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Dr. Matthias Kaiserswerth
Director and Vice President, IBM Research - Zurich




Meet IBM Research




                                        1            © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Agenda




     Introduction & Strategy
     How an idea becomes an innovation at IBM

     Dilemmas of Strategic Innovation Management

     Questions & Discussion




 2                                                 © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Agenda




     Introduction & Strategy




 2                             © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


IBM Research: The World is Our Lab




 3                                   © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


IBM Research: The World is Our Lab



 • World's largest information technology
     research organization
 • Patent Leadership
 • More than 3,000 scientists and engineers
 • IBM spent $6.3B on R&D in 2011
 • 5 Nobel Prize Laureates

 3                                          © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


IBM Research -Zürich

                                             Computer Science: Security and Privacy,
                                                   Business Integration Technologies,
                                             Distributed Computing, Systems Management


                                             Systems: Server Technology, Accelerator
                                                Technology, I/O Link Technologies,
                                              System Software, Energy Management

                                                 Storage: Tape Technologies,
- Founded in 1956                            Heads and Actuators, Storage Systems,
                                                Memory and Probe Technologies
- 45 Nationalities

- 25% students, pre- & post-docs, visiting     Math & Computational Sciences:
  scientists                                        Business Optimization,
                                             Computational Sciences, Data Analytics
- 90 Collaborations with Partners
                                             Science & Technology: Semiconductors,
- Two Nobel Prizes                               Systems, Beyond the Transistor,
  (1986 and 1987)                                Nanotechnology, Biotechnology

- Recently opened the Binnig and Rohrer
 4 Nanotechnology Center with ETH Zürich                                     © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Expanded Goals for our 2nd Century


     2012 and beyond
     Lead
       –IBM to new technologies/businesses
       –Stronger IBM/client collaborations
       –Deeper industry expertise



     “The World is our Lab”
       –Enable our new labs to succeed
       –Focus on growth markets
       –Real world research


     Even Bolder Leadership Agenda
       –Leadership offerings
       –A new era of computing
       –Far-reaching research and grand challenges




 5                                                   © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


IBM Research and Development
IBM continues to make consistent and sizable investments in R&D



                            $5.8B
                                                    6180
                                                     Patents
     R&D Investment




                        6% E/R                       6% E/R

                         ~2950
                        Patents




                            2005                    2011




 6                                                             © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


IBM Research: Supporting IBM’s Growth

                                                 Growth Markets
                                                 22% of IBM’s
                                                 geographic revenue




        Growth
       Initiatives
          60%

                        Cloud                                         Business Analytics
                                                                      16% revenue increase
                        3.8 times 2010 revenue                        from 2010




         Base
       Research
         40%


                                                 Smarter Planet
                                                 Nearly 50% revenue
                                                 increase from 2010
 7
IBM Research - Zurich


IBM’s Growth Market Expansion
In 2011 we opened nearly 100 new branch offices




 8
IBM Research - Zurich


The World is Our Lab




                                          Dublin

                                              Zurich
                                 Watson                                 China
           Almaden
                                                       Haifa                    Tokyo
                        Austin                                  India


                                                               Kenya
                                     Brazil

                                                                                  Melbourne




       IBM Research labs
       Labs added since 2010



 9
IBM Research - Zurich


Africa: The Next Frontier for IBM Research Innovation

                                   New lab in Kenya will conduct basic and
                                   applied research to solve East Africa’s
                                   problems, such as transportation
                                   congestion and to optimize the use,
                                   storage, safety and distribution of water.




10
IBM Research - Zurich


Agenda




     Introduction & Strategy
     How an idea becomes an innovation at IBM

     Dilemmas of Strategic Innovation Management

     Questions & Discussion




11                                                 © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Agenda




     How an idea becomes an innovation at IBM




11                                              © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM




           Technology
           Trends                                                                          Industry Solution
                                                                                           Labs

       Industry                                               Acquisitions
       Trends
                                Collaboration
                                                      Prototype
                         Idea

        Trend Scan
        3-10 years out                                               Pilot
                                    Research                                                     Deployment /
          Social                                                                                 Productization
                                                                                FOAK
          Trends


                                                                       Licensing
                                           Academic
                         Patents           Papers            Research
                                                             Solution Centers                        Transfer
                                                                                       Experience Papers




Ideas management
  12                                                                                         Business © 2012 IBM Corporation
                                                                                                       management
IBM Research - Zurich


How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM




           Technology
           Trends                                                                          Industry Solution
                                                                                           Labs

       Industry                                               Acquisitions
       Trends
                                Collaboration
                                                      Prototype
                         Idea

        Trend Scan
        3-10 years out                                               Pilot
                                    Research                                                     Deployment /
          Social                                                                                 Productization
                                                                                FOAK
          Trends


                                                                       Licensing
                                           Academic
                         Patents           Papers            Research
                                                             Solution Centers                        Transfer
                                                                                       Experience Papers




Ideas management
  12                                                                                         Business © 2012 IBM Corporation
                                                                                                       management
IBM Research - Zurich


Trend Scans




13                      © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Trend Scans




               Global
             Innovation
               Outlook
       Dialog about innovation,
        business transformation
        and societal progress
       Collaborate across a global
        ecosystem
       GIO 4.0: security and
        society, water and oceans

13                                    © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Trend Scans




                                        jam
               Global
             Innovation                   Jamming
               Outlook
       Dialog about innovation,       Collaboration between
        business transformation         companies,
        and societal progress
                                        organizations and
       Collaborate across a global     family members to
        ecosystem
                                        yield first-of-a-kind
       GIO 4.0: security and           opportunities
        society, water and oceans

13                                                              © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Trend Scans




                                        jam
               Global                                                 Global
             Innovation                   Jamming                   Technology
               Outlook                                                Outlook
       Dialog about innovation,       Collaboration between
        business transformation                                  Identify emerging
                                        companies,                technology trends
        and societal progress
                                        organizations and         significant to industry in
       Collaborate across a global     family members to
        ecosystem                                                 the next 3 - 7 years
                                        yield first-of-a-kind
       GIO 4.0: security and                                    Has a direct influence
                                        opportunities
        society, water and oceans                                 on IBM’s technical
                                                                  strategy
13                                                                                   © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


2012 Global Technology Outlook




       Managing
       Uncertain                       Systems of People
       Data at
       Scale
                                        The Future Watson



                                       Outcome Based Business


                        Future of   Resilient Business and Services
                        Analytics




14                                                                    © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM




           Technology
           Trends                                                                          Industry Solution
                                                                                           Labs

       Industry                                               Acquisitions
       Trends
                                Collaboration
                                                      Prototype
                         Idea

