SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 21
By-
Mr. ASHOK BISHNOI
Director, JINC
Hospital
 The word ‘hospital’ is closely related to the
word ‘hospitality’ and is derived from the
word ‘hospice’ which means a place for
refuse a house for rest. This is should be the
underline factor in planning a hospital.
MEANING OF HOSPITAL:-
According to steadman’s medical dictionary:-
“Hospital is an institution for the care, cure, and
treatment of the sick and wounded, for the study
of the disease and for the training of the doctors
and nurses”
DEFINITION :-
1. Provide optimum health service to all
2. Provide care, cure, and preventive services
to all
3. Protect the human rights of clients while
clients taking care in its jurisdiction/ in all
areas of its services.
OBJECTIVES :-
4. Provide training for professionals, i.e.
doctors, nurses, pharmacists, dentist other
technical staff.
5. Provide in-service and continuing education.
6. Participate/ conduct research (and investigation
in basic and applied biomedical, social sciences)
7. Define the role of leadership in community.
Client care
Diagnosed and treatment of disease
Out-patient services
Medical education and training
Medical and nursing research
Prevention of disease and promotion of health
FUNCTIONS OF HOSPITAL:-
 Governing body
 Hospital committee
 Medical director
 Medical superintendent
 Hospital administrator
 Nursing superintendent
 Department heads
MANAGEMENT OF THE HOSPITAL
The most commonly accepted upon different
criteria for classification of the hospital are
according to:
1. Length of stay of patient
2. Clinical basis
3. Ownership/ control basis
4. Objectives
5. Size
6. Management
7. Systems
CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITALS:-
 A patient stays for a short term in a hospital for
treatment of disease that is acute in nature, such as
pneumonia, peptic ulcer, and gastroenteritis, etc.
 A patient may stay for long- term in a hospital
for treatment of disease that is chronic in nature such as
tuberculosis, leprosy, cancer.
 These are hospital licensed as general
hospital; treat all kinds of disease, but major
focus on treating speed disease or condition
such as heart disease, or cancer
3. Ownership/ control basis:-
a. PUBLIC HOSPITAL:-
 Are those run by the central or state government. These may be
general hospital or specialized hospitals or both.
b. VOLUNTARY HOSPITAL:-
 They are run with public and private funds on a non-commercial
basis.
c. PRIVATE NURSING HOSPITALS/ NURSING HOMES:-
 Are generally owned by an individual doctor or groups of doctors.
They accept patient suffering from injury, chronic, disability etc. But
do not admit patient suffering from communicable disease,
alcoholism, drug addiction or mental illness.
d. CORPORATE HOSPITAL:-
 Which are public limited companies formed under the companies
act. They are normally run on commercial lines. They can be either
general or specialized or both. ( e.g. Hinduja Hospital)
4. Classification according to the objectives:-
a. TEACHING-CUM-RESAERCH HOSPITAL:-
Is a hospital to which a college` is attached for medical/ nursing/
dental/pharmacy education. The main objectives of these hospitals is
teaching based on research and the provision of health care is
secondary, e.g. AIIMS, New Delhi, PGMERI, Chandigarh
b. GENERAL HOSPITAL:-
 Are those which provide treatment for common disease and conditions
 The main objectives of this hospital are to provide care to the people.
c. SPECIALISED HOSPITAL:-
 Are hospital providing medical and nursing only a particular aspect or
organ of the body .e.g. tuberculosis, ENT, leprosy etc.
d. ISOLATION HOSPITAL:-
 It is a hospital in which the persons suffering from infectious/
communicable disease requiring isolation of the patient, e.g., Epidemic
Disease Hospital, Bangalore.

