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Sentence Problems-Fragments
 Sometimes a group of words
looks like a sentence—it has a
capital letter at the beginning and
a period at the end—but it may
be missing a subject or verb or
both. These are called
fragments.
 A dependent clause on its own is
a fragment. It does not express a
complete idea.
 Other times fragments are
missing either a subject or a real
verb.
When you have a fragment, it is
like your reader is left hanging on
a cliff. He/she isn’t sure what you
mean.
If we study
hard.
Huh, I don’t
get it. If we
study hard,
WHAT?
Oh, sorry about
the fragment. If
we study hard,
we will pass.
Ahhh, now
you make
sense!
To fix a fragment that begins with a dependent
clause, we must add an independent clause.
Fragments:
 Since I started taking classes.
 Unless we study hard.
 If I don’t understand.
Let’s fix them!
1. Since I started taking classes, I have had to
improve my time management skills.
2. We will not be successful in college unless we
study hard.
3. If I don’t understand, there are many resources
available to me for extra explanations like my
instructors and online tutoring.
Fragments Fixed
To change these fragments into sentences, we
must make sure each has a subject and a verb.
1. Being late for class.
2. Left their books in the library.
3. Rasmussen a great place to get a degree.
4. To make it to graduation.
Missing Verb Fragments
1. Being late for class makes a very negative
impression.
2. Kim and Eric left their books in the library.
3. Rasmussen is a great place to get a degree.
4. My goal is to make it to graduation.
The Fixes
Run On Sentences
 Any word group with a subject
and a verb is a clause.
 Remember an independent clause
is one that is able to stand alone as
a sentence.
 When two independent clauses are
written together without proper
punctuation between them, that is
a run-on sentence.
Correcting Run-on Sentences
Where would you separate these independent
clauses?
1. Exercise is a great way to relieve stress I try to
work out every day.
2. I love to exercise first thing in the morning it
gives me more energy for the rest of the day.
Run-on Sentences
Make the two independent clauses into two sentences by
adding end punctuation.
 Exercise is a great way to relieve stress. I try to work out every
day.
 I love to exercise first thing in the morning. It gives me more
energy for the rest of the day.
Correcting Run-on Sentences
Connect the two independent clauses with a semicolon, but be
careful when using a semicolon. The relationship between the
two clauses must be obvious. The sentence is about ONE main
idea.
Exercise is a great way to relieve stress; I try to work
out every day.
I love to exercise first thing in the morning; it gives me more energy
for the rest of the day.
Another Option
Coordinating Conjunctions
Remember FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
Exercise is a great way to relieve stress, so I try
to work out every day.
I love to exercise first thing in the morning, for
it gives me more energy for the rest of the day.
Remember to put your comma IN FRONT OF
your conjunction.
Third Option
Make one of the clauses dependent by adding a dependent
marker word, such as since, when, as, after, while, or
because.
Since exercise is a great way to relieve stress, I try to work out
every day.
I love to exercise first thing in the morning because it gives me
more energy for the rest of the day.
Fourth Way
to Correct Run-ons
What is a sentence that has a subject
and a verb, and has a punctuation
mark at the end, but it does not have
a complete thought?
A. Rambling Sentence
B. Run-On Sentence
C. Sentence Fragment
The answer is sentence fragment.

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Fragments and Run Ons

  • 1. Sentence Problems-Fragments  Sometimes a group of words looks like a sentence—it has a capital letter at the beginning and a period at the end—but it may be missing a subject or verb or both. These are called fragments.  A dependent clause on its own is a fragment. It does not express a complete idea.  Other times fragments are missing either a subject or a real verb. When you have a fragment, it is like your reader is left hanging on a cliff. He/she isn’t sure what you mean.
  • 2. If we study hard. Huh, I don’t get it. If we study hard, WHAT?
  • 3. Oh, sorry about the fragment. If we study hard, we will pass. Ahhh, now you make sense!
  • 4. To fix a fragment that begins with a dependent clause, we must add an independent clause. Fragments:  Since I started taking classes.  Unless we study hard.  If I don’t understand. Let’s fix them!
  • 5. 1. Since I started taking classes, I have had to improve my time management skills. 2. We will not be successful in college unless we study hard. 3. If I don’t understand, there are many resources available to me for extra explanations like my instructors and online tutoring. Fragments Fixed
  • 6. To change these fragments into sentences, we must make sure each has a subject and a verb. 1. Being late for class. 2. Left their books in the library. 3. Rasmussen a great place to get a degree. 4. To make it to graduation. Missing Verb Fragments
  • 7. 1. Being late for class makes a very negative impression. 2. Kim and Eric left their books in the library. 3. Rasmussen is a great place to get a degree. 4. My goal is to make it to graduation. The Fixes
  • 9.  Any word group with a subject and a verb is a clause.  Remember an independent clause is one that is able to stand alone as a sentence.  When two independent clauses are written together without proper punctuation between them, that is a run-on sentence. Correcting Run-on Sentences
  • 10. Where would you separate these independent clauses? 1. Exercise is a great way to relieve stress I try to work out every day. 2. I love to exercise first thing in the morning it gives me more energy for the rest of the day. Run-on Sentences
  • 11. Make the two independent clauses into two sentences by adding end punctuation.  Exercise is a great way to relieve stress. I try to work out every day.  I love to exercise first thing in the morning. It gives me more energy for the rest of the day. Correcting Run-on Sentences
  • 12. Connect the two independent clauses with a semicolon, but be careful when using a semicolon. The relationship between the two clauses must be obvious. The sentence is about ONE main idea. Exercise is a great way to relieve stress; I try to work out every day. I love to exercise first thing in the morning; it gives me more energy for the rest of the day. Another Option
  • 14. Remember FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. Exercise is a great way to relieve stress, so I try to work out every day. I love to exercise first thing in the morning, for it gives me more energy for the rest of the day. Remember to put your comma IN FRONT OF your conjunction. Third Option
  • 15. Make one of the clauses dependent by adding a dependent marker word, such as since, when, as, after, while, or because. Since exercise is a great way to relieve stress, I try to work out every day. I love to exercise first thing in the morning because it gives me more energy for the rest of the day. Fourth Way to Correct Run-ons
  • 16. What is a sentence that has a subject and a verb, and has a punctuation mark at the end, but it does not have a complete thought? A. Rambling Sentence B. Run-On Sentence C. Sentence Fragment
  • 17. The answer is sentence fragment.