        Trend Scan
        3-10 years out                                               Pilot
                                    Research                                                    Deployment /
          Social                                                                                Productization
                                                                                FOAK
          Trends


                                                                       Licensing
                                           Academic
                         Patents           Papers            Research
                                                             Solution Centers                      Transfer
                                                                                       Experience Papers




Ideas management
  15                                                                                                  © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM




           Technology
           Trends                                                                          Industry Solution
                                                                                           Labs

       Industry                                               Acquisitions
       Trends
                                Collaboration
                                                      Prototype
                         Idea

        Trend Scan
        3-10 years out                                               Pilot
                                    Research                                                    Deployment /
          Social                                                                                Productization
                                                                                FOAK
          Trends


                                                                       Licensing
                                           Academic
                         Patents           Papers            Research
                                                             Solution Centers                      Transfer
                                                                                       Experience Papers




Ideas management
  15                                                                                                  © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


 Idea/Concept


                     se
IBM Press Relea
                                                    rs
                                sio ns in data cente
   Intelligent use of heat emis
                      of the future                                                                                                              IBM's
                                                                                                                          air scientists from
                                                                                                   eBIT 2008 tradef                                on
                                                                              2008 — At the C                                 ept of a zero carb
                                                       erland, 3 March                                a pioneering conc                                -
                               Rüschlikon, Switz                                for the first time                                 extremely energy
        nover, Germany,                                  ory will present                                    otype is not only                              s
 Han                               esearch Laborat                                    at. The first prot                                 at buildings. Thi
 (NYSE      : IBM) Zurich R                     the direct     reuse of waste he               redirected to      such uses as to he         stem
                         nter achieved by                                ing energy to be                                water cooling sy
 emission data ce                              rs  of the IT operat                 sts. A power    ful new kind of
                          ws three-quarte                      all operating co
  efficient, but allo                    and lowers over
                         lly friendly                                      .
  is environmenta                                 of this innovation
                         e  chip is the basis
  embedded on th                                                                                                                               industry.
                                                                                                                           allenge to the IT
                                                                                                    time, it poses a ch                             al
                          e IT industry                                        urce. At the same                               r about 2% of glob
   Challenges in th                                   ngly precious reso                                dustry accounts fo           d Lawrence Berke
                                                                                                                                                          ley
                                sable yet increasi                               communications
                                                                                                     in
   Ene   rgy is an indispen                       ts, the  information and                   fic the world      over. The US-base               llion KWh,
                           tner Group analys                           nerated by air traf                               nts to some 120 bi
   According to Gar                            is equal to that ge                                 data centers amou                               nters
    carbon dioxide em
                             issions, which                                 gy consumption
                                                                                                of                            operate the data ce
                                                 th e worldwide ener                 atts each. Thi  s energy is used to
                           ory confirms that                   ts of 1000 megaw
    National Laborat                   pical power plan                                      y.
    roughly equivale
                           nt to 14 ty                               our service econom                                                                 total
                                     nstitute the backbone of                                                                       and 50% of their
     around     the world that co                                                                        tly  spend between 25                         But
                                                                                  Companies curren                                 heating systems.
                                                      cent  ers is increasing.                 ped into ov     ersized electrical            aste heat is
                              nsumption of data                           nters have develo                             at. Instead, this w
     And the energy co                           ns. Indeed, data ce                               rect supply of he
                              center operatio                                    to serve as a di                                ed.
      IT budget on data                                   annel this energy                                  e not being realiz
                            not be  en possible to ch                  that huge po    tential savings ar
      until now, it has                          nment, meaning
       simply dissipat     ed into the enviro                                                                                                       annover,
                                                                                                                                 08 tradefair in H
                                                        esearch - Zurich                                 is . At the CeBIT 20                             eves a
                                 tion from IBM R                                   want to change th                                 ta center that achi
           chnological solu                                or y in Zurich now                                  energy-efficient da                             g
       Te
                                    Research Laborat                                    ncept of a highly                                energy and coolin
        Scie  ntists at the IBM                      first time    the pioneering co                s have design    ed an innovative             most —
                              ill present for the                            at. The researcher                              ing is needed the
        Germany, they w                               using its waste he                                plied where cool
                                int by directly re               water-cooling sy
                                                                                      stem that is ap
        zero carbon footpr                is a new kind of
                               of which
         circuit, the basis                                                                                                         g buildings, swim
                                                                                                                                                         ming
              ctly on the chip.                                                                               the chip for heatin                            ent for
         dire                                                                          heat generated by                              important requirem
                                                             er model is to reuse                               H owever, the most                             al
                                      mission data cent                                  heating network.                                 r modern municip
          The   goal of the zero-e                   g the heat    into a municipal                e a certain th   reshold, which, fo
                               ply for conductin                             waste heat be abov
          pools etc. or sim                          mperature of the
                                heat is that the te
          the direct use of                                                                                                                         e has an
                                     about 50 °C.                                                                              than air. This alon
          he  ating networks, is                                                                         4000 times better                            the cooling
                                                                                   can conduct heat                               e able to improve
                                                       ers used water, which                g on the chip     , researchers wer
                                 is, IBM research                     ating water coolin
           To accomplish th                   tential. But integr
                                  -saving po
           enormous energy                     of magnitude.
    16 efficiency by several orders                                                                                                                                     © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


