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DRUGS AND ITS
CLASSIFICATION
ANALYTICAL SPECIALIST ;
RUKHSAR
DRUG:-
• ANY SUBSTANCE (OTHER THAN FOOD) THAT IS USED TO
PREVENT, DIAGNOSE, TREAT, OR RELIEVE SYMPTOMS OF
A DISEASE OR ABNORMAL CONDITION.
• DRUGS CAN ALSO AFFECT HOW THE BRAIN AND THE
REST OF THE BODY WORK AND CAUSE CHANGES IN
MOOD, AWARENESS, THOUGHTS, FEELINGS, OR
BEHAVIOR.
CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS
• THE CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS CAN BE
QUITE COMPLEX, BUT GENERALLY, THEY ARE
CATEGORIZED BASED ON THEIR
PHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS, THERAPEUTIC
USES, CHEMICAL STRUCTURE, AND LEGAL
STATUS. HERE'S A BREAKDOWN:
1. Pharmacological Effects:
The pharmacological effect refers to the specific
biochemical or physiological response elicited
by a drug when it interacts with the body. It
encompasses everything from the intended
therapeutic effect to potential side effects and adverse
reactions.
Stimulants: Drugs that increase alertness, attention,
and energy. Examples include caffeine,
nicotine, and amphetamines.
Depressants: Drugs that slow down the central
nervous system, inducing relaxation and
sedation. Examples include alcohol, benzodiazepines,
and opioids.
Hallucinogens: Drugs that alter perception,
mood, and cognitive processes, often causing
hallucinations. Examples include LSD, psilocybin
mushrooms, and MDMA.
Dissociative Anesthetics: Drugs that distort
perceptions of sight and sound and produce
feelings
of detachment from the environment and self.
Examples include ketamine and PCP.
Psychedelics: Similar to hallucinogens, these
drugs alter perception, mood, and cognitive
processes, often inducing profound changes in
consciousness. Examples include LSD, psilocybin,
and DMT.
2. Therapeutic Uses:
Therapeutic use refers to the application of drugs or medical treatments to manage
or alleviate
symptoms of a disease or medical condition, with the goal of restoring health or
improving
quality of life.
Analgesics: Drugs used to relieve pain, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and
opioid
Antibiotics: Drugs used to treat bacterial infections,
such as penicillin, amoxicillin, and
ciprofloxacin.
Antidepressants: Drugs used to treat depression
and other mood disorders, such as SSRIs,
SNRIs, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Antipsychotics: Drugs used to treat psychotic
disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder,
and severe depression with psychotic features.
Examples are Haloperidol. Perphenazine
Anticonvulsants: Drugs used to prevent or control seizures,
such as phenytoin, carbamazepine,
and valproic acid.
3. Chemical Structure:
- Drugs can also be classified based on their chemical
structure, such as opioids,
benzodiazepines, cannabinoids, and phenethylamines
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
4. Legal Status:
- Drugs can be classified as legal, prescription-
only, i.e. pharmaceuticals, or illegal based on
government regulations and policies i.e,cannabis
(Marijuana), cocain, MDMA, Hallucinogens,
Heroin
It's important to note that some drugs
may belong to multiple categories, and
their classification
can vary depending on factors such as
context, medical use, and legal status.
Additionally, the
misuse or abuse of certain drugs can
lead to serious health consequences
and legal ramifications.
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share

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DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share

  • 2. DRUG:- • ANY SUBSTANCE (OTHER THAN FOOD) THAT IS USED TO PREVENT, DIAGNOSE, TREAT, OR RELIEVE SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASE OR ABNORMAL CONDITION. • DRUGS CAN ALSO AFFECT HOW THE BRAIN AND THE REST OF THE BODY WORK AND CAUSE CHANGES IN MOOD, AWARENESS, THOUGHTS, FEELINGS, OR BEHAVIOR.
  • 3. CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS • THE CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS CAN BE QUITE COMPLEX, BUT GENERALLY, THEY ARE CATEGORIZED BASED ON THEIR PHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS, THERAPEUTIC USES, CHEMICAL STRUCTURE, AND LEGAL STATUS. HERE'S A BREAKDOWN:
  • 4. 1. Pharmacological Effects: The pharmacological effect refers to the specific biochemical or physiological response elicited by a drug when it interacts with the body. It encompasses everything from the intended therapeutic effect to potential side effects and adverse reactions. Stimulants: Drugs that increase alertness, attention, and energy. Examples include caffeine, nicotine, and amphetamines. Depressants: Drugs that slow down the central nervous system, inducing relaxation and sedation. Examples include alcohol, benzodiazepines, and opioids.
  • 5. Hallucinogens: Drugs that alter perception, mood, and cognitive processes, often causing hallucinations. Examples include LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, and MDMA. Dissociative Anesthetics: Drugs that distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment from the environment and self. Examples include ketamine and PCP. Psychedelics: Similar to hallucinogens, these drugs alter perception, mood, and cognitive processes, often inducing profound changes in consciousness. Examples include LSD, psilocybin, and DMT.
  • 6. 2. Therapeutic Uses: Therapeutic use refers to the application of drugs or medical treatments to manage or alleviate symptoms of a disease or medical condition, with the goal of restoring health or improving quality of life. Analgesics: Drugs used to relieve pain, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and opioid Antibiotics: Drugs used to treat bacterial infections, such as penicillin, amoxicillin, and ciprofloxacin. Antidepressants: Drugs used to treat depression and other mood disorders, such as SSRIs, SNRIs, and tricyclic antidepressants. Antipsychotics: Drugs used to treat psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe depression with psychotic features. Examples are Haloperidol. Perphenazine
  • 7. Anticonvulsants: Drugs used to prevent or control seizures, such as phenytoin, carbamazepine, and valproic acid. 3. Chemical Structure: - Drugs can also be classified based on their chemical structure, such as opioids, benzodiazepines, cannabinoids, and phenethylamines
  • 9. 4. Legal Status: - Drugs can be classified as legal, prescription- only, i.e. pharmaceuticals, or illegal based on government regulations and policies i.e,cannabis (Marijuana), cocain, MDMA, Hallucinogens, Heroin It's important to note that some drugs may belong to multiple categories, and their classification can vary depending on factors such as context, medical use, and legal status. Additionally, the misuse or abuse of certain drugs can lead to serious health consequences and legal ramifications.