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www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
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www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
University Institute of Agriculture sciences
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
challenges to facechallenges to face
• FOOD FOR WORLDS SECOND LARGEST
POPULATED COUNTRY
• IMPACT OF CORPORATE & INTENSIVE
FARMING SYSTEM
• REDUCTION IN BIODIVERSITY
• BUILDUP OF PESTS
• HAZARDS OF INDISCRIMINATE USE OF
AGROCHEMICAL
• ACCELERATED SOIL EROSION
• IRRIGATION RELATED PROBLEMS
• DEPLETION OF SOIL FERTILITY
• DEPLETION OF GROUND WATER
• INCREASE IN COST OF PRODUCTION
• WEATHER UNCERTAINITIES
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
• Need of the time to take agriculture as an enterprise.
• We have more than a billion mouths to feed
• Land is limited getting more due to rise in skyscappers
• Computers every where and so in agriculture.
• Precision agriculture.
• Research base for fortification, organic farming
• Technology to have more and more production with less inputs.
• Reducing inputs without compromising production.
• Research base on varieties which are stress tolerant, perform well in
adverse conditions, face insect and diseases.
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE ?
• Using science of agriculture
aiming at meeting the demands
of the present generation without
endangering the resource base
for the future generation.
• Working on an alternative
system of agriculture based on
resource conservation and
quality of rural life
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS AUTOMATION IN AGRICULTURE ?
• controlled use of water by
scheduling the irrigation cycle at
specific times of the day by
using sensors and water flow
controllers. By automating the
run times of the irrigation
system, it is possible to not only
curb the amount of water used
on a field, but also make sure
that plants receive precise levels
of water.
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
Why sustainable agriculture ?
• Ecological sustainability
a) Soil fertility
b) Water
c) Biodiversity
d) Pollution
e) Landscape
f) Climate
• Economic sustainability
• Social sustainability
a) Inclusiveness
b) Political unrest
c) Local acceptance
d) Indigenous knowledge
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS ORGANIC AGRICULTURE ?
Organic farming is a system which avoids
or largely excludes the use of synthetic
inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides,
hormones, feed additives etc.) and to
the maximum extent feasible rely upon
crop rotations, crop residues, animal
manures, off-farm organic waste,
mineral grade rock additives and
biological system of nutrient
mobilization and plant protection.
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS SOILLESS AGRICULTURE ?
Hydroponics is  a  subset  of 
hydroculture,  which  is  the 
growing  of  plants  in  a  soil  less 
medium,  or  an  aquatic  based 
environment. Hydroponic growi
ng  uses  mineral  nutrient 
solutions  to  feed  the  plants  in 
water, without soil.
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE ?
Mechanized agriculture is the process of 
using  agriculture  machinery  to 
mechanize  the  work  of  agriculture, 
greatly  increasing  farm  worker 
productivity.  In  modern  times, 
powered machinery has replaced many 
farm  jobs  formerly  carried  out  by 
manual  labouror  by  working  animals 
such as oxen, horses and mules.
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS PRECISION AGRICULTURE ?
Precision Farming is generally 
defined as an information 
and technology based farm 
management system to 
identify, analyze and 
manage variability within 
fields for optimum 
profitability, sustainability 
and protection of the land 
resource.
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS INTEGRATED AGRICULTURE ?
• Farming system approach
envisages the integration of
agro-forestry, horticulture,
dairy, sheep and goat
rearing, fishery, poultry,
pigeon, biogas, mushroom,
sericulture and by-product
utilization of crops with the
main goal of increasing the
income and standard of
living of small and marginal
farmers.
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
A NEW PARADIGM BIOFORTIFICATIONA NEW PARADIGM BIOFORTIFICATION ??
• Micronutrient malnutrition (`Hidden
Hunger') now afflicts over two billion
people worldwide.