 Collaboration and (Working) Prototype


                                                           d
                                 to build new kin
                     se
IBM Press Relea
                            plan
 IBM and ET H Zurich unveil             r
          of water-cooled supercompute
                                          ons by up to 85%                                                                issi
                                                                                                    carbon-dioxide em
                                                           energy consum       ption by 40% and                                                   ute of
                                    heat. Aims to cut                                                                        iss Federal Instit
        Dir  ect reuse of waste                                                            -aware co   mputing, the Sw                   ater-cooled
                                                                     to achieve energy                             first-of-a-kind w
                                              09—In an effort                               d plans to build a                                , dubbed
                      and, June 23, 20                                 ) today announce                               innovative system
 Zurich, Switzerl                               M (NYSE: IBM                                     ty buildings. The                              to 30 tons
                     ich (ETH), and
                                            IB                                for the universi                          mated to save up
 Technology Zur                                repu  rpose excess heat              system by up     to 85% and esti
                      that will directly                       footprint of the
 supercomputer                          ease the carbon                                            nologies.1
                       ct ed to decr                       stem using to      day’s cooling tech
 Aquasar, is expe                    d to a similar sy                                                                           to 50% percent of
                                                                                                                                                       an
  of CO2 pe    r year, compare                                                                           rtaking. In fact, up                           ing
                                                                                     a staggering unde                              ting but by power
                                                ta centers   energy-efficient is              n today is no  t caused by compu                hen looking
                        g systems and da                                  ergy consumptio                              r from optimal w
  Making computin                                  on footprint or en                             situation that is fa
                           data center ’s carb               ocessors from ov
                                                                                   erheating—a
   average air-cooled                ems to keep the pr
                          ing syst
   the necessary cool                a holistic perspect
                                                            ive.
                                                                                                                           cannot afford anym
                                                                                                                                                   ore to
   at ener  gy efficiency from                                                          facing in the  21st century. We                ns Prof. Dr.
                                                                 humanity will be                                ce alone,” explai
                                 e num   ber one challenge                          nal sp eed and performan                           lead investigator
                                                                                                                                                          of
    “Ene   rgy is arguably th                     the criteri  on of computatio                 in Emerging     Technologies and               rcomputers
                         systems based on                                   Thermodynamics                              consumption supe
    design computer                                the Laboratory of                   ormance an   d low net power
                          H Zurich, head of                      must be high perf
    Poulikakos of ET                    t. “The new target
                           ary projec
     this interdisciplin                               oling.”                                                               ter, which will be
                                                                                                                                                   located at
                                s means liquid co                                                     e new supercompu
     and   data centers. Thi                                                                                                                        stem is
                                                                                  use, Aquasar—th                              n by 40%. The sy
                                                            and direct heat re                            ergy consumptio                                  ell
                                    er-cooling system                                 reduce overall en                                ater-cooling, as w
      With   an innovative wat                      art oper   ation in 2010, will            ntists in the fie  ld of chip-level w           urich Lab.
                             d is planned to st                            TH and IBM scie                             ntists at IBM’s Z
      the ETH Zurich an                            collaboration of E                              advanced by scie
                            m joint research                                         ergy re-use”
      based on long-ter                                        ers with direct en
                               “water   -cooled data cent                                                                  and will have a pe
                                                                                                                                                 ak
       as on a concept for                                                          ladeCenter®    servers in one rack
                                                               ist of two IBM B
                             superc    omputer will cons
       The water-cooled                                                                                                                            input and
                           about 10 Teraflops
                                                    .2                                                                     ocessor, as well as
        perf ormance of                                                                                uid cooler per pr                              entire
                                                              a microscale high
                                                                                    -performance liq                              cted easily to the
                                                       with                                  to be connec   ted and disconne
                                will be equipped                          allow each blade
        Each of the blades                        nnections, which
                               tworks and co
         output pipeline ne                                                                                                                  ransporting
                              e).                                                                                       air, and its heat-t
         system (see imag                                                                  es m  ore efficiently than                        fficient to keep th
                                                                                                                                                                e
                                                        capture he    at about 4,000 tim              re of approx   imately 60°C is su             ant results
                               t has the ability to                               a water temperatu                            rature of the cool
          Water as a coolan                               level cooling with                              high input tempe
                                  far superior. Chip-               e maximally allo
                                                                                         wed 85°C. The
          properties are also                res well below th                                                .
                                        ratu                                            will be about 65°C
          chip  at operating tempe                     output,   which in this case
                                -grade heat as an
          in an even higher
   17                                                                                                                                                               © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


 Deployment


                se
IBM Press Relea

                           ed SuperMUC
           Hot-Water Cool           percomputer 
                                  u
        Named Eu rope’s Fastest S                      
                                     e petaflops system
                                                 massive thre
                            mp uting center gets
              German superco                  40% less energy
                             while consuming                                                                                         r the
                                                                                                               rcomputer built fo
                                                                        , an IBM hot-    water cooled supe             l system in
                                                   oday, SuperMUC                                 the most powerfu
                       many,   June 18, 2012: T                      many,    has been named                       rillion calculations
                                                                                                                                            per
  HAMBURG, Ger                              RZ  ) in Garching, Ger                           ta flops (three quad                              ip hot-
                        puting Centre (L                               mance of three pe                                innovative on ch
  Leibniz Supercom                           maint  ain a peak perfor             e air-cooled m    achine due to its
                      ly, the system can                     than a comparabl
  Europe. Incredib                       rcent less energy
                       nsuming 40 pe
  second) while co                                                                                                                       many.
  water cooled desi
                        gn.                                                                                        in Hamburg, Ger
                                                                                Supercompu      ting Conference
                                                            the International
                             ere repo  rted today during                                                                       UC gets its power
   The    official results w                                                              d Zurich, Sw     itzerland, SuperM              XXX,000
                                                                    gen, Germany an                              work of more than
                                            sc ientists in Boeblin            ocessors --   equivalent to the                 to provide
                        veloped by IBM                   ,576 Intel Xeon pr                            is then repurposed
    Designed and de                 iDataPlex with 18                            er (140F), which
    from an IBM Syst
                          em x®                                 ee Celsius wat
                                            ith up to 60 degr
    PCs.  Each proc    essor is cooled w
                                                                                                                                             100%
     campus heating.                                                                                                quired to purchase
                                                                           institutions acro   ss Germany are re                           st in class
                                                     ed by state-funded                                             c community a be
                              electricity consum                                                ving the scientifi                              an of the
         his year all of the                                               mitment, while gi                              dt Bode, Chairm
     “T                                          hel p us keep our com               as never befo   re,” Prof. Dr. Arn
                           . SuperMUC will                     predict outcomes
      sustainable energy                   experiments and
                            ries, design
      system to test theo
                          rs of LRZ.
      Board of Directo                                                                                                                           ed by
                                                                                                                          t today is not caus
                                                                                                   an d carbon footprin                               l, but
                                 ling system                                  gy consumption                                    ts choose a radica
       Inno vative water-coo                     cooled   data center's ener          dress this challe    nge, IBM scientis             en air.
                            of an average air-                    g systems. To ad                                more efficiently th
       Up to 50 percent                       necessary coolin                                heat 4,000 times
                              powering the                candidate becaus
                                                                              e it removes
        computing, but by             cooling, an ideal                                                                                           directly to
        not new concept
                            - water                                                                                       which are attached
                                                                                      micro-chann     el liquid coolers
                                                                 d on bio-inspired
                              vative cool  ing system is base
         SuperMUC's inno                          generated.                                                                                   case is up to
                             here most heat is                                                                           ut, which in this
         the processors, w                                                         en higher-gra   de heat at the outp
                                                              er results in an ev
                              ture of th e transported wat
          The high tempera
                                 (149 F).
          65 degrees Celsius

   18                                                                                                                                                           © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM




           Technology
           Trends                                                                          Industry Solution
                                                                                           Labs

       Industry                                               Acquisitions
       Trends
                                Collaboration
                                                      Prototype
                         Idea

        Trend Scan
        3-10 years out                                               Pilot
                                    Research                                                    Deployment /
          Social                                                                                Productization
                                                                                FOAK
          Trends


