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GOOGLE
PROJECT LOON
BALLOON POWER INTERNET FOR EVERYONE.
PRESENTED BY,
DHANESH P
                                                   MCA 1ST SEMESTER
                                                   CHINMAYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
CONTENT’SCONTENT’S
1. INTRODUCTION
2. HISTORY OF INTERNET
3. GROWTH OF INTERNET IN INDIA
4. WHAT IS GOOGLE PROJECT LOON?
5. WHERE’S THE LOON?
6. STRATOSPHERE
7. HOW IS LOON DESIGNED?
ENVELOPE
SOLAR PANELS
ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS
8. HOW LOON MOVES?
9. HOW LOON CONNECTS?
10. THE PILOT TEST
11. CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION
● There are a lot of advancements in the
Internet Technolgy.
● It became so easy to do anything with
Internet.
● But still two third of the world’s population is
not connected to the internet due to several
problems.
● “Project Loon” is one of the most wonderful
idea taken up by Google as a solution for this !
HISTORY OF INTERNETHISTORY OF INTERNET
● Internet begins with the development of electronic
computers in the 1950s.
● ARPANET was developed in 1960s.
● In 1982, the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) was
introduced as the standard networking protocol on the
ARPANET.
● Commercial Internet service providers (ISPs) began to
emerge in the late 1980s.
● Since the mid-1990s, the Internet has had a
revolutionary impact on culture and commerce.
Continue...Continue...
● There Was A Rise Of Near-Instant
Communication By Electronic Mail, Instant
Messaging,Two-Way Interactive Video Calls, And
The World Wide Webwith Its Discussion Forums,
Blogs,Social Networking, And Online Shopping
Sites.
● Increasing Amounts Of Data Are Transmitted At
Higher And Higher Speeds Over Fiber Optic
Networks.
● Today The Internet Continues To Grow.
The World Wide WebThe World Wide Web
➔ It Was An Open Platform Of Standars Where
Anyone Could Create A Web Site On The Internet.
➔ Tim Berners-Lee Invented The World Wide Web
1989.
➔ The Internet Grew To Become One Of The Largest
Structures Ever Assembled By Humans.
Growth Of Internet In IndiaGrowth Of Internet In India
➔ Internet in india began with the launch of the
educational research network (ERNET) in 1986.
➔ The first publicly available internet service in
India was launched by state-owned Videsh
Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) on 14 August
1995.
➔ Presently Over 200 Million Users
➔ 10 years –From 10 million to 100 million
Internet users. Now the country is adding five
million new Internet users every month. 
What is Google Project Loon?What is Google Project Loon?
● Research and development project being developed by
Google X.
● Aim: Providing Internet access to rural and remote areas,
help fill coverage gaps, and bring people back online after
disasters.
● Uses high-altitude balloons placed in the stratosphere to
create an aerial wireless network.
● Can provide 3G-like speed up to 10Mbps .
● Cost effective way to provide Internet access across the
world.
● Officially announced as a Google project on 14 June 2013.
KEY PEOPLE BEHIND THE PROJECTKEY PEOPLE BEHIND THE PROJECT
● RICH DEVAUL - The chief technical architect
● MIKE CASSIDY - The project loon leader.
● CYRUS BEHZOORI – Networking and
telecommunication.
TECHNOLOGYTECHNOLOGY
The technology designed in the project could allow
countries to avoid using expensive fibre cable.
The high-altitude polyethylene balloons fly around
the world on the prevailing winds.
Solar panels about the size of a card table that are
just below the free-flying balloons generate
enough electricity in four hours to power the
transmitter for a day and beam down the Internet
signal to ground stations.
Continue.....Continue.....
Project Loon balloons float in the
stratosphere,twice as high as airplanes and
the weather.
People connect to the balloon network using
a special Internet antenna attached to their
building.
The signal bounces from balloon to balloon,
then to the global Internet back on Earth.
Where’s the Loon?
EXOSPHERE
Outer most layer
700 to 10,000 km
Contains most of
the satellites
orbiting
Earth
THERMOSPHERE
Second-highest layer
Contains
theionosphere
Space shuttle orbits
at this layer
MESOSPHERE
Third highest layer
50 to 80 km
Mainly accessed by
sounding rockets
TROPOSPHERE
Lowest layer – 12 km
Weather takes place
Accessed by propeller
driven aircraft
Stratosphere
● The second-lowest layer of Earth's
atmosphere – 12 to 50km.
● Lower boundary of the stratosphere is called
the tropopause; the upper boundary is called
the stratopause.
● Layers of air there are quite stable.
