SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 5
Subject: PHARMACEUTICAL
ENGINEERING-Theory
SIMPLE DISTILLATION
PREPARED BY: KASHISH WILSON
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR,
MM COLLLEGE OF PHARMACY,
MM(DU),
MULLANA , AMBALA
Contents:
 Introduction & basic principles and methodology of
1. Simple distillation
2. Flash distillation
3. Factional distillation
4. Distillation under reduced pressure
5. Steam distillation
6. Molecular distillation
Introduction
 Distillation is a process in which a liquid or vapour mixture of two
or more substances is separated into its component fractions of
desired purity, by the application and removal of heat.
 Principle:
Separation of components from a liquid mixture via distillation
depends on the differences in boiling points of the individual
components. And also depends on the vapour pressure characteristics
of liquid mixtures.
Simple Distillation
 In Simple distillation the only one
chain of vaporization and
condensation takes place
 Its only applicable if difference of
boiling points is very large like 25-
35`C.
 It is mostly use to separate volatile
liquid from nonvolatile liquids.
 Its difficult get pure substance only by
simple distillation.
 Distillation of seawater.
Thank You

More Related Content

Similar to Simple distillation.pptx

Separation techniques - introduction
Separation techniques - introductionSeparation techniques - introduction
Separation techniques - introductionSIVASWAROOP YARASI
 
separationtechniques-introduction-190810143855.pdf
separationtechniques-introduction-190810143855.pdfseparationtechniques-introduction-190810143855.pdf
separationtechniques-introduction-190810143855.pdfUMAIRASHFAQ20
 
Laboratory assignment 5 not done
Laboratory assignment 5 not doneLaboratory assignment 5 not done
Laboratory assignment 5 not doneIshiPearlTupaz1
 
Ppt purification of organic compounds
Ppt purification of organic compoundsPpt purification of organic compounds
Ppt purification of organic compoundsDrSeemaPattanshettiG
 
MICROWAVE ASSISTED EXTRACTION
MICROWAVE ASSISTED EXTRACTIONMICROWAVE ASSISTED EXTRACTION
MICROWAVE ASSISTED EXTRACTIONNikhita Yadav
 
Solvent extraction and separation tech. PPT.pptx
Solvent extraction and separation tech. PPT.pptxSolvent extraction and separation tech. PPT.pptx
Solvent extraction and separation tech. PPT.pptxVandanaMundawane
 
Microencapsulation 1
Microencapsulation 1Microencapsulation 1
Microencapsulation 1saima rani
 
Distillation chapter.pptx
Distillation chapter.pptxDistillation chapter.pptx
Distillation chapter.pptxHemaA14
 
5-Separating Mixtures.pptx
5-Separating Mixtures.pptx5-Separating Mixtures.pptx
5-Separating Mixtures.pptxElena367975
 
CHE504_Lab_Report_On_Membrane_Separation (1).pdf
CHE504_Lab_Report_On_Membrane_Separation (1).pdfCHE504_Lab_Report_On_Membrane_Separation (1).pdf
CHE504_Lab_Report_On_Membrane_Separation (1).pdfNURULAFIQAHABDHADI
 
mass transfer operation include in chemical engineering
mass transfer operation include in chemical engineeringmass transfer operation include in chemical engineering
mass transfer operation include in chemical engineeringpankaj saini
 
Handling of extracts
Handling of extractsHandling of extracts
Handling of extractsAnup Ray
 

Similar to Simple distillation.pptx (20)

Separation techniques - introduction
Separation techniques - introductionSeparation techniques - introduction
Separation techniques - introduction
 
separationtechniques-introduction-190810143855.pdf
separationtechniques-introduction-190810143855.pdfseparationtechniques-introduction-190810143855.pdf
separationtechniques-introduction-190810143855.pdf
 
Laboratory assignment 5 not done
Laboratory assignment 5 not doneLaboratory assignment 5 not done
Laboratory assignment 5 not done
 
Separation process
Separation processSeparation process
Separation process
 
Ppt purification of organic compounds
Ppt purification of organic compoundsPpt purification of organic compounds
Ppt purification of organic compounds
 
MICROWAVE ASSISTED EXTRACTION
MICROWAVE ASSISTED EXTRACTIONMICROWAVE ASSISTED EXTRACTION
MICROWAVE ASSISTED EXTRACTION
 
Solvent extraction and separation tech. PPT.pptx
Solvent extraction and separation tech. PPT.pptxSolvent extraction and separation tech. PPT.pptx
Solvent extraction and separation tech. PPT.pptx
 
Microencapsulation 1
Microencapsulation 1Microencapsulation 1
Microencapsulation 1
 
Extraction.pptx
Extraction.pptxExtraction.pptx
Extraction.pptx
 
Purification product
Purification product Purification product
Purification product
 
Distillation chapter.pptx
Distillation chapter.pptxDistillation chapter.pptx
Distillation chapter.pptx
 
Disillation
DisillationDisillation
Disillation
 
5-Separating Mixtures.pptx
5-Separating Mixtures.pptx5-Separating Mixtures.pptx
5-Separating Mixtures.pptx
 
