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IMPORTANCE
                                   OF
                     LEADERSHIP
                                    By

                              MANISHA VAGHELA




vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com
                                                BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   1
FLOW OF PRESENTATION
   INTRODUCTION
   MEANING OF LEADERSHIP
   DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP
   IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP
   QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP
   SUMMARY
   REVIEW OF TOPIC
   BIBLIOGRAPHY




                               vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   2
INTRODUCTION

•     Success of a business concern is dependent upon the ability of its
    leadership. Leadership exists in any types of organization. Whenever
    and in whatever situation if someone tries to influence the behavior of
    another individual or a group, there is Leadership.




                                    vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   3
    In an organization, wherever an individual has subordinates. He
    may act as a Leader. The efforts of subordinates are to be
    channelised in the right direction. As leaders, they are not only
    the responsible for directing their followers but also responsible for
    the attainment of goals of the organization. It is believed that
    leaders are born and not made. At the same time, a few people
    also believe that leaders are not born but made. But generally,
    leaders are born and also made.




                                 vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   4
MEANING OF LEADERSHIP


•           Human beings have to be effectively guided towards a desired
    set of actions so that they contribute towards the organizational
    goals with zeal and confidence. “Zeal is ardor, earnestness and
    intensity in the execution of work; confidence reflects experience
    and technical ability of individuals to influence the behaviour of
    others is referred to as leadership. The leaders exploit the human
    potential and transform it into output. Leadership is beneficial not
    only for the organization but also fir the individuals concerned.




                                    vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   5
DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP

1)            Koontz and O'Donnell said, “Leadership is generally defined
     as influence, the art of process of influencing people so that they
     will strive willingly towards the achievement of group goals.”

2)          Allen, “Leadership is one who guides and directs                          other
     people. He must give effective direction and purpose.”

3)          According to the Encyclopedia of social sciences, “Leadership
     refers to the relation between an individual and a group around
     some common interest and behaving in a manner directed or
     determined by the leader.”




                                  vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA           6
4)           In the words of peter F.Drucker, “Leadership is the
     lifting of man’s visions to higher rights, the raising of man’s
     performance to higher standards, the building of man’s
     personality beyond its normal limitation.”
5)           Ordway Tead asserts, “Leadership is that combination of
     qualities by the possession of which one is able to get
     something done by others, chiefly because through his
     influence, they become willing to do so.”
6)         Robert C. Appleby defines, “Leadership is a means of
     direction, is the ability of the management to induce
     subordinate to work towards group ideals with confidence and
     keenness.”




                                  vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   7
7)          Alford and Beatty Opines, “Leadership is the ability to
     secure desirable actions from a group or followers voluntarily
     without the use of coercion.”
8)          R. T. Livingston    believes, “Leadership is the ability to
     awaken in others the desire to follow a common objective.”
9)          George R. Terry says, “Leadership        is the activity of
     influencing people to strive willingly for mutual objectives.”




                                  vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   8
IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP


1.) Perfect organization structure : An organization structure can not
      provide for all kinds of relationships. That is why, informal
      relationships are made to exist within the framework or formal
      organization structure. But the organization structure is complete
      or perfect with the help of effective leadership.

2)   Directing group activities : The personal conduct and behaviour of
     a leader can direct others to achieve organizational goals. The
     main responsibility of a leader is to get the work




                                   vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   9
•    done effectively by the followers. The followers can not work
     hard and effectively without leadership. A leader alone can
     consolidate the efforts and direct them towards the goal.

3)   Technological, economic and social changes : There is frequent
     change in technology, economic and social structure in the
     present computer world. So, the organization should change
     its operation and style. This is possible only with the help of
     effective leadership.




                                   vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   10
Conti…

•    If the changes do not take place, the organization can not
     survive.
4)   Better utilization of manpower : A leader treats with equal
     importance,      plans, policies and      programmes   of   an
     organization. The plans, policies and programmes do not
     work themselves. There is a need for a leader. The leader
     implements the plans, policies and programmes to utilise
     the   available     manpower    effectively   and  get  highest
     production with minimum human cost.