                                                                       Licensing
                                           Academic
                         Patents           Papers            Research
                                                             Solution Centers
                                                                                       Experience Papers




Ideas management
  19                                                                                                  © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM




           Technology
           Trends                                                                          Industry Solution
                                                                                           Labs

       Industry                                               Acquisitions
       Trends
                                Collaboration
                                                      Prototype
                         Idea

        Trend Scan
        3-10 years out                                               Pilot
                                    Research                                                    Deployment /
          Social                                                                                Productization
                                                                                FOAK
          Trends


                                                                       Licensing
                                           Academic
                         Patents           Papers            Research
                                                             Solution Centers
                                                                                                   Transfer
                                                                                       Experience Papers




Ideas management
  19                                                                                                  © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


     Technology Transfer


                    se
IBM Press Relea
                                                        s
                                    IBM  Research create
                                   world’s smallest 3D map
                                                                                                                                      ctures and
                                                     f nanoscale stru
                      chnique improves development o
 New 3D microscopic te             devices
                                                                                                                                             of the earth
                                                                                                                       created a 3D map
                                                                                 (NYSE: IBM        ) scientists have                  a new,
                                                            pril 2010—IBM                                      d this by means of
                             and Sa    n Jose, CA, 22 A                         he scie  ntists accomplishe                      a sharpened penc
                                                                                                                                                      il —
  Zur  ich, Switzerland,                          on on   e grain of salt.1 T               — 100,000      times smaller than               rning
                        0 of them could fit                           with a sharp apex                                plexity. This patte
  so small that 1,00                          a tiny, silicon tip                                 ced cost and com                               logy,
  breakthrough tech
                         nique that uses                                   ers at greatly redu                            future chip techno
                                                sm  all as 15 nanomet                s in fields su   ch as electronics,
                         and structures as                      nanosized object
  to create patterns                    cts for developing
                        new prospe
   technique opens               , and opto-electro
                                                        nics.                                                                          fferent materials
                                                                                                                                                            for
   medic    ine, life sciences                                                                   ral 3D and 2D     patterns, using di
                                                                          team created seve
                                                   ue capability, the                                ials:                                         gh, was
                           e technique’s uniq                                d Advanced Mater                                8 m (14,692 ft) hi
    To demonstrate th                          ific jo  urnals Science an                 lpine mount    ain that soars 4,47
                         rted in the scient                       rhorn, a famous A
    each one as repo                      plica of the Matte                                                                                           00
                              igh 3D re                                         on.2                                             er. At this size, 10
    • A 25-nanometer-h glass, representing a scale of 1:5 billi micrometers was “written” on a polym roughly eight
                             ar
     created in molecul                                            ly 22 by 11                                      rrespond to
                                           orld measuring on                                  eters of altitude co          in only 2 minutes
                                                                                                                                                   and 23
     •  Complete     3D map of the w              salt. In the relie   f, one thousand m                 and was created
                           d fit on a grain of                                           ring 20 nm2,
     world maps coul                                               xels, each measu
                                    compo   sed of 500,000 pi                                                                         chnique for typica
                                                                                                                                                             l
      nano   meters (nm). It is                                                                 onstrating the    viability of the te
                                                                           into silicon, dem
      seconds.                                    ch ed 400-nm-deep
                            IBM logo was et
      • 2D nano-sized applications.
       nanofabrication                                                                                                                  y, very sharp silic
                                                                                                                                                             on
                                                   e                                            a team of IBM      scientists, is a tin
                              nd the techniqu                              as developed by
        The science behi                            chnique, which w                                  apex.                                            ing
                                nt of the new te                               nanometers at its                                 d tools for produc
        The core compone                                 th and only a few                                  uality methods an                               broad
                                    nometers in leng                             e existence of high
                                                                                                         -q                          – Zurich. “With its
        tip  measuring 500 na                          tim  ately linked to th                 Armin Knoll     of IBM Research                 l tool for
                                 technology are in                      ains physicist Dr.                               logy is a powerfu
        “Advances in nano                       on surfaces,” expl                                   tterning methodo
                               s and objects                                      notip-based pa
         nanoscale pattern                                  capability, this na
                                uniq  ue 3D patterning
         functionality and                                                                                                                                scans the
                          ry small structures
                                                  .”                                                                                 that controllably
         ge  nerating ve                                                                                     be ndable cantilever                              d
                                                                                        , is attached to a                               y applying heat an
                                                       atomic    force microscopes                   a millionth   of a millimeter. B                 omilling”
                                  the kind used in                             one nanometer—                                  erating like a “nan
          The tip, similar to                         ith the accuracy of                                d patterns, thus op
                                   trate material w                                    d on predefine
          surface of the subs                                   trate material base
                                ized tip  can remove subs
          force, the nano-s
                             ultra-high precision.
         20 achine with
           m                                                                                                                                                          © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Technology Transfer




21                      © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Agenda




     Introduction & Strategy
     How an idea becomes an innovation at IBM

     Dilemmas of Strategic Innovation Management

     Questions & Discussion




22                                                 © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Agenda




     Dilemmas of Strategic Innovation Management




22                                                 © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Dilemma #1
Bottom Up and Top Down




23                       © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Dilemma #1
Bottom Up and Top Down




24                       © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Dilemma #1
Bottom Up and Top Down




24                       © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Dilemma #2
Long-term research and short-term success




                            vs.




25                                          © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Dilemma #3
Promotion of intellectual property




    26
    13                               © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Dilemma #3
Promotion of intellectual property
                                                                                                                         6,000



                                                                                                                         5,000




                                                                                                                                      Number of Patents
                                                                                                                         4,000



                                                                                                                          3,000



                                                                                                                          2,000



                                                                                                                          1,000

 1993 1994 1995
                1996 1997 1998
                               1999 2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010
                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                 2011


    26
    13                                                                                                                  © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich




How do you confront these dilemmas?
Here is a snapshot from IBM Research.