Nfpt
Nfpt Nfpt
Nfpt
 
Extraction.pptx
Extraction.pptxExtraction.pptx
Extraction.pptx
 
CHE504_Lab_Report_On_Membrane_Separation (1).pdf
CHE504_Lab_Report_On_Membrane_Separation (1).pdfCHE504_Lab_Report_On_Membrane_Separation (1).pdf
CHE504_Lab_Report_On_Membrane_Separation (1).pdf
 
mass transfer operation include in chemical engineering
mass transfer operation include in chemical engineeringmass transfer operation include in chemical engineering
mass transfer operation include in chemical engineering
 
Handling of extracts
Handling of extractsHandling of extracts
Handling of extracts
 
ADVANCE SEPARATION PROCESS
ADVANCE SEPARATION PROCESS ADVANCE SEPARATION PROCESS
ADVANCE SEPARATION PROCESS
 
Separation techniques p.6
Separation techniques p.6Separation techniques p.6
Separation techniques p.6
 

More from KashishWilson1

More from KashishWilson1 (20)

Good Warehousing Practice.pptx-1.pdf
Good Warehousing Practice.pptx-1.pdfGood Warehousing Practice.pptx-1.pdf
Good Warehousing Practice.pptx-1.pdf
 
Complaints.pptx
Complaints.pptxComplaints.pptx
Complaints.pptx
 
ICH introduction.pptx
ICH introduction.pptxICH introduction.pptx
ICH introduction.pptx
 
Training.pptx
Training.pptxTraining.pptx
Training.pptx
 
Responsibilities In Pharma Company
Responsibilities In Pharma CompanyResponsibilities In Pharma Company
Responsibilities In Pharma Company
 
Hygiene In Pharma Company
Hygiene In Pharma CompanyHygiene In Pharma Company
Hygiene In Pharma Company
 
Elements and objectives of QBD.pptx
Elements and objectives of QBD.pptxElements and objectives of QBD.pptx
Elements and objectives of QBD.pptx
 
QBD.pptx
QBD.pptxQBD.pptx
QBD.pptx
 
Total quality management
Total quality management Total quality management
Total quality management
 
TQM Benefits and Gurus.pptx
TQM Benefits and Gurus.pptxTQM Benefits and Gurus.pptx
TQM Benefits and Gurus.pptx
 
TQM Advantages & disadvantages.pptx
TQM Advantages & disadvantages.pptxTQM Advantages & disadvantages.pptx
TQM Advantages & disadvantages.pptx
 
ICH goals and process.pptx
ICH goals and process.pptxICH goals and process.pptx
ICH goals and process.pptx
 
Introduction to ICH.pptx
Introduction to ICH.pptxIntroduction to ICH.pptx
Introduction to ICH.pptx
 
Mixing.pptx
Mixing.pptxMixing.pptx
Mixing.pptx
 
Freeze dryer.pptx
Freeze dryer.pptxFreeze dryer.pptx
Freeze dryer.pptx
 
Vacuum dryer
Vacuum dryer Vacuum dryer
Vacuum dryer
 
FLUIDIZED BED DRYER
FLUIDIZED BED DRYERFLUIDIZED BED DRYER
FLUIDIZED BED DRYER
 
SPRAY DRYER
SPRAY DRYERSPRAY DRYER
SPRAY DRYER
 
Drum Dryer
Drum DryerDrum Dryer
Drum Dryer
 
tray drayer.pptx
tray drayer.pptxtray drayer.pptx
tray drayer.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxVanesaIglesias10
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataBabyAnnMotar
 
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptxProduction of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
CONCEPT OF MUTATION AND ITS CLASSIFICATION .pptx
CONCEPT OF MUTATION AND ITS CLASSIFICATION .pptxCONCEPT OF MUTATION AND ITS CLASSIFICATION .pptx
CONCEPT OF MUTATION AND ITS CLASSIFICATION .pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfJemuel Francisco
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONHumphrey A Beña
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4MiaBumagat1
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleCeline George
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Celine George
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 

Recently uploaded (20)

ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
 
LEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
LEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxLEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
LEFT_ON_C'N_ PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptxProduction of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
CONCEPT OF MUTATION AND ITS CLASSIFICATION .pptx
CONCEPT OF MUTATION AND ITS CLASSIFICATION .pptxCONCEPT OF MUTATION AND ITS CLASSIFICATION .pptx
CONCEPT OF MUTATION AND ITS CLASSIFICATION .pptx
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxFINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 

Simple distillation.pptx

  • 1. Subject: PHARMACEUTICAL ENGINEERING-Theory SIMPLE DISTILLATION PREPARED BY: KASHISH WILSON ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, MM COLLLEGE OF PHARMACY, MM(DU), MULLANA , AMBALA
  • 2. Contents:  Introduction & basic principles and methodology of 1. Simple distillation 2. Flash distillation 3. Factional distillation 4. Distillation under reduced pressure 5. Steam distillation 6. Molecular distillation
  • 3. Introduction  Distillation is a process in which a liquid or vapour mixture of two or more substances is separated into its component fractions of desired purity, by the application and removal of heat.  Principle: Separation of components from a liquid mixture via distillation depends on the differences in boiling points of the individual components. And also depends on the vapour pressure characteristics of liquid mixtures.
  • 4. Simple Distillation  In Simple distillation the only one chain of vaporization and condensation takes place  Its only applicable if difference of boiling points is very large like 25- 35`C.  It is mostly use to separate volatile liquid from nonvolatile liquids.  Its difficult get pure substance only by simple distillation.  Distillation of seawater.