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runC: The little engine that could
(run Docker containers)
Phil Estes
IBM Cloud, Open Technology
About Me
2
Phil Estes
Senior Technical Staff Member
IBM Cloud, Open Technology & Strategy
@estesp
> Docker core engine maintainer
> Member of “Docker Captains” program
> 10+ years involved in Linux/OSS
Community accomplishments:
> User namespace support in the
Docker engine
> Helped design v2.2 image spec
with multi-platform support
> Implemented first tool to create
multi-platform images in Docker
v2.3 registry & DockerHub
What is the OCI?
(Open Container Initiative)
3
Open Container Initiative (OCI)
4
• A Linux Foundation Collaborative Project
• Free from control by any particular vendor’s specific cloud stack or ecosystem
• Includes:
○ container runtime specification
○ reference runtime*
○ and now, an image format specification
*seeded with runc + libcontainer by Docker
> Runtime specification: Release 1.0.0-rc1 / June 2016
https://github.com/opencontainers/runtime-spec/releases/tag/v1.0.0-rc1
Approaching a finalized 1.0 release (waiting on release criteria discussion)
Includes required core for containerization on Linux, Solaris, & Windows
> Image format specification: Milestone 0.3.0 / June 2016
https://github.com/opencontainers/image-spec/milestones/v0.3.0
Seeded with Docker registry v2.2 specification
Cadence of pre-releases underway in the repository:
- 0.2.0 release 3 weeks ago
- 0.3.0 targeted for this week
• Announced June
20th, 2015
• Charter signed on
December 8th, 2015
• 46 current member
companies
• Targeting a 1.0
specification
(runtime) by June
https://opencontainers.org
https://github.com/opencontainers
5
OCI: Specs and Status
What is `runc`?
(and how do you pronounce it?)
6
> runc is a client wrapper around libcontainer
> Libcontainer is the operating system interface
runC requires two pieces of information: a) an
OCI config (JSON) and b) a root filesystem
$ docker run -it --read-only -v /host:/hostpath alpine sh
/#
{
"ociVersion": "0.6.0-dev",
"platform": {
"os": "linux",
"arch": "amd64"
},
"process": {
"terminal": true,
"args": [
"sh"
],
"env": [
"PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/bin”
config.json
7
Introduction to `runc`
Implement low-level container features
• Operating system level features should be defined in the OCI runtime specification
• New capabilities (PID cgroup controls, checkpoint/restore, seccomp) implemented in runC
INTEREST
INTEREST
INTEREST
1. Docker 2. OpenVZ 3. Huawei 4. Redhat 5. Google 6. IBM 7. SuSE 8. Pivotal 9. Fujitsu 10. Microsoft
Top 10 contributing companies to opencontainers/runc
OCI compliance/pluggable execution engine
• Implement a OS/environment for containers via an OCI spec compliant binary
• Examples: runz (Solaris zones), runv (hypervisor-based), Intel Clear Containers
Iterative container configuration test/debug
• Simple variant of “Docker-like” containers with less friction for quick modifications
• Low bar for dependencies: single binary + physical rootfs bundle + JSON config
8
runC: An open innovation platform
Let’s Demo `runc`!
# you’ll see the following tools/projects during the demo:
/usr/bin/runc https://github.com/opencontainers/runc
/usr/bin/ocitools https://github.com/opencontainers/ocitools
/usr/local/bin/riddler https://github.com/jfrazelle/riddler
/usr/local/bin/netns https://github.com/jfrazelle/netns
/usr/local/bin/uidmapshift http://bazaar.launchpad.net/~serge-hallyn/+junk/nsexec/view/head:/uidmapshift.c
9
10
OCI: Futures
• Image Format Specification
– Implementation details under discussion; get involved if an area of
interest for you or your company
• More users/contributed implementations of the OCI spec(s)
• runC innovations moving up the stack
– checkpoint/restore underway (exposed via Docker engine)
– Seccomp, user namespaces, PID limits are prior examples
• What do you plan to do with OCI and/or the runC implementation?
Thank you!