27                                 © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


For Dilemma #1
High Reputation
                   Phase 2: Reputation Ranking
Reputation
Management
of Corporate
R&D Centers




                        Reputation Management of Corporate R&D Centers, Universität St. Gallen, 2009


28                                                                                                     © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


For Dilemma #1
Strategy Management System
                                                                   LINE
                                                                    Lab Director/VP
                                                                          Direct Report*
                                                                            Senior Manager

     STRATEGY
        Strategist
               Area Strategist
                                                                               Interlock
               Sub-Strategist




                  Interlock at the appropriate level within each cell of
                        Interlock at the appropriate level within each cell of the line X strategy matrix
                                     the line X strategy matrix
29                                                                                                    © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


For Dilemma #1, #2
Research with
zu Dilemma #1 & #2
Market Success




30                      © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


                          For Dilemma #1 & #2
                          Balanced Research Agenda


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   European Research Council
   Volume 9
     | Number




                                                                                              bioengine
                                                                                                        ering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Advanced Grant 2011
              23 | 2009




                                                                              biology, &                                                                            ges 3313– 3452
                                                                   hysics,                                                                              r 2009 | Pa
                                                        emistry, p
                                                                                                                                        mbe
                                                                                                                            23 | 7 Dece
                                                                                                                   | Number
                                            tion for ch                                                   Volume 9
                                 Miniaturisa                                                                                                                                                              10
                                                                                                                                                                                                  OL 2 NO try
                                                                                                                                                                                          R 2010 V      is
                                                                                                                                                                                  OCTOBE .com/naturechem
                                                                                                                                                                                       ure
                                                rg/loc
                                                                                                                                                                                www.nat

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Robert-Wichard-Pohl-Preis 2011
                                   www.rsc.o




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ACM SIGSAC Outstanding
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Innovation Award 2010
                          Lab on a
                                   Chip




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   R&D Magazine Top 100 in 2010

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Best Innovation European Identity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Award 2010
                                                                                                                      Lee                  with SERS
                                                                                                                                 detection
                                                                                                                      Label-free                                                (2009)9:23
                                                                                                                                                                                           ;1-U
                                                                         Delamarche munodiagnostics                                                                    1473-0197
                                          Pages 3313




                                                                   197
                                                       ISSN 1473-0
                                                                         One-step
                                                                                  im                                                                       r HIV
                                                                                                                          Demirci             tification fo
sc.org                                                                                                 NTHESIS
                                                                                                                          Automate
                                                                                                                                   d cell quan


                                                                                           TOTAL SYind
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Gerhard-Ertl-Preis for Young
                                                                         Lu                  t
                                                                                    easuremen
y Number
                  207890                                                 Pressure m

                                                                                           Four of a k
                                             –3452




                                                                                                                          ION
                                                                                                                 N REACT
                                                                                                         EDUCTIO g
                                                                                                       R
                                                                                            OXYGENrough blockin
                                                                                            Better th                 TALYSIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Scientists in 2010
                                                                                                             TION CA
                                                                                                    R-OXIDA ide stability
                                                                                             WATE es prov
                                                                                             Nanotub
                                                                                                                     g shot
                                                                                                           olecule mu
                                                                                                   Single-m                                                                                                     7/9/10 13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          :52:16




                                   31                                                                                                                                                                                                                       © 2012 IBM Corporation
                                                                                                                  .indd    1
                                                                                                  ve   r Oct 2010
                                                                                         nchem co
IBM Research - Zurich


For Dilemma #3
Open Innovation


                                             Venture
                                            Capitalists   ISVs       Business
                             IT Analysts
                                                                     Partners
                 Investors                                                         Alumni

  Regulatory Bodies
                                           Innovation Ecosystem                     Universities
          Clients

                                                                                  Community
                        Employees                                                  Leaders
                                            Standards               Competitors
                                                          Policy-
                                             Bodies       makers




32                                                                                            © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


For Dilemma #3
Open Innovation




33                      © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


For Dilemma #3
Innovating with Partners

 10% of our Pre/Post Docs are from
  EPFL
 13 CDAs/JDAs with EPFL
 IBM Research Prize (computational
  sciences)
 30 EU FP Collaborations in the past
  five years

        EU Flagship Collaborations                               Lorem ipsum




                                        2011 Prize was awarded to
                                        Dr. Alessandro Marinoni (right)


The
34
IBM Research - Zurich


For Dilemma #3
Project STEEPER

Increase electronic device
efficiency by 10× and
eliminate power
consumption of devices in
standby mode

Expertise and research to
tunnel field effect transistors
(TFETs) and semiconducting
nanowires to improve the
efficient use of energy in
electronics

Based on silicon (Si),
silicon-germanium (SiGe)
and III-V semiconducting
nanowires
 35
IBM Research - Zurich


For Dilemma #3
Big Bang Meets Big Data
 Dishes of the Square Kilometer Array will produce
  10 times the global internet traffic.

 The SKA computer system will have the processing
  power of about one hundred million PCs.

 The technology to handle the SKA doesn’t exist on
  the market today




 36                                                   © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


For Dilemma #3
Technology Roadmap with ASTRON




 Green supercomputing: 3-D chip stacks,
  high-performance storage systems

 Nanophotonics and optical interconnect
  technologies to optimize large data
  transfers

 Storage and Memory: Phase change
  materials and advanced tape

 Five Year, Public Private Partnership with
  Dutch government

 Open Platform for Additional Partners
 37                                            © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich




38                      © 2012 IBM Corporation

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Meet IBM Research

  • 1. Dr. Matthias Kaiserswerth Director and Vice President, IBM Research - Zurich Meet IBM Research 1 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 2. IBM Research - Zurich Agenda Introduction & Strategy How an idea becomes an innovation at IBM Dilemmas of Strategic Innovation Management Questions & Discussion 2 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 3. IBM Research - Zurich Agenda Introduction & Strategy 2 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 4. IBM Research - Zurich IBM Research: The World is Our Lab 3 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 5. IBM Research - Zurich IBM Research: The World is Our Lab • World's largest information technology research organization • Patent Leadership • More than 3,000 scientists and engineers • IBM spent $6.3B on R&D in 2011 • 5 Nobel Prize Laureates 3 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 6. IBM Research - Zurich IBM Research -Zürich Computer Science: Security and Privacy, Business Integration Technologies, Distributed Computing, Systems Management Systems: Server Technology, Accelerator Technology, I/O Link Technologies, System Software, Energy Management Storage: Tape Technologies, - Founded in 1956 Heads and Actuators, Storage Systems, Memory and Probe Technologies - 45 Nationalities - 25% students, pre- & post-docs, visiting Math & Computational Sciences: scientists Business Optimization, Computational Sciences, Data Analytics - 90 Collaborations with Partners Science & Technology: Semiconductors, - Two Nobel Prizes Systems, Beyond the Transistor, (1986 and 1987) Nanotechnology, Biotechnology - Recently opened the Binnig and Rohrer 4 Nanotechnology Center with ETH Zürich © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 7. IBM Research - Zurich Expanded Goals for our 2nd Century 2012 and beyond Lead –IBM to new technologies/businesses –Stronger IBM/client collaborations –Deeper industry expertise “The World is our Lab” –Enable our new labs to succeed –Focus on growth markets –Real world research Even Bolder Leadership Agenda –Leadership offerings –A new era of computing –Far-reaching research and grand challenges 5 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 8. IBM Research - Zurich IBM Research and Development IBM continues to make consistent and sizable investments in R&D $5.8B 6180 Patents R&D Investment 6% E/R 6% E/R ~2950 Patents 2005 2011 6 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 9. IBM Research - Zurich IBM Research: Supporting IBM’s Growth Growth Markets 22% of IBM’s geographic revenue Growth Initiatives 60% Cloud Business Analytics 16% revenue increase 3.8 times 2010 revenue from 2010 Base Research 40% Smarter Planet Nearly 50% revenue increase from 2010 7
  • 10. IBM Research - Zurich IBM’s Growth Market Expansion In 2011 we opened nearly 100 new branch offices 8
  • 11. IBM Research - Zurich The World is Our Lab Dublin Zurich Watson China Almaden Haifa Tokyo Austin India Kenya Brazil Melbourne IBM Research labs Labs added since 2010 9
  • 12. IBM Research - Zurich Africa: The Next Frontier for IBM Research Innovation New lab in Kenya will conduct basic and applied research to solve East Africa’s problems, such as transportation congestion and to optimize the use, storage, safety and distribution of water. 10
  • 13. IBM Research - Zurich Agenda Introduction & Strategy How an idea becomes an innovation at IBM Dilemmas of Strategic Innovation Management Questions & Discussion 11 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 14. IBM Research - Zurich Agenda How an idea becomes an innovation at IBM 11 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 15. IBM Research - Zurich How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM Technology Trends Industry Solution Labs Industry Acquisitions Trends Collaboration Prototype Idea Trend Scan 3-10 years out Pilot Research Deployment / Social Productization FOAK Trends Licensing Academic Patents Papers Research Solution Centers Transfer Experience Papers Ideas management 12 Business © 2012 IBM Corporation management
  • 16. IBM Research - Zurich How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM Technology Trends Industry Solution Labs Industry Acquisitions Trends Collaboration Prototype Idea Trend Scan 3-10 years out Pilot Research Deployment / Social Productization FOAK Trends Licensing Academic Patents Papers Research Solution Centers Transfer Experience Papers Ideas management 12 Business © 2012 IBM Corporation management
  • 17. IBM Research - Zurich Trend Scans 13 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 18. IBM Research - Zurich Trend Scans Global Innovation Outlook  Dialog about innovation, business transformation and societal progress  Collaborate across a global ecosystem  GIO 4.0: security and society, water and oceans 13 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 19. IBM Research - Zurich Trend Scans jam Global Innovation Jamming Outlook  Dialog about innovation,  Collaboration between business transformation companies, and societal progress organizations and  Collaborate across a global family members to ecosystem yield first-of-a-kind  GIO 4.0: security and opportunities society, water and oceans 13 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 20. IBM Research - Zurich Trend Scans jam Global Global Innovation Jamming Technology Outlook Outlook  Dialog about innovation,  Collaboration between business transformation  Identify emerging companies, technology trends and societal progress organizations and significant to industry in  Collaborate across a global family members to ecosystem the next 3 - 7 years yield first-of-a-kind  GIO 4.0: security and  Has a direct influence opportunities society, water and oceans on IBM’s technical strategy 13 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 21. IBM Research - Zurich 2012 Global Technology Outlook Managing Uncertain Systems of People Data at Scale The Future Watson Outcome Based Business Future of Resilient Business and Services Analytics 14 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 22. IBM Research - Zurich How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM Technology Trends Industry Solution Labs Industry Acquisitions Trends Collaboration Prototype Idea Trend Scan 3-10 years out Pilot Research Deployment / Social Productization FOAK Trends Licensing Academic Patents Papers Research Solution Centers Transfer Experience Papers Ideas management 15 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 23. IBM Research - Zurich How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM Technology Trends Industry Solution Labs Industry Acquisitions Trends Collaboration Prototype Idea Trend Scan 3-10 years out Pilot Research Deployment / Social Productization FOAK Trends Licensing Academic Patents Papers Research Solution Centers Transfer Experience Papers Ideas management 15 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 24. IBM Research - Zurich Idea/Concept se IBM Press Relea rs sio ns in data cente Intelligent use of heat emis of the future IBM's air scientists from eBIT 2008 tradef on 2008 — At the C ept of a zero carb erland, 3 March a pioneering conc - Rüschlikon, Switz for the first time extremely energy nover, Germany, ory will present otype is not only s Han esearch Laborat at. The first prot at buildings. Thi (NYSE : IBM) Zurich R the direct reuse of waste he redirected to such uses as to he stem nter achieved by ing energy to be water cooling sy emission data ce rs of the IT operat sts. A power ful new kind of ws three-quarte all operating co efficient, but allo and lowers over lly friendly . is environmenta of this innovation e chip is the basis embedded on th industry. allenge to the IT time, it poses a ch al e IT industry urce. At the same r about 2% of glob Challenges in th ngly precious reso dustry accounts fo d Lawrence Berke ley sable yet increasi communications in Ene rgy is an indispen ts, the information and fic the world over. The US-base llion KWh, tner Group analys nerated by air traf nts to some 120 bi According to Gar is equal to that ge data centers amou nters carbon dioxide em issions, which gy consumption of operate the data ce th e worldwide ener atts each. Thi s energy is used to ory confirms