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Electrical Safety 
Lack of awareness 
could be costlier 
than you thought 
www.verde.co.in 
How to control Electrical Safety Risk?
About the presentation 
Electrical Safety is a concern in almost every 
organizations. The risks related to electrical 
safety are often managed in an isolated way. 
www.verde.in 
This presentation will help organisations to 
manage Electrical Safety risks in a more 
structured fashion. 
www.co.in
1. Establish an Electrical Safety Program 
2. Publish an Electrical Safety Manual 
3. Perform a Site Assessment 
4. Identify and Document Hazards 
5. Conduct an Electrical Hazard Analysis (Shock, Arc Flash 
& Arc Blast) 
6. Establish Flash Protection Boundaries 
10 
7. Outline PPE Requirements 
8. Apply Appropriate Warning Labels 
9. Conduct Employee Training 
10. Audit & Update on a Regular Basis 
www.verde.co.in 
Steps to a Safer Workplace
www.verde.co.in
Why Electricity is dangerous? 
Electricity can be dangerous because: 
• People need to use or work with electricity all the times 
• As a form of energy it can seriously harm people when electrical current passes 
www.verde.co.in 
through the human body 
As a form of energy, electricity is an invisible danger
Hazards in electricity 
• Electric Shock 
• Fire and Explosion 
• Joule’s Burn 
• Arc Flash & Arc blast 
• Fall from height 
Primary 
Hazard 
www.verde.co.in 
• Fall of hand held working tools 
• Direct burn from electric arc welding 
• U/V & Infra-red Radiation burns to eyes from arc welding 
• Eye injury from electric arcs (e.g. Welder’s eye flash) 
• Physical injury from false starting of machine, 
• Explosion of switch gears etc 
Secondary Hazard
Physiological effects of electricity 
• Generation of Heat – Most basic and easy-to-understand effect of electricity on 
living tissue; current make it heat up. If the amount of heat generation is sufficient, the 
tissue may be burnt. Electricity has the ability to burn tissue well beneath the skin of 
victim, even burning internal organs. 
• Electric shock – Effect of electric current on body in terms of hazard, affects nerve 
cells that process and conduct the multitude of signals responsible for regulation of 
many body function together to allow it to sense, move, respond, think, and 
remember. 
• Effect on nervous system – Electric current of sufficient magnitude effect nervous 
system and prevent both human reflex and muscles. Contraction of muscles occur 
when a victim contacts an energized conductor with his hands. Clenching action force 
the hand to grasp the wire firmly, thus worsening the situation securing better contact 
with the wire. Medically this condition of muscle contraction is called tetanus. 
www.verde.co.in
Electrical Safety is an ongoing challenge 
for Industries. 
www.verde.co.in
How can you prevent loss and protect 
yourself and your workplace? 
By using one or more of the following measures in the field of 
electrical safety. i.e. 
www.verde.co.in 
• Electrical Safety Audit 
• Lightning & Surge Protection Audit 
• Electrical & Fire Safety Audit 
• Hazardous Area Classification (HAC)
Why?? 
• Electrical Safety Audit – Electrical Safety Audit is an effective tool to identify 
potential electrical hazards, flaws in design system, maintenance system and to 
provide suitable remedial measures in order to control risks exists in your electrical 
system. 
• Lightning & Surge Protection Audit– Lightning and Surge Protection Audit is an 
effective tool to identify and assess existing lightning protection system (if any) in the 
premises and suggesting suitable measures to bridge the gap. This can protect your 
workplace from the adverse effect lightning and surge. 
www.verde.co.in
Why?? 
• Electrical & Fire Safety Audit- Electrical & Fire Safety audit is an effective tool for 
assessing electrical & fire safety status in your workplace. This audit helps to identify 
the areas for improvement in electrical & fire safety measures in prevention, 
protection and mitigation system in case of electrical fire. 
• Hazardous Area Classification (HAC)– Hazardous area can also be classified as 
those locations where electrical equipment might be installed and which, by their 
nature, might present a condition which could become explosive. HAC will help you to 
ensure that the electrical equipment is properly selected, installed, operated and 
maintained to provide a safe system. 
www.verde.co.in
Meet the CHALLENGE with 
Realistic & Risk Based 
Electrical Safety Management Tools 
www.verde.co.in
ELECTRICAL 
Electrical Safety Audit 
www.verde.co.in
Do You Know?? 
• According to Fire Protection Association (FPA) UK and National Fire Protection 
Association (NFPA) USA , globally in industries, around 8% of all fatalities are due to 
accidents caused by electricity. 