● Commercial jet aircraft fly in the lower
stratosphere.
Continue...Continue...
● Air is roughly a thousand times thinner at
the top of the stratosphere than it is at sea
level.
● Thin atmosphere offers less protection
from UV radiation.
● PROJECT LOON balloons operates in the
stratosphere, at altitudes between 18 km
and 25 km.
Why Stratosphere?
Highest layer accessed by weatherballoons.
Relatively low wind speeds.
Minimal turbulence.
Well above weather events, wildlife and
airplanes.
How Is Loon Designed?
The loon is consist of three parts: an envelope,
solar panels and equipment.
Envelope
Solar Panels
Equipment
ENVELOPEENVELOPE
Inflatable Part Of The Balloon
Made From Sheets Of
Polyethylene Plastic[0.076 Mm
Thick]
It Strongly Keeps From Stretching
& Popping At Even High Altitude
Measure 15m Wide By 12m Tall
When Fully Inflated
A Parachute Attached To The Top
Of The Envelope
They Are Specially Constructed For Use In Super
Pressure Balloons, Which Are Resistant To Uv Radiation
SOLAR PANELSSOLAR PANELS
Powered by an array of solar
panels
Solar array is a flexible plastic
Laminate supported by a light
weight aluminum frame.
Uses high efficiency
monocrystalline solar cells.
Produce approximately 100 Watts
of power in full sun.
Also charges a battery for use at
night.
● Electronic Equipments
A small box containing the
balloon’s electronic equipment
Enclosed in a box weighing 10kg
This box contains circuit boards
that control the system .
Each balloon is equipped with a
GPS for tracking its location.
Lithium Ion batteries to store
solar power
Continue...Continue...
Radio antennas to communicate with other
balloons and with Internet antennas on the
ground
Air Control Systems pumps in or releases air from
the envelope to control its elevation
After  the  Loon  is  completely designed  it  look  like After  the  Loon  is  completely designed  it  look  like 
this........this........
HOW LOON MOVESHOW LOON MOVES
Project Loon balloons travel
around 65,000 feet above
the Earth’s surface in the
Stratosphere.
Winds in the stratosphere are
generally steady and slow-
moving at between 5 and 20
mph, and each layer of wind
varies in direction
Due to the wind properties, balloons can travel along
latitude line
Continue...Continue...
Horizontal movement: Moves along the wind in
each layer of the
stratosphereUses certain software algorithms to
determine where its balloons need to go
The movement is monitored by the GPS tracking
system.
HOW LOON CONNECTS?HOW LOON CONNECTS?
Two kinds of communications:
Special Radio Antenna
Communicate using unlicensed 2.4 and 5.8 GHz
ISM bands.
Currently, hundreds of people can connect to each
balloon at once.
Balloon-to-Balloon network.
Balloon-to-Ground station or Subscribers network
Continue...Continue...
Can provide connectivity to a ground area about
40 km in diameter.
Requires users to install a specialized antenna the
outside of their home to receive the signal from a
balloon near their home.
HOW LOON WORKS ???HOW LOON WORKS ???
RECEPTION OF LOON SERVICESRECEPTION OF LOON SERVICES
Reception of Loon services requires a specialized
antenna.
The special antenna installed the outside of home
receives data and decrypt the data.
To receive the service directly on tophones, the user
will have to use a Google SIM card.
ISM BANDISM BAND
The industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio
bands are radio bands (portions of the radio
spectrum).
Project Loon currently uses ISM bands (specifically
2.4 and 5.8 GHz bands) that are available for
anyone to use.
Part of the radio spectrum that can be used for
any purpose without a license in most countries.
Cordless telephones, wireless computer networks,
Bluetooth devices.
Continue...Continue...
 These also avoids interferences and reaches much
further distances.
 Google is able to avoid negotiating with local
governments to purchase specific radio frequencies.
THE PILOT TESTTHE PILOT TEST
● Project Loon Starts In June 2013 With An
Experimental Pilot In New Zealand.
● A Small Group Of Project Loon Pioneers Will Test The
Technology In Christchurch And Canterbury.
Continue....Continue....
● 30 Balloons, Launched From New Zealand’s
South Island.
● About 50 Local Users In And Around 
christchurch and The canterbury
Region tested Connections To The Aerial
Network Using Special Antennas.
PRACTICAL PARAMETERSPRACTICAL PARAMETERS
THE BALLOON
 Polyethylene plastic envelops manufactured by
Raven Aerostat: $4,000
 Helium gas per loon per flight: $2,000
 100W solar panels (5ft × 5ft): $500
 Navigation control system: $1000
 Equipment box (circuit boards, radio
antennae, GPS, weather instruments
and batteries): $12,000
HOW WILL THE LOON DESCEND?HOW WILL THE LOON DESCEND?