that ts of 1000 megaw National Laborat pical power plan y. roughly equivale nt to 14 ty our service econom total nstitute the backbone of and 50% of their around the world that co tly spend between 25 But Companies curren heating systems. cent ers is increasing. ped into ov ersized electrical aste heat is nsumption of data nters have develo at. Instead, this w And the energy co ns. Indeed, data ce rect supply of he center operatio to serve as a di ed. IT budget on data annel this energy e not being realiz not be en possible to ch that huge po tential savings ar until now, it has nment, meaning simply dissipat ed into the enviro annover, 08 tradefair in H esearch - Zurich is . At the CeBIT 20 eves a tion from IBM R want to change th ta center that achi chnological solu or y in Zurich now energy-efficient da g Te Research Laborat ncept of a highly energy and coolin Scie ntists at the IBM first time the pioneering co s have design ed an innovative most — ill present for the at. The researcher ing is needed the Germany, they w using its waste he plied where cool int by directly re water-cooling sy stem that is ap zero carbon footpr is a new kind of of which circuit, the basis g buildings, swim ming ctly on the chip. the chip for heatin ent for dire heat generated by important requirem er model is to reuse H owever, the most al mission data cent heating network. r modern municip The goal of the zero-e g the heat into a municipal e a certain th reshold, which, fo ply for conductin waste heat be abov pools etc. or sim mperature of the heat is that the te the direct use of e has an about 50 °C. than air. This alon he ating networks, is 4000 times better the cooling can conduct heat e able to improve ers used water, which g on the chip , researchers wer is, IBM research ating water coolin To accomplish th tential. But integr -saving po enormous energy of magnitude. 16 efficiency by several orders © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 25. IBM Research - Zurich Collaboration and (Working) Prototype d to build new kin se IBM Press Relea plan IBM and ET H Zurich unveil r of water-cooled supercompute ons by up to 85% issi carbon-dioxide em energy consum ption by 40% and ute of heat. Aims to cut iss Federal Instit Dir ect reuse of waste -aware co mputing, the Sw ater-cooled to achieve energy first-of-a-kind w 09—In an effort d plans to build a , dubbed and, June 23, 20 ) today announce innovative system Zurich, Switzerl M (NYSE: IBM ty buildings. The to 30 tons ich (ETH), and IB for the universi mated to save up Technology Zur repu rpose excess heat system by up to 85% and esti that will directly footprint of the supercomputer ease the carbon nologies.1 ct ed to decr stem using to day’s cooling tech Aquasar, is expe d to a similar sy to 50% percent of an of CO2 pe r year, compare rtaking. In fact, up ing a staggering unde ting but by power ta centers energy-efficient is n today is no t caused by compu hen looking g systems and da ergy consumptio r from optimal w Making computin on footprint or en situation that is fa data center ’s carb ocessors from ov erheating—a average air-cooled ems to keep the pr ing syst the necessary cool a holistic perspect ive. cannot afford anym ore to at ener gy efficiency from facing in the 21st century. We ns Prof. Dr. humanity will be ce alone,” explai e num ber one challenge nal sp eed and performan lead investigator of “Ene rgy is arguably th the criteri on of computatio in Emerging Technologies and rcomputers systems based on Thermodynamics consumption supe design computer the Laboratory of ormance an d low net power H Zurich, head of must be high perf Poulikakos of ET t. “The new target ary projec this interdisciplin oling.” ter, which will be located at s means liquid co e new supercompu and data centers. Thi stem is use, Aquasar—th n by 40%. The sy and direct heat re ergy consumptio ell er-cooling system reduce overall en ater-cooling, as w With an innovative wat art oper ation in 2010, will ntists in the fie ld of chip-level w urich Lab. d is planned to st TH and IBM scie ntists at IBM’s Z the ETH Zurich an collaboration of E advanced by scie m joint research ergy re-use” based on long-ter ers with direct en “water -cooled data cent and will have a pe ak as on a concept for ladeCenter® servers in one rack ist of two IBM B superc omputer will cons The water-cooled input and about 10 Teraflops .2 ocessor, as well as perf ormance of uid cooler per pr entire a microscale high -performance liq cted easily to the with to be connec ted and disconne will be equipped allow each blade Each of the blades nnections, which tworks and co output pipeline ne ransporting e). air, and its heat-t system (see imag es m ore efficiently than fficient to keep th e capture he at about 4,000 tim re of approx imately 60°C is su ant results t has the ability to a water temperatu rature of the cool Water as a coolan level cooling with high input tempe far superior. Chip- e maximally allo wed 85°C. The properties are also res well below th . ratu will be about 65°C chip at operating tempe output, which in this case -grade heat as an in an even higher 17 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 26. IBM Research - Zurich Deployment se IBM Press Relea ed SuperMUC Hot-Water Cool percomputer  u Named Eu rope’s Fastest S   e petaflops system massive thre mp uting center gets German superco 40% less energy while consuming r the rcomputer built fo , an IBM hot- water cooled supe l system in oday, SuperMUC the most powerfu many, June 18, 2012: T many, has been named rillion calculations per HAMBURG, Ger RZ ) in Garching, Ger ta flops (three quad ip hot- puting Centre (L mance of three pe innovative on ch Leibniz Supercom maint ain a peak perfor e air-cooled m achine due to its ly, the system can than a comparabl Europe. Incredib rcent less energy nsuming 40 pe second) while co many. water cooled desi gn. in Hamburg, Ger Supercompu ting Conference the International ere repo rted today during UC gets its power The official results w d Zurich, Sw itzerland, SuperM XXX,000 gen, Germany an work of more than sc ientists in Boeblin ocessors --  equivalent to the to provide veloped by IBM ,576 Intel Xeon pr is then repurposed Designed and de iDataPlex with 18 er (140F), which from an IBM Syst em x® ee Celsius wat ith up to 60 degr PCs.  Each proc essor is cooled w  100% campus heating.   quired to purchase institutions acro ss Germany are re st in class ed by state-funded c community a be electricity consum ving the scientifi an of the his year all of the mitment, while gi dt Bode, Chairm “T  hel p us keep our com as never befo re,” Prof. Dr. Arn . SuperMUC will predict outcomes sustainable energy experiments and ries, design system to test theo rs of LRZ. Board of Directo ed by t today is not caus an d carbon footprin l, but ling system gy consumption ts choose a radica Inno vative water-coo cooled data center's ener dress this challe nge, IBM scientis en air. of an average air- g systems. To ad more efficiently th Up to 50 percent necessary coolin heat 4,000 times powering the candidate becaus e it removes computing, but by cooling, an ideal directly to not new concept - water which are attached micro-chann el liquid coolers d on bio-inspired vative cool ing system is base SuperMUC's inno generated. case is up to here most heat is ut, which in this the processors, w en higher-gra de heat at the outp er results in an ev ture of th e transported wat The high tempera  (149 F). 