• In India over 40% of the fire incidents are initiated by electrical causes such as short 
www.verde.co.in 
circuits, overloading, loose electrical connections.
Electrical Safety Audit? 
• Independent Electrical Safety Audit is an effective way of managing the loss by 
identifying both good practices and areas for improvement within an organisation’s 
electrical safety management system. 
It is true that electrical hazards can be identified and assessed in general safety audit, 
but comprehensive electrical safety audits can provide a thorough review of electrical 
system which can also identify potential electrical hazards, flaws in design system, 
maintenance system etc in your workplace. 
www.verde.co.in
Electrical Safety Audit 
Electrical Safety 
Audit is carried out 
by way of physical 
examination, sample 
www.verde.co.in 
tests, review of 
records and 
discussion with 
various departments 
& plant personnel
Electrical Safety Audit Objectives 
• To ensure that electrical safety system fully satisfy the legal requirements 
• To review and critically assess the existing electrical safety system to prevent and 
control 
www.verde.co.in 
• the hazards in the facility with a view to suggest improvement 
• To recommend the measures for improving effectiveness for implementation of 
electrical safety systems, procedures, plans and programs and also for improving the 
existing procedures / setting of new procedures if required
Standards & Codes followed during 
Electrical Safety Audit 
• Electricity Act, 2003 
• Indian Electricity Rules, 1956 (Amended 2005) 
• Central Electricity Authority Regulations, 2010 
• Relevant NFPA Codes 
www.verde.co.in 
• Relevant OISD Standards 
• Relevant Indian Standards 
• Best Engineering Practices 
• Industrial Best Practices
General Scope for Electrical Safety Audit 
• Verification of statutory compliance with respect to the regulations (national 
and state level) relating to electrical safety. 
• Review of electrical systems and procedures usually followed and physical 
inspection to identify electrical hazards like fire, overloading. 
• Identify areas of overloading by load current assessments and comparing 
against cable’s current carrying capacity to suggest electrical safety solutions. 
www.verde.co.in
General Scope for Electrical Safety Audit 
Cont… 
•Review of insulation status of cables by carrying out sample basis insulation resistance 
checking. 
•Review of hazardous area and suggestion for flameproof electrical equipment & fire 
resistant cables. 
•Review of electrical preventive maintenance system (checking of documentations) for 
necessary suggestions and review of electrical accidents if happened in the past to 
identify the root causes and suggestions. 
www.verde.co.in
General Scope for Electrical Safety Audit 
Cont… 
•Review of lightning protection system (need, adequacy, installation and maintenance) as 
per standard norms. 
•Review of earthing system (installation and maintenance aspects) to realize present 
safety status and providing necessary suggestion. 
•Review of importance given to electrical safety in the safety policy, safety committee, 
continuous electrical risk identification etc. for necessary improvement. 
•Recommendation for operational questions & good practice of electrical maintenance in 
your workplace. 
www.verde.co.in
Few electrical safety 
tests/measurements carried out during 
audit: 
• Insulation Resistance Checking 
www.verde.co.in 
• Load current assessments 
• Earth resistance check
Benefits of Electrical Safety Audit 
• Ensure compliance to various applicable statutory requirements 
• As is status or gap Identification for future Improvement 
• Reduces Accidents and Increases Productivity 
• Re-iterates Management’s Commitment to Electrical Safety 
• Improved electrical safety performance, workforce morale and 
www.verde.co.in 
wellbeing 
• Potentially reduced rates of accidents, injuries, ill-health, litigation 
costs and improved productivity
A properly designed, planned and 
executed electrical safety audit 
programme can bring out many hazards 
that could save life & property of your 
www.verde.co.in 
workplace.
What Verde does? 
Verde is an international advisory firm involved in the field of Responsible 
Business, Business Excellence and Risk Management. 
1 Assessment 
Identifying the 
gaps in a 
system against 
2 Consulting 
Supporting & 
handholding 
organisations 
to solve their 
3 Training 
Empowering 
people to 
perform their 
4 
Assurance 
& 
Certification 
Ensuring that a 
process, 
product, or 
Verde services in 
Occupational 
Health & Safety 
• Safety Audit 
• Safety Management System 
• Ergonomic 
• Electrical Safety 
• Accidental Investigation 
• Safety Legal 
• Fire Risk Assessment 
• OHS Due Diligence 
• Behavior bases safety 
• Safety Management System 
Maturity Assessment 
Inspiring Excellence 
standard(s) and 
requirement. to 
meet 
compliance and 
facilitate 
improvement. 
problems and 
to meet the 
gaps identified 
during the 
assessment or 
any other audit. 
duties 
effectively and 
efficiently. 
service meets 
relevant techni 
cal standards 
and fulfils 
relevant 
requirements. 
www.verde.co.in 
Safety, 
Health & 
Environment 
Social 
Compliance 
People 
Food Safety Excellence 
Quality & 
Business 
Excellence 
Information 
Security 
Sustainability 
Risk 
Management

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How to control electrical safety risk

  • 1. Electrical Safety Lack of awareness could be costlier than you thought www.verde.co.in How to control Electrical Safety Risk?
