4
IMP
QUESTIONS
PRESENTED BY
PAREKH KISHAN
P.B.B.Sc. NURSING
Q.4)Described the Uterus (Marks :-5/8)
Covered the topics :-
- Structure
- Figure
- Position
- Layers
- Parts
- Function
 Introduction
• The uterus (from Latin ”uterus”), or womb is a major female hormone-
responsive secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and
most other mammals.
 Structure:-
----) The uterus is located within the pelvic region immediately
behind and almost overlying the bladder, and in front of
the sigmoid colon.
----) The human uterus is pear-shaped .
----) Size :- 7.6 cm (3.0 in) long,
4.5 cm (1.8 in) broad (side to side), and
3.0 cm (1.2 in) thick.
----) Weight :-A typical adult uterus weights about 60 grams.
 The uterus can be divided anatomically into four regions:
• The Fundus – the uppermost rounded portion of the uterus,
• The Corpus (body),
• The Cervix, and
• The Cervical Canal.
---) The cervix protrudes into the vagina.
---) The uterus is held in position within the pelvis by ligaments,
which are part of the endopelvic fascia.
---) These ligaments include the the pubocervical ligaments,
the cardinal ligaments, and the uterosacral ligaments.
---) It is covered by a sheet-like fold of peritoneum, the broad
ligament.
Position - It leans forward, which is known as anteversion, it
bends forwards on itself, which is known as anteflexion.
• Relation - anteriorly the bladder and posteriorly rectum
• Inferior - Below the uterus is the vagina
• Superior - above the uterus lie the intestine
• Lateral - on both sides of the walls are the broad ligaments, the
fallopian tubes and the ovaries.
• Supports - supported by the pelvic floor and maintained in position by several ligaments.
Ligaments are;
- Peritonial ligament :-
Broad ligament
- Genito inguinal ligament
Round ligament
- Ligaments formed by pelvic fascia
Transverse cervical ligament
Utero sacral ligament
 Parts of the uterus
• The body or corpus - the upper 2/3 of the uterus and is the greater part.
• The fundus - the domed upper wall between the insertions of the fallopian
tubes.
• The cornua - are the upper outer angle of the uterus where the fallopian
tubes join.
• The cavity - is a potential space between the anterior and posterior walls.
• The isthmus - is a narrow area between the cavity and the cervix, which is
7mmlong. It enlarges during pregnancy to form the lower
uterine segment.
• The cervix or neck - protrudes in to the vagina.
• The internal os (mouth) - is the narrow opening between the isthmus and
the cervix
• The external os - is a small round opening at the lower end of the cervix.
 Layers:- The uterus has three layers, of which the middle muscle layer
is by far the thickest.
• The endometrium: - forms a lining of ciliated epithelium (mucous
memberane) on a base of connective tissue or
stroma. It is constantly changing in thickness through
out the menustral cycle.
• The myomatrium or muscle coat: - is thick in the upper part of the uterus
and is sparser in the isthmus and
cervix. It has three parts: Outer
longitudinal, middle oblique and inner
circular.
• The perimetrium :- is a double serous memberane, an extension of the
peritoneum, which is dragged over the uterus.
 Fallopian tube or uterine tube :-
 Function-Propels the ovum towards the uterus
--) Receives the spermatozoa as they travel up wards
--) provides a site for fertilization
--) It supplies the fertilized ovum with nutrition during
its continued journey to the uterus
 Position - extend laterally from the cornea of the uterus towards the
side walls of the pelvis
 Supports - are held in place by their attachment to the uterus.
• Structure - Each tube is 10cm long. It has four portions
of - The interstitial portion is 1.25cm long and lies with in the
Fallopian wall of the uterus. Its lumen is 1 mm wide.
tube - The isthmus is another narrow part which extends for
2.5cm from the uterus
- The ampoule is the wider portion where fertilization
usually occurs. It is 5 cm long.
- The infundibulum is the funnel - shaped fingered end
which is composed of many process known as fimbriae.
- One fimbria is elongated to form the ovarian fimbria
which is attached to the ovary.
 The ovaries
Function: - produce ova and the hormones estrogen and
progesterone
Position: - they are attached to the back of the broad ligament near
the fimbriated end of the fallopian tube.
OVARIE
 Function :-
• The reproductive function of the uterus is to accept a fertilized ovum which
passes through the utero-tubal junction from the fallopian tube.
• The fertilized ovum divides to become a blastocyst, which implants into
the endometrium, and derives nourishment from blood vessels which develop
exclusively for this purpose.
• The fertilized ovum becomes an embryo, attaches to a wall of the uterus,
creates a placenta, and develops into a fetus (gestates) until childbirth. Due to
anatomical barriers such as the pelvis, the uterus is pushed partially into the
abdomen due to its expansion during pregnancy.
• Even during pregnancy the mass of a human uterus amounts to only about a
kilogram (2.2 pounds).
• The uterus also plays a role in sexual response, by directing blood flow to
the pelvis and ovaries, and to the external genitals, including the vagina, labia,
and clitoris.
ANSWER ?

