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VISVESVARAYA TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
                      JNANA SANGAMA, BELGAUM




                                          SEMINAR ON
                                 GLOBAL WIRELESS E-VOTING SYSYTEM

Under the guidance of                                                            PRESENTED By,
Name Ms Veda Raj.N                                                               Name G.L ABHISHEK
Designation LECTURER (B.E , M.TECH)                                              USN 1RG09IS002


                             Department of Information Science and Engineering
                                    Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology
                                   Cholanagar, RDEPTNagar Post, Bangalore
                                               ISE T RGIT,BANGALORE                           1
GLOBAL WIRELESS
E-VOTING SYSTEM
PRESENTED BY      ISE 8TH SEM RGIT
ABHISHEK G.L      USN 1RG09ISOO2
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION

PRESENT SYSTEM

DISADVANTAGES OF THE PRESENT SYSTEM

PROPOSED SYSTEM

BLOCK DIAGRAM

VOTING MACHINE

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE VOTING MACHINE
                                                 3
                       ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE
CONTENTS

EYE RETINA SCANNING

INTERFACE DEVICE

HURDLES IN THE PATH OF IMPLEMENTATION

FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS

CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

                        ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE   4
INTRODUCTION

“Global Wireless E-Voting”


In this the machine is made intelligent which can determine the
eligibility of the voter by scanning the eye pattern .


Also the vote count is not kept into the same machine itself instead
of it is stored in the remote server by converting it into radio waves.

                             ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE                      5
PRESENT SYSTEM

In a present system each and every section is given a
electronic machine which stores the votes of the people.



Control of present system is given to the incharge officer
who checks the eligibility of the candidates for voting.



Finally we collect all the voting machine at a place and go for
counting.
                                                  ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE   6
ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE   7
DISADVANTAGES OF THE PRESENT
         SYSTEM
The machine is not able to recognize the eligibility of a
candidate, so the corrupted officers may misguide the people.

The corrupted officers may increase the count of the voting.

After voting if any technical problems or damage occurs with
the machines it may leads to the re election

                         ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE                8
CONTINUED….

During transportation of the machines the incharge person
can change the status of machines and even may destroy

This system is not a cost effective one. Since we need security,
in charge officers, secured place for counting and election
place.

The voting take place where the machine is located   .




                         ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE               9
PROPOSED SYSTEM

In our system we trying to keep counting of votes in to a remote
secured system.

In this system we are using a electronic circuit which enable the
voter to vote and transfer this vote to the remote system by
converting it to radio wave through the mobile towers.

Our machine can check the eligibility of the candidate by itself, so
there is no question of corruption.
                          ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE               10
CONTINUED….


Here we need not to go for the re-election even if the
machine is damaged.

A person even can vote from a mobile system and also from
Internet.


                          ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE           11
ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE   12
EXPLANATION

Radio waves representing scanned retina pattern and vote to
Mobile tower.

Radio waves representing scanned retina pattern and vote to
remote server.

Acknowledgement (+ve or –ve) from the server to mobile
tower.

                       ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE            13
CONTINUED….

Acknowledgement (+ve or –ve) from mobile tower to Interface
device.

Ready signal if retina is scanned properly to voting machine.
And if –ve signal then alert alarm will be activated.

Accepted vote is made to flow to the interface device.

                         ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE                14
VOTING MACHINE


The voting machine is actually a device which generates
the different voltages for different votes these voltages
are fed to the (ADC) which is then converted to digital
bits then can be converted to radio waves.



                        ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE             15
EYE RETINA SCANNING


The eye retina machine be a simple web cam or device
which can capture the images effectively .the captured
image will be represented in the form of a matrix where
each pixel represents 24-bit (RGB, 8+8+8 format)



                       ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE            16
INTERFACE DEVICE


This is an electronic kit which converts the input digital signals
such as (retina pattern + votes+ secure bits) to radio waves.




                           ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE               17
WORKING OF THE WHOLE SYSTEM
Whenever voters enter to voting booth then he will be instructed to directly look
at retina scanning machine and the machine scans the retina.

Once retina scanning properly confirmed then voter is made to vote.