  • 2. About the presentation Electrical Safety is a concern in almost every organizations. The risks related to electrical safety are often managed in an isolated way. www.verde.in This presentation will help organisations to manage Electrical Safety risks in a more structured fashion. www.co.in
  • 3. 1. Establish an Electrical Safety Program 2. Publish an Electrical Safety Manual 3. Perform a Site Assessment 4. Identify and Document Hazards 5. Conduct an Electrical Hazard Analysis (Shock, Arc Flash & Arc Blast) 6. Establish Flash Protection Boundaries 10 7. Outline PPE Requirements 8. Apply Appropriate Warning Labels 9. Conduct Employee Training 10. Audit & Update on a Regular Basis www.verde.co.in Steps to a Safer Workplace
  • 5. Why Electricity is dangerous? Electricity can be dangerous because: • People need to use or work with electricity all the times • As a form of energy it can seriously harm people when electrical current passes www.verde.co.in through the human body As a form of energy, electricity is an invisible danger
  • 6. Hazards in electricity • Electric Shock • Fire and Explosion • Joule’s Burn • Arc Flash & Arc blast • Fall from height Primary Hazard www.verde.co.in • Fall of hand held working tools • Direct burn from electric arc welding • U/V & Infra-red Radiation burns to eyes from arc welding • Eye injury from electric arcs (e.g. Welder’s eye flash) • Physical injury from false starting of machine, • Explosion of switch gears etc Secondary Hazard
  • 7. Physiological effects of electricity • Generation of Heat – Most basic and easy-to-understand effect of electricity on living tissue; current make it heat up. If the amount of heat generation is sufficient, the tissue may be burnt. Electricity has the ability to burn tissue well beneath the skin of victim, even burning internal organs. • Electric shock – Effect of electric current on body in terms of hazard, affects nerve cells that process and conduct the multitude of signals responsible for regulation of many body function together to allow it to sense, move, respond, think, and remember. • Effect on nervous system – Electric current of sufficient magnitude effect nervous system and prevent both human reflex and muscles. Contraction of muscles occur when a victim contacts an energized conductor with his hands. Clenching action force the hand to grasp the wire firmly, thus worsening the situation securing better contact with the wire. Medically this condition of muscle contraction is called tetanus. www.verde.co.in
  • 8. Electrical Safety is an ongoing challenge for Industries. www.verde.co.in
  • 9. How can you prevent loss and protect yourself and your workplace? By using one or more of the following measures in the field of electrical safety. i.e. www.verde.co.in • Electrical Safety Audit • Lightning & Surge Protection Audit • Electrical & Fire Safety Audit • Hazardous Area Classification (HAC)
  • 10. Why?? • Electrical Safety Audit – Electrical Safety Audit is an effective tool to identify potential electrical hazards, flaws in design system, maintenance system and to provide suitable remedial measures in order to control risks exists in your electrical system. • Lightning & Surge Protection Audit– Lightning and Surge Protection Audit is an effective tool to identify and assess existing lightning protection system (if any) in the premises and suggesting suitable measures to bridge the gap. This can protect your workplace from the adverse effect lightning and surge. www.verde.co.in
  • 11. Why?? • Electrical & Fire Safety Audit- Electrical & Fire Safety audit is an effective tool for assessing electrical & fire safety status in your workplace. This audit helps to identify the areas for improvement in electrical & fire safety measures in prevention, protection and mitigation system in case of electrical fire. • Hazardous Area Classification (HAC)– Hazardous area can also be classified as those locations where electrical equipment might be installed and which, by their nature, might present a condition which could become explosive. HAC will help you to ensure that the electrical equipment is properly selected, installed, operated and maintained to provide a safe system. www.verde.co.in
  • 12. Meet the CHALLENGE with Realistic & Risk Based Electrical Safety Management Tools www.verde.co.in
  • 13. ELECTRICAL Electrical Safety Audit www.verde.co.in
  • 14. Do You Know?? • According to Fire Protection Association (FPA) UK and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) USA , globally in industries, around 8% of all fatalities are due to accidents caused by electricity. • In India over 40% of the fire incidents are initiated by electrical causes such as short www.verde.co.in circuits, overloading, loose electrical connections.