Sr, No Type of hospital Beds
1. Small Hospital <100 beds
2. Medium Hospital 101-300 beds
3. Large Hospital 301-1000 beds
4. Teaching hospital 500 beds ( beds to be increased according to
the number of student )
5. District hospital 200 -300 beds
6. Taluka hospital 50 -200 beds
7. CHC 30-50 beds
8. Primary health
center
6 -10 Beds
a) Allopathic hospitals
b) Ayurvedic hospitals
c) Homeopathic hospitals
1.First level:-
 General hospital & CHC
2. Second level hospital:-
 Urban general hospital
3.Third level:-
 Large hospital/Central hospital
Level of hospital:-
 Enquiry Registration Waiting hall
Investigation facilities Consultation room
Pharmacy Exit
Flow pattern of client in OPD:-
 Outer zone
 Clean zone
 Sterile zone
 Disposal zone
Zone of OT (Four):-
 First stage room
 Second stage room
 Third stage room
Zone of delivery unit (3 zone)
Work flow:-
 Receiving Washing Drying
Accounting Sorting Packing
Sterilization Sterile storage Issue
CSSD (Central Sterile Supply Department):-
 OPD Record>5 year
 IPD Record> 10 year
 Medico legal -15 year
MRD (Medical Record Department:-
6. Classification according to the management: -
a. Union government/ government of India.
 All hospital administered by the government of India, e.g. hospital run
by the railways, military/deference or public sector undertaking of the
central government.
b. State government.
 All hospital administered by the state union territory. Government
authorities and public sector undertaking operated by the state/union
territories,
c. Local bodies.
 All hospital administered by local bodies, i.e. municipal corporation,
municipality, zila perished, panchayat, e.g. corporation maternity homes.
d. Autonomous bodies.
 All hospital establishment under special act of parliament or state
legislation and founded by the central/state government/union territory,
e.g. AIIMS, New Delhi, PGI.
e. Private
 All private hospital owned by an individual or by a private organization,
e.g, Manipal hospital, Banglore, Hinduja hospital, Mumbai.
f. Voluntary agencies
 All hospitals operated by a voluntary body/a trust/charitable society
under central/state government laws. This includes hospital run by the
missionary bodies and co-operatives. e.g. CMC, Vellore.

More Related Content

What's hot

classification of hospital.pptx
classification of hospital.pptxclassification of hospital.pptx
classification of hospital.pptxBiBi Hajira
 
Definition, Classification and Function of Hospital
Definition, Classification and Function of HospitalDefinition, Classification and Function of Hospital
Definition, Classification and Function of HospitalZulfiquer Ahmed Amin
 
Unit ii inpatient department service in mha course
Unit ii inpatient department service in mha courseUnit ii inpatient department service in mha course
Unit ii inpatient department service in mha courseanjalatchi
 
Hospital as a system
Hospital as a systemHospital as a system
Hospital as a systemNc Das
 
Different Departments Required in a Hospital
Different Departments Required in a Hospital Different Departments Required in a Hospital
Different Departments Required in a Hospital Rhea Shivan
 
Introduction to hospital & its challenges
Introduction to hospital & its challengesIntroduction to hospital & its challenges
Introduction to hospital & its challengesDr.Sharad H. Gajuryal
 
Chaging role of hospital
Chaging role of hospitalChaging role of hospital
Chaging role of hospitalNc Das
 
Inpatient services
Inpatient servicesInpatient services
Inpatient servicesNc Das
 
Inpatient dpt of Hospital (IPD)
Inpatient dpt of Hospital (IPD)Inpatient dpt of Hospital (IPD)
Inpatient dpt of Hospital (IPD)Vidya Neelesh
 
Clinic and types of clinic in the community area
Clinic and types of clinic in the community areaClinic and types of clinic in the community area
Clinic and types of clinic in the community areasaheli chakraborty
 
Various departments of the hospital
Various departments of the hospitalVarious departments of the hospital
Various departments of the hospitalanjalatchi
 
Patient environment in hospital
Patient environment in hospitalPatient environment in hospital
Patient environment in hospitalNursing Path
 

What's hot (20)

classification of hospital.pptx
classification of hospital.pptxclassification of hospital.pptx
classification of hospital.pptx
 
Definition, Classification and Function of Hospital
Definition, Classification and Function of HospitalDefinition, Classification and Function of Hospital
Definition, Classification and Function of Hospital
 
Unit ii inpatient department service in mha course
Unit ii inpatient department service in mha courseUnit ii inpatient department service in mha course
Unit ii inpatient department service in mha course
 
Hospital as a system
Hospital as a systemHospital as a system
Hospital as a system
 
Hospital
HospitalHospital
Hospital
 
Opd
OpdOpd
Opd
 
Different Departments Required in a Hospital
Different Departments Required in a Hospital Different Departments Required in a Hospital
Different Departments Required in a Hospital
 