• Addressing micronutrient
deficiencies using Improved crop
varieties
• This is towards meeting nutrient
output as an explicit goal of its
production systems.
www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS LIFE OF OUR PEOPLE
• LETS MEET THE HOPE
OF THESE EYES
• LETS WORK IN
AGRICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT &
STRENGTHEN
AGRICULTURE
SCIENCES

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Future of Agriculture Sciences

  • 1. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali 1 www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali University Institute of Agriculture sciences
  • 3. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali challenges to facechallenges to face • FOOD FOR WORLDS SECOND LARGEST POPULATED COUNTRY • IMPACT OF CORPORATE & INTENSIVE FARMING SYSTEM • REDUCTION IN BIODIVERSITY • BUILDUP OF PESTS • HAZARDS OF INDISCRIMINATE USE OF AGROCHEMICAL • ACCELERATED SOIL EROSION • IRRIGATION RELATED PROBLEMS • DEPLETION OF SOIL FERTILITY • DEPLETION OF GROUND WATER • INCREASE IN COST OF PRODUCTION • WEATHER UNCERTAINITIES
  • 4. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali • Need of the time to take agriculture as an enterprise. • We have more than a billion mouths to feed • Land is limited getting more due to rise in skyscappers • Computers every where and so in agriculture. • Precision agriculture. • Research base for fortification, organic farming • Technology to have more and more production with less inputs. • Reducing inputs without compromising production. • Research base on varieties which are stress tolerant, perform well in adverse conditions, face insect and diseases.
  • 5. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE ? • Using science of agriculture aiming at meeting the demands of the present generation without endangering the resource base for the future generation. • Working on an alternative system of agriculture based on resource conservation and quality of rural life
  • 6. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali TOWARDS AUTOMATION IN AGRICULTURE ? • controlled use of water by scheduling the irrigation cycle at specific times of the day by using sensors and water flow controllers. By automating the run times of the irrigation system, it is possible to not only curb the amount of water used on a field, but also make sure that plants receive precise levels of water.
  • 7. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali Why sustainable agriculture ? • Ecological sustainability a) Soil fertility b) Water c) Biodiversity d) Pollution e) Landscape f) Climate • Economic sustainability • Social sustainability a) Inclusiveness b) Political unrest c) Local acceptance d) Indigenous knowledge
  • 8. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali TOWARDS ORGANIC AGRICULTURE ? Organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc.) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection.
  • 9. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali TOWARDS SOILLESS AGRICULTURE ? Hydroponics is  a  subset  of  hydroculture,  which  is  the  growing  of  plants  in  a  soil  less  medium,  or  an  aquatic  based  environment. Hydroponic growi ng  uses  mineral  nutrient  solutions  to  feed  the  plants  in  water, without soil.
  • 10. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali TOWARDS MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE ? Mechanized agriculture is the process of  using  agriculture  machinery  to  mechanize  the  work  of  agriculture,  greatly  increasing  farm  worker  productivity.  In  modern  times,  powered machinery has replaced many  farm  jobs  formerly  carried  out  by  manual  labouror  by  working  animals  such as oxen, horses and mules.
  • 11. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali TOWARDS PRECISION AGRICULTURE ? Precision Farming is generally  defined as an information  and technology based farm  management system to  identify, analyze and  manage variability within  fields for optimum  profitability, sustainability  and protection of the land  resource.
  • 12. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali TOWARDS INTEGRATED AGRICULTURE ? • Farming system approach envisages the integration of agro-forestry, horticulture, dairy, sheep and goat rearing, fishery, poultry, pigeon, biogas, mushroom, sericulture and by-product utilization of crops with the main goal of increasing the income and standard of living of small and marginal farmers.
  • 13. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali A NEW PARADIGM BIOFORTIFICATIONA NEW PARADIGM BIOFORTIFICATION ?? • Micronutrient malnutrition (`Hidden Hunger') now afflicts over two billion people worldwide. • Addressing micronutrient deficiencies using Improved crop varieties • This is towards meeting nutrient output as an explicit goal of its production systems.
  • 14. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali TOWARDS LIFE OF OUR PEOPLE • LETS MEET THE HOPE OF THESE EYES • LETS WORK IN AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT & STRENGTHEN AGRICULTURE SCIENCES