➔
The easiest method to make balloon down to lift
the valve at the top to gradually release the helium
gas.
➔ In the event of an unexpected landing/failure, every
Loon balloon is equipped with a parachute to
ensure safer landing.
➔ Also equipped with special lamps and reflectors to
provide warning for aircrafts during the descend.
➔ GPS helps to track the descend path of the loon.
ADVANTAGESADVANTAGES
&&
DISADVANTAGESDISADVANTAGES
ADVANTAGES
➔ Provide Internet to rural & disaster areas
➔ Cheaper data rates
➔ Cheaper infrastructure
➔ Faster & Efficient connection
➔ Use of renewable energy sources
➔ Secure data
DISADVANTAGES
➔ Shorter life
➔ Requires continuous monitoring
➔ Maintanance
➔ Cost
INCIDENTSINCIDENTS
● In May 2014, a Loon balloon crashed into power lines in Washington,
United States.
● On 20 June 2014, New Zealand officials briefly scrambled emergency
services personnel when a Loon balloon came down.
● On 23 April 2015, a Loon balloon crashed in a field near Bragg City,
Missouri.
● On September 12, 2015, a Loon balloon crash landed in the front
lawn of a residence on Rancho Hills, Chino Hills, CA.
● On 17 February 2016, a Loon balloon crashed in the tea-growing
region of Gampola, Sri Lanka while carrying out tests.
● On April 7, 2016, a Loon balloon landed on a farm in Dundee,
KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
● On April 22, 2016, a Loon balloon crashed in a field in the Ñeembucu
department, Paraguay.
● On August 26, 2016, a Loon balloon landed northwest of Madison,
SD.
CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION
➔ Project Loon is an ambitious project and the world
will highly benefit from it.
➔ Project Loon, an initiative to help fill in those internet
gaps through the use of networked balloons.
➔ The goal is to provide broadband-like internet for the
two-thirds of the world that doesn’t have access to a
reliable internet connection by balloon.
➔ It is still in experimental phase.
roject Loon is an ambitious project and the world will Project
Loon is an ambitious project and the world will highly benefit from it.
BibliographyBibliography
● http://www.google.com/loon/
● http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Projectloon
● http://www.youtube.com/googleloon
ANY DOUBTS ???ANY DOUBTS ???
project loon

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project loon

  • 1. GOOGLE PROJECT LOON BALLOON POWER INTERNET FOR EVERYONE. PRESENTED BY, DHANESH P                                                    MCA 1ST SEMESTER                                                    CHINMAYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
  • 2. CONTENT’SCONTENT’S 1. INTRODUCTION 2. HISTORY OF INTERNET 3. GROWTH OF INTERNET IN INDIA 4. WHAT IS GOOGLE PROJECT LOON? 5. WHERE’S THE LOON? 6. STRATOSPHERE 7. HOW IS LOON DESIGNED? ENVELOPE SOLAR PANELS ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS 8. HOW LOON MOVES? 9. HOW LOON CONNECTS? 10. THE PILOT TEST 11. CONCLUSION
  • 3. INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION ● There are a lot of advancements in the Internet Technolgy. ● It became so easy to do anything with Internet. ● But still two third of the world’s population is not connected to the internet due to several problems. ● “Project Loon” is one of the most wonderful idea taken up by Google as a solution for this !
  • 4. HISTORY OF INTERNETHISTORY OF INTERNET ● Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the 1950s. ● ARPANET was developed in 1960s. ● In 1982, the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) was introduced as the standard networking protocol on the ARPANET. ● Commercial Internet service providers (ISPs) began to emerge in the late 1980s. ● Since the mid-1990s, the Internet has had a revolutionary impact on culture and commerce.
  • 5. Continue...Continue... ● There Was A Rise Of Near-Instant Communication By Electronic Mail, Instant Messaging,Two-Way Interactive Video Calls, And The World Wide Webwith Its Discussion Forums, Blogs,Social Networking, And Online Shopping Sites. ● Increasing Amounts Of Data Are Transmitted At Higher And Higher Speeds Over Fiber Optic Networks. ● Today The Internet Continues To Grow.
  • 6. The World Wide WebThe World Wide Web ➔ It Was An Open Platform Of Standars Where Anyone Could Create A Web Site On The Internet. ➔ Tim Berners-Lee Invented The World Wide Web 1989. ➔ The Internet Grew To Become One Of The Largest Structures Ever Assembled By Humans.