More Related Content

What's hot

Fetal skull
Fetal skullFetal skull
Fetal skull
Arya Anish
 
Fetal circulation
Fetal circulationFetal circulation
Decidua & Chorionic Velli (General Embryology)
Decidua & Chorionic Velli (General Embryology)Decidua & Chorionic Velli (General Embryology)
Decidua & Chorionic Velli (General Embryology)
Dr. Sherif Fahmy
 
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive systemAnatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
Shalie Antony
 
FETAL CIRCULATION
FETAL CIRCULATIONFETAL CIRCULATION
FETAL CIRCULATION
teenajoseb
 
Menstrual Cycle
Menstrual CycleMenstrual Cycle
Menstrual Cycle
Healthoscope
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
amrit kaur
 
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual  cycleMenstrual  cycle
Menstrual cycle
APARNA C LAKSHMI
 
Female pelvis
Female pelvisFemale pelvis
Female pelvis
Priyanka Gohil
 
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
Dr. Sarita Sharma
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system
Dr. Mohammad Mahmoud
 
Anatomy of Uterus
Anatomy of UterusAnatomy of Uterus
Anatomy of Uterus
Ashish kumar Sharma
 
Placenta development
Placenta developmentPlacenta development
Placenta development
Prativa Dhakal
 
External genitalia
External genitaliaExternal genitalia
External genitalia
Krupa Meet Patel
 
Fetal circulation
Fetal circulationFetal circulation
Fetal circulation
Abhilasha verma
 
UTERUS.pptx
UTERUS.pptxUTERUS.pptx
UTERUS.pptx
Dr. sana yaseen
 
Female Pelvis
Female PelvisFemale Pelvis
Female Pelvis
Kanchan Mehra
 
Fertilization,implantation and fetal development
Fertilization,implantation and fetal developmentFertilization,implantation and fetal development
Fertilization,implantation and fetal development
Vineela Injety
 
Physiological changes during pregnancy
Physiological changes during pregnancyPhysiological changes during pregnancy
Physiological changes during pregnancy
vruti patel
 
Placenta.ppt
Placenta.pptPlacenta.ppt
Placenta.ppt
REKHAKHARE
 

What's hot (20)

Fetal skull
Fetal skullFetal skull
Fetal skull
 
Fetal circulation
Fetal circulationFetal circulation
Fetal circulation
 
Decidua & Chorionic Velli (General Embryology)
Decidua & Chorionic Velli (General Embryology)Decidua & Chorionic Velli (General Embryology)
Decidua & Chorionic Velli (General Embryology)
 
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive systemAnatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
 
FETAL CIRCULATION
FETAL CIRCULATIONFETAL CIRCULATION
FETAL CIRCULATION
 
Menstrual Cycle
Menstrual CycleMenstrual Cycle
Menstrual Cycle
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
 
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual  cycleMenstrual  cycle
Menstrual cycle
 
Female pelvis
Female pelvisFemale pelvis
Female pelvis
 
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system
 
Anatomy of Uterus
Anatomy of UterusAnatomy of Uterus
Anatomy of Uterus
 
Placenta development
Placenta developmentPlacenta development
Placenta development
 