Introduction to hospital & its challenges
Introduction to hospital & its challengesIntroduction to hospital & its challenges
Introduction to hospital & its challenges
 
Ward management
Ward managementWard management
Ward management
 
Hospital
HospitalHospital
Hospital
 
Opd & ipd
Opd  & ipdOpd  & ipd
Opd & ipd
 
Chaging role of hospital
Chaging role of hospitalChaging role of hospital
Chaging role of hospital
 
Inpatient services
Inpatient servicesInpatient services
Inpatient services
 
HOSPITAL.pptx
HOSPITAL.pptxHOSPITAL.pptx
HOSPITAL.pptx
 
Inpatient Department
Inpatient DepartmentInpatient Department
Inpatient Department
 
Inpatient dpt of Hospital (IPD)
Inpatient dpt of Hospital (IPD)Inpatient dpt of Hospital (IPD)
Inpatient dpt of Hospital (IPD)
 
Clinic and types of clinic in the community area
Clinic and types of clinic in the community areaClinic and types of clinic in the community area
Clinic and types of clinic in the community area
 
Hospital services
Hospital servicesHospital services
Hospital services
 
Various departments of the hospital
Various departments of the hospitalVarious departments of the hospital
Various departments of the hospital
 
Patient environment in hospital
Patient environment in hospitalPatient environment in hospital
Patient environment in hospital
 

Similar to Hospital

hospital and healthcare management types of hospital
hospital and healthcare management types of hospitalhospital and healthcare management types of hospital
hospital and healthcare management types of hospitalREKHA DEHARIYA
 
definitionclassificationandfumctionofhospital-170916092723.pdf
definitionclassificationandfumctionofhospital-170916092723.pdfdefinitionclassificationandfumctionofhospital-170916092723.pdf
definitionclassificationandfumctionofhospital-170916092723.pdfDicksonDaniel7
 
1.hospital and their organisation
1.hospital and their organisation1.hospital and their organisation
1.hospital and their organisationanand kakde
 
Hospital and its organisation
Hospital and its organisationHospital and its organisation
Hospital and its organisationHarshita Jain
 
An Insight to Hospital by Sumel Ashique
An Insight to Hospital by Sumel AshiqueAn Insight to Hospital by Sumel Ashique
An Insight to Hospital by Sumel Ashiquesumel ashique
 
Hospital and its organization ppt.pptx
Hospital and its organization ppt.pptxHospital and its organization ppt.pptx
Hospital and its organization ppt.pptxShikhaSachde
 
introduction to hospital and hospital pharmacy
introduction to hospital and hospital pharmacyintroduction to hospital and hospital pharmacy
introduction to hospital and hospital pharmacyRavish Yadav
 
1. Hospital and it’s organization.pptx
1. Hospital and it’s organization.pptx1. Hospital and it’s organization.pptx
1. Hospital and it’s organization.pptxMangeshBansod2
 
Medicatlive Healthcare
Medicatlive HealthcareMedicatlive Healthcare
Medicatlive HealthcareSandeepPundir9
 
hospitaL AND its Organization.pptx
hospitaL AND its Organization.pptxhospitaL AND its Organization.pptx
hospitaL AND its Organization.pptxLubabahAbdulKarim
 
The hospital and its functions
The hospital and its functionsThe hospital and its functions
The hospital and its functionsSneha Patel
 
2. HOSPITAL AND ITS ORGANIZATION.pptx
2. HOSPITAL AND ITS ORGANIZATION.pptx2. HOSPITAL AND ITS ORGANIZATION.pptx
2. HOSPITAL AND ITS ORGANIZATION.pptxVedika Narvekar
 
Pharmacy Practice Unit I.pptx
Pharmacy Practice Unit I.pptxPharmacy Practice Unit I.pptx
Pharmacy Practice Unit I.pptxArchanaVanjari2
 
Soumyadip Pradhan _BWU_BPA_21_009.pptx
Soumyadip Pradhan _BWU_BPA_21_009.pptxSoumyadip Pradhan _BWU_BPA_21_009.pptx
Soumyadip Pradhan _BWU_BPA_21_009.pptxSoumyadipPradhan2
 