11
@estesp
github.com/estesp
estesp@gmail.com
https://integratedcode.us
IRC: estesp

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Runc: The Little Engine That Could (Run Docker Containers)

  • 1. runC: The little engine that could (run Docker containers) Phil Estes IBM Cloud, Open Technology
  • 2. About Me 2 Phil Estes Senior Technical Staff Member IBM Cloud, Open Technology & Strategy @estesp > Docker core engine maintainer > Member of “Docker Captains” program > 10+ years involved in Linux/OSS Community accomplishments: > User namespace support in the Docker engine > Helped design v2.2 image spec with multi-platform support > Implemented first tool to create multi-platform images in Docker v2.3 registry & DockerHub
  • 3. What is the OCI? (Open Container Initiative) 3
  • 4. Open Container Initiative (OCI) 4 • A Linux Foundation Collaborative Project • Free from control by any particular vendor’s specific cloud stack or ecosystem • Includes: ○ container runtime specification ○ reference runtime* ○ and now, an image format specification *seeded with runc + libcontainer by Docker
  • 5. > Runtime specification: Release 1.0.0-rc1 / June 2016 https://github.com/opencontainers/runtime-spec/releases/tag/v1.0.0-rc1 Approaching a finalized 1.0 release (waiting on release criteria discussion) Includes required core for containerization on Linux, Solaris, & Windows > Image format specification: Milestone 0.3.0 / June 2016 https://github.com/opencontainers/image-spec/milestones/v0.3.0 Seeded with Docker registry v2.2 specification Cadence of pre-releases underway in the repository: - 0.2.0 release 3 weeks ago - 0.3.0 targeted for this week • Announced June 20th, 2015 • Charter signed on December 8th, 2015 • 46 current member companies • Targeting a 1.0 specification (runtime) by June https://opencontainers.org https://github.com/opencontainers 5 OCI: Specs and Status
  • 6. What is `runc`? (and how do you pronounce it?) 6
  • 7. > runc is a client wrapper around libcontainer > Libcontainer is the operating system interface runC requires two pieces of information: a) an OCI config (JSON) and b) a root filesystem $ docker run -it --read-only -v /host:/hostpath alpine sh /# { "ociVersion": "0.6.0-dev", "platform": { "os": "linux", "arch": "amd64" }, "process": { "terminal": true, "args": [ "sh" ], "env": [ "PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/bin” config.json 7 Introduction to `runc`
  • 8. Implement low-level container features • Operating system level features should be defined in the OCI runtime specification • New capabilities (PID cgroup controls, checkpoint/restore, seccomp) implemented in runC INTEREST INTEREST INTEREST 1. Docker 2. OpenVZ 3. Huawei 4. Redhat 5. Google 6. IBM 7. SuSE 8. Pivotal 9. Fujitsu 10. Microsoft Top 10 contributing companies to opencontainers/runc OCI compliance/pluggable execution engine • Implement a OS/environment for containers via an OCI spec compliant binary • Examples: runz (Solaris zones), runv (hypervisor-based), Intel Clear Containers Iterative container configuration test/debug • Simple variant of “Docker-like” containers with less friction for quick modifications • Low bar for dependencies: single binary + physical rootfs bundle + JSON config 8 runC: An open innovation platform
  • 9. Let’s Demo `runc`! # you’ll see the following tools/projects during the demo: /usr/bin/runc https://github.com/opencontainers/runc /usr/bin/ocitools https://github.com/opencontainers/ocitools /usr/local/bin/riddler https://github.com/jfrazelle/riddler /usr/local/bin/netns https://github.com/jfrazelle/netns /usr/local/bin/uidmapshift http://bazaar.launchpad.net/~serge-hallyn/+junk/nsexec/view/head:/uidmapshift.c 9
  • 10. 10 OCI: Futures • Image Format Specification – Implementation details under discussion; get involved if an area of interest for you or your company • More users/contributed implementations of the OCI spec(s) • runC innovations moving up the stack – checkpoint/restore underway (exposed via Docker engine) – Seccomp, user namespaces, PID limits are prior examples • What do you plan to do with OCI and/or the runC implementation?