Now the whole data including the retina pattern is sent to interfacing device
which converts it into radio waves and these radio waves are sent to mobile tower

And then to the remote server, where the authentication and voters identification
is stored into a secured database.
                                  ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE                  18
CONTINUED…

The received data is first converted into digital format from the radio waves through the
interface device kept at the server side, and then retina pattern and vote separated.

Next the retina pattern is matched against the existing database .


If match is found then flag is checked which indicates its voting status i.e. +ve ack.

This ack is recognized by the receiver kept at the voter side and machine is made to scan
next retina pattern and vote, otherwise if –ve ack then alert alarm is made to ring.
                                        ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE                          19
HURDLES IN THE PATH OF
IMPLEMENTATION

           Security




         Geographical
          Problems

                ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE   20
SECURITY

Uses Key Complex Encryption algorithm

First it finds the length of the string.

Generate the random numbers equal to the length of the string.

Add the corresponding Characters from the given string and random
values
                              ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE            21
EXPLANATION

E.g. KSHITIJ
8    12   34    4   11 9          26
The ASCII value for KSHITIJ are
75   83    72 73 84 73               74
Add corresponding A) and B) values as
8+75 12+83 34+72 4+73 11+84 9+73 26+74
                          ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE   22
CONTINUED….

  The corresponding ASCII characters for these are
  •S        _          j         M             _         R       d

  The corresponding characters for random values
  •À        J      q           ©           ¨         «       y

  Finally encrypted data as
  •S À_ J j q M © _ ¨ R « d y
                           ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE                   23
GEOGRAPHICAL PROBLEMS
It occurs where the technical facilities like mobile tower or
Internet service is not present.

In this case will convert the vote and retina pattern into the
electrical information
And pass it through the electrical conductors until we reach the
area where the technical facilities like internet or mobile tower is
available.

Here the eye scanner will be web cam.
                            ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE               24
CONCLUSION

Provides high level of security, authentication, reliability, and
corruption-free mechanism.

By this we can get result with in minute after the completion
of voting.

Minimum manpower Utilization, hence mechanism is error
free.
                           ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE                  25
REFERENCES

Electronic circuit by Boylestead.

Digital Integrated Electronics by Herbert Taub and Donald
Schilling.

www.howstuffworks.com

www.wikipedia.com
                          ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE           26
ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE   27
ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE   28

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Global wireless e voting system