Unit 1 Hospital by Ravinandan A P 2024.pptx
Unit 1 Hospital by Ravinandan A P 2024.pptxUnit 1 Hospital by Ravinandan A P 2024.pptx
Unit 1 Hospital by Ravinandan A P 2024.pptxRavinandan A P
 

Similar to Hospital (20)

hospital and healthcare management types of hospital
hospital and healthcare management types of hospitalhospital and healthcare management types of hospital
hospital and healthcare management types of hospital
 
definitionclassificationandfumctionofhospital-170916092723.pdf
definitionclassificationandfumctionofhospital-170916092723.pdfdefinitionclassificationandfumctionofhospital-170916092723.pdf
definitionclassificationandfumctionofhospital-170916092723.pdf
 
1.hospital and their organisation
1.hospital and their organisation1.hospital and their organisation
1.hospital and their organisation
 
Hospital and its organisation
Hospital and its organisationHospital and its organisation
Hospital and its organisation
 
hospital pharmacy
hospital pharmacyhospital pharmacy
hospital pharmacy
 
An Insight to Hospital by Sumel Ashique
An Insight to Hospital by Sumel AshiqueAn Insight to Hospital by Sumel Ashique
An Insight to Hospital by Sumel Ashique
 
Hospital and its organization ppt.pptx
Hospital and its organization ppt.pptxHospital and its organization ppt.pptx
Hospital and its organization ppt.pptx
 
1 hospital sjk
1 hospital sjk1 hospital sjk
1 hospital sjk
 
introduction to hospital and hospital pharmacy
introduction to hospital and hospital pharmacyintroduction to hospital and hospital pharmacy
introduction to hospital and hospital pharmacy
 
1. Hospital and it’s organization.pptx
1. Hospital and it’s organization.pptx1. Hospital and it’s organization.pptx
1. Hospital and it’s organization.pptx
 
Medicatlive Healthcare
Medicatlive HealthcareMedicatlive Healthcare
Medicatlive Healthcare
 
hospitaL AND its Organization.pptx
hospitaL AND its Organization.pptxhospitaL AND its Organization.pptx
hospitaL AND its Organization.pptx
 
Hospital pharmacy
Hospital pharmacy Hospital pharmacy
Hospital pharmacy
 
hospital.pptx
hospital.pptxhospital.pptx
hospital.pptx
 
The hospital and its functions
The hospital and its functionsThe hospital and its functions
The hospital and its functions
 
2. HOSPITAL AND ITS ORGANIZATION.pptx
2. HOSPITAL AND ITS ORGANIZATION.pptx2. HOSPITAL AND ITS ORGANIZATION.pptx
2. HOSPITAL AND ITS ORGANIZATION.pptx
 
Pharmacy Practice Unit I.pptx
Pharmacy Practice Unit I.pptxPharmacy Practice Unit I.pptx
Pharmacy Practice Unit I.pptx
 
Soumyadip Pradhan _BWU_BPA_21_009.pptx
Soumyadip Pradhan _BWU_BPA_21_009.pptxSoumyadip Pradhan _BWU_BPA_21_009.pptx
Soumyadip Pradhan _BWU_BPA_21_009.pptx
 
Unit 1 Hospital by Ravinandan A P 2024.pptx
Unit 1 Hospital by Ravinandan A P 2024.pptxUnit 1 Hospital by Ravinandan A P 2024.pptx
Unit 1 Hospital by Ravinandan A P 2024.pptx
 
Hospital as a system
Hospital as a systemHospital as a system
Hospital as a system
 

More from Dr Ashok dhaka Bishnoi (20)

Tuberclasis
TuberclasisTuberclasis
Tuberclasis
 
Suctioning
SuctioningSuctioning
Suctioning
 
Intravenous therapy
Intravenous therapyIntravenous therapy
Intravenous therapy
 
Suctioning
SuctioningSuctioning
Suctioning
 
.catheterization
.catheterization.catheterization
.catheterization
 
Disorder of endocrine system
Disorder of endocrine systemDisorder of endocrine system
Disorder of endocrine system
 
PPT on Hypoparathyroidism akki
PPT on Hypoparathyroidism akkiPPT on Hypoparathyroidism akki
PPT on Hypoparathyroidism akki
 
Hyperparathyroidism
HyperparathyroidismHyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism
 