  • 15. Electrical Safety Audit? • Independent Electrical Safety Audit is an effective way of managing the loss by identifying both good practices and areas for improvement within an organisation’s electrical safety management system. It is true that electrical hazards can be identified and assessed in general safety audit, but comprehensive electrical safety audits can provide a thorough review of electrical system which can also identify potential electrical hazards, flaws in design system, maintenance system etc in your workplace. www.verde.co.in
  • 16. Electrical Safety Audit Electrical Safety Audit is carried out by way of physical examination, sample www.verde.co.in tests, review of records and discussion with various departments & plant personnel
  • 17. Electrical Safety Audit Objectives • To ensure that electrical safety system fully satisfy the legal requirements • To review and critically assess the existing electrical safety system to prevent and control www.verde.co.in • the hazards in the facility with a view to suggest improvement • To recommend the measures for improving effectiveness for implementation of electrical safety systems, procedures, plans and programs and also for improving the existing procedures / setting of new procedures if required
  • 18. Standards & Codes followed during Electrical Safety Audit • Electricity Act, 2003 • Indian Electricity Rules, 1956 (Amended 2005) • Central Electricity Authority Regulations, 2010 • Relevant NFPA Codes www.verde.co.in • Relevant OISD Standards • Relevant Indian Standards • Best Engineering Practices • Industrial Best Practices
  • 19. General Scope for Electrical Safety Audit • Verification of statutory compliance with respect to the regulations (national and state level) relating to electrical safety. • Review of electrical systems and procedures usually followed and physical inspection to identify electrical hazards like fire, overloading. • Identify areas of overloading by load current assessments and comparing against cable’s current carrying capacity to suggest electrical safety solutions. www.verde.co.in
  • 20. General Scope for Electrical Safety Audit Cont… •Review of insulation status of cables by carrying out sample basis insulation resistance checking. •Review of hazardous area and suggestion for flameproof electrical equipment & fire resistant cables. •Review of electrical preventive maintenance system (checking of documentations) for necessary suggestions and review of electrical accidents if happened in the past to identify the root causes and suggestions. www.verde.co.in
  • 21. General Scope for Electrical Safety Audit Cont… •Review of lightning protection system (need, adequacy, installation and maintenance) as per standard norms. •Review of earthing system (installation and maintenance aspects) to realize present safety status and providing necessary suggestion. •Review of importance given to electrical safety in the safety policy, safety committee, continuous electrical risk identification etc. for necessary improvement. •Recommendation for operational questions & good practice of electrical maintenance in your workplace. www.verde.co.in
  • 22. Few electrical safety tests/measurements carried out during audit: • Insulation Resistance Checking www.verde.co.in • Load current assessments • Earth resistance check
  • 23. Benefits of Electrical Safety Audit • Ensure compliance to various applicable statutory requirements • As is status or gap Identification for future Improvement • Reduces Accidents and Increases Productivity • Re-iterates Management’s Commitment to Electrical Safety • Improved electrical safety performance, workforce morale and www.verde.co.in wellbeing • Potentially reduced rates of accidents, injuries, ill-health, litigation costs and improved productivity
  • 24. A properly designed, planned and executed electrical safety audit programme can bring out many hazards that could save life & property of your www.verde.co.in workplace.
  • 25. What Verde does? Verde is an international advisory firm involved in the field of Responsible Business, Business Excellence and Risk Management. 1 Assessment Identifying the gaps in a system against 2 Consulting Supporting & handholding organisations to solve their 3 Training Empowering people to perform their 4 Assurance & Certification Ensuring that a process, product, or Verde services in Occupational Health & Safety • Safety Audit • Safety Management System • Ergonomic • Electrical Safety • Accidental Investigation • Safety Legal • Fire Risk Assessment • OHS Due Diligence • Behavior bases safety • Safety Management System Maturity Assessment Inspiring Excellence standard(s) and requirement. to meet compliance and facilitate improvement. problems and to meet the gaps identified during the assessment or any other audit. duties effectively and efficiently. service meets relevant techni cal standards and fulfils relevant requirements. www.verde.co.in Safety, Health & Environment Social Compliance People Food Safety Excellence Quality & Business Excellence Information Security Sustainability Risk Management