  • 7. Growth Of Internet In IndiaGrowth Of Internet In India ➔ Internet in india began with the launch of the educational research network (ERNET) in 1986. ➔ The first publicly available internet service in India was launched by state-owned Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) on 14 August 1995. ➔ Presently Over 200 Million Users ➔ 10 years –From 10 million to 100 million Internet users. Now the country is adding five million new Internet users every month. 
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  • 10. What is Google Project Loon?What is Google Project Loon? ● Research and development project being developed by Google X. ● Aim: Providing Internet access to rural and remote areas, help fill coverage gaps, and bring people back online after disasters. ● Uses high-altitude balloons placed in the stratosphere to create an aerial wireless network. ● Can provide 3G-like speed up to 10Mbps . ● Cost effective way to provide Internet access across the world. ● Officially announced as a Google project on 14 June 2013.
  • 11. KEY PEOPLE BEHIND THE PROJECTKEY PEOPLE BEHIND THE PROJECT ● RICH DEVAUL - The chief technical architect ● MIKE CASSIDY - The project loon leader. ● CYRUS BEHZOORI – Networking and telecommunication.
  • 12. TECHNOLOGYTECHNOLOGY The technology designed in the project could allow countries to avoid using expensive fibre cable. The high-altitude polyethylene balloons fly around the world on the prevailing winds. Solar panels about the size of a card table that are just below the free-flying balloons generate enough electricity in four hours to power the transmitter for a day and beam down the Internet signal to ground stations.
  • 13. Continue.....Continue..... Project Loon balloons float in the stratosphere,twice as high as airplanes and the weather. People connect to the balloon network using a special Internet antenna attached to their building. The signal bounces from balloon to balloon, then to the global Internet back on Earth.
  • 14. Where’s the Loon? EXOSPHERE Outer most layer 700 to 10,000 km Contains most of the satellites orbiting Earth THERMOSPHERE Second-highest layer Contains theionosphere Space shuttle orbits at this layer MESOSPHERE Third highest layer 50 to 80 km Mainly accessed by sounding rockets TROPOSPHERE Lowest layer – 12 km Weather takes place Accessed by propeller driven aircraft
  • 15. Stratosphere ● The second-lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere – 12 to 50km. ● Lower boundary of the stratosphere is called the tropopause; the upper boundary is called the stratopause. ● Layers of air there are quite stable. ● Commercial jet aircraft fly in the lower stratosphere.
  • 16. Continue...Continue... ● Air is roughly a thousand times thinner at the top of the stratosphere than it is at sea level. ● Thin atmosphere offers less protection from UV radiation. ● PROJECT LOON balloons operates in the stratosphere, at altitudes between 18 km and 25 km.
  • 17. Why Stratosphere? Highest layer accessed by weatherballoons. Relatively low wind speeds. Minimal turbulence. Well above weather events, wildlife and airplanes.
  • 18. How Is Loon Designed? The loon is consist of three parts: an envelope, solar panels and equipment. Envelope Solar Panels Equipment
  • 19. ENVELOPEENVELOPE Inflatable Part Of The Balloon Made From Sheets Of Polyethylene Plastic[0.076 Mm Thick] It Strongly Keeps From Stretching & Popping At Even High Altitude Measure 15m Wide By 12m Tall When Fully Inflated A Parachute Attached To The Top Of The Envelope They Are Specially Constructed For Use In Super Pressure Balloons, Which Are Resistant To Uv Radiation
  • 20. SOLAR PANELSSOLAR PANELS Powered by an array of solar panels Solar array is a flexible plastic Laminate supported by a light weight aluminum frame. Uses high efficiency monocrystalline solar cells. Produce approximately 100 Watts of power in full sun. Also charges a battery for use at night.
  • 21. ● Electronic Equipments A small box containing the balloon’s electronic equipment Enclosed in a box weighing 10kg This box contains circuit boards that control the system . Each balloon is equipped with a GPS for tracking its location. Lithium Ion batteries to store solar power
  • 22. Continue...Continue... Radio antennas to communicate with other balloons and with Internet antennas on the ground Air Control Systems pumps in or releases air from the envelope to control its elevation
  • 24. HOW LOON MOVESHOW LOON MOVES Project Loon balloons travel around 65,000 feet above the Earth’s surface in the Stratosphere. Winds in the stratosphere are generally steady and slow- moving at between 5 and 20 mph, and each layer of wind varies in direction Due to the wind properties, balloons can travel along latitude line
  • 25. Continue...Continue... Horizontal movement: Moves along the wind in each layer of the stratosphereUses certain software algorithms to determine where its balloons need to go The movement is monitored by the GPS tracking system.