Hyperthyroidism
HyperthyroidismHyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism
 
Hypothyroidism
HypothyroidismHypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism
 
Renal calculi
Renal calculiRenal calculi
Renal calculi
 
PPT on Nervous System
PPT on Nervous SystemPPT on Nervous System
PPT on Nervous System
 
ppt on CNS
ppt on CNS ppt on CNS
ppt on CNS
 
Supervision santhosh
Supervision santhoshSupervision santhosh
Supervision santhosh
 
ppt on Brain
ppt on Brainppt on Brain
ppt on Brain
 
ppt on Quality assuranse
ppt on Quality assuranseppt on Quality assuranse
ppt on Quality assuranse
 
ppt on EYE
ppt on EYEppt on EYE
ppt on EYE
 
ppt of Sensory organ
ppt of Sensory organppt of Sensory organ
ppt of Sensory organ
 
Endocrine glands
Endocrine glandsEndocrine glands
Endocrine glands
 
Cardiac emergencies 2
Cardiac emergencies 2Cardiac emergencies 2
Cardiac emergencies 2
 

Recently uploaded

TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...marcuskenyatta275
 
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale nowSherrylee83
 
Cardiac Impulse: Rhythmical Excitation and Conduction in the Heart
Cardiac Impulse: Rhythmical Excitation and Conduction in the HeartCardiac Impulse: Rhythmical Excitation and Conduction in the Heart
Cardiac Impulse: Rhythmical Excitation and Conduction in the HeartMedicoseAcademics
 
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON .pptx
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON  .pptxDIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON  .pptx
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON .pptxSabbu Khatoon
 
In-service education (Nursing Mangement)
In-service education (Nursing Mangement)In-service education (Nursing Mangement)
In-service education (Nursing Mangement)Monika Kanwar
 
hypo and hyper thyroidism final lecture.pptx
hypo and hyper thyroidism  final lecture.pptxhypo and hyper thyroidism  final lecture.pptx
hypo and hyper thyroidism final lecture.pptxdr shahida
 
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic traumaCT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic traumassuser144901
 
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES examTips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES examJunhao Koh
 
Dermatome and myotome test & pathology.pdf
Dermatome and myotome test & pathology.pdfDermatome and myotome test & pathology.pdf
Dermatome and myotome test & pathology.pdfniloofarbarzegari76
 
TEST BANK For Huether and McCance's Understanding Pathophysiology, Canadian 2...
TEST BANK For Huether and McCance's Understanding Pathophysiology, Canadian 2...TEST BANK For Huether and McCance's Understanding Pathophysiology, Canadian 2...
TEST BANK For Huether and McCance's Understanding Pathophysiology, Canadian 2...marcuskenyatta275
 
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?DrShinyKajal
 
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulationCirculation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulationMedicoseAcademics
 
A thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptx
A thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptxA thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptx
A thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptxSergio Pinski
 
Cardiovascular Physiology - Regulation of Cardiac Pumping
Cardiovascular Physiology - Regulation of Cardiac PumpingCardiovascular Physiology - Regulation of Cardiac Pumping
Cardiovascular Physiology - Regulation of Cardiac PumpingMedicoseAcademics
 
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.Anjali Parmar
 
Evidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapy
Evidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapyEvidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapy
Evidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapyNehaa Dubey
 
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1DR SETH JOTHAM
 
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptxIs Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptxSamar Tharwat
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadNephroTube - Dr.Gawad
 

Recently uploaded (20)

TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
 
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
 
Cardiac Impulse: Rhythmical Excitation and Conduction in the Heart
Cardiac Impulse: Rhythmical Excitation and Conduction in the HeartCardiac Impulse: Rhythmical Excitation and Conduction in the Heart
Cardiac Impulse: Rhythmical Excitation and Conduction in the Heart
 
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON .pptx
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON  .pptxDIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON  .pptx
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY-SABBU KHATOON .pptx
 
In-service education (Nursing Mangement)
In-service education (Nursing Mangement)In-service education (Nursing Mangement)
In-service education (Nursing Mangement)
 