  • 1. VISVESVARAYA TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY JNANA SANGAMA, BELGAUM SEMINAR ON GLOBAL WIRELESS E-VOTING SYSYTEM Under the guidance of PRESENTED By, Name Ms Veda Raj.N Name G.L ABHISHEK Designation LECTURER (B.E , M.TECH) USN 1RG09IS002 Department of Information Science and Engineering Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology Cholanagar, RDEPTNagar Post, Bangalore ISE T RGIT,BANGALORE 1
  • 2. GLOBAL WIRELESS E-VOTING SYSTEM PRESENTED BY ISE 8TH SEM RGIT ABHISHEK G.L USN 1RG09ISOO2
  • 3. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION PRESENT SYSTEM DISADVANTAGES OF THE PRESENT SYSTEM PROPOSED SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM VOTING MACHINE BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE VOTING MACHINE 3 ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE
  • 4. CONTENTS EYE RETINA SCANNING INTERFACE DEVICE HURDLES IN THE PATH OF IMPLEMENTATION FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS CONCLUSION REFERENCES ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 4
  • 5. INTRODUCTION “Global Wireless E-Voting” In this the machine is made intelligent which can determine the eligibility of the voter by scanning the eye pattern . Also the vote count is not kept into the same machine itself instead of it is stored in the remote server by converting it into radio waves. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 5
  • 6. PRESENT SYSTEM In a present system each and every section is given a electronic machine which stores the votes of the people. Control of present system is given to the incharge officer who checks the eligibility of the candidates for voting. Finally we collect all the voting machine at a place and go for counting. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 6
  • 8. DISADVANTAGES OF THE PRESENT SYSTEM The machine is not able to recognize the eligibility of a candidate, so the corrupted officers may misguide the people. The corrupted officers may increase the count of the voting. After voting if any technical problems or damage occurs with the machines it may leads to the re election ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 8
  • 9. CONTINUED…. During transportation of the machines the incharge person can change the status of machines and even may destroy This system is not a cost effective one. Since we need security, in charge officers, secured place for counting and election place. The voting take place where the machine is located . ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 9
  • 10. PROPOSED SYSTEM In our system we trying to keep counting of votes in to a remote secured system. In this system we are using a electronic circuit which enable the voter to vote and transfer this vote to the remote system by converting it to radio wave through the mobile towers. Our machine can check the eligibility of the candidate by itself, so there is no question of corruption. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 10
  • 11. CONTINUED…. Here we need not to go for the re-election even if the machine is damaged. A person even can vote from a mobile system and also from Internet. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 11
  • 13. EXPLANATION Radio waves representing scanned retina pattern and vote to Mobile tower. Radio waves representing scanned retina pattern and vote to remote server. Acknowledgement (+ve or –ve) from the server to mobile tower. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 13
  • 14. CONTINUED…. Acknowledgement (+ve or –ve) from mobile tower to Interface device. Ready signal if retina is scanned properly to voting machine. And if –ve signal then alert alarm will be activated. Accepted vote is made to flow to the interface device. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 14
  • 15. VOTING MACHINE The voting machine is actually a device which generates the different voltages for different votes these voltages are fed to the (ADC) which is then converted to digital bits then can be converted to radio waves. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 15
  • 16. EYE RETINA SCANNING The eye retina machine be a simple web cam or device which can capture the images effectively .the captured image will be represented in the form of a matrix where each pixel represents 24-bit (RGB, 8+8+8 format) ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 16
  • 17. INTERFACE DEVICE This is an electronic kit which converts the input digital signals such as (retina pattern + votes+ secure bits) to radio waves. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 17
  • 18. WORKING OF THE WHOLE SYSTEM Whenever voters enter to voting booth then he will be instructed to directly look at retina scanning machine and the machine scans the retina. Once retina scanning properly confirmed then voter is made to vote. Now the whole data including the retina pattern is sent to interfacing device which converts it into radio waves and these radio waves are sent to mobile tower And then to the remote server, where the authentication and voters identification is stored into a secured database. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 18
  • 19. CONTINUED… The received data is first converted into digital format from the radio waves through the interface device kept at the server side, and then retina pattern and vote separated. Next the retina pattern is matched against the existing database . If match is found then flag is checked which indicates its voting status i.e. +ve ack. This ack is recognized by the receiver kept at the voter side and machine is made to scan next retina pattern and vote, otherwise if –ve ack then alert alarm is made to ring. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 19
  • 20. HURDLES IN THE PATH OF IMPLEMENTATION Security Geographical Problems ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 20
  • 21. SECURITY Uses Key Complex Encryption algorithm First it finds the length of the string. Generate the random numbers equal to the length of the string. Add the corresponding Characters from the given string and random values ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 21
  • 22. EXPLANATION E.g. KSHITIJ 8 12 34 4 11 9 26 The ASCII value for KSHITIJ are 75 83 72 73 84 73 74 Add corresponding A) and B) values as 8+75 12+83 34+72 4+73 11+84 9+73 26+74 ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 22
  • 23. CONTINUED…. The corresponding ASCII characters for these are •S _ j M _ R d The corresponding characters for random values •À J q © ¨ « y Finally encrypted data as •S À_ J j q M © _ ¨ R « d y ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 23
  • 24. GEOGRAPHICAL PROBLEMS It occurs where the technical facilities like mobile tower or Internet service is not present. In this case will convert the vote and retina pattern into the electrical information And pass it through the electrical conductors until we reach the area where the technical facilities like internet or mobile tower is available. Here the eye scanner will be web cam. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 24
  • 25. CONCLUSION Provides high level of security, authentication, reliability, and corruption-free mechanism. By this we can get result with in minute after the completion of voting. Minimum manpower Utilization, hence mechanism is error free. ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 25
  • 26. REFERENCES Electronic circuit by Boylestead. Digital Integrated Electronics by Herbert Taub and Donald Schilling. www.howstuffworks.com www.wikipedia.com ISE DEPT RGIT,BANGALORE 26