External genitalia
External genitaliaExternal genitalia
External genitalia
 
Fetal circulation
Fetal circulationFetal circulation
Fetal circulation
 
UTERUS.pptx
UTERUS.pptxUTERUS.pptx
UTERUS.pptx
 
Female Pelvis
Female PelvisFemale Pelvis
Female Pelvis
 
Fertilization,implantation and fetal development
Fertilization,implantation and fetal developmentFertilization,implantation and fetal development
Fertilization,implantation and fetal development
 
Physiological changes during pregnancy
Physiological changes during pregnancyPhysiological changes during pregnancy
Physiological changes during pregnancy
 
Placenta.ppt
Placenta.pptPlacenta.ppt
Placenta.ppt
 

Similar to The uterus

ANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIS.pptx
ANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIS.pptxANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIS.pptx
ANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIS.pptx
yusufArashid
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptx
Liangkiuwiliu
 
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammedFemale reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
bhmMhmm
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Rehab Soliman Soliman
 
Anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem
AnatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystemAnatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem
Anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem
Pave Medicine
 
Female Internal Genital organs 2018 (1).pdf
Female Internal Genital organs  2018 (1).pdfFemale Internal Genital organs  2018 (1).pdf
Female Internal Genital organs 2018 (1).pdf
Endex Tam
 
Anatomy physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy  physiology of female reproductive systemAnatomy  physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy physiology of female reproductive system
Monique Reyes
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdfanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
usman232639
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
ReshmaAnilKumar6
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
PriyankaSinha406376
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
PriyankaSinha406376
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptx
KalanaDenuwan
 
UTERUS_Nursing.pptx
UTERUS_Nursing.pptxUTERUS_Nursing.pptx
UTERUS_Nursing.pptx
ABHIJIT BHOYAR
 
Prenatal Care
Prenatal CarePrenatal Care
Prenatal Care
Michelline Perez
 
female reproductive organ 28-Jan-2022.pptx
female reproductive organ 28-Jan-2022.pptxfemale reproductive organ 28-Jan-2022.pptx
female reproductive organ 28-Jan-2022.pptx
SavitaHanamsagar
 
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptxANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
Sharda School of Nursing Science and Research, Sharda University
 
Female reproductive system.pdf
Female reproductive system.pdfFemale reproductive system.pdf
Female reproductive system.pdf
dipinbhandari
 
Anatomy and embryology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and embryology of female reproductive systemAnatomy and embryology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and embryology of female reproductive system
Hussien Ali
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptx
AnilDixit16
 
Reproductive system 2
Reproductive system 2Reproductive system 2
Reproductive system 2
Ankitaroy92
 

Similar to The uterus (20)

ANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIS.pptx
ANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIS.pptxANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIS.pptx
ANATOMY OF FEMALE PELVIS.pptx
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptx
 
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammedFemale reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
 
Anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem
AnatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystemAnatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem
Anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem
 
Female Internal Genital organs 2018 (1).pdf
Female Internal Genital organs  2018 (1).pdfFemale Internal Genital organs  2018 (1).pdf
Female Internal Genital organs 2018 (1).pdf
 
Anatomy physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy  physiology of female reproductive systemAnatomy  physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy physiology of female reproductive system
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdfanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptx
 
UTERUS_Nursing.pptx
UTERUS_Nursing.pptxUTERUS_Nursing.pptx
UTERUS_Nursing.pptx
 
Prenatal Care
Prenatal CarePrenatal Care
Prenatal Care
 
female reproductive organ 28-Jan-2022.pptx
female reproductive organ 28-Jan-2022.pptxfemale reproductive organ 28-Jan-2022.pptx
female reproductive organ 28-Jan-2022.pptx
 
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptxANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
 
Female reproductive system.pdf
Female reproductive system.pdfFemale reproductive system.pdf
Female reproductive system.pdf
 
Anatomy and embryology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and embryology of female reproductive systemAnatomy and embryology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and embryology of female reproductive system
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptx
 
Reproductive system 2
Reproductive system 2Reproductive system 2
Reproductive system 2
 