HyperIgE syndrome: primary immune deficiency.pdf
HyperIgE syndrome: primary immune deficiency.pdfHyperIgE syndrome: primary immune deficiency.pdf
HyperIgE syndrome: primary immune deficiency.pdf
 
hypo and hyper thyroidism final lecture.pptx
hypo and hyper thyroidism  final lecture.pptxhypo and hyper thyroidism  final lecture.pptx
hypo and hyper thyroidism final lecture.pptx
 
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic traumaCT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
 
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES examTips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
 
Dermatome and myotome test & pathology.pdf
Dermatome and myotome test & pathology.pdfDermatome and myotome test & pathology.pdf
Dermatome and myotome test & pathology.pdf
 
TEST BANK For Huether and McCance's Understanding Pathophysiology, Canadian 2...
TEST BANK For Huether and McCance's Understanding Pathophysiology, Canadian 2...TEST BANK For Huether and McCance's Understanding Pathophysiology, Canadian 2...
TEST BANK For Huether and McCance's Understanding Pathophysiology, Canadian 2...
 
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
 
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulationCirculation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
 
A thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptx
A thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptxA thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptx
A thorough review of supernormal conduction.pptx
 
Cardiovascular Physiology - Regulation of Cardiac Pumping
Cardiovascular Physiology - Regulation of Cardiac PumpingCardiovascular Physiology - Regulation of Cardiac Pumping
Cardiovascular Physiology - Regulation of Cardiac Pumping
 
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
 
Evidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapy
Evidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapyEvidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapy
Evidence-based practiceEBP) in physiotherapy
 
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
 
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptxIs Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
 

