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BLUE BRAIN
Visvesvaraya Technological University
Jnana Sangama,
Belgaum
• MOTIVATION
• INTRODUCTION
• WHAT IS BLUE BRAIN
• WHAT IS VIRTUAL BRAIN
• FUNCTION OF NATURAL BRAIN
• MODELING THE BRAIN
• BRAIN SIMULATION
• CURRENT RESEARCH WORK
• MERITS
• DEMERITS
• HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT
• CONCLUSION
CONTENTS
Four broad motivations behind the Blue Brain Project are:
• Brain disease treatments
• Scientific curiosity about consciousness and the human mind
• Integration of all neuro scientific research results worldwide
• Progress towards building thinking machines (bottom up
approach)
MOTIVATION
 Human brain, the most valuable creation of God. The man is called
intelligent because of the brain. But we loss the knowledge of a brain
when the body is destroyed after the death.
 “BLUE BRAIN”- The name of the world’s first virtual brain. That
means a machine that can function as human brain.
 Is it really possible to create a human brain?
INTRODUCTION
• “YES", The IBM is now developing a virtual brain known
as the BLUE BRAIN.
• It would be the worlds first virtual brain. Within 30 years,
we will be able to scan ourselves into the computers.
WHAT IS BLUE BRAIN
• A machine that can function as brain
• It can take decision.
• It can think.
• It can response.
• It can keep things in memory.
WHAT IS VIRTUAL BRAIN?
• To upload contents of the natural brain into it .
• To keep the intelligence , knowledge and skill of any person for ever .
• To remember things without any effort .
• The brain circuitry is in a complex state of flux, the brain rewiring itself every moment of its
existence. If the scientists can crack open the secret of how and why the brain does it, the
knowledge could lead to new breed of supercomputers.
WHY WE NEED VIRTUAL BRAIN
 Sensory Input
Receiving input such as sound ,image,
etc. through sensory cell .
 Interpretation
Interpretation of the received input by
the brain by defining states of neurons in
the brain.
• Motor Output
Receiving of electric responses from the
brain to perform any action .
FUNCTIONING OF BRAIN
Modeling the neurons
• The team will start by modeling the electrical structure of neural circuits
• repeated throughout the brain and then map and model their behavior.
• Shape & Structure influences it’s electrical properties.
• Infrared differential interference microscopy allow the systematic quantification
• of the molecular, morphological and electrical properties of the
• different neurons.
Modeling connections
• Precise density & Volume of the Cell provides essential information
• for constructing cortical circuits.
• Blue Gene is used in intensive calculation to fix the synapse locations
MODELLING THE BRAIN
Modeling the column
• The result of all these calculations is a recreation at the cellular level of
• the NCC.
• A model of NCC was completed at the end of 2006.Once complete, they will
move onto creating a molecular model of the neurons involved and a
complete neocortex (the largest and most complex part of the human brain)
before modelling the rest of the brain
Contd…
Blue brain
BRAIN SIMULATION
NATURAL BRAIN V/S SIMULATED
BRAIN
• Now there is no question how the virtual brain will
work.
• But the question is how the human brain will be
uploaded into it.
• This is also possible due to the fast growing
technology.
UPLOADING HUMAN BRAIN
• The uploading is possible by the use of small robots known as the
nanobots.
• These robots are small enough to travel through out our circulatory system.
• Traveling into the spine and brain, they will be able to monitor the activity
and structure of our central nervous system.
• They will be able to provide an interface with computer while we still reside
in our biological form .
Contd…
• Nanobots could also carefully scan the structure of our brain, providing a
complete readout of the connection.
• This information, when entered into a computer, could then continue to
function as us.
• Thus the data stored in the entire brain will be uploaded into the computer.
Contd…
EXAMPLE OF BLUE BRAIN
• A very good example of utilization of blue brain is the case "short term memory".
• In some movies we might have noticed that a person might be having short term
memories.
• A another situation is that when a person gets older, then he starts forgetting or
takes a bit more time to recognize to a person.
• For the above reason we need a blue brain. It is a simple chip that can be installed
into the human brain for which the short term memory and volatile memory at the old
age can be avoided.
Contd…
• The project will search for insights into how human beings think and
remember.