More from Kishan Parekh

The menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycleThe menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle
Kishan Parekh
 
Imp of obg in nursing
Imp of obg in nursingImp of obg in nursing
Imp of obg in nursing
Kishan Parekh
 
The fetal skull
The fetal skullThe fetal skull
The fetal skull
Kishan Parekh
 
Kishan parekh
Kishan parekh Kishan parekh
Kishan parekh
Kishan Parekh
 
Topic concept of health wps office
Topic concept of health wps officeTopic concept of health wps office
Topic concept of health wps office
Kishan Parekh
 
Retinal disorders
Retinal disordersRetinal disorders
Retinal disorders
Kishan Parekh
 
Principles of emergency mgt
Principles of emergency mgt Principles of emergency mgt
Principles of emergency mgt
Kishan Parekh
 
Fetal non stress test
Fetal non stress testFetal non stress test
Fetal non stress test
Kishan Parekh
 

More from Kishan Parekh (8)

The menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycleThe menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle
 
Imp of obg in nursing
Imp of obg in nursingImp of obg in nursing
Imp of obg in nursing
 
The fetal skull
The fetal skullThe fetal skull
The fetal skull
 
Kishan parekh
Kishan parekh Kishan parekh
Kishan parekh
 
Topic concept of health wps office
Topic concept of health wps officeTopic concept of health wps office
Topic concept of health wps office
 
Retinal disorders
Retinal disordersRetinal disorders
Retinal disorders
 
Principles of emergency mgt
Principles of emergency mgt Principles of emergency mgt
Principles of emergency mgt
 
Fetal non stress test
Fetal non stress testFetal non stress test
Fetal non stress test
 

Recently uploaded

78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
Kalna College
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
MJDuyan
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Henry Hollis
 
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammaradjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
7DFarhanaMohammed
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
Steve Thomason
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
zuzanka
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
zuzanka
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapitolTechU
 
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brubPharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
danielkiash986
 
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
PsychoTech Services
 
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
nitinpv4ai
 
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
ShwetaGawande8
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
indexPub
 
220711130097 Tulip Samanta Concept of Information and Communication Technology
220711130097 Tulip Samanta Concept of Information and Communication Technology220711130097 Tulip Samanta Concept of Information and Communication Technology
220711130097 Tulip Samanta Concept of Information and Communication Technology
Kalna College
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
deepaannamalai16
 
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptxA Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
OH TEIK BIN
 
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
Kalna College
 
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
nitinpv4ai
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Iris Thiele Isip-Tan
 

Recently uploaded (20)

78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
 
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammaradjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
adjectives.ppt for class 1 to 6, grammar
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
 
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brubPharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
 
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
 
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
 
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALS & AND ITS ORGANIZATION
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
 
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
THE SACRIFICE HOW PRO-PALESTINE PROTESTS STUDENTS ARE SACRIFICING TO CHANGE T...
 
220711130097 Tulip Samanta Concept of Information and Communication Technology
220711130097 Tulip Samanta Concept of Information and Communication Technology220711130097 Tulip Samanta Concept of Information and Communication Technology
220711130097 Tulip Samanta Concept of Information and Communication Technology
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
 
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptxA Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
 