Hospital

  • 2.  The word ‘hospital’ is closely related to the word ‘hospitality’ and is derived from the word ‘hospice’ which means a place for refuse a house for rest. This is should be the underline factor in planning a hospital. MEANING OF HOSPITAL:-
  • 3. According to steadman’s medical dictionary:- “Hospital is an institution for the care, cure, and treatment of the sick and wounded, for the study of the disease and for the training of the doctors and nurses” DEFINITION :-
  • 4. 1. Provide optimum health service to all 2. Provide care, cure, and preventive services to all 3. Protect the human rights of clients while clients taking care in its jurisdiction/ in all areas of its services. OBJECTIVES :-
  • 5. 4. Provide training for professionals, i.e. doctors, nurses, pharmacists, dentist other technical staff. 5. Provide in-service and continuing education. 6. Participate/ conduct research (and investigation in basic and applied biomedical, social sciences) 7. Define the role of leadership in community.
  • 6. Client care Diagnosed and treatment of disease Out-patient services Medical education and training Medical and nursing research Prevention of disease and promotion of health FUNCTIONS OF HOSPITAL:-
  • 7.  Governing body  Hospital committee  Medical director  Medical superintendent  Hospital administrator  Nursing superintendent  Department heads MANAGEMENT OF THE HOSPITAL
  • 8. The most commonly accepted upon different criteria for classification of the hospital are according to: 1. Length of stay of patient 2. Clinical basis 3. Ownership/ control basis 4. Objectives 5. Size 6. Management 7. Systems CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITALS:-
  • 9.  A patient stays for a short term in a hospital for treatment of disease that is acute in nature, such as pneumonia, peptic ulcer, and gastroenteritis, etc.  A patient may stay for long- term in a hospital for treatment of disease that is chronic in nature such as tuberculosis, leprosy, cancer.
  • 10.  These are hospital licensed as general hospital; treat all kinds of disease, but major focus on treating speed disease or condition such as heart disease, or cancer
  • 11. 3. Ownership/ control basis:- a. PUBLIC HOSPITAL:-  Are those run by the central or state government. These may be general hospital or specialized hospitals or both. b. VOLUNTARY HOSPITAL:-  They are run with public and private funds on a non-commercial basis. c. PRIVATE NURSING HOSPITALS/ NURSING HOMES:-  Are generally owned by an individual doctor or groups of doctors. They accept patient suffering from injury, chronic, disability etc. But do not admit patient suffering from communicable disease, alcoholism, drug addiction or mental illness. d. CORPORATE HOSPITAL:-  Which are public limited companies formed under the companies act. They are normally run on commercial lines. They can be either general or specialized or both. ( e.g. Hinduja Hospital)
  • 12. 4. Classification according to the objectives:- a. TEACHING-CUM-RESAERCH HOSPITAL:- Is a hospital to which a college` is attached for medical/ nursing/ dental/pharmacy education. The main objectives of these hospitals is teaching based on research and the provision of health care is secondary, e.g. AIIMS, New Delhi, PGMERI, Chandigarh b. GENERAL HOSPITAL:-  Are those which provide treatment for common disease and conditions  The main objectives of this hospital are to provide care to the people. c. SPECIALISED HOSPITAL:-  Are hospital providing medical and nursing only a particular aspect or organ of the body .e.g. tuberculosis, ENT, leprosy etc. d. ISOLATION HOSPITAL:-  It is a hospital in which the persons suffering from infectious/ communicable disease requiring isolation of the patient, e.g., Epidemic Disease Hospital, Bangalore. 
  • 13. Sr, No Type of hospital Beds 1. Small Hospital <100 beds 2. Medium Hospital 101-300 beds 3. Large Hospital 301-1000 beds 4. Teaching hospital 500 beds ( beds to be increased according to the number of student ) 5. District hospital 200 -300 beds 6. Taluka hospital 50 -200 beds 7. CHC 30-50 beds 8. Primary health center 6 -10 Beds
  • 14. a) Allopathic hospitals b) Ayurvedic hospitals c) Homeopathic hospitals
  • 15. 1.First level:-  General hospital & CHC 2. Second level hospital:-  Urban general hospital 3.Third level:-  Large hospital/Central hospital Level of hospital:-
  • 16.  Enquiry Registration Waiting hall Investigation facilities Consultation room Pharmacy Exit Flow pattern of client in OPD:-
  • 17.  Outer zone  Clean zone  Sterile zone  Disposal zone Zone of OT (Four):-
  • 18.  First stage room  Second stage room  Third stage room Zone of delivery unit (3 zone)
  • 19. Work flow:-  Receiving Washing Drying Accounting Sorting Packing Sterilization Sterile storage Issue CSSD (Central Sterile Supply Department):-
  • 20.  OPD Record>5 year  IPD Record> 10 year  Medico legal -15 year MRD (Medical Record Department:-
  • 21. 6. Classification according to the management: - a. Union government/ government of India.  All hospital administered by the government of India, e.g. hospital run by the railways, military/deference or public sector undertaking of the central government. b. State government.  All hospital administered by the state union territory. Government authorities and public sector undertaking operated by the state/union territories, c. Local bodies.  All hospital administered by local bodies, i.e. municipal corporation, municipality, zila perished, panchayat, e.g. corporation maternity homes. d. Autonomous bodies.  All hospital establishment under special act of parliament or state legislation and founded by the central/state government/union territory, e.g. AIIMS, New Delhi, PGI. e. Private  All private hospital owned by an individual or by a private organization, e.g, Manipal hospital, Banglore, Hinduja hospital, Mumbai. f. Voluntary agencies  All hospitals operated by a voluntary body/a trust/charitable society under central/state government laws. This includes hospital run by the missionary bodies and co-operatives. e.g. CMC, Vellore.

Editor's Notes

  1. The governing body is the highest decision making authority of a hospital. It formulates policies and provides direction to the hospital for effective and efficient function of the hospital. The governing body should review the status of the hospital services at least once a week with a minimum of 7 members present at each meeting. Hospital committee:- The governing body appoints a hospital committee to look after the day to day functioning of the hospital or any particular area. Medical director:- In larger hospital the medical director overseas the functioning of the hospital and look after the intake and turnover of staff. Medical superintendent:- It ensures that the policies of the governing body are effectively implemented to maintain standards and provide quality patient care. He/she responsible for the overall performance of the medical staff and is helped by the hospital administer, nursing superintendent and department heads. Hospital administrator:- The hospital administrator for all administrative and support services in the hospital. He/she provides leadership and coordinates all support service as finance. Housekeeping, legal matters, human recourses development, marketing. Nursing superintendent:- It is responsible for all nursing services. These involve planning patient care, obtaining regular ward/patient reports/data from nurses and reviewing them. Department heads:- Heads of various departments are responsible for the smooth and uninterrupted functioning of their areas. They ensure a good working condition of the equipment and project future needs to the hospital administrator.