• Scientists think that blue brain could also help to cure the
Parkinson's disease.
• The brain circuitry is in a complex state of flux, the brain rewiring itself
every moment of its existence. If the scientists can crack open the
secret of how and why the brain does it, the knowledge could lead to
new breed of supercomputers.
BLUE BRAIN PROJECT
OBJECTIVES
• IBM developing the “Blue brain” .
• IBM, in partnership with scientists at Switzerland’s Ecole
Polytechnique Federal De Lausanne’s(EPFL) Brain and Mind
Institute will begin simulating the brain’s biological systems.
NEWS: The EPFL Blue Gene was the 8th fastest supercomputer in the world
RESEARCH WORK
• A Super computer.
• 100 kilowatts power consumption.
• Memory with a very large storing capacity.
• Processor with a very high processing power.
• A very wide network.
• A program to convert the electric impulses from the brain to input signal, which is to
be received by the computer and vice versa.
• very powerful Nanobots to act as the interface between the natural brain and the
computer.
• Linux and C++ software.
HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE
REQUIRMENT
• Remembering things without any effort.
• Making decision without the presence of a person.
• Using intelligence of a person after the death .
• Understanding the activities of animals .
• Allowing the deaf to hear via direct nerve stimulation.
MERITS
APPLICATIONS
• Gathering and testing 100 years of data
• Cracking the Neural Code
• Understanding Neocortical Information Processing
• A Novel Tool for Drug Discovery for Brain Disorders
• A Foundation for Whole Brain Simulations
• A Foundation for Molecular Modeling of Brain Function
DEMERITS
• We become dependent upon the computer .
• Others may use technical knowledge against us.
• Another fear is found with respect to human cloning.
• A very costly procedure of regaining the memory back.
CONCLUSION
• We will be able to transfer ourselves into computers at some point.
• It will bring both benefits and harm to human society .
• Eventually aim of applying terrific computer power to the simulation
of an entire brain.
• Very soon this technology will be highly accepted all over the world.
REFERENCES
• http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Brain_Project
• http://bluebrain.epfl.ch
• www.google.com/bluebrain
• http://intelligence/blue-brain-artificial-intelligence
THANK YOU

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Blue brain

  • 1. BLUE BRAIN Visvesvaraya Technological University Jnana Sangama, Belgaum
  • 2. • MOTIVATION • INTRODUCTION • WHAT IS BLUE BRAIN • WHAT IS VIRTUAL BRAIN • FUNCTION OF NATURAL BRAIN • MODELING THE BRAIN • BRAIN SIMULATION • CURRENT RESEARCH WORK • MERITS • DEMERITS • HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT • CONCLUSION CONTENTS
  • 3. Four broad motivations behind the Blue Brain Project are: • Brain disease treatments • Scientific curiosity about consciousness and the human mind • Integration of all neuro scientific research results worldwide • Progress towards building thinking machines (bottom up approach) MOTIVATION
  • 4.  Human brain, the most valuable creation of God. The man is called intelligent because of the brain. But we loss the knowledge of a brain when the body is destroyed after the death.  “BLUE BRAIN”- The name of the world’s first virtual brain. That means a machine that can function as human brain.  Is it really possible to create a human brain? INTRODUCTION
  • 5. • “YES", The IBM is now developing a virtual brain known as the BLUE BRAIN. • It would be the worlds first virtual brain. Within 30 years, we will be able to scan ourselves into the computers. WHAT IS BLUE BRAIN
  • 6. • A machine that can function as brain • It can take decision. • It can think. • It can response. • It can keep things in memory. WHAT IS VIRTUAL BRAIN?