                                   vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   11
Conti…
5)   Avoiding imbalances : An organization grows in size and complexity with
     the imbalances. Complexity arises due to the introduction of new
     functions. The reason is that the introduction of new functions resulted
     in increased levels of management. So, there is a problem of
     command, co-ordination and control. A leader can tackle these
     problems and maintain balances.


6)   Source of motivation : Simply, the existence of leadership does not
     motivate the workers. The leadership style should be utilised to
     motivate the workers according to the situations prevailing. The
     achievement of goals is doubtful in the absence of leadership.




                                  vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   12
Conti…

7)   Developing good human relations : Human relations represent the
     relations between the leader and the followers. An efficient leader
     can develop the skill of the followers and promote self-
     confidence apart from motivation. Next, the leader creates
     opportunity to show their abilities and induces the followers to
     work towards the accomplishment of goals. In this way, the
     leader promotes the       co-operative attitude of workers and
     maintains better relations with them.




                                   vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   13
Conti…

8)   Reconciliation of goals : An organization has its own goals. The
     employees of the organization have their own goals. They are
     working mainly for achieving their goals instead of achieving
     organizational goals. An effective leadership can   reconcile the
     goals of organizations and employees. It is necessary for the
     success of an organization.




                                  vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   14
Conti…

9)   Promoting the spirit of co-ordination : A dynamic leader can co-
     ordinate the activities of the subordinate. In an organization,
     workers are working in groups, so there is a need for co-
     ordination among the group members. A leader promotes the
     spirit of co-ordination among the workers.




                                 vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   15
Conti…

10) Fulfilling Social responsibilities : Social responsibilities refer to the
     high standard of living to workers, higher productivity and
     income to the organization, more revenue to the government,
     reasonable price to consumers and fair return on investment to
     the investors. These could be achieved with the help of effective
     leadership. Only an efficient leader can get work done to fulfill
     social responsibilities.




                                     vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   16
Qualities of Leadership

•            A leader should have some leadership qualities in order to
    provide effective leadership. According to Henry Fayol, a leader
    should have the qualities of :
    1.)health and physical fitness,

    2) mental vigour and energy,

    3) steady, persistent thoughtful determination,

    4) sound general education, and

    5) management ability embracing foresight and the art of handling
    men.




                                      vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   17
Conti…

•    The important qualities of a leader are discussed :



1)   Physical appearance and strength : The leader has to put in hard
     work physically. He should have a capacity to work for long
     hours than others. It proves the diligence of the leader to his
     followers easily.




                                  vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   18
Conti…

     2)   Mental vigour : The leader is also strong mentally. It means that
          the leader is expected to withstand strain in finishing the work
          properly.


     3)   Emotional stability : The leader should not be moved by emotion or
          sentiment. He should analyses the problem rationally and take a
          decision without bias. The leader should not have short temper.
          Besides, he should show firmness in his decision and not show
          despair or indecision on his face.




                                 vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   19
Conti…

     4)   Sense of judgement : A leader should             know the human psychology.
          He should understand the behaviour,             needs, thoughts, movies etc.
          of his followers. This will help him             to take a strategic decision
          and get it recognized by his followers.         Besides, he can set right his
          actions.


     5)   Goodwill : A leader should be able to understand the feelings of
          others. He takes decision on the basis of expectation of his
          followers. If he does not do so, he will not win the goodwill of
          his followers.




                                  vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   20
Conti…

     6)   Motivation : A leader should know the motivation techniques and
          how to use them. If a person is forced to do his job under the
          threat of getting punishment , he will not perform his work
          properly. At the same time, if she same person is motivated, he
          will perform his job more than the expectations of his leader.


     7)   Communication skill : Whatever the information needed to workers,
          it should be passed through the leader. So, the leader should
          communicate the information to the workers. Now, the leader is
          acting as an effective speaker




                                vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   21
Conti…

•    and writer. If the leader has communication skills, he will direct
     his followers effectively.



8)   Guiding ability : The leader acts as a teacher to new workers.
     So the leader helps his followers to learn their work. He should
     train the workers by work and deed to complete the job
     effectively.