  • 26. HOW LOON CONNECTS?HOW LOON CONNECTS? Two kinds of communications: Special Radio Antenna Communicate using unlicensed 2.4 and 5.8 GHz ISM bands. Currently, hundreds of people can connect to each balloon at once. Balloon-to-Balloon network. Balloon-to-Ground station or Subscribers network
  • 27. Continue...Continue... Can provide connectivity to a ground area about 40 km in diameter. Requires users to install a specialized antenna the outside of their home to receive the signal from a balloon near their home.
  • 28. HOW LOON WORKS ???HOW LOON WORKS ???
  • 29. RECEPTION OF LOON SERVICESRECEPTION OF LOON SERVICES Reception of Loon services requires a specialized antenna. The special antenna installed the outside of home receives data and decrypt the data. To receive the service directly on tophones, the user will have to use a Google SIM card.
  • 30. ISM BANDISM BAND The industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio bands are radio bands (portions of the radio spectrum). Project Loon currently uses ISM bands (specifically 2.4 and 5.8 GHz bands) that are available for anyone to use. Part of the radio spectrum that can be used for any purpose without a license in most countries. Cordless telephones, wireless computer networks, Bluetooth devices.
  • 31. Continue...Continue...  These also avoids interferences and reaches much further distances.  Google is able to avoid negotiating with local governments to purchase specific radio frequencies.
  • 32. THE PILOT TESTTHE PILOT TEST ● Project Loon Starts In June 2013 With An Experimental Pilot In New Zealand. ● A Small Group Of Project Loon Pioneers Will Test The Technology In Christchurch And Canterbury.
  • 33. Continue....Continue.... ● 30 Balloons, Launched From New Zealand’s South Island. ● About 50 Local Users In And Around  christchurch and The canterbury Region tested Connections To The Aerial Network Using Special Antennas.
  • 34.
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  • 37. PRACTICAL PARAMETERSPRACTICAL PARAMETERS THE BALLOON  Polyethylene plastic envelops manufactured by Raven Aerostat: $4,000  Helium gas per loon per flight: $2,000  100W solar panels (5ft × 5ft): $500  Navigation control system: $1000  Equipment box (circuit boards, radio antennae, GPS, weather instruments and batteries): $12,000
  • 38. HOW WILL THE LOON DESCEND?HOW WILL THE LOON DESCEND? ➔ The easiest method to make balloon down to lift the valve at the top to gradually release the helium gas. ➔ In the event of an unexpected landing/failure, every Loon balloon is equipped with a parachute to ensure safer landing. ➔ Also equipped with special lamps and reflectors to provide warning for aircrafts during the descend. ➔ GPS helps to track the descend path of the loon.
  • 40. ADVANTAGES ➔ Provide Internet to rural & disaster areas ➔ Cheaper data rates ➔ Cheaper infrastructure ➔ Faster & Efficient connection ➔ Use of renewable energy sources ➔ Secure data
  • 41. DISADVANTAGES ➔ Shorter life ➔ Requires continuous monitoring ➔ Maintanance ➔ Cost
  • 42. INCIDENTSINCIDENTS ● In May 2014, a Loon balloon crashed into power lines in Washington, United States. ● On 20 June 2014, New Zealand officials briefly scrambled emergency services personnel when a Loon balloon came down. ● On 23 April 2015, a Loon balloon crashed in a field near Bragg City, Missouri. ● On September 12, 2015, a Loon balloon crash landed in the front lawn of a residence on Rancho Hills, Chino Hills, CA. ● On 17 February 2016, a Loon balloon crashed in the tea-growing region of Gampola, Sri Lanka while carrying out tests. ● On April 7, 2016, a Loon balloon landed on a farm in Dundee, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ● On April 22, 2016, a Loon balloon crashed in a field in the Ñeembucu department, Paraguay. ● On August 26, 2016, a Loon balloon landed northwest of Madison, SD.
  • 43. CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION ➔ Project Loon is an ambitious project and the world will highly benefit from it. ➔ Project Loon, an initiative to help fill in those internet gaps through the use of networked balloons. ➔ The goal is to provide broadband-like internet for the two-thirds of the world that doesn’t have access to a reliable internet connection by balloon. ➔ It is still in experimental phase. roject Loon is an ambitious project and the world will Project Loon is an ambitious project and the world will highly benefit from it.
  • 45. ANY DOUBTS ???ANY DOUBTS ???