  • 7. • To upload contents of the natural brain into it . • To keep the intelligence , knowledge and skill of any person for ever . • To remember things without any effort . • The brain circuitry is in a complex state of flux, the brain rewiring itself every moment of its existence. If the scientists can crack open the secret of how and why the brain does it, the knowledge could lead to new breed of supercomputers. WHY WE NEED VIRTUAL BRAIN
  • 8.  Sensory Input Receiving input such as sound ,image, etc. through sensory cell .  Interpretation Interpretation of the received input by the brain by defining states of neurons in the brain. • Motor Output Receiving of electric responses from the brain to perform any action . FUNCTIONING OF BRAIN
  • 9. Modeling the neurons • The team will start by modeling the electrical structure of neural circuits • repeated throughout the brain and then map and model their behavior. • Shape & Structure influences it’s electrical properties. • Infrared differential interference microscopy allow the systematic quantification • of the molecular, morphological and electrical properties of the • different neurons. Modeling connections • Precise density & Volume of the Cell provides essential information • for constructing cortical circuits. • Blue Gene is used in intensive calculation to fix the synapse locations MODELLING THE BRAIN
  • 10. Modeling the column • The result of all these calculations is a recreation at the cellular level of • the NCC. • A model of NCC was completed at the end of 2006.Once complete, they will move onto creating a molecular model of the neurons involved and a complete neocortex (the largest and most complex part of the human brain) before modelling the rest of the brain Contd…
  • 13. NATURAL BRAIN V/S SIMULATED BRAIN
  • 14. • Now there is no question how the virtual brain will work. • But the question is how the human brain will be uploaded into it. • This is also possible due to the fast growing technology.
  • 16. • The uploading is possible by the use of small robots known as the nanobots. • These robots are small enough to travel through out our circulatory system. • Traveling into the spine and brain, they will be able to monitor the activity and structure of our central nervous system. • They will be able to provide an interface with computer while we still reside in our biological form . Contd…
  • 17. • Nanobots could also carefully scan the structure of our brain, providing a complete readout of the connection. • This information, when entered into a computer, could then continue to function as us. • Thus the data stored in the entire brain will be uploaded into the computer. Contd…
  • 19. • A very good example of utilization of blue brain is the case "short term memory". • In some movies we might have noticed that a person might be having short term memories.
  • 20. • A another situation is that when a person gets older, then he starts forgetting or takes a bit more time to recognize to a person. • For the above reason we need a blue brain. It is a simple chip that can be installed into the human brain for which the short term memory and volatile memory at the old age can be avoided. Contd…
  • 21. • The project will search for insights into how human beings think and remember. • Scientists think that blue brain could also help to cure the Parkinson's disease. • The brain circuitry is in a complex state of flux, the brain rewiring itself every moment of its existence. If the scientists can crack open the secret of how and why the brain does it, the knowledge could lead to new breed of supercomputers. BLUE BRAIN PROJECT OBJECTIVES
  • 22. • IBM developing the “Blue brain” . • IBM, in partnership with scientists at Switzerland’s Ecole Polytechnique Federal De Lausanne’s(EPFL) Brain and Mind Institute will begin simulating the brain’s biological systems. NEWS: The EPFL Blue Gene was the 8th fastest supercomputer in the world RESEARCH WORK
  • 23. • A Super computer. • 100 kilowatts power consumption. • Memory with a very large storing capacity. • Processor with a very high processing power. • A very wide network. • A program to convert the electric impulses from the brain to input signal, which is to be received by the computer and vice versa. • very powerful Nanobots to act as the interface between the natural brain and the computer. • Linux and C++ software. HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIRMENT
  • 24. • Remembering things without any effort. • Making decision without the presence of a person. • Using intelligence of a person after the death . • Understanding the activities of animals . • Allowing the deaf to hear via direct nerve stimulation. MERITS
  • 25. APPLICATIONS • Gathering and testing 100 years of data • Cracking the Neural Code • Understanding Neocortical Information Processing • A Novel Tool for Drug Discovery for Brain Disorders • A Foundation for Whole Brain Simulations • A Foundation for Molecular Modeling of Brain Function
  • 26. DEMERITS • We become dependent upon the computer . • Others may use technical knowledge against us. • Another fear is found with respect to human cloning. • A very costly procedure of regaining the memory back.
  • 27. CONCLUSION • We will be able to transfer ourselves into computers at some point. • It will bring both benefits and harm to human society . • Eventually aim of applying terrific computer power to the simulation of an entire brain. • Very soon this technology will be highly accepted all over the world.
  • 28. REFERENCES • http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Brain_Project • http://bluebrain.epfl.ch • www.google.com/bluebrain • http://intelligence/blue-brain-artificial-intelligence