                                  vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   22
Conti…

9)   Sociability : An able leader can easily mingle with the workers.
     The workers should be encouraged to discuss their problems
     and difficulties with their boss. The workers frequently. The
     leader should show his keen interest to develop the ability of
     workers.




10) Technical  knowledge : A leader should possess a through
     knowledge of the theory and practice of his job. Besides, he
     should know the




                                 vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   23
Conti…

• Current    developments in his job along with technical knowledge. For
    example, a computer department manager should know all the
    latest developments in computers.
•          These are some qualities of a leader. Besides, he should be
    honest, sincere and fair. Sincere, fair and honest people are mostly
    liked by others and their leadership is accepted by one and all.




                                    vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   24
Summary

•          Leadership may be defined as the ability to influence and
    direct the task-related activities of the members of group. A leader
    is a goal-setter, planner, executive, expert, group representative,
    administrator of rewards and punishments and a symbol of the
    group.
•         Three approaches to the study of leadership are: The traits
    approach, behavioural approach and contingency approach.
•         The traits approach has not proved useful since no major
    traits have been identified that




                                    vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   25
Conti…

• constantly  distinguish leaders from non-leaders. The behavioural approach
  has focused on leadership styles. Studies of leadership styles have
  distinguished between a task-oriented, authoritarian or initiating structure
  and an employee-centered, democratic or participative style. These
  studies seem to suggest that there is one best leadership style-one
  which combines democracy with high production. But this is refuted by
  the contingency approach which says that leadership is situational. This
  means that there are a number of factors peculiar to a situation which
  determine the effectiveness or otherwise of a leadership style.


• According to Douglas McGregor, an          effective leader is the one                who
  creates  conditions in which   his          subordinates   feel  secure               and
  independent.




                                    vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA     26
Review Of Topic

   INTRODUCTION
   MEANING OF LEADERSHIP
   DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP
   IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP
   QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP
   SUMMARY




                               vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   27
Bibliography

1)     Essentials of management ,
       P. N. Reddy, P. C. Tripathi, H. R. Appannaiah,
       Himalaya publishing House.
2)     Principle Of management,
       T. Ramasamy,
       Himalaya publishing House.
3)     Students’ Guide to management ,
      Dr. Neeru Vasishth,
      Taxmann Allied services pvt. Ltd.