65 degrees Celsius 18 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 27. IBM Research - Zurich How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM Technology Trends Industry Solution Labs Industry Acquisitions Trends Collaboration Prototype Idea Trend Scan 3-10 years out Pilot Research Deployment / Social Productization FOAK Trends Licensing Academic Patents Papers Research Solution Centers Experience Papers Ideas management 19 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 28. IBM Research - Zurich How an Idea Becomes an Innovation at IBM Technology Trends Industry Solution Labs Industry Acquisitions Trends Collaboration Prototype Idea Trend Scan 3-10 years out Pilot Research Deployment / Social Productization FOAK Trends Licensing Academic Patents Papers Research Solution Centers Transfer Experience Papers Ideas management 19 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 29. IBM Research - Zurich Technology Transfer se IBM Press Relea s IBM Research create world’s smallest 3D map ctures and f nanoscale stru chnique improves development o New 3D microscopic te devices of the earth created a 3D map (NYSE: IBM ) scientists have a new, pril 2010—IBM d this by means of and Sa n Jose, CA, 22 A he scie ntists accomplishe a sharpened penc il — Zur ich, Switzerland, on on e grain of salt.1 T — 100,000 times smaller than rning 0 of them could fit with a sharp apex plexity. This patte so small that 1,00 a tiny, silicon tip ced cost and com logy, breakthrough tech nique that uses ers at greatly redu future chip techno sm all as 15 nanomet s in fields su ch as electronics, and structures as nanosized object to create patterns cts for developing new prospe technique opens , and opto-electro nics. fferent materials for medic ine, life sciences ral 3D and 2D patterns, using di team created seve ue capability, the ials: gh, was e technique’s uniq d Advanced Mater 8 m (14,692 ft) hi To demonstrate th ific jo urnals Science an lpine mount ain that soars 4,47 rted in the scient rhorn, a famous A each one as repo plica of the Matte 00 igh 3D re on.2 er. At this size, 10 • A 25-nanometer-h glass, representing a scale of 1:5 billi micrometers was “written” on a polym roughly eight ar created in molecul ly 22 by 11 rrespond to orld measuring on eters of altitude co in only 2 minutes and 23 • Complete 3D map of the w salt. In the relie f, one thousand m and was created d fit on a grain of ring 20 nm2, world maps coul xels, each measu compo sed of 500,000 pi chnique for typica l nano meters (nm). It is onstrating the viability of the te into silicon, dem seconds. ch ed 400-nm-deep IBM logo was et • 2D nano-sized applications. nanofabrication y, very sharp silic on e a team of IBM scientists, is a tin nd the techniqu as developed by The science behi chnique, which w apex. ing nt of the new te nanometers at its d tools for produc The core compone th and only a few uality methods an broad nometers in leng e existence of high -q – Zurich. “With its tip measuring 500 na tim ately linked to th Armin Knoll of IBM Research l tool for technology are in ains physicist Dr. logy is a powerfu “Advances in nano on surfaces,” expl tterning methodo s and objects notip-based pa nanoscale pattern capability, this na uniq ue 3D patterning functionality and scans the ry small structures .” that controllably ge nerating ve be ndable cantilever d , is attached to a y applying heat an atomic force microscopes a millionth of a millimeter. B omilling” the kind used in one nanometer— erating like a “nan The tip, similar to ith the accuracy of d patterns, thus op trate material w d on predefine surface of the subs trate material base ized tip can remove subs force, the nano-s ultra-high precision. 20 achine with m © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 30. IBM Research - Zurich Technology Transfer 21 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 31. IBM Research - Zurich Agenda Introduction & Strategy How an idea becomes an innovation at IBM Dilemmas of Strategic Innovation Management Questions & Discussion 22 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 32. IBM Research - Zurich Agenda Dilemmas of Strategic Innovation Management 22 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 33. IBM Research - Zurich Dilemma #1 Bottom Up and Top Down 23 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 34. IBM Research - Zurich Dilemma #1 Bottom Up and Top Down 24 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 35. IBM Research - Zurich Dilemma #1 Bottom Up and Top Down 24 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 36. IBM Research - Zurich Dilemma #2 Long-term research and short-term success vs. 25 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 37. IBM Research - Zurich Dilemma #3 Promotion of intellectual property 26 13 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 38. IBM Research - Zurich Dilemma #3 Promotion of intellectual property 6,000 5,000 Number of Patents 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0 2011 26 13 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 39. IBM Research - Zurich How do you confront these dilemmas? Here is a snapshot from IBM Research. 27 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 40. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #1 High Reputation Phase 2: Reputation Ranking Reputation Management of Corporate R&D Centers Reputation Management of Corporate R&D Centers, Universität St. Gallen, 2009 28 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 41. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #1 Strategy Management System LINE Lab Director/VP Direct Report* Senior Manager STRATEGY Strategist Area Strategist Interlock Sub-Strategist Interlock at the appropriate level within each cell of Interlock at the appropriate level within each cell of the line X strategy matrix the line X strategy matrix 29 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 42. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #1, #2 Research with zu Dilemma #1 & #2 Market Success 30 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 43. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #1 & #2 Balanced Research Agenda European Research Council Volume 9 | Number bioengine ering Advanced Grant 2011 23 | 2009 biology, & ges 3313– 3452 hysics, r 2009 | Pa emistry, p mbe 23 | 7 Dece | Number tion for ch Volume 9 Miniaturisa 10 OL 2 NO try R 2010 V is OCTOBE .com/naturechem ure rg/loc www.nat Robert-Wichard-Pohl-Preis 2011 www.rsc.o ACM SIGSAC Outstanding Innovation Award 2010 Lab on a Chip R&D Magazine Top 100 in 2010 Best Innovation European Identity Award 2010 Lee with SERS detection Label-free (2009)9:23 ;1-U Delamarche munodiagnostics 1473-0197 Pages 3313 197 ISSN 1473-0 One-step im r HIV Demirci tification fo sc.org NTHESIS Automate d cell quan TOTAL SYind Gerhard-Ertl-Preis for Young Lu t easuremen y Number 207890 Pressure m Four of a k –3452 ION N REACT EDUCTIO g R OXYGENrough blockin Better th TALYSIS Scientists in 2010 TION CA R-OXIDA ide stability WATE es prov Nanotub g shot olecule mu Single-m 7/9/10 13 :52:16 31 © 2012 IBM Corporation .indd 1 ve r Oct 2010 nchem co
  • 44. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #3 Open Innovation Venture Capitalists ISVs Business IT Analysts Partners Investors Alumni Regulatory Bodies Innovation Ecosystem Universities Clients Community Employees Leaders Standards Competitors Policy- Bodies makers 32 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 45. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #3 Open Innovation 33 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 46. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #3 Innovating with Partners  10% of our Pre/Post Docs are from EPFL  13 CDAs/JDAs with EPFL  IBM Research Prize (computational sciences)  30 EU FP Collaborations in the past five years EU Flagship Collaborations Lorem ipsum 2011 Prize was awarded to Dr. Alessandro Marinoni (right) The 34
  • 47. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #3 Project STEEPER Increase electronic device efficiency by 10× and eliminate power consumption of devices in standby mode Expertise and research to tunnel field effect transistors (TFETs) and semiconducting nanowires to improve the efficient use of energy in electronics Based on silicon (Si), silicon-germanium (SiGe) and III-V semiconducting nanowires 35
  • 48. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #3 Big Bang Meets Big Data  Dishes of the Square Kilometer Array will produce 10 times the global internet traffic.  The SKA computer system will have the processing power of about one hundred million PCs.  The technology to handle the SKA doesn’t exist on the market today 36 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 49. IBM Research - Zurich For Dilemma #3 Technology Roadmap with ASTRON  Green supercomputing: 3-D chip stacks, high-performance storage systems  Nanophotonics and optical interconnect technologies to optimize large data transfers  Storage and Memory: Phase change materials and advanced tape  Five Year, Public Private Partnership with Dutch government  Open Platform for Additional Partners 37 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 50. IBM Research - Zurich 38 © 2012 IBM Corporation