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PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES
Prepared by
NUR HANISAH BINTI ZAINOREN
ENGINEERING
MEASURE
S
PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES
Prepared by
NUR HANISAH BINTI ZAINOREN
ENGINEERING
MEASURE
S
DESIGN OF BUILDING
• Attention in the original plan
of the building which is put
up by the industrial architect
• Type of floor, walls, height,
ceiling, roof, doors and
windows, cubic spaces are all
matters
• Applied to industry or domestically
• Fundamental requirement for the control or
elimination of occupational hazards
• Covers general cleanliness, ventilation,
lighting, washing, food arrangements and
general maintenance
The dust which
settles down on the
stationary objects
should be promptly
removed by
vacuum cleaners or
by wetting agents
The walls, ceilings and
passages should be
white-washed at least
once a year
Masks, gloves, aprons and other
protective equipments should be
kept clean and in a state of good
repair
To prevent accidents, the right
thing should be in the right place
Not only inside, outside of the
plant should also be kept clean
and tidy
GENERAL VENTILATION
In every room of a factory, openings shall be…
Provided in the
proportion of 5 sq. feet
for each worker employed
in such room
In room where dust is
generated, there should
be an efficient exhaust
ventilation system
To admit a continued
supply of fresh air
MECHANIZAT
N
The plant should be mechanised to the fullest
possible extent to reduce the hazard of
contact with harmful substances
Dermatitis can be prevented if
hand-mixing is replaced by
mechanical devices
Acids can be conveyed
from one place to another
through pipes
Replacement of a harmful material by a
harmless one, or one with of lesser toxicity
Not always possible in industry. But where possible, it
should be used to the fullest possible extent
Examples:
• White phosphorus  Phosphorus sesquisulphide
• Lead paints  Zinc or iron paints
• Mercury salts  Silver salts
• Benzene  Acetone
Examples of Control:
– At the point of origin by water sprays
–Wet drilling of rock
– Inclusion of a little moisture in the material
will make the process of grinding, sieving and
mixing comparatively dust-free (wet methods)
PREVENTION & CONTROL OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES (Engineering measures)

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PREVENTION & CONTROL OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES (Engineering measures)

  • 1. PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES Prepared by NUR HANISAH BINTI ZAINOREN ENGINEERING MEASURE S
  • 2. PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES Prepared by NUR HANISAH BINTI ZAINOREN ENGINEERING MEASURE S
  • 3. DESIGN OF BUILDING • Attention in the original plan of the building which is put up by the industrial architect • Type of floor, walls, height, ceiling, roof, doors and windows, cubic spaces are all matters
  • 4. • Applied to industry or domestically • Fundamental requirement for the control or elimination of occupational hazards • Covers general cleanliness, ventilation, lighting, washing, food arrangements and general maintenance
  • 5. The dust which settles down on the stationary objects should be promptly removed by vacuum cleaners or by wetting agents The walls, ceilings and passages should be white-washed at least once a year
  • 6. Masks, gloves, aprons and other protective equipments should be kept clean and in a state of good repair To prevent accidents, the right thing should be in the right place Not only inside, outside of the plant should also be kept clean and tidy
  • 7. GENERAL VENTILATION In every room of a factory, openings shall be… Provided in the proportion of 5 sq. feet for each worker employed in such room In room where dust is generated, there should be an efficient exhaust ventilation system To admit a continued supply of fresh air
  • 8. MECHANIZAT N The plant should be mechanised to the fullest possible extent to reduce the hazard of contact with harmful substances Dermatitis can be prevented if hand-mixing is replaced by mechanical devices Acids can be conveyed from one place to another through pipes
  • 9. Replacement of a harmful material by a harmless one, or one with of lesser toxicity Not always possible in industry. But where possible, it should be used to the fullest possible extent Examples: • White phosphorus  Phosphorus sesquisulphide • Lead paints  Zinc or iron paints • Mercury salts  Silver salts • Benzene  Acetone
  • 10. Examples of Control: – At the point of origin by water sprays –Wet drilling of rock – Inclusion of a little moisture in the material will make the process of grinding, sieving and mixing comparatively dust-free (wet methods)

Editor's Notes

  1. stationary objects = floor, ledges, beams, machinery and other