     4.) Principles of management ,


       P. C. Tripathi, P. N. Reddy,
      TATA McGraw – HILL Publishing company Limited,
       New Delhi.



                                       vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   28
Thank you




  vaghela_manisha13   BY: MANISHA VAGHELA   29
  @yahoo.com

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Leadership

  • 1. IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP By MANISHA VAGHELA vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 1
  • 2. FLOW OF PRESENTATION  INTRODUCTION  MEANING OF LEADERSHIP  DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP  IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP  QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP  SUMMARY  REVIEW OF TOPIC  BIBLIOGRAPHY vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 2
  • 3. INTRODUCTION • Success of a business concern is dependent upon the ability of its leadership. Leadership exists in any types of organization. Whenever and in whatever situation if someone tries to influence the behavior of another individual or a group, there is Leadership. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 3
  • 4. In an organization, wherever an individual has subordinates. He may act as a Leader. The efforts of subordinates are to be channelised in the right direction. As leaders, they are not only the responsible for directing their followers but also responsible for the attainment of goals of the organization. It is believed that leaders are born and not made. At the same time, a few people also believe that leaders are not born but made. But generally, leaders are born and also made. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 4
  • 5. MEANING OF LEADERSHIP • Human beings have to be effectively guided towards a desired set of actions so that they contribute towards the organizational goals with zeal and confidence. “Zeal is ardor, earnestness and intensity in the execution of work; confidence reflects experience and technical ability of individuals to influence the behaviour of others is referred to as leadership. The leaders exploit the human potential and transform it into output. Leadership is beneficial not only for the organization but also fir the individuals concerned. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 5
  • 6. DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP 1) Koontz and O'Donnell said, “Leadership is generally defined as influence, the art of process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly towards the achievement of group goals.” 2) Allen, “Leadership is one who guides and directs other people. He must give effective direction and purpose.” 3) According to the Encyclopedia of social sciences, “Leadership refers to the relation between an individual and a group around some common interest and behaving in a manner directed or determined by the leader.” vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 6
  • 7. 4) In the words of peter F.Drucker, “Leadership is the lifting of man’s visions to higher rights, the raising of man’s performance to higher standards, the building of man’s personality beyond its normal limitation.” 5) Ordway Tead asserts, “Leadership is that combination of qualities by the possession of which one is able to get something done by others, chiefly because through his influence, they become willing to do so.” 6) Robert C. Appleby defines, “Leadership is a means of direction, is the ability of the management to induce subordinate to work towards group ideals with confidence and keenness.” vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 7
  • 8. 7) Alford and Beatty Opines, “Leadership is the ability to secure desirable actions from a group or followers voluntarily without the use of coercion.” 8) R. T. Livingston believes, “Leadership is the ability to awaken in others the desire to follow a common objective.” 9) George R. Terry says, “Leadership is the activity of influencing people to strive willingly for mutual objectives.” vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 8
  • 9. IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP 1.) Perfect organization structure : An organization structure can not provide for all kinds of relationships. That is why, informal relationships are made to exist within the framework or formal organization structure. But the organization structure is complete or perfect with the help of effective leadership. 2) Directing group activities : The personal conduct and behaviour of a leader can direct others to achieve organizational goals. The main responsibility of a leader is to get the work vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 9
  • 10. done effectively by the followers. The followers can not work hard and effectively without leadership. A leader alone can consolidate the efforts and direct them towards the goal. 3) Technological, economic and social changes : There is frequent change in technology, economic and social structure in the present computer world. So, the organization should change its operation and style. This is possible only with the help of effective leadership. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 10
  • 11. Conti… • If the changes do not take place, the organization can not survive. 4) Better utilization of manpower : A leader treats with equal importance, plans, policies and programmes of an organization. The plans, policies and programmes do not work themselves. There is a need for a leader. The leader implements the plans, policies and programmes to utilise the available manpower effectively and get highest production with minimum human cost. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 11
  • 12. Conti… 5) Avoiding imbalances : An organization grows in size and complexity with the imbalances. Complexity arises due to the introduction of new functions. The reason is that the introduction of new functions resulted in increased levels of management. So, there is a problem of command, co-ordination and control. A leader can tackle these problems and maintain balances. 6) Source of motivation : Simply, the existence of leadership does not motivate the workers. The leadership style should be utilised to motivate the workers according to the situations prevailing. The achievement of goals is doubtful in the absence of leadership. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 12
  • 13. Conti… 7) Developing good human relations : Human relations represent the relations between the leader and the followers. An efficient leader can develop the skill of the followers and promote self- confidence apart from motivation. Next, the leader creates opportunity to show their abilities and induces the followers to work towards the accomplishment of goals. In this way, the leader promotes the co-operative attitude of workers and maintains better relations with them. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 13