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
 
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
 

The uterus

  • 1. OBSTETRICS AND GYNEACOLOGY NURSING Ques no:-4 IMP QUESTIONS PRESENTED BY PAREKH KISHAN P.B.B.Sc. NURSING
  • 2. Q.4)Described the Uterus (Marks :-5/8) Covered the topics :- - Structure - Figure - Position - Layers - Parts - Function
  • 3.  Introduction • The uterus (from Latin ”uterus”), or womb is a major female hormone- responsive secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and most other mammals.  Structure:- ----) The uterus is located within the pelvic region immediately behind and almost overlying the bladder, and in front of the sigmoid colon. ----) The human uterus is pear-shaped . ----) Size :- 7.6 cm (3.0 in) long, 4.5 cm (1.8 in) broad (side to side), and 3.0 cm (1.2 in) thick. ----) Weight :-A typical adult uterus weights about 60 grams.
  • 4.  The uterus can be divided anatomically into four regions: • The Fundus – the uppermost rounded portion of the uterus, • The Corpus (body), • The Cervix, and • The Cervical Canal. ---) The cervix protrudes into the vagina. ---) The uterus is held in position within the pelvis by ligaments, which are part of the endopelvic fascia. ---) These ligaments include the the pubocervical ligaments, the cardinal ligaments, and the uterosacral ligaments. ---) It is covered by a sheet-like fold of peritoneum, the broad ligament.
  • 5. Position - It leans forward, which is known as anteversion, it bends forwards on itself, which is known as anteflexion. • Relation - anteriorly the bladder and posteriorly rectum • Inferior - Below the uterus is the vagina • Superior - above the uterus lie the intestine • Lateral - on both sides of the walls are the broad ligaments, the fallopian tubes and the ovaries. • Supports - supported by the pelvic floor and maintained in position by several ligaments. Ligaments are; - Peritonial ligament :- Broad ligament - Genito inguinal ligament Round ligament - Ligaments formed by pelvic fascia Transverse cervical ligament Utero sacral ligament
  • 6.  Parts of the uterus • The body or corpus - the upper 2/3 of the uterus and is the greater part. • The fundus - the domed upper wall between the insertions of the fallopian tubes. • The cornua - are the upper outer angle of the uterus where the fallopian tubes join. • The cavity - is a potential space between the anterior and posterior walls. • The isthmus - is a narrow area between the cavity and the cervix, which is 7mmlong. It enlarges during pregnancy to form the lower uterine segment. • The cervix or neck - protrudes in to the vagina. • The internal os (mouth) - is the narrow opening between the isthmus and the cervix • The external os - is a small round opening at the lower end of the cervix.
  • 7.  Layers:- The uterus has three layers, of which the middle muscle layer is by far the thickest. • The endometrium: - forms a lining of ciliated epithelium (mucous memberane) on a base of connective tissue or stroma. It is constantly changing in thickness through out the menustral cycle. • The myomatrium or muscle coat: - is thick in the upper part of the uterus and is sparser in the isthmus and cervix. It has three parts: Outer longitudinal, middle oblique and inner circular. • The perimetrium :- is a double serous memberane, an extension of the peritoneum, which is dragged over the uterus.
  • 8.  Fallopian tube or uterine tube :-  Function-Propels the ovum towards the uterus --) Receives the spermatozoa as they travel up wards --) provides a site for fertilization --) It supplies the fertilized ovum with nutrition during its continued journey to the uterus  Position - extend laterally from the cornea of the uterus towards the side walls of the pelvis  Supports - are held in place by their attachment to the uterus.
  • 9. • Structure - Each tube is 10cm long. It has four portions of - The interstitial portion is 1.25cm long and lies with in the Fallopian wall of the uterus. Its lumen is 1 mm wide. tube - The isthmus is another narrow part which extends for 2.5cm from the uterus - The ampoule is the wider portion where fertilization usually occurs. It is 5 cm long. - The infundibulum is the funnel - shaped fingered end which is composed of many process known as fimbriae. - One fimbria is elongated to form the ovarian fimbria which is attached to the ovary.
  • 10.  The ovaries Function: - produce ova and the hormones estrogen and progesterone Position: - they are attached to the back of the broad ligament near the fimbriated end of the fallopian tube. OVARIE
  • 11.  Function :- • The reproductive function of the uterus is to accept a fertilized ovum which passes through the utero-tubal junction from the fallopian tube. • The fertilized ovum divides to become a blastocyst, which implants into the endometrium, and derives nourishment from blood vessels which develop exclusively for this purpose. • The fertilized ovum becomes an embryo, attaches to a wall of the uterus, creates a placenta, and develops into a fetus (gestates) until childbirth. Due to anatomical barriers such as the pelvis, the uterus is pushed partially into the abdomen due to its expansion during pregnancy. • Even during pregnancy the mass of a human uterus amounts to only about a kilogram (2.2 pounds). • The uterus also plays a role in sexual response, by directing blood flow to the pelvis and ovaries, and to the external genitals, including the vagina, labia, and clitoris.