  • 14. Conti… 8) Reconciliation of goals : An organization has its own goals. The employees of the organization have their own goals. They are working mainly for achieving their goals instead of achieving organizational goals. An effective leadership can reconcile the goals of organizations and employees. It is necessary for the success of an organization. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 14
  • 15. Conti… 9) Promoting the spirit of co-ordination : A dynamic leader can co- ordinate the activities of the subordinate. In an organization, workers are working in groups, so there is a need for co- ordination among the group members. A leader promotes the spirit of co-ordination among the workers. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 15
  • 16. Conti… 10) Fulfilling Social responsibilities : Social responsibilities refer to the high standard of living to workers, higher productivity and income to the organization, more revenue to the government, reasonable price to consumers and fair return on investment to the investors. These could be achieved with the help of effective leadership. Only an efficient leader can get work done to fulfill social responsibilities. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 16
  • 17. Qualities of Leadership • A leader should have some leadership qualities in order to provide effective leadership. According to Henry Fayol, a leader should have the qualities of : 1.)health and physical fitness, 2) mental vigour and energy, 3) steady, persistent thoughtful determination, 4) sound general education, and 5) management ability embracing foresight and the art of handling men. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 17
  • 18. Conti… • The important qualities of a leader are discussed : 1) Physical appearance and strength : The leader has to put in hard work physically. He should have a capacity to work for long hours than others. It proves the diligence of the leader to his followers easily. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 18
  • 19. Conti… 2) Mental vigour : The leader is also strong mentally. It means that the leader is expected to withstand strain in finishing the work properly. 3) Emotional stability : The leader should not be moved by emotion or sentiment. He should analyses the problem rationally and take a decision without bias. The leader should not have short temper. Besides, he should show firmness in his decision and not show despair or indecision on his face. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 19
  • 20. Conti… 4) Sense of judgement : A leader should know the human psychology. He should understand the behaviour, needs, thoughts, movies etc. of his followers. This will help him to take a strategic decision and get it recognized by his followers. Besides, he can set right his actions. 5) Goodwill : A leader should be able to understand the feelings of others. He takes decision on the basis of expectation of his followers. If he does not do so, he will not win the goodwill of his followers. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 20
  • 21. Conti… 6) Motivation : A leader should know the motivation techniques and how to use them. If a person is forced to do his job under the threat of getting punishment , he will not perform his work properly. At the same time, if she same person is motivated, he will perform his job more than the expectations of his leader. 7) Communication skill : Whatever the information needed to workers, it should be passed through the leader. So, the leader should communicate the information to the workers. Now, the leader is acting as an effective speaker vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 21
  • 22. Conti… • and writer. If the leader has communication skills, he will direct his followers effectively. 8) Guiding ability : The leader acts as a teacher to new workers. So the leader helps his followers to learn their work. He should train the workers by work and deed to complete the job effectively. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 22
  • 23. Conti… 9) Sociability : An able leader can easily mingle with the workers. The workers should be encouraged to discuss their problems and difficulties with their boss. The workers frequently. The leader should show his keen interest to develop the ability of workers. 10) Technical knowledge : A leader should possess a through knowledge of the theory and practice of his job. Besides, he should know the vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 23
  • 24. Conti… • Current developments in his job along with technical knowledge. For example, a computer department manager should know all the latest developments in computers. • These are some qualities of a leader. Besides, he should be honest, sincere and fair. Sincere, fair and honest people are mostly liked by others and their leadership is accepted by one and all. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 24
  • 25. Summary • Leadership may be defined as the ability to influence and direct the task-related activities of the members of group. A leader is a goal-setter, planner, executive, expert, group representative, administrator of rewards and punishments and a symbol of the group. • Three approaches to the study of leadership are: The traits approach, behavioural approach and contingency approach. • The traits approach has not proved useful since no major traits have been identified that vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 25
  • 26. Conti… • constantly distinguish leaders from non-leaders. The behavioural approach has focused on leadership styles. Studies of leadership styles have distinguished between a task-oriented, authoritarian or initiating structure and an employee-centered, democratic or participative style. These studies seem to suggest that there is one best leadership style-one which combines democracy with high production. But this is refuted by the contingency approach which says that leadership is situational. This means that there are a number of factors peculiar to a situation which determine the effectiveness or otherwise of a leadership style. • According to Douglas McGregor, an effective leader is the one who creates conditions in which his subordinates feel secure and independent. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 26
  • 27. Review Of Topic  INTRODUCTION  MEANING OF LEADERSHIP  DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP  IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP  QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP  SUMMARY vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 27
  • 28. Bibliography 1) Essentials of management , P. N. Reddy, P. C. Tripathi, H. R. Appannaiah, Himalaya publishing House. 2) Principle Of management, T. Ramasamy, Himalaya publishing House. 3) Students’ Guide to management , Dr. Neeru Vasishth, Taxmann Allied services pvt. Ltd. 4.) Principles of management , P. C. Tripathi, P. N. Reddy, TATA McGraw – HILL Publishing company Limited, New Delhi. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 28
  • 29. Thank you vaghela_manisha13 BY: MANISHA VAGHELA 29 @yahoo.com